The 2019 Ohio Crop Tour – I-71 Leg – Day 2

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Clinton County

Corn: The potential in this field is hurt with the amount of bird damage. Some GLS and NCLB. Nice ears with good kernel depth, though some tip back was occurring. The yield estimate came in at 149 bpa.

Soybeans: The eastern leg ended the tour in style when it came to soybeans – the nicest on the tour. Canopy height was at 27” and 2” between nodes. Absolutely no disease or insect pressure in field, plus the beans are heavily podded. The field came in as an excellent rating and is expected to yield 50-60 bpa with rain.

Highland County

Corn: This corn has a long way to go and not much time to get there. A unique piece to this field is every single stalk has two ears, and unfortunately, ear fill is just blistered. We are concerned as to whether or not the second ear will make it, and come harvest whether or not it will pass through the snapping rolls or end up in the grain tank. That is the main concern as this is a very clean field with no noticeable disease or insect pressure. A beautiful field of corn with an estimated yield of 138 bpa.

Soybeans: Reaction to this field is wow from the outside looking in, until you walk in and start pulling. Canopy height is 36” with no insect pressure. Unfortunately, the looks are very cosmetic as the amount of pods per plant is disappointing. The 1st pod was at 8 inches from the ground with lower blooms aborted. 12 average pods per plant. Also observed very heavy frogeye. Rain remains a factor, but the yield estimate is 30-40 bpa.

Fayette County

Corn: An overall good field that amounted to a yield estimate of 189.5 bpa. Some green snap and gooseneck was found, plus tip back brought down the yield. Light GLS across sampled areas.

Soybeans: A really good looking field of beans that are weed free. Some compaction was noted. For this field to turn out, lots of rain is needed in a timely manner. A heavy pod set on most of the beans. Several 4 bean pods on plants. With rain, 50-60 bpa is possible. Overall, a good to excellent field.

Ross County

Corn: An extremely good looking field of corn. Only negatives were a bit of GLS down low, but less than 1 percent at ear leaf and above. Very little tip back. Overall this was the furthest along corn seen so far on the eastern leg of the tour. Ears had strong fill and excellent kernel depth. The field is rated as excellent with a very realistic estimate of 208 bpa.

Soybeans: Nice, clean field that would benefit from a fungicide application due to frogeye starting to pop. Great potential, but again it is only at early R4. Still putting flowers on and still growing. Get some rain and things will be looking very good for these beans. 34” canopy height with 2” between nodes. Most pods are 3 bean pods. Estimating 50-60 bpa (with rain).

Fairfield County

Corn: Late planted corn just finishing pollination. Most of it is in blister stage, 30,000 population. This was a very healthy field with the least firing seen in a scouted field at that point on the tour. A bit of GLS present. Like a broken record, we again said the field is far behind. Still, the possible estimated yield is 181 bpa – that’s if rain comes and a frost isn’t until late.

Soybeans: This soybean field saw heavy weed pressure with weeds controlled late in their life cycle. Most of the grass was already gone to seed which likely took a lot of moisture away from the bean crop. The canopy height was very irregular. There were beans anywhere from 14-28” high, and development from R2 to R4. A lot of spots that appeared to have been flooded out with sparsely populated bean stands. Overall rating of the field was poor to very poor and scouts did not expect it to make 30 bpa.

Pickaway County

Corn: This was a corn after corn field planted May 16 and looked very good, especially for what it had been through. This field had seen considerable standing water (pictured below) and then a long period of dryness. Some tip back was noticed, plus light GLS pressure, bringing the field to an overall rating of good and an estimate of a 174 average bpa.

Soybeans: Planted May 22, this 28” canopied field is seeing very little insect pressure but heavy frogeye pressure. There was a discussion with the farmer, who has the ability to spray, that a fungicide/insecticide application would pay for itself with an addition of 1.5 to 2 bushels an acre. 1.5-2” between nodes with lots of 2 bean pods. 40-50 bpa estimate on this field.

Madison County

Corn: This was a stop at the Farm Science Review demonstration plots and it goes without saying this is unique situation. 95-day corn was planted in order to get things harvestable for the event, September 17-19. As a result, there are several unique issues to these fields. The corn is suffering from a drought and has had only about 1.5” of rain since July 1. 2 to 3 inches of tip back due to that dry weather. It possibly had corn earworm infestation with a tremendous amount of bird damage throughout. The corn came in at an estimated 120 bpa average.

Soybeans: The field, planted April 28, looks good and mature from the outside looking in with some coloring beginning. Very well podded. By far the furthest along in pod set and grain set. 30” beans that had a fair amount of phytophthora and spider mite damage. These beans will likely be smaller after drying out – any rain at this point is too little too late since they’re starting to detach. Leaning towards 40 bpa.

Farm Science Review has a unique growing situation that’s always interesting to compare to other traditionally-purposed fields.

Clark County

Corn: This corn was pretty far long. Tip back was a big limiting factor. Why? Most likely because of a lack of moisture. The area had been dry for some time. They received rain overnight but are in need of plenty more. Even though there was GLS on the ear leaf, there wasn’t any further up on the plant due to the farmer controlling disease. The timing on the fungicide could have been earlier than it was, but the field was greatly helped by the application. Stalks were sound and healthy. The average yield estimate came in at 165.5 bpa with a population close to 34,000.

Soybeans: Another good looking, well-developed field. The uniqueness in this field were the first pods came in at about 4 inches off the ground – the harvester will like that, especially compared to low-podded beans in the other fields we’ve seen. 2.5” between notes, though the field was at the threshold frogeye level. Very little insect pressure across the field. Estimating about 50 bpa.

Champaign County

Corn: This twin row field was the furthest along we’ve seen with some ears starting to dent. Parts of the field had firing to the ear leaves. Some GLS. Overall, we give this field an estimated average of 198 bpa. Appropriate amount of tip back on these ears – the population was right on at about 35,500. The scouts said this was their most confident yield estimate so far this week.

Soybeans: A nice looking twin row field. Beans are relatively short. The amount of 2 pod nodes and the amount of pods with just 2 beans was high. Some compaction issues were found, judging by the taproot in certain areas. Very little disease and insect pressure. Almost a weed-free field with a 30” canopy height. Just like in Union County, these beans didn’t look bad, but they were disappointing upon further inspection. Some blooms were aborting. Overall, we rated the field as fair and estimate about 35 bpa.

Union County

Corn: Thursday started off with a May 29 planted field that could be a predictor for quite a few previous fields we’ve scouted further behind in development. Dryness was evident with severe tip back (2-2.5”) and had scouts worried at this stage of the game. Stalk cannibalization was taking place. This field might be a predictor of what is to come. Moderate to heavy Gray Leaf Spot. Light NCLB. The yield estimate came in at 154 bpa.

Soybeans: June 1 planted beans looked excellent. Like the corn, the dry weather has hit hard. The late pods have been aborted and pods are struggling to fill. Great weed control. No disease or insect pressure. Just needs water. 24” canopy height. Some of the better looking beans that we’ve seen with a later planting, but they’re running out of gas without moisture. 40-50 bpa estimate, maybe less if it doesn’t rain. From the outside, this was a good looking field – once you take a closer look, the farmer could be disappointed.

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