2020 Ohio Crop Progress Update

Crop progress: Crops headed to harvest

Dry, cool conditions prevailed across most of the state as growers made harvest preparations, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture decreased from 67 percent adequate or surplus last week to 58 percent adequate or surplus this week. Approximately 15 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were 4.8 degrees below historical normals and the entire state averaged .13 inches of precipitation. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 21.

During the week, farmers harvested silage and cut hay. Soybeans dropping leaves were at 54 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 6 percentage points. Corn dented was at 89 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 6 percentage points. Alfalfa hay third cutting reached 100 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 4 percentage points.… Continue reading

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Challenges from limited rainfall continue

An ongoing increase in precipitation this week continues to slowly work towards reducing the effects of the dry weather that occurred in August, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture increased from 52 percent adequate or surplus last week to 67 percent adequate or surplus this week. Approximately 19 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, down from 37 percent last week, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 4 degrees above historical normals and the entire state averaged 1.49 inches of precipitation. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 13.

During the week, farmers harvested silage, made hay, and seeded
cover crops. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 33%, ahead
of the five-year average by 5 percentage points. Corn dough
reached 100%, ahead of the five-year average by 5
percentage points.… Continue reading

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More rain needed for Ohio

Dry conditions continued despite increased precipitation, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 70 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse early in the week, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Precipitation increased this week, mostly towards the end of the week, causing topsoil moisture to increase from 40 percent adequate or surplus last week to 47 percent adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were 4.5 degrees above historical normals and the entire state averaged approximately 1.4 inches of precipitation. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 30.

Farmers tiled fields, baled hay, and applied manure throughout the week. Soybeans setting pods was at 97 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 4 percentage points. Corn dough was 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average at 91 percent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was at 86 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 7 percentage points.… Continue reading

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Dry weather continues

While temperatures were below historical normals, dry weather
persisted throughout the state according to Cheryl Turner, State
Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 65% of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Topsoil moisture decreased from 52% adequate or surplus last week to 40% adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 1 degree below historical normals and the entire state averaged approximately 0.4 inches of precipitation. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 23.

During the week, farmers harvested corn silage, hauled manure, mowed wheat stubble to control weeds, and installed tile. Soybeans blooming reached 100% while soybeans setting pods was at 93%, ahead of the five-year average by 8 percentage points. Corn dough was at 81%, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Other hay second cutting was at 90% and other hay third cutting was at 57%.… Continue reading

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Temperatures up, soil moisture down

Temperatures were warmer than usual and rain was sporadic according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately, 71 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Topsoil moisture decreased again last week from 60 percent adequate or surplus last week to 52 percent adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 4 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged around 0.6 inches of precipitation. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 16.

The weather was good for spraying weeds and pests, tiling, planting forages, and many other types of fieldwork. Soybean farmers, and in particular corn farmers, would have liked a bit more, timely rain for increased grain fill. Soybeans setting pods was at 84 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 8 percentage points. Corn dough was 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average at 66 percent.… Continue reading

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Dry conditions continue

Cooler and drier than normal conditions prevailed this week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry weather in many areas of the state contributed to moisture stress in crops, while in other areas, there was much needed precipitation.

Approximately, 79% of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Topsoil moisture decreased from 64% adequate or surplus last week to 60% adequate or surplus this week. Common weeds were again reported visible on fields this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 2 degrees below historical normals, and the entire state averaged around .5 inches of precipitation. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 9.

Farmers applied fungicides and herbicides to crops, spread manure, seeded alfalfa, performed tillage, and harvested hay. Soybeans blooming was at 92%, ahead of the five-year average by 6 percentage points.… Continue reading

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Rain, cooler weather improve crop conditions

Timely rain events and cooler weather continued to help improve crop conditions throughout the state, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 85 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor, but rain later in the week provided much-needed moisture for crops. Topsoil moisture increased from 46 percent adequate or surplus last week to 64 percent adequate or surplus this week. Weeds, including ironweed, marestail, milkweeds, wild carrot, and teasel, were still visible on fields. Average temperatures for the week were 2 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged slightly under 1 inch of precipitation. There were 5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 2.

Farmers applied fungicides, insecticides, and herbicides to crops while also harvesting hay. Soybeans blooming was at 88 percent, 11 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn silking was 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average at 85 percent.

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Rain welcomed around Ohio

Warm weather continued while timely rain events helped improve crop condition, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 79 percent of the state saw abnormally dry conditions or worse according to the latest Drought Monitor; however, rain events late in the week delivered between a half inch and two inches of precipitation to much of the state. Topsoil moisture increased from 24 percent adequate or surplus last week to 46 percent adequate or surplus this week. Weeds have begun to also increase on fields with teasel, milkweed, marestail, and ironweed being reported on fields. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 3.5 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged slightly over 1 inch of precipitation. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 26.

Although precipitation moderately increased in some areas,
crop stress continued. Warm and dry conditions kept progress
for some crops ahead of average.

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Corn silks, beans bloom despite dry conditions

Warm and dry weather prevailed throughout the week, allowing small grain harvest to progress quickly, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture decreased from 43 percent adequate or surplus last week to 24 percent adequate or surplus this week. Approximately 59 percent of the state saw abnormally dry conditions according to the latest Drought Monitor, and several reporters observed crop stress due to lack of soil moisture. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 2 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged less than .5 inches of precipitation. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 19. Farmers harvested wheat, baled straw and hay, installed tile, conducted tillage, and hauled manure. Winter wheat harvested was at 95 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 12 percentage points. Soybeans blooming was at 64 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 14 percentage points.… Continue reading

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Hot, dry weather concerns continue around Ohio

Timely rain events helped to break up what was an otherwise hot and dry week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture increased from 30% adequate or surplus last week to 43% adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 6 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged less than 1 inch of precipitation. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 12.

Farmers baled straw and hay, applied herbicide to soybeans, and applied manure to wheat stubble. Winter wheat harvested was at 85%, ahead of the five-year average by 17 percentage points due to hot and dry weather continuing. Soybeans blooming was at 48%, ahead of the five-year average by 16 percentage points. Oats headed reached 100%, ahead of the previous year by 15 percentage points. Fifty-one percent of corn was considered good or excellent and 70% of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to a five-year average of 57%.

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Dry weather stressing Ohio crops

Hot and dry weather came back into the state causing drought stress in crops, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture decreased from 69 percent adequate or surplus last week to 30 percent adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 5 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged less than 0.2 inch of precipitation. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 5. Farmers applied herbicide to soybeans, sprayed weeds, baled hay, and harvested wheat. Winter wheat harvested was at 51 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 10 percentage points, boosted by the warm, dry weather. Soybeans blooming was at 27 percent, 11 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Alfalfa hay first cutting reached 100 percent, 12 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Fifty-three percent of corn was considered good or excellent and 66 percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to a five-year average of 59 percent.… Continue reading

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Corn and soybeans emerged, wheat makes progress

Rainfall increased throughout the state at an opportune time, causing soil moisture to improve, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. While precipitation increased overall, dry weather continued in a few areas of the state. Topsoil moisture, however, increased from 53 percent adequate or surplus last week to 69 percent adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 1 degree above historical normals, and the entire state averaged just over 1 inch of precipitation. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 28. During the week, farmers side dressed nitrogen on corn and applied herbicides to corn and soybeans. Winter wheat continued to mature while reporters continued to anticipate the start of harvest. Soybean planting progress reached 100 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 5 percentage points, while soybeans blooming was 11 percent. Corn emerged progress was 100 percent, 4 percentage points ahead of the five-year average.… Continue reading

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Dry weather leading to early signs of drought stress

As dry weather continued, soil moisture decreased and crops began to show signs of drought stress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture decreased from 75% adequate or surplus last week to 53% adequate or surplus this week. In addition to dry weather slowing the emergence of soybeans and corn, crop condition worsened. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 2 degrees below historical normals, and the entire state averaged close to zero inches of precipitation. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 21.

The drier weather did allow farmers to cut hay and continue other field activities, including planting, spraying herbicides, and sidedressing corn. Winter wheat was maturing, with reporters anticipating the start of harvest in one or two weeks. Armyworms continued to be a problem in wheat fields. Soybean planting progress reached 98%, ahead of the five-year average by 8 percentage points.

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Good weather pushes progress

A variety of field activities continued due to dry and warm weather, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. While warm windy weather created ideal conditions for making dry hay, windy conditions also may have negatively impacted some crops. In addition, armyworms negatively impacted crops, causing damage to wheat, other small grains and hay fields. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 1 degree above historical normals and the entire state averaged close to a half inch of precipitation. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 14.

Farmers worked on spot planting, tilling, spraying herbicides, side-dressing corn, and cutting hay. Topsoil moisture decreased from 12% surplus last week to 5% surplus this week. Soybean planting progress was 93%, ahead of the five-year average by 10 percentage points. Corn planting progress was 6 percentage points ahead of the five-year average at 98%. Sixty-three percent of corn was considered good or excellent and 73% of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 55% the previous year.

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Sunnier skies lead to planting progress

Warmer temperatures and drier soils allowed for more field work and fast crop development, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Farmers took advantage of this week’s improved weather to plant or replant corn and soybeans as well as chop wheat and hay for forage. Despite less precipitation, some low lying and poorly draining areas were still wet from the previous week’s rain. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 7 degrees above historical normals and the entire state averaged less than 1 inch of precipitation. There were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 31.

With less precipitation occurring this week, farmers continued planting and cutting hay. Topsoil moisture decreased from 56% surplus last week to 30 percent surplus this week. Corn planted progress was 80%, 3 percentage points ahead of the five-year average and 50% ahead of the previous year. Additionally, 62% of corn was considered good or excellent and 71% of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 54% last year.

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Significant rainfall slowed progress

A modest amount of field work occurred in the state due to increased rain, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. High amounts of precipitation caused localized flooding throughout the state, bringing planting progress to a halt in most areas. Although reporters suspected some damage occurred to recently planted crops, most noted that it was too early to tell how severe that damage was. Average temperatures for the week were close to historical normals and the entire state averaged just under 3 inches of precipitation. There were 1.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 24.

Despite increased amounts of rain, farmers were able to continue small amounts of spraying activities and began hay cutting. Topsoil moisture increased from 29% surplus last week to 56% surplus this week. Corn planted progress was 66%, 2 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans planted progress remained ahead of the five-year average by 9 percentage points.

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Planting continued as temperatures remained cool

While temperatures remained cool throughout the state, farmers made good planting progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Some damage was reported to winter wheat from freezing temperatures early in the week while rain activity late in the week may have caused damage to crops not yet emerged. Average temperatures for the week were below historical normals and the entire state averaged close to 1-inch precipitation. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 17.

Farmers continued tillage and spraying activities. Large increases in corn and soybeans planting were reported in the Northwest portion of the state. Corn planted progress was 57 percent, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans planted progress was ahead of the five-year average while soybeans emerged was behind the five-year average due to recent cooler than normal temperatures slowing germination. Sixty-six percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 53 percent last year.

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May 11 shows some planting progress despite cold weather

Farmers made planting progress last week despite temperatures averaging more than 10 degrees below normal, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Freezing temperatures late in the week endangered crops already emerged and caused damage to fruit trees in bloom. The entire State averaged less than 1 inch of precipitation. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 10.

In addition to planting farmers installed tile, tilled soil, sprayed herbicides, and applied fertilizer. Sixty- nine percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 51 percent last year. Oats were 46 percent emerged compared to a five- year average of 48 percent. Corn planted progress was 33 percent, 3 percentage points behind the five-year average. Last week, farmers in Northwest Ohio pushed their planters hard, planting corn and soybeans at a rapid clip.

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May brings progress with fieldwork and planting

Typical Spring weather conditions allowed operators to work the fields, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Average temperatures were slightly above historical normals and the entire State averaged just about 1 inch of precipitation. There were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 3.

Last week farmers applied fertilizer, repaired tiles, applied manure, and planted corn and soybeans where they could. Pasture and range condition was considered 66% good or excellent compared to 46% last year. Oats were 36% emerged compared to a five-year average of 30%. Corn planted progress was ahead of last year but behind the five-year average while soybean planted progress was ahead of last year and the five-year average.

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Corn and soybean planting getting started

Farmers planted some of the first 2020 corn and soybean fields in Ohio last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Temperatures averaged 5 degrees cooler than historical normals and the entire State averaged normal amounts of precipitation last week. There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 26.

Fields were dry enough most of the week and farmers worked the ground, sprayed weeds, spread manure and fertilizers, and tiled fields. Corn and soybean planting began in earnest on some farms. Freezing temperatures, mainly in the north, caused damage to some orchard blossoms and alfalfa fields. Oats were 18% emerged compared to a five-year average of 16%. The winter wheat crop was rated 71% good to excellent condition compared to 29% last year.

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