Crop report from Between the Rows

Leaf diseases continue to show up in Ohio corn and soybeans.

According the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Ohio soybean condition moved up 1% to 59% in the good to excellent categories while corn condition was unchanged. The pasture quality improved 2% to 72%, and the hay condition improved 5% to 63%. The corn silking is ahead at 75%, with the average only at 38%. The soybeans blooming are at 64% with the average at 59%. The oat harvest is 19% complete and 7% ahead of average. Topsoil moisture is 22% short to very short while last week had 30% in those categories and 40% on the average; 73% of the topsoil moisture is rated as adequate. The “Between the Rows” farmers are facing a wide array of conditions in fields from very good to not so great. Here is there report from July 19. Kevin Miller Williams County Things have gotten too hot and dry. The crops need rain. “We had .4-inch last Tuesday night, but now we’re in need of some rain. We have not gotten any since. There have been some small pockets around us that have gotten 2 to 3 inches in the last two weeks. The corn and beans are holding up pretty well. The heat is hurting them now more than anything. “I think there was enough moisture for pollination. It looks like it went pretty well. The later planted fields are not tasseling yet though, and the dry the dry weather could really hurt them. The corn seems to be ahead of schedule with the heat units we’re getting. If we get rain this week we’ll be OK. There is a 40% chance every day this week. “Soybeans are looking good. I planted some soybeans in mid-April. They are podded up nicely and they look really good. Rain will really help them. “I finished spraying Stratego fungicide and Leverage insecticide last week. I did spray about have of my corn with Stratego, mainly the fields where I have anthracnose problems.” The rain was enough to produce a high quality second cutting hay crop. “I made some second cutting today that was really nice.” Matt Bell Muskingum County Recent rains mean no more irrigation, for now. “We ran the irrigation system pretty hard there for 7 or 10 days and since then it has been off for the last week. We have a grass roadway down the center of our fields and we have to move the irrigation system on that. It is a long field but it is not wide. We have three circles of 40 acres each and we tow the system from place to place. It takes us 4 or 5 days to put an inch and a quarter to an inch and a half on the 120 acres. It really is not a lot of work. It takes about a half an hour to move it with two guys. It is a high paying job when it gets dry. “Other than that week of dry weather and the drowned spots from wetness in May, we have been lucky and gotten rain when we needed it. I think everyone is content with where we are.” With the moisture, it will be important to monitor leaf diseases. “We’ve seen some leaf diseases, but I don’t think what we’ve seen is going to warrant spraying in the corn — the beans, possibly. I don’t know yet. We haven’t really seen anything major, though, bug-wise or disease-wise. There are always a few Japanese beetles out there, but nothing bad. “We can’t do much for the crop at this point. We just need to wait and see how the growing season plays out. Now we’re cleaning bins and moving corn for the feed mill to grind. We got our farrowing house addition done last week and we’re finishing up odds and ends.” Jeff Roehm Highland County The growing season for this area continues to play out with near perfection. The rains have been coming when they are needed. “We’ve been getting the rains. I would say we have had an inch or so in the last week. We’ve been getting light rains in the mornings and evenings and sun in between them. We just went a couple of days without rain before it started raining again and we had nice moisture for corn pollination. I’d say we’re having about as perfect of a summer as we have had in a while.” And, so far, leaf diseases are not becoming a problem in the crops. “We haven’t seen any leaf diseases yet. We have been looking and have not found any. We have seen some feeding from insects but nothing too major. I would say the crops are looking excellent and still running ahead of schedule. You do not have to go very far, though, to get out of this area where we start seeing a lot of problems with crops.” The corn crop is well on its way to having a successful 2010 on the farm. “We’d like to keep getting a few more rains for our corn and it looks like we’re going to get them, which will help. The beans are looking as good as they ever have.” Steve Reinhard Crawford County “In the last two weeks we have had between two and three inches of rain. I was getting a little concerned about how hard the ground was and the limited root development from all of the rain we had early. I think we came though pollination fairly well, even though it was very hot. It looks like some of the earliest pollinated corn did pretty well as far as getting filled out. Now it is just a question of whether we can get those kernels developed all the way. “I have seen some leaf diseases on corn and soybeans. We sprayed some Headline on the hybrids and varieties that we thought were the most susceptible. There was some gray leaf spot in the corn. Corn is such a timing issue for application and we had all of those rains. They say there is a 12-day window for application, but with the heat and everything that can change pretty quickly. We saw some frogeye leaf spot in the beans and we thought we should do a little testing with fungicide to see the yield benefits. “I am pretty pleased right now, especially considering all the rain we had in May and June. I think as long as we have enough time to finish the crop, we’ll come out in at least average shape. There are some Japanese beetles like we normally see but I don’t think there is anything at threshold levels. We’re putting out some traps to see the movement of cutworm in the area. We’re keeping a general eye on things. When you start getting that insect damage it can introduce other problems as well.”

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