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July 30th Ohio crop progress report

The average temperature for the State was 77.1 degrees, 4.1 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, July 29, 2012. Precipitation averaged 1.31 inches, 0.46 inches above normal. There were 164 modified growing degree days, 7 days above normal.

Reporters rated 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, July 27, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 40 percent very short, 41 percent short, 18 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.

Conditions throughout the state remain hot and dry, however widespread rains and cooler temperatures last week have helped improve crop conditions. Central and Southern district reporters have observed spider mites in soybean fields and leaf hoppers in alfalfa fields. Field activities for the week were baling hay, harvesting oats, spraying, mowing CRP, and manure application.

As of Sunday July 29th, 93 percent of corn was silked (tasseled), which was 43 percent ahead of last year and 19 percent ahead of the five-year average. Corn in dough was rated at 29 percent, ahead of both last year by 25 percent and the five-year average by 20 percent. Corn dented was rated at two percent. The soybean crop was 89 percent blooming, compared to 56 percent last year and 76 percent for the five-year average. Forty-six percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, which was ahead of last year by 36 percent and the five-year average by 16 percent. The oat crop was 91 percent harvested, ahead of both last year and the five-year average by 52 and 43 percent, respectively. Fifty-three percent of the third cutting of alfalfa hay was complete, compared to 13 percent last year and 23 percent for the five-year average. The second cutting of other hay was 78 percent complete, compared to 63 percent last year and 69 percent for the five-year average. Fifty-six percent of the summer apples were harvested, which was 17 percentage points ahead of last year and 12 points ahead of the five-year average. Peaches harvested were rated at 52 percent, compared to 38 percent last year and 39 percent for the five-year average. Fifty-two percent of cucumbers have been harvested, which was 18 percentage points ahead of last year and 13 percent ahead of the five-year average. Potatoes harvested were rated at eight percent, compared to five percent last year and eight percent for the five-year average.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK CONDITION
Apples were 47 percent in fair-to-good condition, up 4 percent from last week. Forty-five percent of peaches were rated in fair-to-good condition, up from 44 percent last week. Corn was 49 percent in fair-to-good condition, up two percent from last week. Thirty-nine percent of hay acreage was rated in fair-to-good condition, up two percent from last week. Livestock were 79 percent in fair-to-good condition, unchanged from last week. Range and pasture acreage was 32 percent in fair-to-good condition, up four percent from last week. Soybeans were 62 percent in fair-to-good condition, up from 55 percent last week.

Complete July 30th Ohio crop progress report

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