2023 Ohio Crop Progress

Significant progress, dry weather a growing concern

Last week’s mild and sunny weather accelerated planting progress but raised concerns about excessive dryness, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 7 percent very short, 38 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week 60 ending on May 28 was 62.0 degrees, 1.0 degree below normal. 50Weather stations recorded an average of 0.01 inches of 40 precipitation, 1.05 inches below average. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 28.
Fieldwork completed last week included planting row crops and cutting hay. Some operators adjusted planting depth in reaction to successive weeks of dry weather. Operators in central and southern counties reported limited replanting and identified emergence issues in fields planted with corn and soybeans, stemming from an absence of recent rain. Livestock were in good condition, though pastures in the south showed stress from short soil moisture.… Continue reading

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Good weather allows for big progress

Farmers achieved substantial planting progress last week, supported by temperate weather and scant precipitation, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on May 21 was 59.3 degrees, 2.7 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.57 inches of precipitation, 0.30 inches below average. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 21.

Farmers took advantage of last week’s favorable conditions to make significant strides in planting, chemical application, and mowing. Livestock were reported to be in good condition, enjoying green pasture. A mid-week fall in overnight temperatures and wide-spread frost damaged some fruit tree crops in the northern tier of the State. As last week progressed, operators in northwestern counties voiced concerns about the ground becoming excessively dry.… Continue reading

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Better planting weather boosts planting progress

Farmers took advantage of last week’s midweek sunny spell to make considerable headway in planting, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Precipitation limited fieldwork early last week, but several subsequent days of above average temperatures and clear skies facilitated excellent evaporation until a second round of late-week storms. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% very short, 5 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 26% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on May 14 was 63.0 degrees, 4.0 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.84 inches of precipitation, 0.05 inches above average. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 14.

Oat progress reached 85% planted and 65% emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 89% jointed and 11 percent headed. Winter Wheat crop condition was rated 71% good to excellent, up from the previous week. Corn and soybean planting progress pushed forward to 265 and 28% planted, respectively.… Continue reading

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Cool and wet days slow planting progress

Another week of below-average temperatures and scattered showers inhibited fieldwork, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Farmers referenced cool, wet soil as having limited row crop germination and emergence last week. Adequate conditions for evaporation later in the week made field work possible on lighter soils before the arrival of a weekend storm.

Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 2 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 38 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on May 7 was 50.9 degrees, 4.8 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.94 inches of precipitation, 0.03 inches above average. There were 1.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 7.

Oat progress reached 79 percent planted and 49 percent emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 85 percent jointed and 1 percent headed. Winter Wheat crop condition was rated 67 percent good to excellent, up slightly from the previous week.… Continue reading

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Wet and cold conditions have limited progress


Cold temperatures and rainy conditions limited planting and other activities, according to the USDA
40 NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Topsoil 30 Percent moisture conditions were rated 1 percent very short, 20 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 30 was 48.2 degrees, 5.5 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.03 inches of precipitation, 0.35 inches above average. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 30.

Oat progress reached 71 percent planted and 30 percent emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 81 percent jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 66 percent good to excellent, up slightly from the previous week. Despite the rainy conditions, producers continued to plant corn and soybeans, however, there were reports that the cold temperatures and wet soil conditions were causing poor germination and seed rot in some areas.… Continue reading

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Planting progress limited by cool temperatures

Farmers prepared their fields for planting ahead of scattered storms late last week, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Reporters commented that field conditions were largely favorable, but last week’s temperature fluctuations deterred farmers from planting. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 5% short, 84% adequate, and 11% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 23 was 51.9 degrees, 0.8 degrees below normal.
Weather stations recorded an average of 0.97 inches of 0 precipitation, 0.18 inches above average. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 23.

Oats were 61% planted and 19% emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 69% jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 63% good to excellent, consistent with the previous week. Corn and soybeans each reached 6% planted. Fieldwork included manure hauling, pre-emergence spraying, tillage, and tiling. Wheat stands showed favorable development, with greening 80% in many counties. Despite last week’s frost, blooming fruit trees in the northern tier of the State were widely spared from damage.… Continue reading

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Beautiful week allows for field work

Last week’s unseasonably warm temperatures and minimal precipitation supported soil dry-down, encouraging many farmers to return to the fields, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Significant soil evaporation was facilitated by last week’s abnormally warm and dry days. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% very short, 4% short, 85% adequate, and 10% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 16 was 60.0 degrees, 10.9 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.12 inches of precipitation, 0.70 inches below average. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 16.

Oat progress surged to 41% planted and 5% emerged. Winter wheat was 44%
jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 63% good to excellent, an increase of 1 point from last week. Favorable weather made spring planting preparation possible across the State. Fieldwork included fertilizer application, spraying cover crops, tillage, and tile repair.… Continue reading

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Warm sunny days dry and warm the soil

Warm sunny days helped to dry and warm soil last week, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Most soils remained too wet and cold to work despite the warm, relatively dry weather last week. Farmers looked with anticipation on the predicted warm, sunny weather in the coming week to further dry and warm soils so that Spring fieldwork and planting could begin. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% short, 59% adequate, and 40% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 9 was 50.8 degrees, 5.3 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.67 inches of precipitation, 0.30 inches below average. There were 1.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 9.

Oat plantings remained behind both the previous year and 5-year averages. Winter wheat was 16% jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 62% good to excellent, an increase of 3 points.… Continue reading

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Soggy fields to start 2023 Ohio Crop Weather reports

Gusty winds and rainy days kept early-season fieldwork to a minimum last week, according to USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 2 percent short, 43 percent adequate, and 55 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 2 was 43.6 degrees, 2.7 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.89 inches of precipitation, 0.07 inches above average. Heavy rain drenched fields in northwestern counties as well as in the southernmost quarter of the State. Reporters in northwestern counties noted that last week’s winds resulted in damage to some buildings and tree canopies. There were 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 2.

Oats were 3 percent planted and 2 percent emerged, consistent with crop development last year at this time. Winter wheat was 2 percent jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 59 percent good to excellent. Reporters described greening and growth in alfalfa and hay fields, supported by this spring’s relatively mild temperatures.… Continue reading

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