United States Cattle on Feed Up 1 Percent

Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.5 million head on
June 1, 2010. The inventory was 1 percent above June 1, 2009.

Placements in feedlots during May totaled 2.02 million, 23 percent above
2009. Net placements were 1.92 million head. During May, placements of cattle
and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 445,000, 600-699 pounds were
405,000, 700-799 pounds were 537,000, and 800 pounds and greater were
635,000.

Marketings of fed cattle during May totaled 1.87 million, 4 percent below
2009. This is the lowest fed cattle marketings for the month of May since the
series began in 1996.

Other disappearance totaled 102,000 during May, 1 percent above 2009.

 Number of Cattle on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
         1,000+ Capacity Feedlots – United States: June 1, 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————–
                                     :          Number           :  Percent of 
                 Item                :—————————:             
                                     :    2009     :    2010     :previous year
——————————————————————————–
                                     :   —– 1,000 head —-       percent   
                                     :                                         
On feed May 1 …………………..:   10,822        *10,443          96     
Placed on feed during May ………..:    1,638          2,022         123     
Fed cattle marketed during May ……:    1,952          1,869          96     
Other disappearance during May ……:      101            102         101     
On feed June 1 ………………….:   10,407         10,494         101     
——————————————————————————–
*  Revised.                                                                    

 Number of Cattle on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
       1,000+ Capacity Feedlots – United States: May 1, 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————–
                                     :          Number           :  Percent of 
                 Item                :—————————:             
                                     :    2009     :    2010     :previous year
——————————————————————————–
                                     :   —– 1,000 head —-       percent   
                                     :                                         
On feed April 1 …………………:   11,162         10,767          96     
Placed on feed during April ………:    1,600         *1,627         102     
Fed cattle marketed during April ….:    1,871         *1,857          99     
Other disappearance during April ….:       69            *94         136     
On feed May 1 …………………..:   10,822        *10,443          96     
——————————————————————————–
*  Revised.                                                                    

        Number of Cattle on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
                                 United States: 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————————-
                :               :                :              June 1, 2010              
                :               :                :—————————————–
      State     : June 1, 2009  :  May 1, 2010   :           :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :               :                :  Number   :previous year :previous month
——————————————————————————————-
                :    ————- 1,000 head ————         —– percent —-     
                :                                                                         
Arizona ……..:       301              268           263          87             98     
California …..:       470             *425           425          90            100     
Colorado …….:       980              940           970          99            103     
Idaho ……….:       205              210           210         102            100     
Iowa ………..:       530              600           590         111             98     
Kansas ………:     2,080            2,130         2,130         102            100     
Nebraska …….:     2,110            2,240         2,140         101             96     
New Mexico …..:       105              (D)           (D)         (D)            (D)     
Oklahoma …….:       310              325           345         111            106     
South Dakota …:       220              235           230         105             98     
Texas ……….:     2,610            2,510         2,640         101            105     
Washington …..:       156              175           178         114            102     
                :                                                                         
Other States1/ .:       330              385           373         (X)             97     
                :                                                                         
United States ..:    10,407          *10,443        10,494         101            100     
——————————————————————————————-
*    Revised.                                                                             
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                         
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                      
1/   Beginning in July 2009, New Mexico is included in the Other State total.             

  Number of Cattle Placed on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
                              United States: 2009 and 2010
—————————————————————————————
                :             :             :             During May 2010             
                :   During    :   During    :——————————————
      State     :  May 2009   : April 2010  :            :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :             :             :   Number   :previous year :previous month
—————————————————————————————
                :    ———- 1,000 head ———-          —– percent —-     
                :                                                                     
Arizona ……..:       26            16           20           77            125     
California …..:       74           *47           60           81            128     
Colorado …….:      140           170          185          132            109     
Idaho ……….:       35            27           32           91            119     
Iowa ………..:       60            76           64          107             84     
Kansas ………:      345           315          420          122            133     
Nebraska …….:      310           400          380          123             95     
New Mexico …..:       16           (D)          (D)          (D)            (D)     
Oklahoma …….:       67            57           93          139            163     
South Dakota …:       40            39           42          105            108     
Texas ……….:      455           400          620          136            155     
Washington …..:       31            29           41          132            141     
                :                                                                     
Other States1/ .:       39            51           65          (X)            127     
                :                                                                     
United States ..:    1,638        *1,627        2,022          123            124     
—————————————————————————————
*    Revised.                                                                         
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                  
1/   Beginning in July 2009, New Mexico is included in the Other State total.         

   Number of Cattle Placed on Feed by Weight Group on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by
                                   Month – States and
                              United States: 2009 and 2010
————————————————————————————
              :                             During May                             
              :———————————————————————
     State    :Under 600 lbs: 600-699 lbs : 700-799 lbs :  800+ lbs   :    Total   
              :———————————————————————
              : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010
————————————————————————————
              :                             1,000 head                             
              :                                                                    
Colorado …..:  25     25     25     25     45     45     45     90     140    185
Kansas …….:  65     60     70     80    110    130    100    150     345    420
Nebraska …..:  30     55     60     70     80    105    140    150     310    380
Texas ……..: 170    180    100    180    110    170     75     90     455    620
              :                                                                    
Other States .: 105    125     50     50     88     87    145    155     388    417
              :                                                                    
United States : 395    445    305    405    433    537    505    635   1,638  2,022

              :———————————————————————
              :                            During April                            
              :———————————————————————
     State    :Under 600 lbs: 600-699 lbs : 700-799 lbs :  800+ lbs   :    Total   
              :———————————————————————
              : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010
              :———————————————————————
              :                             1,000 head                             
              :                                                                    
Colorado …..:  20     30     30     35     40      45    60     60     150     170
Kansas …….:  55     55     70     60     90     100   115    100     330     315
Nebraska …..:  55     70     65     70     90     120   140    140     350     400
Texas ……..: 125    115     90     85     95     120    85     80     395     400
              :                                                                    
Other States .: 100     95     60     50     90     *82   125    115     375    *342
              :                                                                    
United States : 355    365    315    300    405    *467   525    495   1,600  *1,627
————————————————————————————
*  Revised.                                                                        

       Number of Cattle Marketed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
                               United States: 2009 and 2010
—————————————————————————————
                :             :             :             During May 2010             
                :   During    :   During    :——————————————
      State     :  May 2009   : April 2010  :            :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :             :             :   Number   :previous year :previous month
—————————————————————————————
                :    ———- 1,000 head ———-          —– percent —-     
                :                                                                     
Arizona ……..:       35            24           24           69            100     
California …..:       52           *54           52          100             96     
Colorado …….:      145           145          135           93             93     
Idaho ……….:       39            21           31           79            148     
Iowa ………..:       68            72           72          106            100     
Kansas ………:      425           405          405           95            100     
Nebraska …….:      450           435          455          101            105     
New Mexico …..:       28           (D)          (D)          (D)            (D)     
Oklahoma …….:       71            70           72          101            103     
South Dakota …:       44            38           44          100            116     
Texas ……….:      510           510          475           93             93     
Washington …..:       35            24           37          106            154     
                :                                                                     
Other States1/ .:       50            59           67          (X)            114     
                :                                                                     
United States ..:    1,952        *1,857        1,869           96            101     
—————————————————————————————
*    Revised.                                                                         
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                  
1/   Beginning in July 2009, New Mexico is included in the Other State total.         

         Other Disappearance on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
                                United States: 2009 and 2010
—————————————————————————————
                :             :             :             During May 2010             
                :   During    :   During    :——————————————
      State     :  May 2009   : April 2010  :            :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :             :             :   Number   :previous year :previous month
—————————————————————————————
                :     ——— 1,000 head ———           —– percent —-     
                :                                                                     
Arizona ……..:       1             2            1           100             50     
California …..:       2            *8            8           400            100     
Colorado …….:      25            15           20            80            133     
Idaho ……….:       1             1            1           100            100     
Iowa ………..:       2             4            2           100             50     
Kansas ………:      20            20           15            75             75     
Nebraska …….:      20            15           25           125            167     
New Mexico …..:       3           (D)          (D)           (D)            (D)     
Oklahoma …….:       1             2            1           100             50     
South Dakota …:       6             1            3            50            300     
Texas ……….:      15            20           15           100             75     
Washington …..:       1             1            1           100            100     
                :                                                                     
Other States1/ .:       4             5           10           (X)            200     
                :                                                                     
United States ..:     101           *94          102           101            109     
—————————————————————————————
*    Revised.                                                                         
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                     
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                  
1/   Beginning in July 2009, New Mexico is included in the Other State total.         

            Terms and Definitions of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Cattle on feed are animals being fed a ration of grain, silage, hay and/or
protein supplement for slaughter market that are expected to produce a
carcass that will grade select or better. It excludes cattle being
“backgrounded only” for later sale as feeders or later placement in another
feedlot.

Placements are cattle put into a feedlot, fed a ration which will produce a
carcass that will grade select or better, and are intended for the slaughter
market.

Marketings are cattle shipped out of feedlots to a slaughter market.

Other disappearance includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture,
and shipments to other feedlots for further feeding.

                Reliability of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Survey Procedures: During January and July all known feedlots in the U.S.
with capacity of 1,000 or more head are surveyed to provide data for cattle
on feed estimates. During the other months, all known feedlots from 16 States
are surveyed. The 16 States account for 98 percent of the cattle on feed in
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head.

Estimating Procedures: These cattle on feed estimates were prepared by the
Agricultural Statistics Board after reviewing recommendations and analysis
submitted by each State office. Regional and State survey data were reviewed
for reasonableness with each other and with estimates from the previous month
when setting the current estimates.

Revision Policy: Revisions to previous estimates are made to improve month to
month relationships. Estimates for the previous month are subject to revision
in all States each month when current estimates are made. In February, all
monthly estimates for the previous year, and the number of feedlots and
annual marketings from two years ago are reviewed and subject to revisions.
The reviews are primarily based on slaughter data, state check-off or brand
data, and any other data that may have been received after the original
estimate was made. Estimates will also be reviewed after data from the Census
of Agriculture are available. No revisions will be made after that date and
estimates become final.

Reliability: Since all 1,000+ capacity cattle on feed operators in every
State are not included in the monthly survey, survey estimates are subject to
sampling variability. Survey results are also subject to non-sampling errors
such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and
processing the data. The effects of these errors cannot be measured directly.
They are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection
process and through a careful review of all reported data for consistency and
reasonableness.
 
To assist users in evaluating the reliability of estimates in this report,
the “Root Mean Square Error” is shown for selected items in the following
table. The “Root Mean Square Error” is a statistical measure based on past
performance and is computed using the differences between first and latest
estimates. The “Root Mean Square Error” for cattle on feed inventory
estimates over the past 24 months is 0.05 percent. This means that chances
are 2 out of 3 that the final estimate will not be above or below the current
estimate of 10.5 million head by more than 0.05 percent. Chances are 9 out of
10 that the difference will not exceed 0.10 percent.

The table on the following page shows a 24 month record of the range of
differences between first and latest estimates for selected items. Using
estimates of number on feed as an example, changes between the first estimate
and the latest estimate during the past 24 months have averaged 3,000 head,
ranging from 0 to 18,000 head. During this period the initial estimate has
been above the final estimate 6 times and has been below the final estimate 5
times. This does not imply that the initial estimate is likely to understate
or overstate final inventory.

           Reliability of Monthly Cattle on Feed Estimates
              [Based on data for the past 24 months] ——————————————————————————–
                :       :       :        :   Difference between   :            
                :       :       :        :    first and final     :  Number of 
                : Root  :   90 percent   :       estimates        :   months   
      Item      : mean  :   confidence   :————————————–
                :square :     level      :       :        :       :First :First
                : error :       :        :Average:Smallest:Largest:above :below
                :       :       :        :       :        :       :final :final
——————————————————————————–
                :    percent       ——– 1,000 head ——–       number   
                :                                                              
Number on feed .: 0.05     0.10    10.5      3       0       18      6      5  
                :                                                              
Placements …..: 0.19     0.30     6.1      2       0        9      5      6  
                :                                                              
Marketings …..: 0.30     0.50     9.3      3       0       21      4      8  
——————————————————————————–

                      Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to
contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent
to nass@nass.usda.gov

Dan Kerestes, Chief, Livestock Branch ……….. (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ……….. (202) 690-2424
   Jim Collom – Dairy Products ……………… (202) 690-3236
   Joe Gaynor – Dairy Products Prices ……….. (202) 690-2168
   Jason Hardegree – Cattle, Cattle on Feed ….. (202) 720-3040
   Sherry Bertramsen – Livestock Slaughter …… (515) 284-4340
   Everett Olbert – Sheep and Goats …………. (202) 720-4751
   Mike Miller – Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Nick Streff – Hogs and Pigs ……………… (202) 720-3106

                     Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following
ways:

  All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web
site: http://www.nass.usda.gov

  Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit
http://www.nass.usda.gov and in the “Receive NASS Updates” box under
“Receive reports by Email,” click on “National” or “State” to select
the reports you would like to receive.

  Printed reports may be purchased from the National Technical
Information Service (NTIS) by calling toll-free (800) 999-6779, or
(703) 605-6220 if calling from outside the United States or Canada.
Accepted methods of payment are Visa, MasterCard, check, or money
order. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail:
nass@nass.usda.gov.
                                                                               
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination
in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national
origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial
status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information,
political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part of an individual’s
income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited
bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require
alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large
print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600
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To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of
Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, or
call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal
opportunity provider and employer.

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