U.S. Cattle on Feed Up 3 Percent

Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.1 million head on
July 1, 2010. The inventory was 3 percent above July 1, 2009. The inventory
included 6.25 million steers and steer calves, up 4 percent from the previous
year. This group accounted for 62 percent of the total inventory. Heifers and
heifer calves accounted for 3.77 million head, up 1 percent from 2009.

Placements in feedlots during June totaled 1.63 million, 17 percent above
2009. Net placements were 1.57 million head. During June, placements of
cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 440,000, 600-699 pounds
were 300,000, 700-799 pounds were 408,000, and 800 pounds and greater were
480,000.

Marketings of fed cattle during June totaled 2.00 million, slightly above
2009.

Other disappearance totaled 55,000 during June, 4 percent below 2009.

U.S. All Cattle on Feed Up 3 Percent

Cattle on feed July 1, 2010, from all feedlots in the United States, totaled
12.0 million, up 3 percent from the 11.6 million on July 1, 2009. Cattle on
feed in feedlots with 1,000 or more head accounted for 84 percent of the
total cattle on feed on July 1, 2010, down slightly from July 1, 2009.

Number of Cattle on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots – United States: July 1, 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————–
                                     :          Number           :  Percent of 
                 Item                :—————————:             
                                     :    2009     :    2010     :previous year
——————————————————————————–
                                     :   —- 1,000 head —-        percent   
                                     :                                         
On feed June 1 ………………….:   10,407        10,494          101     
Placed on feed during June ……….:    1,391         1,628          117     
Fed cattle marketed during June …..:    1,989         1,997          100     
Other disappearance during June …..:       57            55           96     
On feed July 1 ………………….:    9,752        10,070          103     
——————————————————————————–

Number of Cattle on Feed, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots – United States: June 1, 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————–
                                     :          Number           :  Percent of 
                 Item                :—————————:             
                                     :    2009     :    2010     :previous year
——————————————————————————–
                                     :   —- 1,000 head —-        percent   
                                     :                                         
On feed May 1 …………………..:   10,822        10,443           96     
Placed on feed during May ………..:    1,638         2,022          123     
Fed cattle marketed during May ……:    1,952         1,869           96     
Other disappearance during May ……:      101           102          101     
On feed June 1 ………………….:   10,407        10,494          101     
——————————————————————————–

Number on Feed by Class on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots – United States: July 1,
2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————–
                                     :          Number           :  Percent of 
                 Item                :—————————:             
                                     :    2009     :    2010     :previous year
——————————————————————————–
                                     :    —- 1,000 Head —        percent   
                                     :                                         
Class on Feed July 1                 :                                         
  Steers and Steer Calves ………..:    5,992         6,254          104     
  Heifers and Heifer Calves ………:    3,719         3,766          101     
  Cows and Bulls ………………..:       41            50          122     
——————————————————————————–

Total Number on Feed – United States: July 1, 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————–
                                     :          Number           :  Percent of 
                State                :—————————:             
                                     :    2009     :    2010     :previous year
——————————————————————————–
                                     :   —- 1,000 Head —-        percent   
                                     :                                         
United States …………………..:   11,600        12,000          103     
——————————————————————————–

Number of Cattle on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
United States: 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————————-
                :               :                :              July 1, 2010              
                :               :                :—————————————–
      State     : July 1, 2009  :  June 1, 2010  :           :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :               :                :  Number   :previous year :previous month
——————————————————————————————-
                :     ———— 1,000 head ————         —– percent —-     
                :                                                                         
Arizona ……..:       287              263           255          89             97     
California …..:       460              425           430          93            101     
Colorado …….:       910              970           920         101             95     
Idaho ……….:       200              210           200         100             95     
Iowa ………..:       520              590           570         110             97     
Kansas ………:     1,920            2,130         2,010         105             94     
Nebraska …….:     1,920            2,140         2,000         104             93     
Oklahoma …….:       295              345           350         119            101     
South Dakota …:       205              230           215         105             93     
Texas ……….:     2,490            2,640         2,590         104             98     
Washington …..:       146              178           167         114             94     
                :                                                                         
Other States …:       399              373           363          91             97     
                :                                                                         
United States ..:     9,752           10,494        10,070         103             96     
——————————————————————————————-

Number of Cattle Placed on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
United States: 2009 and 2010
—————————————————————————————
                :             :             :             During June 2010            
                :   During    :   During    :——————————————
      State     :  June 2009  :  May 2010   :            :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :             :             :   Number   :previous year :previous month
—————————————————————————————
                :    ———- 1,000 head ———-          —– percent —-     
                :                                                                     
Arizona ……..:       21            20           21          100            105     
California …..:       43            60           64          149            107     
Colorado …….:      125           185          125          100             68     
Idaho ……….:       32            32           34          106            106     
Iowa ………..:       59            64           57           97             89     
Kansas ………:      305           420          365          120             87     
Nebraska …….:      270           380          310          115             82     
Oklahoma …….:       44            93           66          150             71     
South Dakota …:       25            42           23           92             55     
Texas ……….:      380           620          470          124             76     
Washington …..:       30            41           32          107             78     
                :                                                                     
Other States …:       57            65           61          107             94     
                :                                                                     
United States ..:    1,391         2,022        1,628          117             81     
—————————————————————————————

Number of Cattle Placed on Feed by Weight Group on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by
Month – States and
United States: 2009 and 2010
————————————————————————————
              :                             During June                            
              :———————————————————————
     State    :Under 600 lbs: 600-699 lbs : 700-799 lbs :  800+ lbs   :    Total   
              :———————————————————————
              : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010
————————————————————————————
              :                             1,000 head                             
              :                                                                    
Colorado …..:  15     20     20     20     35     30     55     55     125    125
Kansas …….:  55     65     70     80     95    115     85    105     305    365
Nebraska …..:  50     60     55     50     55     70    110    130     270    310
Texas ……..: 110    175     95    105    125    125     50     65     380    470
              :                                                                    
Other States .:  85    120     50     45     61     68    115    125     311    358
              :                                                                    
United States : 315    440    290    300    371    408    415    480   1,391  1,628

              :———————————————————————
              :                             During May                             
              :———————————————————————
     State    :Under 600 lbs: 600-699 lbs : 700-799 lbs :  800+ lbs   :    Total   
              :———————————————————————
              : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010 : 2009 : 2010
              :———————————————————————
              :                             1,000 head                             
              :                                                                    
Colorado …..:  25     25     25     25     45     45     45     90     140    185
Kansas …….:  65     60     70     80    110    130    100    150     345    420
Nebraska …..:  30     55     60     70     80    105    140    150     310    380
Texas ……..: 170    180    100    180    110    170     75     90     455    620
              :                                                                    
Other States .: 105    125     50     50     88     87    145    155     388    417
              :                                                                    
United States : 395    445    305    405    433    537    505    635   1,638  2,022
————————————————————————————

Number of Cattle Marketed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
United States: 2009 and 2010
—————————————————————————————
                :             :             :             During June 2010            
                :   During    :   During    :——————————————
      State     :  June 2009  :  May 2010   :            :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :             :             :   Number   :previous year :previous month
—————————————————————————————
                :    ———- 1,000 head ———-          —– percent —-     
                :                                                                     
Arizona ……..:       34            24           27           79            113     
California …..:       51            52           56          110            108     
Colorado …….:      190           135          170           89            126     
Idaho ……….:       36            31           43          119            139     
Iowa ………..:       67            72           75          112            104     
Kansas ………:      455           405          475          104            117     
Nebraska …….:      440           455          435           99             96     
Oklahoma …….:       58            72           60          103             83     
South Dakota …:       39            44           36           92             82     
Texas ……….:      490           475          510          104            107     
Washington …..:       39            37           42          108            114     
                :                                                                     
Other States …:       90            67           68           76            101     
                :                                                                     
United States ..:    1,989         1,869        1,997          100            107     
—————————————————————————————

Other Disappearance on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month – States and
United States: 2009 and 2010
—————————————————————————————
                :             :             :             During June 2010            
                :   During    :   During    :——————————————
      State     :  June 2009  :  May 2010   :            :  Percent of  :  Percent of 
                :             :             :   Number   :previous year :previous month
—————————————————————————————
                :     ——— 1,000 head ———           —– percent —-     
                :                                                                     
Arizona ……..:      1              1            2           200            200     
California …..:      2              8            3           150             38     
Colorado …….:      5             20            5           100             25     
Idaho ……….:      1              1            1           100            100     
Iowa ………..:      2              2            2           100            100     
Kansas ………:     10             15           10           100             67     
Nebraska …….:     20             25           15            75             60     
Oklahoma …….:      1              1            1           100            100     
South Dakota …:      1              3            2           200             67     
Texas ……….:     10             15           10           100             67     
Washington …..:      1              1            1           100            100     
                :                                                                     
Other States …:      3             10            3           100             30     
                :                                                                     
United States ..:     57            102           55            96             54     
—————————————————————————————

Number on Feed by Class on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Quarter – States and
United States: 2009 and 2010
——————————————————————————————–
              : Steers and Steer Calves  :Heifers and Heifer Calves :    Cows and Bulls    
              :—————————————————————————–
     State    : Jul 1, : Apr 1, : Jul 1, : Jul 1, : Apr 1, : Jul 1, :Jul 1, :Apr 1, :Jul 1,
              :  2009  :  2010  :  2010  :  2009  :  2010  :  2010  : 2009  : 2010  : 2010 
——————————————————————————————–
              :                                 1,000 Head                                 
              :                                                                            
Arizona ……:   286      275      254        1        3        1      0       0       0  
California …:   410      360      425       50       80        5      0       0       0  
Colorado …..:   615      630      635      290      295      280      5       5       5  
Idaho ……..:   105      122      115       94       82       77      1       1       8  
Iowa ………:   365      420      400      155      180      170      0       0       0  
Kansas …….:   970    1,190    1,030      945    1,045      970      5       5      10  
Nebraska …..: 1,130    1,410    1,210      785      870      785      5      10       5  
Oklahoma …..:   173      190      185      122      150      165      0       0       0  
South Dakota .:   105      125      106       80       93       91     20      17      18  
Texas ……..: 1,500    1,610    1,550      989    1,029    1,039      1       1       1  
Washington …:    80      101       97       65       69       69      1       1       1  
              :                                                                            
Other States .:   253      273      247      143      124      114      3       1       2  
              :                                                                            
United States : 5,992    6,706    6,254    3,719    4,020    3,766     41      41      50  
——————————————————————————————–

Terms and Definitions of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Cattle on feed are animals being fed a ration of grain, silage, hay and/or
protein supplement for slaughter market that are expected to produce a
carcass that will grade select or better. It excludes cattle being
“backgrounded only” for later sale as feeders or later placement in another
feedlot.

Placements are cattle put into a feedlot, fed a ration which will produce a
carcass that will grade select or better, and are intended for the slaughter
market.

Marketings are cattle shipped out of feedlots to a slaughter market.

Other disappearance includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture,
and shipments to other feedlots for further feeding.

Reliability of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Survey Procedures: During January and July all known feedlots in the United
States with capacity of 1,000 or more head are surveyed to provide data for
cattle on feed estimates. During the other months, all known feedlots from 16
States are surveyed. The 16 States account for 98 percent of the cattle on
feed in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head.  Individual State
estimates are published monthly for 11 of the 16 States.  Data collected from
the remaining 5 States are used to establish the “Other States” estimates. 
These 5 States include IL, MN, NM, OR, and WY.  The “Other States” category
represents all cattle on feed with a capacity of 1,000 or more head for the
rest of the United States.

Estimating Procedures: These cattle on feed estimates were prepared by the
Agricultural Statistics Board after reviewing recommendations and analysis
submitted by each State office. Regional and State survey data were reviewed
for reasonableness with each other and with estimates from the previous month
when establishing the current estimates.

Revision Policy: Revisions to previous estimates are made to improve month to
month relationships. Estimates for the previous month are subject to revision
in all States each month when current estimates are made. In February, all
monthly estimates for the previous year, and the number of feedlots and
annual marketings from two years ago are reviewed and subject to revisions.
The reviews are primarily based on slaughter data, state check-off or brand
data, and any other data that may have been received after the original
estimate was made. Estimates will also be reviewed after data from the Census
of Agriculture are available. No revisions will be made after that date and
estimates become final.

Reliability: Since all 1,000+ capacity cattle on feed operators in every
State are not included in the monthly survey, survey estimates are subject to
sampling variability. Survey results are also subject to non-sampling errors
such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and
processing the data. The effects of these errors cannot be measured directly.
They are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection
process and through a careful review of all reported data for consistency and
reasonableness.
 
To assist users in evaluating the reliability of estimates in this report,
the “Root Mean Square Error” is shown for selected items in the following
table. The “Root Mean Square Error” is a statistical measure based on past
performance and is computed using the differences between first and latest
estimates. The “Root Mean Square Error” for cattle on feed inventory
estimates over the past 24 months is 0.05 percent. This means that chances
are 2 out of 3 that the final estimate will not be above or below the current
estimate of 10.1 million head by more than 0.05 percent. Chances are 9 out of
10 that the difference will not exceed 0.10 percent.

The table on the following page shows a 24 month record of the range of
differences between first and latest estimates for selected items. Using
estimates of number on feed as an example, changes between the first estimate
and the latest estimate during the past 24 months have averaged 3,000 head,
ranging from 0 to 18,000 head. During this period the initial estimate has
been above the latest estimate 6 times and has been below the latest estimate
4 times. This does not imply that the initial estimate is likely to
understate or overstate final inventory.

            Reliability of Monthly Cattle on Feed Estimates
               [Based on data for the past 24 months] ——————————————————————————–
                :       :       :        :   Difference between   :            
                :       :       :        :    first and latest    :  Number of 
                : Root  :   90 percent   :       estimates        :   months   
      Item      : mean  :   confidence   :————————————–
                :square :     level      :       :        :       :First :First
                : error :       :        :Average:Smallest:Largest:above :below
                :       :       :        :       :        :       :latest:latest
——————————————————————————–
                :    percent       ——– 1,000 head ——–       number   
                :                                                              
Number on feed .: 0.05    0.10     10.1      3       0       18      6      4  
                :                                                              
Placements …..: 0.19    0.30      4.9      2       0        9      5      5  
                :                                                              
Marketings …..: 0.30    0.50     10.0      3       0       21      4      8  
——————————————————————————–

                    Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to
contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent
to nass@nass.usda.gov

Dan Kerestes, Chief, Livestock Branch ……….. (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ……….. (202) 690-2424
   Jim Collom – Dairy Products ……………… (202) 690-3236
   Joe Gaynor – Dairy Products Prices ……….. (202) 690-2168
   Jason Hardegree – Cattle, Cattle on Feed ….. (202) 720-3040
   Sherry Bertramsen – Livestock Slaughter …… (515) 284-4340
   Everett Olbert – Sheep and Goats …………. (202) 720-4751
   Mike Miller – Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Nick Streff – Hogs and Pigs ……………… (202) 720-3106

                   Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following
ways:

  All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web
site: http://www.nass.usda.gov

  Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit
http://www.nass.usda.gov and in the “Receive NASS Updates” box under
“Receive reports by Email,” click on “National” or “State” to select
the reports you would like to receive.

  Printed reports may be purchased from the National Technical
Information Service (NTIS) by calling toll-free (800) 999-6779, or
(703) 605-6220 if calling from outside the United States or Canada.
Accepted methods of payment are Visa, MasterCard, check, or money
order. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail:
nass@nass.usda.gov.
                                                                               
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination
in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national
origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial
status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information,
political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part of an individual’s
income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited
bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require
alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large
print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600
(voice and TDD).

To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of
Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, or
call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal
opportunity provider and employer.

Check Also

A convention for the future, for all

By Meredith Oglesby, OCJ FFA reporter As the countdown to the 93rd National FFA Convention …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *