2021 Ohio Crop Progress Update

More warm, dry weather pushing crop progress

Another warm, dry week facilitated grain dry down in those fields that had matured, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture levels fell again last week due to above average temperatures and below average rainfall. Temperatures for the week ending Sept. 19 were 8.2 degrees above normal. The State averaged 0.38 inches of rain, 0.43 inches below normal. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. 

Early corn and soybean harvest began in earnest under favorable conditions. Moisture levels were good in this early harvested grain; most required little time in the dryer. Large scale harvest was anticipated to begin in about a week in most areas. Corn silage harvest continued. Corn and soybeans remained in good shape going into harvest. Seventy-four percent of Ohio corn was rated in good to excellent condition, up 4 points from last week. Hay and pasture needed precipitation for regrowth.… Continue reading

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Warm, dry weather moving crops toward harvest

A warm, dry week pushed corn and soybeans towards harvest, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. With little precipitation and higher than average temperatures, both subsoil and topsoil moisture levels fell last week. Temperatures for the week ending September 12 were 0.3 degrees above normal. The State averaged just 0.16 inches of precipitation, 0.46 inches below normal. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 12. 

Twenty-eight percent of corn was mature, 8 points higher than the 5-year average. There were reports of some farmers beginning to shell corn with test weights reported as very good. Large scale harvest was still a few weeks off. Silage harvest was in full swing. Thirty percent of Ohio soybeans were dropped leaves, 5 points higher than the 5-year average. Hay and pastures needed additional precipitation for regrowth. Fall armyworms were problematic in some hay fields. … Continue reading

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Temperate weather and precipitation

Cooler temperatures coupled with rainfall made for a pleasant week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Soil moisture levels remained conducive to crop needs with 72% of Ohio topsoil rated adequate to surplus, up 8 points from last week. Temperatures for the week ending September 5 were 1.4 degrees above normal, while the State averaged 1.45 inches of precipitation, 0.63 inches above normal. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 5.

Livestock enjoyed the cooler weather and lower humidity last week. Fall army worms were troublesome in some hay fields last week and caused losses for some farmers. Tomatoes harvested for the processing market and corn silage harvest were in full swing. Corn and soybeans were maturing rapidly. Seventy-three percent of Ohio corn was in or past dent, 19% more than the 5-year average.

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Dry, hot conditions continue

Small amounts of rain provided some relief to crops and livestock during a mostly hot, dry week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 64% adequate to surplus, down 8 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending August 29 were 7.5 degrees above historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.71 inches of precipitation. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 29.

Livestock were in good condition but were beginning to get slightly stressed due to heat and humidity. Alfalfa hay third cut progress was 81% complete. Eighty- seven percent of corn was in or through dough and 54% of the crop was dented. Corn condition was rated 77% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming progress was at 94% complete and 89% of soybeans were setting pods. Soybeans were rated 68% good to excellent condition. … Continue reading

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Warm weather pushes crop toward harvest

Last week’s warm weather aided crop development according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Rainfall was above average in all areas of the State except the Northwest, where it was lower than normal. The above average temperatures and below average rainfall there caused crop stress in some fields, especially those on lighter ground. Eastern Ohio received excess rain from the remnants of tropical storm Fred. Temperatures for the week ending August 22 were 2.9 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 1.26 inches, 0.31 inches above normal. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 22. Of the state’s topsoil moisture, 25% was rated Short and 3% was Very Short.

Farmers sprayed crops, hauled grain and manure, made hay and chopped silage. Alfalfa hay third cut was 74% complete. Eighty-one percent of Ohio corn was in or through dough and 38% of the crop was dented.… Continue reading

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Corn and beans outpacing 2020 crop progress

Thunderstorms during the week brought much-needed rain which benefitted crop development, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 80 percent adequate to surplus, up 5 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending August 15 were 6.1 degrees above historical normals, while the entire State averaged 1.37 inches of precipitation. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 15.

Farmers sprayed crops, hauled grain and manure, and made hay. Alfalfa hay second cut was complete while alfalfa hay third cut was 65 percent complete. Oat harvest was 97 percent complete. Corn sinking progress was rated 94 percent complete and corn dough was rated 68 percent complete. Corn condition was rated 81 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was rated 92 percent complete while 80 percent of soybeans were setting pods. Soybeans condition was rated 73 percent good to excellent.… Continue reading

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Crop progress still ahead of last year

Dry weather throughout the week benefited crops in some areas of the State but caused moisture stress in other areas, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 75 percent adequate to surplus, down 11 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending August 8 were 1.6 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.40 inches of precipitation. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 8.

Farmers sprayed crops and mowed wheat stubble. Winter wheat harvest was complete. Alfalfa hay second cut progress was 97 percent complete while third cut was 55 percent complete. Oat harvest was 94 percent complete. Corn silking progress was rated 93 percent complete and corn dough was rated 51 percent complete. Corn condition was rated 80 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was rated 90 percent complete while 72 percent of soybeans were setting pods.… Continue reading

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Crops outpace average

Crop conditions improved over the past week with somewhat drier weather, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 86 percent adequate to
surplus, down 8 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending August 1 were 0.9 degrees above historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.37 inches of precipitation. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 1.

Farmers applied fungicides and herbicides throughout the week. Winter wheat harvest was 98 percent complete. There were reports of tornadoes in the eastern part of the State, bringing power outages and property damage; no loss of livestock was reported. Alfalfa hay second cut progress was 93 percent complete. Oat harvest was 79 percent complete and oats condition was rated 73 percent good to excellent. Corn silking progress was rated 88 percent complete while corn condition was rated 80 percent good to excellent.… Continue reading

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Crop progress ahead of last year, average

A dry work week was followed by heavy rains across much of the state by the weekend, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 94 percent adequate to surplus, down 2 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending July 25 were 2 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.54 inches of precipitation. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 25.

Farmers harvested wheat and cut hay as weather permitted. Winter wheat harvest was 94 percent complete. Alfalfa hay second cut progress was 84 percent complete. Oat harvest was 55 percent complete and oats condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent. Corn silking progress was rated 72 percent complete while corn condition was rated 76 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was rated 75 percent and soybeans condition was rated 68 percent good to excellent.… Continue reading

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Rains boost Ohio crop progress

Precipitation continued throughout the week, with corn benefitting from the weather conditions, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 96 percent adequate to surplus, up 9 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending July 18 were 2 degrees higher than historical normals, while the entire State averaged 2.62 inches of precipitation. There were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 18.

Farmers applied fungicide and baled straw as field conditions allowed. Winter wheat harvest was 84 percent complete. Oat harvest was 30 percent complete and oats condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent. Corn silking progress was rated 42 percent complete while corn condition was rated 75 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was rated 60 percent and soybeans condition was rated 67 percent good to excellent. Pasture and range condition was rated 82 percent good to excellent, but wet weather slowed hay harvest.… Continue reading

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Rains keep crops progressing

Spotty precipitation occurred throughout the State with some areas receiving more than an inch of rain and other areas receiving much less, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 87 percent adequate to surplus, up 13 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending July 11 were 1 degree higher than historical normals, while the entire State averaged 1.28 inches of precipitation. There were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 11.

Farmers harvested wheat throughout the week as field conditions allowed. Winter wheat harvest was 69 percent complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 86 percent good to excellent condition. Oat harvest was 16 percent complete and oats condition was rated 71 percent good to excellent. Corn silking progress was 10 percent complete while corn condition was rated 79 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was rated 43 percent and soybeans condition was rated 75 percent good to excellent. … Continue reading

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Crop condition strong, rain needed

Increased precipitation occurred across the State, but some areas were still in need of as hot, muggy conditions prevailed, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 74 percent adequate to surplus, up 2 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending July 4 were 2.2 degrees higher than historical normals, while the entire State averaged 1.49 inches of precipitation. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 4.

Farmers harvested wheat, made straw, baled hay, and applied herbicides. Oats headed was 95 percent complete and oats condition was rated 71 percent good to excellent. Corn silking progress was 3 percent complete while corn condition was rated 80 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming was 24 percent and soybeans condition was rated 77 percent good to excellent. Winter wheat mature was rated 85 percent complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 75 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Wheat rapidly approaching maturity, harvest beginning

Crop conditions declined slightly from the previous week as dry weather continued, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 72 percent adequate to surplus, down 17 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending June 27 were on par with historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.73 inches of precipitation. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 27.

Farmers made hay, side-dressed corn, and applied herbicides. Oats headed was 89 percent complete and oats condition was rated 69 percent good to excellent. Corn emerged progress was complete while corn condition was rated 71 percent good to excellent. Soybeans emerged was complete while early planted soybeans began to bloom. Soybeans condition was rated 68 percent good to excellent. Winter wheat mature was rated 60 percent complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 72 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Crop conditions positive, haymaking continues

Adequate conditions for crop growth continued with precipitation and windy conditions occurring in some
areas, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 89 percent adequate to surplus, down one percent from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending June 20 were 0.9 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.84 inches of precipitation. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 20.

Farmers sprayed and fertilized crops. Oats headed was 76 percent complete and oats condition was rated 73 percent good to excellent. Corn emerged progress was 98 percent and corn condition was rated 76 percent good to excellent. Soybeans planted progress was complete while soybeans emerged reached 95 percent. Winter wheat headed was complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 76 percent good to excellent condition. Pasture and range condition was rated 83 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Crop conditions still adequate

Spotty precipitation occurred with some areas reporting too much rain and other areas reporting not enough rain, but overall conditions remained adequate for crop growth, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 90% adequate to surplus, up one percent from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending June 13 were 6.9 degrees above historical normals, while the entire State averaged 1.25 inches of precipitation. There were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 13.

Farmers sprayed crops and side dressed nitrogen on corn fields. Oats emerged was complete and oats condition was rated 75% good to excellent. Corn planted progress was complete while corn emerged was at 94 percent. Soybeans planted progress was 95% while soybeans emerged was 86%. Winter wheat headed was 97% and the winter wheat crop was rated 77% good to excellent condition. Pasture and range condition was rated 79% good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Prime crop growth conditions

Adequate amounts of rain and ideal temperatures occurred during the week leading to ample soil moisture supplies and good crop growth, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 89 percent adequate to surplus, the same as last week. Temperatures for the week ending June 6 were on par with historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.85 inches of precipitation. There were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 6.

Farmers replanted small amounts of crops, made hay, side dressed corn, and sprayed crop fields. Oats planting was
complete while oats emerged was 96 percent. Oats condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent condition.
Corn planted progress was 95 percent complete and corn emerged was at 83 percent. Soybeans planted progress was 89 percent while soybeans emerged was 74 percent. Winter wheat headed was 91 percent and the winter wheat crop was rated 76 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Planting progress nears completion, emergence advances

Timely precipitation occurred throughout the week which accelerated crop progress and boosted crop conditions,
according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions
were rated 89 percent adequate to surplus, up 14 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending May 30 averaged 3 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.84 inches of precipitation. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 30.

Farmers continued planting crops between showers. Replanting activities were necessary in some fields. Oats were 94 percent emerged and were rated 72 percent good to excellent condition. Corn planted progress was 92 percent complete and corn emerged was at 70 percent, 20 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Soybeans planted progress remained ahead of the five-year average at 84 percent while soybeans emerged was 58 percent.
Winter wheat jointing was 98 percent and the winter wheat crop was rated 77 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Major progress in planted acres with cooperative weather

Ideal weather and soil conditions during most of the week promoted planting progress and other field activities throughout the week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 75% adequate to surplus, down 22 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending May 23 averaged 4.9 degrees above historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.11 inches of precipitation. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 23.

In addition to planting activities, farmers conducted tillage, spraying, and haymaking activities. Oats were 88% emerged and were rated 69% good to excellent condition. Corn planted progress was 76% complete and corn emerged was at 38%. Soybeans planted progress was ahead of the five-year average at 66% while soybeans emerged was 28%. Winter wheat jointing was 94% and the winter wheat crop was rated 74% good to excellent condition. … Continue reading

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Slow planting progress continues

Rain showers early in the week gave way to drier weather later in the week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 97 percent adequate to surplus, down 2 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending May 16 averaged 9.2 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.71 inches of precipitation. There were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 16.

Farmers completed small amounts of fieldwork, including repairing and calibrating equipment and treating fields with fungicides. Oats were 77 percent emerged and were rated 64 percent good to excellent condition. Corn planted progress was 39 percent complete and corn emerged was at 17 percent. Corn planting progress moved ahead of the 5- year average while emergence fell slightly behind. Soybeans planted progress was 29 percent while soybeans emerged was 12 percent. Winter wheat jointing was 89 percent and the winter wheat crop was rated 73 percent good to excellent condition. … Continue reading

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Rain slows planting progress

Cool temperatures and increased precipitation led to slower planting progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 99% adequate to surplus, up 6 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending May 9 averaged 4.1 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 2.02 inches of precipitation. There were 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 9.

Oats were 66% emerged and were rated 54% good to excellent condition. Corn planted progress was at 27% complete while corn emerged was at 9%. Soybeans planted progress was 20% and soybeans emerged was 7%. Winter wheat jointing was 83% and the winter wheat crop was rated 79% good to excellent condition. Pasture and range condition was rated 78% good to excellent condition.

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