The U.S. Department of Agriculture is publishing a rule outlining proposed improvements to the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), authorized by Congress in the 2014 Farm Bill.
The 60-day comment period for the rule begins on Friday, Dec. 12, pending publication in the Federal Register and regulations.gov. Submit public comments through regulations.gov or by mailing them to the address listed in the rule by Feb. 10, 2015. Full details are in the Federal Register notice.
“This interim final rule provides a roadmap to help streamline and simplify EQIP for farmers and ranchers,” Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said. “We strongly encourage agricultural producers, private forest landowners, and stakeholders to provide comments on our implementation processes. This feedback will help us improve our operation and deliver technical and financial assistance more efficiently to our nation’s agricultural producers and forest landowners.”
The proposed changes seek to simplify the EQIP regulations regarding conservation practice scheduling, payment limitations, and other administrative actions. Vilsack said USDA has enhanced EQIP by streamlining the delivery of technical and financial assistance to agricultural producers and forest landowners nationwide.
Highlights of program changes in this rule include:
• Requires targeting at least 5% of available EQIP funds for wildlife habitat conservation practices;
• Establishes EQIP as a contributing program for the Regional Conservation Partnership Program;
• Increases the advanced payment from 30% to 50% for eligible historically underserved producers, including beginning farmers, to help purchase material or contract services;
• Targets assistance to veteran farmers and ranchers including eligibility for the new 50% advance payment and up to 90% of the cost to implement EQIP conservation practices;
• Increases the payment limitation for EQIP from $300,000 to a maximum of $450,000 for benefits received during 2014-2018 and removes the option for a waiver to exceed payment limitations;
• Eliminates the requirement for a program contract to remain in place for one year after the last practice has been implemented, allowing practices to be scheduled through the tenth year of a contract;
• Includes an option to waive the irrigation history requirement under certain conditions;
• Incorporates the Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program functions into EQIP.
This rule follows the publication of the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) interim final rule in the Federal Register on Nov. 5. USDA is also seeking comments for the CSP rule.
USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) administers EQIP, a voluntary program that provides financial and technical assistance to eligible agricultural producers and forest landowners to address natural resource concerns on their lands for the improvement of water and air quality, soil erosion and sedimentation, energy conservation, grazing and forest lands, and wildlife habitat on working farms, ranches, and non-industrial forest lands.
EQIP has touched the lives of hundreds of thousands of agricultural producers and forest landowners since its launch in 1997. From that time through 2014, USDA has invested in 596,481 contracts for a total of nearly $11 billion on nearly 232 million acres nationwide.
For more information about interim final rules for USDA NRCS’s Farm Bill conservation programs, visit www.nrcs.usda.gov.