2022 Ohio Crop Progress

Cool and dry weather as harvest wraps up

A cool and mostly dry week was interrupted by late week showers as farmers completed their final harvest activities of the fall season, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 14% very short, 31% short, 52% adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on Nov. 27 was 39.9 degrees, 0.6 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.56 inches of precipitation, 0.27 inches below average. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Nov. 27. 

Last week’s field activities included applications of manure and fertilizer as well as tile drainage system repair. Corn for grain was 95% harvested, and the average moisture content of corn grain at harvest was 18%. Corn harvest was delayed in some western counties as farmers waited for space at grain elevators to become available. Winter wheat was 96% emerged and winter wheat condition was rated 58% good to excellent; in the northwest, rain and warmer weather supported strong wheat growth.… Continue reading

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Cold weather, dry conditions

Cold weather and snow flurries accompanied producers as they proceeded towards completion of this year’s corn harvest, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. With recent precipitation events, soil moisture levels improved in most areas of the State, although a sustained dry zone persisted in southwestern counties. The U.S. Drought Monitor showed moderate to severe drought in 37.7% of the State, down from 66.8% from the week before. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 76.3% of the State, down from 88.3% during the previous week. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 17% very short, 33% short, 47% adequate, and 3% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on Nov. 20 was 30.6 degrees, 10.9 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.22 inches of precipitation, 0.43 inches below average. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending November 20. 

Corn for grain was 92% harvested, and the average moisture content of corn grain at harvest was 18%.… Continue reading

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Drought concerns increase despite rains

Mild and dry days throughout most of last week supported late-season harvest progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry conditions persisted across many western and central counties during the past week, with the U.S. Drought Monitor showing moderate to severe drought in 66.8% of the State as of Nov. 8, up from 42.6% the week before. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 88.3% of the State, up from 85.6% during the previous week. Field fire potential remained a concern in southwestern counties. A multi-week pattern of dry days was broken last Friday when remnants of Hurricane Nicole soaked extensive portions of southern and eastern counties. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 22% very short, 30% short, 46% adequate, and 2% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Nov. 13 was 48.2 degrees, 5.7 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.36 inches of precipitation, 0.56 inches above average.… Continue reading

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Dry conditions continue as harvest winds down

Late-week rains provided some much-needed moisture to dry fields, but accumulated precipitation totals for the season remained well below average, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry conditions continued to dominate in many counties, with U.S. Drought Monitor showing moderate drought in 42.6% of the State, up from 36.3% during the previous week. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 85.6% of the State, up from 73.4% during the previous week. Reporters in southwestern counties commented on continued enhanced fire risk due to persistent dry conditions. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 24% very short, 41% short, 34% adequate, and 1% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending November 6 was 57.6 degrees, 9.5 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.29 inches of precipitation, 0.42 inches below average. There were 6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Nov. 6. … Continue reading

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Harvest progress accelerated

Harvest accelerated during last week’s sunny and dry days, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Reporters in the northwest described vomitoxin concerns in corn fields. Western and southern counties continued to experience dry conditions, with U.S. Drought Monitor showing moderate drought in 36.3% of the State, up from 7.1% during the previous week. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 73.4% of the State, up from 59% during the previous week. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 24% very short, 36% short, 38% adequate, and 2% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Oct. 30 was 52.8 degrees, 3.0 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.28 inches of precipitation, 0.16 inches below average. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 30.

Field activities during the previous week included corn and soybean harvesting, fall tillage, and cover crop planting. … Continue reading

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Dry conditions, harvest progress near average

Last week, soybean and corn harvest continued against a backdrop of cooler temperatures and minimal precipitation, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry conditions persisted in western counties and in a few counties in the northeast, with U.S. Drought Monitor ratings ranging from abnormal dryness to moderate drought across the State. Due to the drier-than-average conditions combined with high winds, red flag warnings were issued in some southwestern counties. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 21% very short, 33% short, 44% adequate, and 2% surplus.
Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending October 23 was 47.9 degrees, 2.8 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.28 inches of precipitation, 0.39 inches below average. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 23.

Corn was 91% mature and 36% of corn was harvested for grain. The moisture content of corn grain at harvest was 20%.… Continue reading

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Soils dry as harvest progresses

Modest midweek precipitation during the previous week did not halt growers’ harvest progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Reporters in southwestern counties continued to observe abnormal dryness last week, with consequences for pasture quality and wheat emergence. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 21% very short, 31% short, 47% adequate, and 1% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Oct. 16 was 53.5 degrees, 0.3 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.49 inches of precipitation, 0.03 inches below average. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 16.

Corn was 84% mature and 24% of corn was harvested for grain. The moisture content of corn grain at harvest was 20%. Corn harvested for silage was 95% complete. Corn condition was rated 62% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 96% and 51% of soybeans were harvested. The moisture content of soybeans at harvest was 12%.… Continue reading

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Great harvest conditions continue

Continued cool and dry weather was observed during the previous week while row crop harvesting progressed to rates near multi-year averages, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Reporters noted that frost damaged immature corn and soybeans in isolated areas. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 20% very short, 21% short, 57% adequate, and 2%
surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week 50 ending Oct. 9 was 52.3 degrees, 3.3 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.02 inches of precipitation, 0.72 inches below average. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 9.
Corn dented progress was 96% complete, 71% of the crop was mature, and 15% of corn was harvested for grain. The moisture content of corn grain at harvest was 21%. Corn harvested for silage was 88% complete. Corn condition was rated 65% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 92% complete and 30% of soybeans were harvested.… Continue reading

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Harvest progressing

Minimal rain during the previous week enabled farmers to make considerable progress as they harvested row crops and planted winter wheat, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Minimal to nonexistent levels of precipitation were observed in southern and western portions of the State, which contributed to ongoing soil dryness. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 20 percent very short, 11 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending October 2 was 53.7 degrees, 6.2 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.51 inches of precipitation, 0.20 inches below average. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 2.

Corn dented progress was 93 percent complete, 59 percent of the crop was mature, and 7 percent of corn was harvested for grain. Corn harvested for silage was 85 percent complete. Corn condition was rated 64 percent good to excellent. … Continue reading

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Autumn and harvest arrive in Ohio

The start of this year’s row crop harvest was accompanied by above-average temperatures and limited precipitation, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry conditions were observed in southern and western portions of the State, which pushed row crop dry
down rates. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 8% very short, 19% short, 69% adequate, and 4% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending September 25 was 64.7 degrees, 4.0 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.70 inches of precipitation, 0.03 inches below average. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 25.

Corn dented progress was 87% complete and 45% of the crop was mature. Corn harvested for silage was 77% complete. Corn condition was rated 60% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 56% and 3% of soybeans were harvested; 61% of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Crops move closer to harvest

Abundant sunshine and warm daytime temperatures extended throughout Ohio, providing farmers with favorable conditions for pre-harvest fieldwork, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 4% very short, 22% short, 68% adequate, and 6% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Sept. 18 was 66.5 degrees, 1.5 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.35 inches of precipitation, 0.52 inches below average. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 18.

Farmers took advantage of last week’s favorable weather conditions by making substantial progress in harvesting corn for silage. Additional activities included manure applications and preparing combines for harvest. Corn dented progress was 78% complete, and 27% of the crop was mature. Corn harvested for silage was 68% complete. Corn condition was rated 59% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 31%. Fifty-nine percent of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Crops nearing harvest facilitated by nice weather

Farmers across the State welcomed timely rains and seasonable temperatures as crop development progress accelerated during the previous week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office.

Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 2% very short, 13% short, 77% adequate, and 8% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Sept. 11 was 69.7 degrees, 2.1 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.07 inches of precipitation, 0.55 inches above average. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 11.

Corn dough progress was 96% complete, corn dented progress was 64% complete, and 16% of the crop was mature. Corn harvested for silage was 53% complete. Corn condition was rated 62% good to excellent. Soybeans pod setting progress reached 98% and 14% of soybeans were dropping leaves. Sixty-one percent of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition. Second cuttings of other dry hay were 92% complete.… Continue reading

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Silage harvest moving along

Scattered showers replenished soil moisture levels across central and eastern portions of the State during the previous week, but the impacts of continued dry weather persisted elsewhere, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 6% very short, 11% short, 63% adequate, and 20% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending September 4 was 72.4 degrees, 2.9 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.32 inches of precipitation, 0.50 inches above average. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 4.

Farmers reported increased crop stress in areas of the State which have received limited rain in recent weeks. Corn dough progress was 92% complete, corn dented progress was 48% complete, and 5% of the crop was mature. Corn harvested for silage was 41% complete. Corn condition was rated 58% good to excellent. Soybeans pod setting progress reached 94% and 5% of soybeans were dropping leaves.… Continue reading

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Rains continue, oats harvest wraps up

Temperate conditions and isolated showers were observed while many producers spent time in the fields to complete the oat harvest, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 3% very short, 22% short, 69% adequate, and 6% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Aug. 28 was 71.2 degrees, 0.2 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.52 inches of precipitation, 0.32 inches below average. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 28.

Corn and soybean crops matured rapidly during the previous week. Corn dough progress was 85% complete, corn dented progress was 35% complete, and 2% of the crop was mature. Corn harvested for silage was 28% complete. Corn condition was rated 58% good to excellent. Soybeans pod setting progress reached 92% and 2% of soybeans were dropping leaves. Fifty-nine percent of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition. … Continue reading

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Moderate temperatures and showers help Ohio’s crops

Another week of moderate temperatures and widespread precipitation supported corn and soybeans on their way to maturity, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 2 percent very short, 20 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending August 21 was 70.5 degrees, 0.4 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.01 inches of precipitation, 0.17 inches above average. Heavy late-week precipitation was observed most prominently in the central portion of the State. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 21.

Corn dough progress was 77 percent complete and corn dented progress was 23 percent complete. Corn harvested for silage was 3 percent complete. Corn condition was rated 60 percent good to excellent. Fifty-nine percent of soybeans were reported as being in good to excellent condition. Oats were 96 percent harvested.… Continue reading

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Scattered showers keeping topsoil moisture adequate

Last week’s moderate temperatures and late-week rains supported favorable row crop development, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% very short, 21% short, 71% adequate, and 7% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending August 14 was 72.6 degrees. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.91 inches of precipitation. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 14.

Corn silking progress was 96% complete, corn dough progress was 65% complete, and corn dented progress was 10% complete. Corn condition was rated 58% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming progress was 95% and pod setting progress reached 74%. Fifty- nine percent of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition. Oats were 87% harvested. Second cuttings of alfalfa hay were 94% complete while second cuttings of other dry hay were 79% complete. Third cuttings of alfalfa hay and other dry hay were 57 and 41% complete, respectively. … Continue reading

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August heat and rains

Scattered storms and hot days continued to dominate observed weather conditions during the previous week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 4 percent very short, 22 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending August 7 was 76.3 degrees, 4.3 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.92 inches of precipitation, consistent with previous year averages. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 7.

Last week’s field activities included fungicide applications on late-planted corn and soybeans. Corn silking progress was 91 percent complete, corn dough progress was 45 percent complete, and corn condition was rated 59 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming progress was 90 percent and pod setting progress reached 63 percent. Fifty-six percent of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition. … Continue reading

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Scattered showers keep crops going

Another round of rain showers kept crops on a good path for development, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Soil moisture levels increased from the previous week, with 81 percent of topsoil moisture reported as adequate or surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending July 31 was 73.7 60 degrees. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.49 inches of precipitation. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 31.

Activities for the week included fungicide applications on corn, herbicide applications on soybeans, and manure spreading on wheat stubble. Farmers reported limited weed emergence in soybean fields. Corn silking progress was 77% complete, corn dough progress was 23% complete, and corn condition was rated 56% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming progress was 82% and pod setting progress reached 46%. Both were slightly ahead of the average pace. Fifty-four percent of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Rains bring relief to crops

Widespread rainfall early last week improved soil moisture conditions and supported crop progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office.
Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% very short, 20% short, 68% adequate, and 11% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending July 24 was 77.2 degrees, 3.3 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.60 inches of precipitation, 0.60 inches above average. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 24.

Activities for the week included fungicide applications on corn and manure spreading on wheat stubble. Corn silking progress was 55 percent complete, corn dough progress was 8% complete, and corn condition was rated 55% good to excellent. Soybeans blooming progress was 65% and pod setting progress reached 27%. 54% of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition. Oats were 95% headed and 27% harvested, with crop condition reported as 76% good to excellent.… Continue reading

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Rains and cooler temperatures bring relief

Moderate temperatures and limited precipitation supported adequate row crop growth and wheat harvesting opportunities, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% very short, 26% short, 61% adequate, and 12% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending July 18 was 72.4 degrees, 0.9 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.92 inches of precipitation, 0.02 inches above average. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 17.

Activities for the week included seed corn detasseling, straw baling, planting double crop soybeans, spraying, and installing field tile. Corn silking progress was 23% complete while corn condition was rated 49% good to excellent. Nearly half of soybeans were blooming and pod setting progress reached 11%; 47% of soybeans were reported as being in good to excellent condition. Oats were 89% headed and 4% harvested, with crop condition reported as 70% good to excellent. … Continue reading

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