The temperatures are up and the crops are coming along in this week’s report from Between the Rows. Here is the report from the farmers after the holiday weekend.
– Matt Reese
“What a difference two weeks made. We had a gorgeous week of weather last week with low humidity and temperatures. We had some really nice second cutting hay and the quality was excellent. I would say we’re around half way done with second cutting in this area.
“Most guys got started last Wednesday and Thursday last week with wheat. I have today yet and I should be finished. My yields have been 85 to 90 bushels yields and my test weight has been 56 to 58 test weight. In our area, I do not think the vomitoxin is going to be a huge issue. I’ve heard 1 to 3 parts per million vomitoxin from elevators.
“I think my yields are higher than normal around here. I would say 50 to 70 bushels is going to cover a lot of the yields around here. I attribute a lot of my yield to fungicides.
“The corn and the beans really made a jump this week. The stuff that was planted early looks really good. The stuff that was planted Memorial Day and later could really use a rain. The stands of the later crops are excellent, but it is smaller and it will need some rain sooner. The corn started tasseling over the weekend. This next week there will be some pollination. A nice inch or two of rain after the wheat is off will really be nice.
“On most of my soybeans I just finished up the last shot of Roundup last week. The weed control looks pretty good.”
“We got most of the beans sprayed and hope to finish this afternoon. I am still very happy with our weed control. There are some marestail problems in a few areas we’re trying to catch. But for the most part, everywhere I have been in the beans look pretty good. We do have a few thin spots but we expected those after all of the wet weather. There are Japanese beetles eating on the beans. We’re not spraying yet, but we’re watching it.”
The airplanes have been flying this morning. “This morning we have planes spraying some Headline in the corn. We’ve seen some yield paybacks when using fungicides in the past. We’ve found that by the time you find the disease problems it is too late to do anything about them so we’re taking some preventive action.”
The corn is progressing quickly. “Everything but the last corn is tasseled and pollination is going well. We’re starting to get a little dry. We would like to get a nice shower sometime this week. Yesterday was awfully warm but it was cool up until then. I actually felt cold in the morning.”
In the area, wheat harvest is mostly complete. “Everything I’ve seen has been run with the wheat and the double crops are in. I heard about yields from 50 to 90 bushels and test weight all over the place.
“I think people are pretty optimistic for the year. We came off of one of our best corn crops last year and it is looking like we could see another good one this year.”
“Over the last two weeks we’ve been able to dry out, but we have some fields that look like they’re doing the wave. There is corn that is three feet tall up to six or seven feet with a lot of water damage in some areas.
“We’ve had a little over an inch of rain in the last two weeks. We’ve got corn in tassel. We started to see the first tassels out June 30. The earliest stuff might have started pollination. We’d rather not have the temperatures in the 90s, but we just take what we can get.
“The soybeans are really starting to come on and blossom. The fields are looking decent. We are lot happier now than we were a couple of weeks ago. Roundup helped clean the fields up.
“We finished our wheat on July 3. We were pretty happy with the yields. We averaged 73 bushels per acre, but we had vomitoxin levels anywhere from 1 to 6. We got docked around 50 cents for some of it. We had 54 to 59 for test weights. We had some kernels there that had no weight to them at all. We had too much rain during flowering and that will cause quality problems. Yield wise we were pretty happy.
“We’re not seeing a whole lot of insects or diseases right now. I heard about some diseases in vegetable crops in the area. It is getting time to start seeing things, but we have not been seeing things yet.”
Our subsoil moisture I think is OK, but some of the guys that planted late beans need a good shower. The next thing on the agenda is the Crawford County Fair that is coming up, so we’re getting ready for that.”
“Our wheat was terrible. Low test weight, vomitoxin — it was bad. I don’t know what it yielded yet, but it was not good. The yield monitor said it was 30.
“We’re starting to pump a little water in our river bottom ground irrigation. With this heat, it doesn’t take long for it to get dried out. We’re still OK on moisture in our other ground. We’re irrigating sand and gravel and the rest of our ground is fine.
“Spraying is pretty well done. We’re going to start remodeling a hog building and putting manure down on the wheat ground. We use wheat ground to put a little manure out to buy time until fall when we can put more on. We use wheat to get ahead of the game.
“We’ve got a lot of corn pollination going on right now. Other than some unevenness, it is coming along. The corn is not showing any stress. I think we’re OK, but I think with the heat we’re having, we’re going to need some rain yet.
“The beans have really taken off in the last week. They have really turned the corner and have that good color to them. I wish the wheat would’ve been better, but corn and beans have a lot of potential if it continues to rain. Even the holes are staring to look better.
We may mess around with a little fungicide this year, though I’d say we’re pretty healthy. We just need some more moisture to get us through the summer.”