USDA Weekly Crop Progress

By Cheri Zagurski
DTN Managing Editor

OMAHA (DTN) — The nation’s corn crop was rated 74% good to excellent as of May 24, according to USDA’s weekly Crop Progress and Condition report released Tuesday. This was the first week condition ratings on corn were reported this growing season.

"This resulted in a DTN Corn Condition Index of 180, which is above the five-year average of 170.2 for week one," said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman. "Tuesday’s report was bearish for corn due to this year’s advanced start and high crop rating."

Ninety-two percent of corn is planted and 74% emerged nationwide, compared to 85% and 56% last week and 88% and 62% five-year averages.

Soybeans are 61% planted and 32% emerged, compared to 45% and 13% last week and averages of 55% and 25%. "Tuesday’s report should also be viewed as a bearish start to the planting season with planting and emerging progress ahead of schedule," Hultman said.

Despite the good soybean planting progress nationwide, Kenton Thomas of Alexander County in Illinois, emailed DTN that it is "still wet in southern Illinois; hope for a break; lots of beans to plant."

The situation is a little better in northern Illinois where Keith Landis farms near Sterling. "Most everyone in the area is at the point of having corn and most of their beans in, unless they are double cropping or taking first-cut alfalfa before putting a crop in," he wrote DTN.

Spring wheat is 96% planted and 80% emerged compared to 94% and 67% last week and 79% and 54% averages. Spring wheat condition improved to 69% good to excellent compared to 65% last week. However, the "DTN Spring Wheat Condition Index is 168, down from 171 a year ago and down from the five-year average of 179," Hultman said. "The advanced pace of crop development is still bearish for spring wheat in spite of a slightly lower crop condition index."

Winter wheat is 77% headed compared to 68% last week and a 67% average. Winter wheat condition held steady at 45% good to excellent "resulting in the same DTN’s Winter Wheat Condition Index of 109. DTN’s index is up from 26 a year ago, and up from the five-year average of 77.2. Tuesday’s report should be viewed as bearish for winter wheat with heading ahead of schedule and crop ratings staying well above the five-year average," Hultman said.

Cotton is 47% planted, compared to 35% last week and 61% on average. Continual rains and flooding in Texas and Oklahoma may be affecting progress in those states. Rice is 93% planted and 82% emerged, compared to 89% and 70% last week and 92% and 77% on average. Rice condition held steady at 66% good to excellent.

Sorghum is 41% planted compared to 38% last week and 46% on average. Oats are 91% emerged and 26% headed, compared to 83% emerged last week and 79% and 30% on average. Oat condition ratings fell slightly to 8% very poor to poor compared to 6% last week. Seventy percent of the crop is now rated good to excellent compared to 73% last week. Barley is 86% emerged compared to 72% last week and a 55% average. Condition improved to 74% good to excellent compared to 64% last week.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Yr
Week Week Year Avg
Corn Planted 92 85 86 88
Corn Emerged 74 56 56 62
Soybeans Planted 61 45 55 55
Soybeans Emerged 32 13 23 25
Cotton Planted 47 35 60 61
Sorghum Planted 41 38 45 46
Rice Planted 93 89 94 92
Rice Emerged 82 70 78 77
Oats Emerged 91 83 70 79
Oats Headed 26 NA 30 30
Winter Wheat Headed 77 68 68 67
Spring Wheat Planted 96 94 70 79
Spring Wheat Emerged 80 67 40 54
Barley Emerged 86 72 54 55
National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn - 3 23 62 12 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Barley - 2 24 61 13 - 3 33 53 11 NA NA NA NA NA
Oats 2 6 22 59 11 1 5 21 62 11 4 8 28 53 7
Rice 1 5 28 49 17 1 5 28 50 16 - 5 28 54 13
Spring Wheat 1 3 27 61 8 1 3 31 58 7 NA NA NA NA NA
Winter Wheat 6 13 36 37 8 6 13 36 37 8 22 22 26 24 6

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(AG)