2020 Ohio Crop Progress Update

Corn, soybean harvest wind down

Harvest continued to approach completion as some farmers prepared for next spring, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 89 percent adequate to surplus by week’s end. Average temperatures for the week were 2.3 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 0.52 inches of precipitation. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending November 22.

Soybeans were 96 percent harvested by week’s end, while soybeans moisture content was at 13 percent. Corn harvested was 2 percentage points behind the five-year average at 87 percent. Corn moisture content was at 19 percent, the same percentage as the previous week. Winter wheat emerged was virtually complete, ahead of the five-year average. Seventy-two percent of winter wheat was rated in good to excellent condition compared to 73 percent the previous week.

You can read the full report here.Continue reading

Read More »

Dry weather keeps harvest progressing

Dry weather and warmer than normal temperatures gave farmers favorable conditions to harvest corn and soybeans throughout most the week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 88% adequate to surplus by week’s end. Average temperatures for the week were 8.1 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 0.67 inches of precipitation. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Nov. 15.

Soybeans were 93% harvested by week’s end, one percentage point behind the five-year average of 94%, while soybeans moisture content was at 13%. Corn harvested was at 79%, 5 percentage points behind the five-year average of 84%. Corn moisture content was at 19 percent, down 1 percentage point from the previous week. Winter wheat emerged was 96%. Seventy- three percent of winter wheat was rated good to excellent condition compared to 68 percent the previous week.… Continue reading

Read More »

Corn harvest still running behind

Low amounts of precipitation made way for more field activity throughout the week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 88% adequate to surplus by week’s end, down 3 percentage points from the previous week. Average temperatures for the week were 4.8 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 0.7 inches of precipitation. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Nov. 8.

During the week, farmers hauled manure and harvested crops. Soybeans were 87% harvested by week’s end, four percentage points less than the five-year average of 91%, while soybeans moisture content was at 13%. Corn harvested was at 64% compared to the five-year average of 76%. Corn moisture content decreased by 2 percentage points to 20%. Winter wheat planted reached 100%. Fifty-one percent of corn was rated good to excellent condition compared to 37% the previous year and 68% of winter wheat was rated good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

Read More »

Wet weather slows harvest

Precipitation throughout the week continued to slow harvest and other field activities, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 91
percent adequate to surplus by week’s end, up 7 percentage points from the previous week. Average temperatures for the week were 4.2 degrees below historical normals and the entire State averaged 1.56 inches of precipitation. There were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending November 1.

Soybean and corn harvest progress fell further behind normal. Soybeans were 77 percent harvested by week’s end compared with the 5-year average of 86 percent, while soybeans moisture content was at 14 percent. Forty-one percent of the corn was harvested compared to the five-year average of 65 percent. Corn moisture content was rated 22 percent. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was at 93 percent, behind last year by 5 percentage points. Other hay third cutting was at 94 percent, 5 percentage points behind last year.… Continue reading

Read More »

Precipitation slows harvest progress

Crops were harvested at a slower pace due to higher amounts of precipitation last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 84% adequate to surplus by week’s end, up 29 percentage points from the previous week. Approximately 28% of the State was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor, compared to 56% the previous week. Average temperatures for the week were 5.1 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 1.84 inches of precipitation. There were 2.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 25.

Soybeans dropping leaves reached 100%, ahead of the five-year average by 2 percentage points. Soybeans harvested was at 73% while soybeans moisture content was at 13%. Corn mature was at 93%, one percentage point behind the five-year average, while corn moisture content was rated 22%. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was at 92%, ahead of last year by 1 percentage point.… Continue reading

Read More »

Soybean harvest over half complete

Modest precipitation throughout the week was not enough to decrease the amount of acres seeing abnormally dry conditions, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 55 percent adequate to surplus by week’s end, up 14 percentage points from the previous week. However, approximately 56 percent of the State was abnormally dry, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were 0.1 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 0.50 inches of precipitation. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 18.

Farmers harvested crops, planted cover crops, and tilled fields. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 97 percent, ahead of the five year average by 2 percentage points. Soybeans harvested was at 65 percent while soybeans moisture content was at 13 percent. Corn mature was 3 percentage points behind the five-year average at 86 percent while corn moisture content was rated 22 percent.… Continue reading

Read More »

Corn harvest picks up, behind average

Seasonally warm and dry conditions helped push harvest progress but also increased the number of acres seeing moderate drought, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 41 percent adequate to surplus by week’s end, down 11 percentage points from the previous week. Approximately 43 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor, up from 36 percent last week. Average temperatures for the week were 3.3 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 0.14 inches of precipitation. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 11.

Farmers harvested soybeans and corn, planted wheat, and applied lime. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 93 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 2 percentage points. Soybeans harvested was at 49 percent while soybeans moisture content was at 12 percent. Corn mature was at 77 percent, behind the five-year average by 3 points while corn moisture content was rated 23 percent.… Continue reading

Read More »

Corn harvest on track, soybeans ahead of last year

Light periodic rain occurred in some areas causing an increase in topsoil moisture but not enough to prevent increased drought conditions, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 52 percent adequate to surplus by week’s end, up 9 percentage points from the previous week. Approximately 36 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were 4.9 degrees below historical normals and the entire State averaged 1.27 inches of precipitation. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 4.

During the week, farmers harvested corn and soybeans and planted wheat. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 85 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 2 percentage points. Soybeans harvested was at 21 percent while soybeans moisture content was at 13 percent. Corn dented was ahead of the five-year average by 1 percentage point at 96 percent.… Continue reading

Read More »

Harvest begins in Ohio

Dry weather persisted under warmer than normal temperatures last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 43 percent adequate to surplus by week’s end, down 15 percentage points from the previous week. Approximately 18 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were 2.5 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 0.00 inches of precipitation. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 27.

Farmers applied manure, harvested wheat, and tilled land during the week. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 75 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 5 percentage points. Soybeans harvested was at 13 percent while soybeans moisture content was also at 13 percent. Corn dented was at 93 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 3 percentage points. Corn mature was at 46 percent and corn moisture content was 24 percent.… Continue reading

Read More »

Crop progress: Crops headed to harvest

Dry, cool conditions prevailed across most of the state as growers made harvest preparations, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture decreased from 67 percent adequate or surplus last week to 58 percent adequate or surplus this week. Approximately 15 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were 4.8 degrees below historical normals and the entire state averaged .13 inches of precipitation. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 21.

During the week, farmers harvested silage and cut hay. Soybeans dropping leaves were at 54 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 6 percentage points. Corn dented was at 89 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 6 percentage points. Alfalfa hay third cutting reached 100 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 4 percentage points.… Continue reading

Read More »

Challenges from limited rainfall continue

An ongoing increase in precipitation this week continues to slowly work towards reducing the effects of the dry weather that occurred in August, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture increased from 52 percent adequate or surplus last week to 67 percent adequate or surplus this week. Approximately 19 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, down from 37 percent last week, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 4 degrees above historical normals and the entire state averaged 1.49 inches of precipitation. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 13.

During the week, farmers harvested silage, made hay, and seeded
cover crops. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 33%, ahead
of the five-year average by 5 percentage points. Corn dough
reached 100%, ahead of the five-year average by 5
percentage points.… Continue reading

Read More »

More rain needed for Ohio

Dry conditions continued despite increased precipitation, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 70 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse early in the week, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Precipitation increased this week, mostly towards the end of the week, causing topsoil moisture to increase from 40 percent adequate or surplus last week to 47 percent adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were 4.5 degrees above historical normals and the entire state averaged approximately 1.4 inches of precipitation. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 30.

Farmers tiled fields, baled hay, and applied manure throughout the week. Soybeans setting pods was at 97 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 4 percentage points. Corn dough was 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average at 91 percent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was at 86 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 7 percentage points.… Continue reading

Read More »

Dry weather continues

While temperatures were below historical normals, dry weather
persisted throughout the state according to Cheryl Turner, State
Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 65% of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Topsoil moisture decreased from 52% adequate or surplus last week to 40% adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 1 degree below historical normals and the entire state averaged approximately 0.4 inches of precipitation. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 23.

During the week, farmers harvested corn silage, hauled manure, mowed wheat stubble to control weeds, and installed tile. Soybeans blooming reached 100% while soybeans setting pods was at 93%, ahead of the five-year average by 8 percentage points. Corn dough was at 81%, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Other hay second cutting was at 90% and other hay third cutting was at 57%.… Continue reading

Read More »

Temperatures up, soil moisture down

Temperatures were warmer than usual and rain was sporadic according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately, 71 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Topsoil moisture decreased again last week from 60 percent adequate or surplus last week to 52 percent adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 4 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged around 0.6 inches of precipitation. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 16.

The weather was good for spraying weeds and pests, tiling, planting forages, and many other types of fieldwork. Soybean farmers, and in particular corn farmers, would have liked a bit more, timely rain for increased grain fill. Soybeans setting pods was at 84 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 8 percentage points. Corn dough was 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average at 66 percent.… Continue reading

Read More »

Dry conditions continue

Cooler and drier than normal conditions prevailed this week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry weather in many areas of the state contributed to moisture stress in crops, while in other areas, there was much needed precipitation.

Approximately, 79% of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Topsoil moisture decreased from 64% adequate or surplus last week to 60% adequate or surplus this week. Common weeds were again reported visible on fields this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 2 degrees below historical normals, and the entire state averaged around .5 inches of precipitation. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 9.

Farmers applied fungicides and herbicides to crops, spread manure, seeded alfalfa, performed tillage, and harvested hay. Soybeans blooming was at 92%, ahead of the five-year average by 6 percentage points.… Continue reading

Read More »

Rain, cooler weather improve crop conditions

Timely rain events and cooler weather continued to help improve crop conditions throughout the state, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 85 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor, but rain later in the week provided much-needed moisture for crops. Topsoil moisture increased from 46 percent adequate or surplus last week to 64 percent adequate or surplus this week. Weeds, including ironweed, marestail, milkweeds, wild carrot, and teasel, were still visible on fields. Average temperatures for the week were 2 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged slightly under 1 inch of precipitation. There were 5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 2.

Farmers applied fungicides, insecticides, and herbicides to crops while also harvesting hay. Soybeans blooming was at 88 percent, 11 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn silking was 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average at 85 percent.

Continue reading

Read More »

Rain welcomed around Ohio

Warm weather continued while timely rain events helped improve crop condition, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Approximately 79 percent of the state saw abnormally dry conditions or worse according to the latest Drought Monitor; however, rain events late in the week delivered between a half inch and two inches of precipitation to much of the state. Topsoil moisture increased from 24 percent adequate or surplus last week to 46 percent adequate or surplus this week. Weeds have begun to also increase on fields with teasel, milkweed, marestail, and ironweed being reported on fields. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 3.5 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged slightly over 1 inch of precipitation. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 26.

Although precipitation moderately increased in some areas,
crop stress continued. Warm and dry conditions kept progress
for some crops ahead of average.

Continue reading

Read More »

Corn silks, beans bloom despite dry conditions

Warm and dry weather prevailed throughout the week, allowing small grain harvest to progress quickly, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture decreased from 43 percent adequate or surplus last week to 24 percent adequate or surplus this week. Approximately 59 percent of the state saw abnormally dry conditions according to the latest Drought Monitor, and several reporters observed crop stress due to lack of soil moisture. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 2 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged less than .5 inches of precipitation. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 19. Farmers harvested wheat, baled straw and hay, installed tile, conducted tillage, and hauled manure. Winter wheat harvested was at 95 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 12 percentage points. Soybeans blooming was at 64 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 14 percentage points.… Continue reading

Read More »

Hot, dry weather concerns continue around Ohio

Timely rain events helped to break up what was an otherwise hot and dry week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture increased from 30% adequate or surplus last week to 43% adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 6 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged less than 1 inch of precipitation. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 12.

Farmers baled straw and hay, applied herbicide to soybeans, and applied manure to wheat stubble. Winter wheat harvested was at 85%, ahead of the five-year average by 17 percentage points due to hot and dry weather continuing. Soybeans blooming was at 48%, ahead of the five-year average by 16 percentage points. Oats headed reached 100%, ahead of the previous year by 15 percentage points. Fifty-one percent of corn was considered good or excellent and 70% of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to a five-year average of 57%.

Continue reading

Read More »

Dry weather stressing Ohio crops

Hot and dry weather came back into the state causing drought stress in crops, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture decreased from 69 percent adequate or surplus last week to 30 percent adequate or surplus this week. Average temperatures for the week were approximately 5 degrees above historical normals, and the entire state averaged less than 0.2 inch of precipitation. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 5. Farmers applied herbicide to soybeans, sprayed weeds, baled hay, and harvested wheat. Winter wheat harvested was at 51 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 10 percentage points, boosted by the warm, dry weather. Soybeans blooming was at 27 percent, 11 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Alfalfa hay first cutting reached 100 percent, 12 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Fifty-three percent of corn was considered good or excellent and 66 percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to a five-year average of 59 percent.… Continue reading

Read More »