The number of cattle and calves in Ohio on Jan. 1, 2012, was estimated at 1.28 million head, up 4% from last year, according to the Jan. 27 Cattle and Calves report from the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Beef cows, at 300,000 head, were up 3% from last year, and milk cows, at 270,000 head, were unchanged from last year.
Ohio’s beef replacement heifers were at 55,000, the same as last year but dairy replacement heifers were down 5,000 head from last year. Other heifers, at 70,000 head, were up 7% from last year. Steers 500 pounds and over were up 8% from last year to 195,000 head. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market, at 180,000 head increased by 6%. Bulls, at 20,000 head, declined by 5,000 head from January 1, 2011. Ohio’s calf crop, at 490,000 head, increased by 9% from last year.
All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2012 totaled 90.8 million head, 2% below the 92.7 million on January 1, 2011. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since the 88.1 million on hand in 1952.
All cows and heifers that have calved, at 39.1 million, were down 2% from the 40.0 million on January 1, 2011. Beef cows, at 29.9 million, were down 3% from January 1, 2011. Milk cows, at 9.2 million, were up 1% from January 1, 2011.
Other class estimates on January 1, 2012 and the change from January 1, 2011, are as follows: All heifers 500 pounds and over, 19.4 million, down 1%. Beef replacement heifers, 5.2 million, up 1%. Milk replacement heifers, 4.5 million, down 1%. Other heifers, 9.6 million, down 2%. Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 16.1 million, down 2%. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.1 million, down 5%. Calves under 500 pounds, 14.1 million, down 3%. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 14.1 million, up 1%. The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 25.7 million, down 4%.
The 2011 calf crop was estimated at 35.3 million head, down 1% from 2010. This is the smallest calf crop since the 34.9 million born during 1950. Calves born during the first half of 2011 are estimated at 25.7 million, down 1% from 2010.
All inventory and calf crop estimates for July 1, 2010, January 1, 2011, and July 1, 2011 were reviewed using calf crop, official slaughter, import and export data, and the relationship of new survey information to the prior surveys. Based on the findings of this review, small adjustments of less than one-half percent were made to previously released inventory estimates by class and calf crop.