The 2018 Ohio Crop Tour – I-75 Leg – Day 2

Click on the images for a closer look

Greene County

Corn: This field was planted in late April and shows signs of a steady water supply all season long. It is very healthy and the color s changing on the husk. The GLS was less than 1% and ear fill was among the best we have seen on the tour, if not the best. The yield estimate is 206.3 bushels.

Soybeans: This field was planted in late May and still needs some time but it has great soil moisture with more coming. There was some frogeye and maybe something bacterial way down the canopy, but disease levels were low. There was also some SDS. There is some up and down but the canopy is a fairly consistent 45 inches tall. The plants are well podded with node spacing ranging from 2.5 to 4 inches. This is a 50+ bushel field.

Montgomery County

Corn: There was significant giant ragweed in this field but there was great plant health. There was quite a bit of GLS and NCLB. It really wasn’t that bad. It was not a huge impact on the yield. The bigger problem was some erratic stands. There were skips and gaps and the giant ragweed had filled in. Ear fill was excellent. Yield estimate was 175 bushels.

Soybeans: The field was up and down all the way across. We had many water issues and canopy height was anywhere from 24 to 33 inches. The plants were short but the nodes were packed together with an average spacing of 1.9 inches. The field was loaded with downy mildew. We had some Japanese beetle and bean leaf beetle feeding and project a yield around 45 bushels with a fair to good rating.


Warren County

Corn: We walked into a tall field of corn planted at 35,000 with a final stand of 34,000. It was planted May 2. The field had very high GLS pressure, the worst we have seen from the bottom to the top. Top leaves had 10% to 12% infection rate. There was no insect pressure. There was some tip back. The yield estimate was 224 bushels but the high GLS pressure could hurt stalk integrity at harvest time. It may have to be taken off wet to get harvestable ears.

Soybeans: There was a very even canopy and very thick with a canopy height of 39 inches. The nodes were consistent 1.5 to 2 inches. This had some of the most frogeye we’ve seen. They did spray and it slowed it down, but not for very long. There was a plant or two with SDS. Stink bugs were present along with grasshoppers and Japanese beetles. There were 2 to 4 pods per node with some two-bean and four-bean pods. These were at R6 or R7. Planting date was early May and the frogeye could hurt yield but it still could be 60 bushels.

Butler County

Corn: The field was very tall with high ear placement. There was plenty of GLS but stalks seemed to be intact. GLS could be a yield-limiting factor in this field. We found some burrowing into the stalks that was likely European corn borer. The plant was dying back naturally and the corn is at black layer. We are estimating the yield to be around 182 bushels.

Soybeans: We were struck by the SDS that was broadly scattered though the field. We saw 10 to 20% of plants affected. We were still pretty happy with this R6 field. Canopy height is 42 inches with a consistent 2.5 inches between nodes. We saw feeding from bean leaf beetles and grasshoppers at work in the field. We also saw some stink bugs that could affect seed quality and yield. It was a nice, consistent field with mostly 3-bean pods. This was better than good with 60+ yield potential.

Preble County

Corn: The corn was planted April 23. There was adequate moisture and timely fungicide application but the stands were spotty. We counted a population of 25,500. The ear fill was fantastic. We did see GLS and NCLB. We saw some differences in rows around. The husks were turning yellow and approaching maturity. We found an average of 180 bushels. The corn is farther along in maturity as we move further south.

Soybeans: This very attractive field was planted April 21 at 140,000 seeding rate. The canopy height of these R5 beans was 44 inches tall. The distance between the nodes was an average of 2.4 inches with many 4-bean pods. There were many 3 and 4-pod clusters almost all the way to the top with some frogeye pressure and a little bean leaf beetle. The field was excellent, maybe the best we have seen and should push 70 bushels. The only downside we can see in this field is that the plants are leaning and could have harvest challenges. We are seeing more R6 beans as we move south.

Miami County

Corn: The field was planted April 26 at 35,000 population. It had very heavy GLS and the heaviest NCLB we have seen to date. There were corn leaf aphids and a good population of ladybug larvae. The disease levels were enough to cause potential lodging issues and cannibalization. The yield estimate is 174 bushels. It had good kernel fill and good pollination.

Soybeans: It was nice to walk down these 20-inch rows. The field was planted in late April. “Man these are nice!” The canopy height was 36 inches. There was 2.5-inches between nodes top to bottom. There was some frogeye that may have had some effect on yield. There were stinkbugs, bean leaf beetle and grasshoppers. There were more than 4 pods per node and many 4-bean pods. This is a 65+-bushel field. This side of the county looks like crops had enough water but the other side has had some issues with dry weather.

Shelby County

Corn: This is a very healthy field! It was planted in early May and nothing slowed it down since then. There were 6 to 7 leaves below the ear still healthy with minimal disease. There was good pollination and good ear fill clear to the tip in this excellent field. There is some variation in ear size but the population was 34,000 to 37,000 with some emergence issues. There was full tillage here with an average of 203 bushels.

Soybeans: The field was fairly heavily podded with a short canopy of 30 inches. The internodes were stacked tightly at an average of 2.3 inches. There were many 3 or 4 pod nodes but some of those only had 2 beans per pod. There was decent branching with a decent pod-set on those branches. There was some SDS at early stages and some of the heaviest weed pressure and insect pressure so far on the trip. It did have the least amount of frogeye on this tour. Because of the branching and heavy pod-set we think this field will make 45 with a good rating. Shelby County has continued the strong crop yields and fields.

Darke County

Corn: Tillage was done at this location and it may have dried out the soil because there were some late emergers and some plant spacing issues. The late emerging plants were the biggest challenge in this field. There was more tillering in this field than any field we have been in, probably because of the better than normal growing conditions once the plant got out of the ground. There was GLS scattered throughout the plants but at very low levels. We had a planting population of 30,800 and final stand was 28,000. Because of the lower populations we had very healthy, robust stalks (they are going to stand until Christmas). There was some tip back. We estimated the yield to be 218 bushels with an excellent rating. There are many really nice corn fields in Darke County that seem to be further along in maturity than we have seen.

Soybeans: This was an excellent field that is thick and podded heavy. They were 49 inches tall. The distance between the nodes was 2.5 to 4 inches but pretty consistent all the way up the plant. It looked like they had consistent rain. There was a little frogeye and the field had been sprayed. There was a little downy mildew. There was some feeding from insects, but no Japanese beetle feeding. There were 4-plus pods per node and the field was excellent with 60+ yield potential and we are not afraid to say 70 bushels with this field.

Mercer County

Corn: There was a May 4 planting date with 35, 000 population. The corn was very nice with healthy conditions. There were great looking ears with good ear fill. There was some GLS and NCLB but fairly minimal. It was a dent plus. We had four good healthy leaves at or below the ear. No fungicides were applied in season. The ear fill was excellent. Out of the six ears we pulled, one had tip back. We found a yield of 191 bushels.

Soybeans: The field was very good at R6 for one of the further along fields. Beans were starting to lay down after a significant rain last night but we think they will stand back up. The canopy height was 38 inches with an average of 14 nodes per plant on the main stem with 2.7 inches per node. We saw some frogeye, but not at significant levels. There was a lot of Japanese beetle feeding. There were many four-pod nodes and some 4-bean pods. This looks like a 60+ bushel field.

As we move south, it looks like there are more even plant heights and less moisture stress than crops we went through further north.

Auglaize County

Corn: Despite the highest amount of GLS we have seen yet in the lower canopy, the ear leaf only had a 2% to 3% infection. Stalks still were intact. We had some pollination issues but they were not severe. There was significant tip-back averaging maybe 2 inches per ear. We saw no insect pressure. The overall rating of the field was very good. Our yield estimate was 179 bushels.

Soybeans: Deemed “Godzilla” beans by Zach Profit, the field looks fantastic at 50 inches tall. They are still standing but they could have lodging issues. The distance between the nodes was 2 inches in the lower plant and 4 inches higher on the plant. There was a little bit of Sudden Death Syndrome and a little bit of white mold. There was no insect feeding but we did find a few aphids. There were 3 to 5 pods per node with typically 3 beans per pod. This is a 60+-bushel field and we are tempted to say 70 in the excellent field. The crops in Auglaize County look pretty good with less weed pressure in the beans, but there may be a little more disease pressure so far as we have headed south.

Check Also

New set of Ohio local agricultural easements approved for purchase

The Ohio Department of Agriculture announced approval for local sponsors to purchase agricultural easements on …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.