USDA Weekly Crop Progress

By Cheri Zagurski
DTN Managing Editor

OMAHA (DTN) — As expected, U.S. corn and soybean conditions declined in the week ended June 29, according to Monday’s USDA Crop Progress and Condition report, probably thanks to flooded fields and storm damage.

Corn condition fell to 8% poor to very poor, compared to 6% last week. This resulted in a DTN National Crop Condition Index of 164 points, down 8 points from last week and 20 points below last year, according to DTN Senior Analyst Darin Newsom.

"As expected, the worst conditions are in states where flooding has been a problem recently," he said. "Indiana was rated at 21% poor to very poor and Missouri was 17% poor to very poor."

Four percent of the crop was silking, compared to a five-year average of 8%. "This week’s reports could be viewed as neutral to bullish for corn," Newsom said.

Soybean condition declined to 9% poor to very poor, compared to 8% last week. This resulted in a DTN National Crop Condition Index of 154 points, down 4 points from last week and down 22 points from last year, Newsom said.

"As with the corn crop, the worst conditions were in states where flooding remains a problem: Indiana 19% poor-to-very poor, Illinois 15%, Missouri 17%, and Ohio 16%."

Soybean planting was 94% complete, compared to 90% last week and a 97% five-year average. Emergence lagged at 89% compared to 93% last year and a 94% average. Eight percent of the crop was blooming, compared to 9% last year and a 9% average.

"As for crop progress," Newsom continued, "most categories continue to run slightly behind five-year averages with the most being a 5-percentage-point lag in emerged (89% compared to 94%). This week’s reports could be viewed as neutral-to-bullish for soybeans."

Winter wheat harvest reached 38% complete, compared to 19% last week and a 46% average. "Lags continue to be seen in Missouri (19 percentage points behind average), Illinois (21 percentage points), Indiana (21 percentage points), and Kansas (12 percentage points)," Newsom said.

Spring wheat is 49% headed, compared to 23% last week and a 29% average. Both wheats’ condition ratings fell slightly, with one more percentage point in the poor to very poor categories.

"Spring wheat’s crop condition held steady last week with the DTN Crop Condition Index coming in at 174 points," Newsom said. "These reports could be viewed as bullish for winter wheat and bearish for spring wheat."

Cotton nationwide is 98% planted and 35% squaring, compared to 94% and 22% last week and 100% and 40% on average. Five percent of the crop is setting bolls, compared to 6% at this time last year and an 8% five-year average. Cotton condition improved slightly. Rice is 16% headed compared to 6% last week and a 9% five-year average.

Sorghum is 93% planted and 21% headed, compared to 85% and 18% last week and 95% and 23% on average. Sorghum condition held steady. Oats are 83% headed, compared to 67% last week and a 71% five-year average. Oat condition improved slightly. Barley is 62% headed compared to 38% last week and a 26% average. Barley conditions worsened modestly.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Yr
Week Week Year Avg
Corn Silking 4 NA 4 8
Soybeans Planted 94 90 95 97
Soybeans Emerged 89 84 93 94
Soybeans Blooming 8 NA 9 9
Cotton Planted 98 94 100 100
Cotton Squaring 35 22 34 40
Cotton Setting Bolls 5 NA 6 8
Sorghum Planted 93 85 92 95
Sorghum Headed 21 18 21 23
Rice Headed 16 6 8 9
Winter Wheat Harvested 38 19 42 46
Spring Wheat Headed 49 23 24 29
Oats Headed 83 67 67 71
Barley Headed 62 38 29 26
National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 2 6 24 54 14 1 5 23 57 14 1 4 20 55 20
Soybeans 2 7 28 52 11 2 6 27 54 11 1 4 23 57 15
Cotton - 8 36 46 10 1 8 36 45 10 4 9 34 41 12
Barley 1 4 22 58 15 - 3 21 59 17 - 3 29 56 12
Sorghum 3 3 26 56 12 3 3 26 56 12 1 6 34 49 10
Oats 4 7 22 55 12 4 7 22 56 11 3 8 25 54 10
Rice 2 5 25 45 23 2 4 26 47 21 - 5 26 50 19
Spring Wheat 1 4 23 59 13 1 3 25 59 12 1 4 25 59 11
Winter Wheat 7 16 36 34 7 7 15 37 34 7 22 22 26 25 5

Please send comments to talk@dtn.com

(AG)