Tag: soil

soil and worm

Ohio well-represented in National Soil Judging Contest

Several Ohio FFA chapters had a busy schedule last week with the National Land and Range Judging Contest in Oklahoma where 600 4-H and FFA members gathered. Austin Wood of the Northwestern-Wayne FFA Chapter said it was a busy one, competing in the OK state before quickly flying back for the last day of the [...]

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Soil sample

Interpreting a soil test report

Soil test reports vary from laboratory to laboratory, but they all report key results of pH, lime test index (LTI) or buffer pH, phosphorous, and potassium. These results are used to develop fertilizer recommendations. Other useful measures on the report, such as cation exchange capacity (CEC), organic matter, and base saturation, can further define soil [...]

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Lynn Eberhard of Seneca County has been a long time no-tiller on his Seneca County farm.

Shaping up tough soils with cover crops and no-till

In 2001, Lynn Eberhard and his sons, Eric and Greg, picked up some new farm ground that was pretty tough. Is was a fairly dry year for Seneca County in 2001 and that farm averaged 59 bushels of corn per acre. There was clearly some work to be done with regard to improving the poorly [...]

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soil

Where’s the Earth Day fanfare for farmers?

Each year on April 22, Earth Day marks the anniversary of what many consider the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970. According to earthday.org: “The height of hippie and flower-child culture in the United States, 1970 brought the death of Jimi Hendrix, the last Beatles album, and Simon & Garfunkel’s “Bridge Over Troubled [...]

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soil

Comparing neighboring fields

Anyone who has spent much time talking with Fairfield County cover crop expert Dave Brandt knows that he has a history of trying some unusual things on his farm. As one would expect, his neighbors have taken notice through the years. Brandt said he has good relationships with those who farm around him, but he [...]

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soil

“Master gardener math”— it’s about managing fertilizer

To be fair perhaps I should say “gardener math,” as hopefully the Master Gardeners who assist homeowners in their garden preparations are already trained. So the question comes in, “How do I know what fertilizer to put on for my garden (read here also as corn crop, turf, etc. as you need).” The first question [...]

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Beware of planting into cool soils

Soil temperatures from around the state are highly variable still on the cool side.  From the weather stations at the branches, these are the soil temperatures at 2.5 inches, from April 20 were: county research branch temperature (f) Jackson Jackson  51.1 Noble Eastern 51.8 Piketon Piketon 49.3 Clark Western 50.6 Huron Muck Crops 45.5 Ashtabula [...]

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Ray Weil

Deep roots leave a legacy in the soil

The channels left by plant roots, earthworms and other creatures can leave a valuable legacy in the soil, if properly cared for. These deep soil channels accomplish several valuable benefits. “These channels are a legacy in the soil,” said Ray Weil, a soil scientist from the University of Maryland while standing in a soil pit [...]

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Compaction with wheel traffic and equipment

Everyone knows that soil compaction may be caused by wheel traffic and farm equipment and it cannot be avoided. Tractors, manure spreaders, trucks, grain carts, combines and other farm equipment can cause considerable pressure on the sub-soil, causing compaction. With the increase in farm size and the need to use bigger equipment and get certain [...]

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Sub-surface soil compaction

Compaction that occurs below the soil surface is even more important than surface crusting. It is hard to diagnose and can cause serious yield losses if not corrected. Soil compaction can occur throughout the growing season and can cause poor crop growth. • If the soils are wet, tillage implements can cause soil compaction just [...]

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