The 2018 Ohio Crop Tour – I-75 Leg – Day 1

Van Wert County

Corn: The field looks great. It was planted on May 1. It looks a little dry right now but there is rain on the way. This is a tall hybrid and the ear is about eye level. The lower leaves are gone but four leaves below the ear are still green. There was GLS but it was controlled and there is none above the ear. The ear fill was excellent with a little tip back. It is dented and the most advanced we’ve seen. The population was at 32,000 or 33,000. The rows around were 14 to 18 with an average yield of 193 bushels.

Soybeans: The planting date was May with a dropped population of 170,000. It was at R6 with very good, healthy plants. There were many pods on top with a 41-inch canopy with 2 to 3 inches between nodes, one of the tighter clusters we’ve seen today. There was a little frogeye and a little bean leaf beetle feeding. There were many 3- to 4-pod clusters with many 3- to 4-bean pods. It was very impressive and one of the best fields we’ve seen, if not the best. The crops have gotten better as we have moved back further south.

Paulding County

Corn: We had a planting date of May 1. The corn was fired up but the stalks were still intact. We had cracks in the ground here with some pollination issues and some aborted kernels and abnormal ears. We had maybe a 10% GLS on leaves and some NCLB up high. We found what appears to be western bean cutworm and other pest damage. We found a yield of 148 bushels with fair field conditions.

Soybeans: This field was planted and replanted in late May. The field was uniform with good color. It looks like it went through a dry spell early in the season. The nodes are closer together at the bottom and further apart at the top. These were non-GMO soybeans with some downy mildew and a little bit of frogeye. They did spray a couple of weeks ago. We did see some holes in the leaves from feeding. Soybeans were at R4. Pod numbers varied quite a bit but there were many three-bean pods and more variability than we’d want to see. Countywide, this was the second worst for crop condition that we have seen.

Defiance County

Corn: It was a late May planting date for this field of silage corn. It was at least in the R3 stage. There was no lack of nitrogen and no-till conditions. There had not been much rain but field conditions were not dry with a population of 33,000. There was very limited disease pressure. Ear fill was excellent. A couple of ears had a little tip back in the field with a yield of 165 bushels.

Soybeans: The beans were at R4 and planted on May 29. It had 3.4 inches of rain in June and rain stopped June 11 and the next rain was not until July 20 with 1.1 inches of rain. The nodes were close together and then they stretched out. They went from 1.5 to 3.5 with an average of 2.5 inches apart. There was no disease or insect pressure. There were quite a few two-pod nodes but there were still pods there that had not been aborted that could fill more with more rain. Canopy height was 36 inches and we think the field was good with fair yield potential. I seems like weed pressure has maybe increased into Defiance County. The beans in the area still have more potential with more rain.

Williams County

Corn: The planting date was May 4, one of the earlier fields planted in the area. It was planted after a barley and rye cover crop. The planted population was 34,000. Our check was 32,000. There were some skips. The outside edge of the field had heavy NCLB but inside the field showed little to no disease, with a little GLS. It was sprayed by ground application. There was no insect pressure but an insecticide was included with the fungicide. The ear fill was excellent and it was just beginning to dent. The final yield was 218 bushels. There was no nitrogen deficiency.

Soybeans: The field was planted April 30 with a very uniform appearance. It was probably a bit dry earlier in the season. The plant height was 39 inches with 2 to 4 inches between nodes. We did see Sudden Death Syndrome in spots. There was a little Japanese beetle feeding but a very clean field. The pods per node were a little on the light side in this good overall field. As we have moved west from Fulton County, crops seem to generally get better, though still variable.

Henry County

Corn: The field was planted May 27, but it seems to be behind. Some of the plants just finished pollination and there was variation in the ears. The corn was planted into cover crops. Disease pressure was very minimal. The ears were R1 to R3. One check was 191 with consistent ears. The other check was very inconsistent with a spotty stand and a yield of 138 for an average yield of 165 bushels for the field with some upside potential.

Soybeans: They were planted June 2 drilled at 175,000 with extremely healthy plants. The height was 39 inches and there was no insect or disease pressure. There were some aborted pods and blooms, two-nodes and two-bean pods. The number of pods was disappointing with a good rating on health and good to fair on yield potential. It was predominantly at R4, with some at R3. We found soybean aphids in the field but probably not high enough levels to warrant spraying in the roughly 40-bushel field.

Fulton County

Corn: It was planted June 2 and the corn is at R1. It is not even to blister yet. It is showing nitrogen deficiency. We’ve got potential out there but this field needs plenty of water between now and harvest. The population is 35,000 and we had no disease pressure. There was no insect pressure. We are estimating the yield at 168 bushels, but if everything is ideal (no early frost and plenty of water) this could be 210. If everything goes south, it could be 120. There is a lot of up and down corn in this county. The majority of the corn in this area is finishing up pollination.

Soybeans: This had an early June planting date with gaps and spotty stands. The canopy height was on the short side at 27 inches. The distance between the nodes was 3 inches. There is good moisture now but it was dry earlier. Disease wise it was very clean and very few insects. The beans are at R3 with three bean pods, but there were not that many pods. This field is fair.

Wood County

Corn: It was planted May 9. It was dry in early to mid July. Now there is mud between the rows. We found more NCLB here than in other places. We did see some European corn borer damage. We assume those were in the refuge plants. The hot and dry weather during pollination really shows up here. It was a fair field. It is for silage corn and it will have better tonnage than yields from the ears. We found a 121-bushel per acre average.

Soybeans: These were planted May 9 with a thick population. They are clean, healthy beans with a canopy height of 36 inches. As dry as it seems like the corn field was earlier in the season, the beans are green and healthy. We saw some four bean pods, some aborted pods and some two-bean pods. We saw a little more leaf feeding than we have found. Yields might hit 50 with an overall rating of good. There was some frogeye but it came in pretty late.

Hancock County

Corn: There may be a little more corn variability in this county. There were three different planting dates for this field but it was finished on May 8. It had fairly heavy GLS below the ear and then some above the ear, but no more than 5% above the ear. The corn was fired up to two or three leaves below the ear, some from N loss and some because it may have gotten a little too dry for the population. There was some tip back but overall pollination was really good. The ears were very consistent for a population of 35,000. The rows were perfect. The yield was the best so far at 210 bushels.

Soybeans: There was an early May planting date. It looks like there were some dry conditions. They were 32 inches tall and a little short but the nodes were close and they are heavily podded. This is the least disease pressure we have seen and also very light insect pressure. There was a little bean leaf beetle feeding. There were many three-bean pods in this good to excellent field. The yield may have lost a little from the dry conditions but still around 60 bushels.

Putnam County

Corn: Conditions look to be a little dry, but not terrible. Where we entered the field there was primarily gray leaf spot but mostly below the ear leaf, though there may be some yield loss from this. Limited water and heat also caused some yield loss. The corn is in dent. Ear fill was pretty good, but there was some tip back. The field was planted at 36,000 on April 29. Corn is on the short side but yields are not bad. The yield was 191 bushels.

Soybeans: Planting date was May 7 with 160,000 population. The soybeans are at R5. The canopy height was 38 inches with two inches between nodes. There was one small spot with sudden death syndrome. We also saw some light frogeye and downy mildew. There was a fungicide and insecticide application. There was a little Japanese beetle feeding. There were more two-bean pods, probably from dry conditions. This was a good field with yield potential in the 50s. County-wide there is maybe a little more weed pressure.

Hardin County

Corn: This is a good to excellent field with some disease pressure. Northern Corn leaf blight is creeping up above the ear but conditions are pretty good and disease pressure is not too bad. This was sprayed with fungicide and insecticide. There were some pollination issues with some irregular rows and undeveloped kernels. This is probably due to heat during pollination. The average number of rows was 18 with average kernel depth. There is a population of 34,000 planted on May 6 with a yield of 192 bushels.

Soybean: The soybeans were planted May 10 with a population of 135,000 population and canopy height of 40 inches. Distance between nodes was around 2 inches. There was some frogeye but on less than 5%. There was some bean leaf beetle feeding with mostly three-bean pods. The field overall looks excellent.

Allen County

Corn: The population was 32,000 planted on May 7. The corn looks good with good color but it is showing dry conditions. There was virtually no disease pressure with just a little gray leaf spot. There was a little tip back but pretty good pollination. There were some aborted kernels. The yield is 212 in this excellent field.

Soybean: This was planted May 7 with excellent conditions. There are some dry areas showing up on the hilltops. The canopy height was 42 inches and the distance between nodes was a little over two inches. There was a little frogeye that came in late. There was little insect pressure. There were three pods per node most at three beans. It looks like a 60+ bushel field.

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