The 2019 Ohio Crop Tour | I-71 Leg – Day 1

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Marion County

We have progressed back into an area of the state with considerably less prevented plant acres than our peak earlier today.

Corn: This field was planted in early June. 20-inch row corn with a population of about 35,000. Stress was evident – corn was planted wet and turned dry. The root system has recently taken off, but overall pretty compact. 177 bpa estimate.

Soybeans: We did not enter the bean field because the farmer had sprayed immediately before we arrived. The farmer commented he is rolling the dice that he can grow a crop. He thinks the potential is there. R2 at about a foot tall. A long, long way to go. Full of flea beetle and bean leaf beetle from the edge looking in.

Wyandot County

Not as much prevented plant acreage as we head from Wyandot into Marion County.

Corn: 178 bpa with an overall nice field. Planted May 22. Side dressing slots wide open shows how little rain field has had, and how wet the soil was when in field. Some gray leaf spot, though not terrible. Lots of tassel ear in end rows. Emergence problems evident in different sized stalks. Population averaged 31,500. Needs rain.

Soybeans: Originally planted June 12, replanted entire field June 28. Just barely R3 stage with a 30” canopy height. 2.5” between nodes, just starting to set pods. Yield estimated at less than 30 bpa, but again it all depends on the rain ahead. It will struggle to yield well without timely moisture. No disease or insect pressure and small root development.

Crawford County

The reality of a wet spring is becoming more and more clear as we continued along on Wednesday.

Corn: Water and time – the theme continues as far as what fields need. This corn comes in at 171 bpa in ideal conditions from here out, but it’s well behind. Realistically, it’s 125-130. This corn is still pollinating with very small amounts of it completed with pollination. What does the future hold? Planted June 4th, 9th, 12th, and 26th when you factor in plant, rain, replant, try again, and more rain.

Soybeans: Nice beans even with replant. 24” canopy height at R4 stage. 3” between nodes with no disease pressure. Very little insect infestation, though a lot of bean leaf beetle can be seen, not much feeding was found. Several 4-bean pods bring expectations for yield to 40-50 bpa. Overall the field was in good condition.

Seneca County

The trend continues in Seneca County. We’re getting further into the prevented plant neighborhoods.

Corn: March 27th planted corn, just like in Huron County, looks really good – for mid-July corn. Ears are in the blister stage with projected yield at 184 bpa. Again, a lot of time and possibilities ahead for these fields. Plenty of deer feeding on the outside rows, and also a bit further in. Insect and disease pressure were very light.

Soybeans: Another field where it’s impossible to project the yield with things so far behind. Just like in Huron, this is a healthy group of beans. They were planted June 26, and at R2 are blooming with little to no insect or disease pressure. 20” canopy height with the guess at 30-40 bpa. A really clean field except for a bit of volunteer corn here and there. As they say, maturity is not measured by age, it’s an attitude built by experience. Frankly, these beans lack the attitude or experience.

Huron County

Huron County has so far had by far the most prevented plant.

Corn: Excellent looking from the road, but still a long way to go. Still pollinating – R1 to blister. Most stalks had two ears. Disease pressure found a small amount of northern corn leaf blight and eyespot. Signs of nitrogen deficiency. Yield could range anywhere from 120 to 220, depending on what the rest of the year holds. Potential is there with rain and late frost for big numbers in the combine.

Soybeans: May 27 planted beans that are shorter – 18-24” canopy. Beans were in R4 with a lot of branching and good pod set at each node. Unfortunately this field was planted wet showing general compaction, resulting in potassium deficiency due to poor root development. No disease pressure with little to no insect pressure. Estimating closer to 40 bpa.

Ashland County

Corn: This corn looked great if you don’t consider the date. Ears were only at the blister stage, with two different varieties clearly visible in their fill progress. Right now the estimated average is 192 bpa, but only if there’s plenty of rain ahead and considerable time for more development. The field was planted May 27. Disease pressure was very light and most stalks had a secondary ear not far behind. Overall a good to excellent field, especially if we don’t think about the time of year.

Soybeans: Needs rain, sunshine, and time. Lots of unknowns for this clean field full of R2 beans. Blooms to the top were present throughout. Short and will be lucky to make 40 bushels if they can finish out with rain through September. The clock is against this field. Still though, this area has been blessed with moisture compared to other counties. The field was planted June 26. It would appear that driving through Ashland County that planting was late. Most beans we drove past are in the same boat.

Wayne County

Corn: A 184 bpa average on this field. Stand was overall pretty good, but some instances of late emergence will not make an ear, a symptom of wet planting. Earworm, smut (possibly a result of the earworm), and heavy gray leaf spot. Excellent ear fill on most ears, though one sample did have pollination issues. This was not the norm. We rated this field as good throughout.

Soybeans: Frogeye and grass is going to hurt this field. This was the first field we’ve met so far that a fungicide application was warranted because of the disease pressure. The farmer said they had sprayed 3-4 days ago. Sidewall compaction symptoms present with roots running up and down the rows, but because the field has had enough moisture, the root has been able to grow past that compaction zone. Though compaction has not been a major limiting factor after frequently seeing 4-5 pods per node. Bean leaf beetle damage and a stinkbug egg mass were also discovered. Ratings ranged from fair to excellent. The potential is there, but so is the pressure. 40-50 bpa expected.

Holmes County

This is one of our favorite spots with the beautiful rolling hills and terraced corn, soybean rotation. Moisture is still present in this area more so than western Ohio – they received 1.5-2.5” overnight.

Corn: Both corn and beans planted May 15. Heavy disease pressure, with eyespot at the top very present and a lot of gray leaf spot. Ear fill remained good to excellent, though there was some translucent grains and aborted kernels. Corn ranged from fair to excellent. 180 bpa estimated average.

Soybeans: Really good soyebans. These beans had pods aplenty, with even some 8-pod groups found. Excellent pod set throughout. 3-4 pods per node with 2.5-3” between nodes. 34-36” canopy height. Beans could see 60+ bushels if rain continues. A few frogeye lesions, but not enough to require a fungicide application.

Richland County

The further northeast we’ve headed, the yards have gotten greener and the ponds have gotten more full, crop health improving all the while

Corn: A tremendous field of corn. All the ears were at 6 foot off the ground. Field planted early May. Ears filled clear to the end, with plenty of moisture. A little but of gray leaf spot, but most of it below the ear leaf. Some second ears were found, but they were far behind in development. They will not be disappointed when they shell that field. Overall an estimate of 223 bpa.

Soybeans:  An excellent field of lush, green soybeans with no detectable insect or disease pressure. The farmer has had plenty of moisture, especially when compared to other areas of Ohio. Fungicide was flown on last week. A bit of deer feeding can be seen (with deer actually in the field when we arrived). Distance between nodes averaged 3” with 2 pods per node – the only disappointing part of the field. These beans are 50+ bpa.

Knox County

Corn: This May 19th planted corn was fair with nice, smaller ears. The farmer stopped by and said he expects this year to average 30 bushels lower this year. That mainly lined up with our yield expectations. The ears were full milk stage, though fired up pretty good. Stalks were intact. A lot of firing out in the field up to two leaves below the ear leaf. Ear worm feeding was found one some sampled ear. Very, very light disease pressure. A tiny amount of gray leaf spot and northern corn leaf blight were noted, but nothing to worry about. Going to have some aborted kernels at the ends thanks to dry weather. This field was estimated to yield 155 bpa.

Soybeans: Another really nice field, planted May 22nd, right where it should be. It again brings in the question of how representative is the field when compared to a number of poor fields passed by. 34-36″ canopy height. The farmer said they received .7” of rain overnight. The fields definitely soaked it up and are putting it to use. No disease. A little leaf defoliation and a few plants seen with Sudden Death Syndrome. Pod set was decent, along with notable nodule development. Nodes were 2.5-3 inch apart. We rated this field as excellent with a potential for 50-60 bpa.

Morrow County

Corn: A fairly clean field that averaged an estimated 199 bpa. Some lower leaves starting to fire with nitrogen starvation. It appeared that two different varieties of corn were present in the field as maturities were notably different between the two samples. Light gray leaf spot pressure along with some tip back and aborted kernels. More skips than the farmer would prefer to have, with population coming in at 29-30,000. Overall a good to excellent field of corn.

Soybeans: This was the best bean field the scouts had been in so far, and possibly the best beans in Morrow County after driving through field after field of cover crop-looking beans. Root nodulation and development was superior. Canopy height ranged from 27-32”. Some Japanese beetle feeding. Very little disease pressure. 2 pod nodes, but really good branching. If it wasn’t Aug. 14th, the field would be rated excellent, but overall a very good field that will likely average 50-60 bpa.

Licking County

Corn: Standing at the edge of field, we expected a good yield from this May 20 planted corn, but things fell apart quickly a few rows in. There was a lot of nitrogen loss in this field along with it being very dry. Disease pressure saw a fair amount of northern corn leaf blight (NCLB) and GLS. Ear fill ranged from blister to milk stage. Colter marks from the 28 application were not closed and clearly visible. Scouts thought the yield had a potential of 150 bpa, provided there is rain and a late frost ahead.

Soybeans: This was a very clean field of 15” rows with a 23” canopy height, but it has a long way to go. Some bean leaf beetle feeding was noticed with very light defoliation. R3 beans with no disease in the upper canopy. A bit of sidewall compaction is indicative of the type of planting season this year. Surprised to see a May 26 planted field with tight rows not yet fully canopy. 30-60 bpa possibility with the right situation ahead. Overall, a field of beans in good condition.

Delaware County

We started off the 2019 Ohio Crop Tour with a visit to the garden part of the state this year with fields that are likely far better than the rest of Ohio.

Corn: At a May 22 planting date, this was an excellent field of corn with an estimated 216 bushel per acre average. Variability remains top of mind as just half a mile down the road was a field that will struggle to reach 100 bpa. There was slight Gray Leaf Spot (GLS) pressure, also exhibiting bird damage at edge of field. One sample had more a little tip back. Field was also in need of a bit of rain. The field was in milk stage (R3: kernels are yellow with milky white fluid).

Soybeans: The soybeans were rated good to excellent with overall appearance being very clean. Last major rain was in mid-July, though beans still looked good with pods staring to fill. Beans were at R5. Light infestation of Septoria Brown Spot (SBS) and very light frogeye. Some bean leaf beetle feeding was observed and did find a mass of stinkbug eggs, though no stinkbugs themselves were seen. Canopy height ranged from 28-34 inches. Distance between nodes was 2”. Yield estimate came in at 40-50 bpa.

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