A quarter shows the severity of the drought conditions in Champaign County, IL on the 2012 Pro Farmer Crop Tour.

OSU Drought Rapid Response team resources

The recent rainfall sure helped, but the previous stretch of warmer temperatures combined with scant rainfall in recent weeks has resulted in moderate drought conditions over 62% of the state, with nearly 98% of Ohio considered abnormally dry, according to the June 8 update from the U.S. Drought Monitor.

“Moderate drought” is the initial level of drought, while “abnormally dry” means an area is moving in the direction of drought, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor.

And while it isn’t time to panic, these are rapidly changing conditions that need to be monitored, said Aaron Wilson, Ohio State University Extension’s field specialist in agriculture weather and climate and the State Climatologist of Ohio. OSU Extension is the outreach arm of The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES).

“Our lawns are feeling it, our gardens are feeling it and now we’ve got a couple of communities that have issued water-reduction requests,” Wilson said. “There have also been agriculture impacts, including diminished soil moisture, deteriorating grazing conditions, and newly emerged crops that are starting to feel the stress as well. 

“We should be seeing an inch of rain per week to hit normal rainfall amounts, so if we’re not hitting an inch per week, we’re not making up any rainfall deficits. And once we get into June, July and August, it’s really difficult to make up the moisture deficits.”

Amid growing concern among farmers and producers statewide about what drought can mean for their crops and livestock, CFAES has created a 25-member Drought Rapid Response team that convenes weekly to monitor conditions to provide farmers, producers, gardeners, turfgrass managers and others information on how to manage through a drought, said Sam Custer, OSU Extension interim assistant director, agriculture and natural resources.

The team has created an Early Drought Response webpage to provide resources for Ohio’s farmers, Custer said. The page provides the best science-based recommendations to protect livestock, crops, and farm operations from weather impacts, commodity price changes and extreme events.

Custer said the rapid response team was created because of early signs of drought last week and because OSU Extension was hearing from educators and specialists statewide about concerns farmers and producers were expressing about growing drought conditions.

“We’re here to serve Ohio by providing the best researched based information they need to make informed decisions as they deal with drought considerations,” he said. “We’re also coordinating and collaborating with the Ohio Department of Agriculture, as well as providing state and federal elected officials up-to-date information on what we’re finding and recommending.”

The drought webpage, at go.osu.edu/ohiodrought, also provides links to numerous CFAES resources and newsletters, including information specific to agronomic crops, dairy, farm management, fruit, livestock, poultry, vegetables, wine grapes and turfgrass. 

The information is especially timely and significant, considering that the rapidly expanding drought conditions are most similar to the 2012 drought, Wilson said, noting that last fall was the driest fall since 1966 in a few areas of the state. 

However, he said, “every drought is different, so we shouldn’t jump to automatically thinking 2012 outcomes will be realized this year.” 

“Generally, in the last 30 days we should have seen about 4 inches of rainfall, with 8 inches over 60 days and 12 inches over 90 days,” Wilson said. “But we’re falling short on all of that, especially in pockets of northwest and northeast Ohio, where over the past 30 days they’ve picked up barely a quarter of an inch of rainfall.

“And it’s not just pockets of the state, but the entire state is turning dry all at once, with 3- to 4-inch deficiencies over the last month. Big areas of Ohio are now getting down to 10% of normal rainfall or even 5%. These very big deficits over a very short period bring about these rapid drying conditions, especially as the sun angle gets higher and temperatures are getting warmer and we start to lose a lot of moisture from the surface.”

As it stands now, Ohio farmers have gotten 95% of corn and 94% of soybeans planted, according to the June 5 Crop Progress Report from the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Ohio Field Office. Of those crops, 80% of corn and 74% of soybeans crops have emerged.

“Concerns about ongoing excessive dryness loomed last week as farmers in northern counties reported signs of drought stress in corn. Some farmers in western counties described soil crusting as posing challenges to crop emergence,” according to the report. 
For up-to-date drought resources visit: go.osu.edu/ohiodrought.

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