2022 Ohio Crop Progress

Rains rejuvenated crops

The return of precipitation following a multi-week dry spell elevated soil moisture supplies, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 3% very short, 17% short, 73% adequate, and 7% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending July 10 was 73.9 degrees, 0.7 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.86 inches of precipitation, 1.08 inches above average. There were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 10.

Producers were pleased by last week’s increased rainfall but remained concerned that corn and soybean progress had fallen behind historical averages. Livestock were reported to be in good condition, with pastures greening after the week’s rains. Corn silking progress was 7% complete while corn condition was rated 52% good to excellent. Soybeans were 97% emerged, 33% of plants were blooming, and pod setting progress reached 5%. 48% of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition. … Continue reading

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Wheat harvest ahead of last year, average

Continued hot and dry weather raised concerns among some farmers about deteriorating crop conditions, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 17 percent very short, 49 percent short, 33 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending July 3 was 72.1 degrees, 0.7 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.41 inches of precipitation, 0.76 inches below average. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on July 3.

Reporters across the State indicated that corn and soybean crops are displaying signs of stress, a consequence of continued below-average precipitation. Corn and soybean conditions declined slightly from the previous week. Livestock were in good condition. Corn had yet to advance to the silking stage. Soybeans were 95 percent emerged and 5 percent of plants were blooming. Oats were 82 percent headed.… Continue reading

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Dry weather facilitates progress

Driven by dry weather, crop conditions declined slightly from the previous week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 4% very short, 35% short, 57% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending June 26 was 73.2 degrees, 2.5 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.16 inches of precipitation, 0.72 inches below average. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on June 26.page1image1026845664

Reporters indicated that producers took advantage of the past week’s dry weather to wrap up planting activities. Farmers across the State reported that limited recent precipitation has translated into early signs of crop stress. Livestock were in good condition. Corn was 95% emerged, behind last year but slightly ahead of average. Soybean planting progress was 96% complete, while 85% of seedlings were emerged. Oats were 67% headed, behind last year and average.… Continue reading

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Soybean emergence trails average, some planting remains

While temperatures and humidity levels soared, farmers all but completed the last of their intended plantings, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending June 19 was 75.0 degrees, 4.7 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.11 inches of precipitation, 0.14 inches above average. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on June 19.

Strong storms early in the week harmed some crops, with reports of corn, wheat, alfalfa, and hay being flattened by roaring winds. Farmers reported limited replanting necessitated by excess rainfall, high winds, and subsequent soil crusting. Livestock demonstrated fatigue stemming from the heat and humidity. Corn was 97 percent planted, and 88 percent of corn had emerged. Soybean planting progress was 90 percent complete, while 74 percent were emerged.… Continue reading

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Crop progress remains just ahead of average, trails last year

Farmers made strides towards completing key plantings while they contended with wet conditions, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 42 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending June 12 was 67.5 degrees, 0.4 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.74 inches of precipitation, 0.79 inches above average. There were 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on June 12.

Excessive rains brought weekly precipitation levels as high as 300% of weekly average totals across the State’s northwest and south. Reporters in the State’s east indicated that waterlogged soils may necessitate some corn and soybean replanting. Livestock enjoyed good pasture conditions. Other fieldwork activities for the week included herbicide application, side-dressing corn, and mowing. Corn was 93 percent planted, and 80 percent of corn had emerged. Soybean planting progress was 80 percent complete, while 63 percent were emerged.… Continue reading

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Planting continues to lag last year, hovers near average

Farmers rushed to plant during last week’s warm and sunny conditions, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent very short, 2 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 33 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending June 5 was 71.7 degrees, 6.1 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.58 inches of precipitation, 0.38 inches below average.
There were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on June 5.

Good weather permitted farmers to make significant corn and soybean planting progress last week. Livestock enjoyed pastures still green from the wet spring in most areas, though the week’s dryness contributed to limited reports of increasingly parched pastures. Corn was 85 percent planted, and 65 percent of corn had emerged. Soybean planting progress was 71 percent complete, while 47 percent were emerged. Oats were 99 percent planted and 93 percent of oats were emerged.… Continue reading

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Planting progress catches average, trails last year

Excessive soil moisture continued to delay planting and fieldwork, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 47 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending May 29 was 63.3 degrees, 0.1 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.19 inches of precipitation, 0.14 inches below average, with late-week rain saturating fields and generating runoff. There were 2.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on May 29.

Farmers described inadequate opportunities for fields to dry, with some areas of the State reporting ponding. Livestock were doing well in pasture, benefitting from moderate temperatures and green grass. Corn was 72 percent planted, and 51 percent of corn had emerged. Soybean planting progress was 56 percent, while 29 percent were emerged. Oats were 96 percent planted and 86 percent of oats were emerged.… Continue reading

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Over half of Ohio’s corn crop planted

Farmers took advantage of planting opportunities in between rain events, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 3 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 36 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending May 22 was 67.0 degrees, 4.6 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.73 inches of precipitation, 0.92 inches above average, with the largest amount of precipitation falling across the Central Lowland region. There were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on May 22.

Farmers described fieldwork activities as including tillage, planting, and applying manure but reported disruptions stemming from early- and late-week rain and wind. Livestock were in favorable condition, benefitting from green grass and warm temperatures. Corn was 52 percent planted, and 24 percent of corn had emerged. Soybean planting progress was 36 percent, while 12 percent were emerged. Oats were 90 percent planted and 72 percent of oats were emerged.… Continue reading

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Planting progress makes a big jump

Dry and warm weather advanced planting opportunities, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 5% short, 71% adequate, and 24 percent surplus. The average temperature for the week ending May 15 was 66.9 degrees, 7.3 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.39 inches of precipitation, 0.45 inches below average. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 15.

The past week’s warmth and wind allowed soils to dry, permitting row crop producers to turn their attention towards fieldwork. Farmers were actively spraying, tilling, planting, and applying manure. Despite the improved weather, corn and soybean planting continued to lag behind the 5-year average. Corn was 31% planted, and 5% of corn had emerged. Soybean planting progress was 18%, while 3% were emerged. Oats were 71% planted and 43% of oats were emerged. Winter wheat jointing was 87% while the winter wheat crop was rated 60% good to excellent condition, up from last week. … Continue reading

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Rain means slow going for planting season

Excessive rainfall continued to slow planting progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 40 percent adequate and 60 percent surplus. The average temperature for the week ending May 8 was 56.4 degrees, 0.5 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 2.11 inches of precipitation, 1.23 inches above average. There were 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 8.

Wet weather saturated fields, limiting planting by row crop producers. Livestock were reported to be doing well in pastures. Corn was 5 percent planted, behind 26 percent last year. Soybean planting progress was 4 percent, down from the previous year’s progress of 20 percent. Oats were 53 percent planted and 26 percent of oats were emerged. Winter wheat jointing was 68 percent while the winter wheat crop was rated 56 percent good to excellent condition, down from last week.… Continue reading

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Farmers finally able to move the needle on planting progress

Below-average temperatures and excess moisture continued to slow fieldwork activities, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent short, 69% adequate and 30% surplus. Temperatures for the week ending on May 1 averaged 3.1 degrees below historical normals and the State received 0.76 inches of precipitation, 0.14 inches below normal. There were 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 1.

Fieldwork activities included tile work, manure spreading, top dressing, and ground tillage. Livestock continue to do well in pastures. Cool temperatures and wet conditions have deterred many row crop producers from planting. Corn was 3% planted in comparison to 20 percent last year. Soybean planting progress was 2%, down from the previous year’s progress of 16%. Oats were 46% planted and 16% of the oats were emerged. Winter wheat jointing was 58% while the winter wheat crop was rated 66% good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Wet, cool weather limiting field work

High soil moisture supplies continued to limit fieldwork in many areas of the State, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 2 percent short, 65 percent adequate and 33 percent surplus. Temperatures for the week ending April 24 averaged 4.4 degrees below historical normals and the State received 0.70 inches of precipitation, 0.08 inches below normal. There were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 24.

Limited fieldwork activities included tile work, top dressing wheat, and applying manure and fertilizer. Livestock were reportedly doing well and adequately adjusting to weather conditions. Oats were 30 percent planted and 11% the of oats were emerged. Winter wheat jointing was 41% while the winter wheat crop was rated 66% good to excellent condition.

For more from this week’s report, click here.… Continue reading

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Cool wet weather continues into April

Cool and wet weather conditions continued to limit field activities this week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 57% adequate and 43% surplus. Temperatures for the week ending April 17 averaged 3.6 degrees above historical normals and the State received 1.07 inches of precipitation, 0.28 inches above normal. There were 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 17.

Field activities included preparing equipment for planting, top dressing wheat, tiling, hauling manure, and delivering corn as conditions permitted. High soil moisture supplies combined with cold soil temperatures were delaying the start of corn and soybeans planting. Livestock were reported to be faring well and were adjusting to the changing weather conditions. Oats were 16% planted compared to 50% last year. Winter wheat jointing was 20% while the winter wheat crop was rated 62% good to excellent condition.

For more from this week’s report, click here.Continue reading

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Cool wet weather keeps planters in the shed

Cold temperatures and wet conditions limited pasture growth and hindered fieldwork, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 57 percent adequate and 43 percent surplus. Temperatures for the week ending April 10 averaged 0.6 degrees below historical normals and the state received 0.84 inches of precipitation. There were 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 10.

Limited field activities included installing drainage tile and applying fertilizer as conditions allowed. While lambing and calving reports indicated no major issues, some livestock challenges were reported due to the variable weather conditions. Oats were 11 percent planted compared to 36 percent last year. Winter wheat jointing was 6 percent while the winter wheat crop was rated 62 percent good to excellent condition.

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Temperatures below average as Ohio Crop Progress reports begin

The 2022 growing season began with slightly cooler and drier conditions than the start of last year’s growing season, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent very short, 1 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 37 percent surplus. Temperatures for the week ending April 3 averaged 7.8 degrees below historical normals and the State received 0.25 inches of precipitation. There were 1.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 3.

To start the season, producers top dressed wheat and spread lime. Cattle were doing well while some goats and sheep were being kept off pastures due to weather conditions and temperatures. Oats were 3 percent planted compared to 8 percent last year. Winter wheat jointing was 2 percent while the winter wheat crop was rated 54 percent good to excellent condition.

This is the first weekly crop and weather report for the 2022 season.… Continue reading

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