Crops



High oleic soybeans gaining traction in the food industry

Though it has been slow going, high oleic soybeans continue to gain traction as the food industry becomes increasingly interested in the oil they produce.

“The food industry is very excited about high stability liquid oils. When trans fats were removed from food formulations several years ago due to the health concerns, food companies have been looking for a high stability oil to replace some of the partially hydrogenated oil they had used previously. High oleic soybean oil is the first domestically produced, affordable high stability oil that food companies can use in large quantities. Prior to this they have been using palm oil, sunflower and safflower and high oleic canola imported from Canada,” said Richard Galloway, a high oleic soybean consultant for the United Soybean Board. “High oleic soy provides oil for frying or baking with high heat for products that need long shelf lives. It is a domestic oil with a manageable supply chain that the food companies can rely on.”… Continue reading

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High N rates can influence micronutrient use in corn

A Purdue University study shows that high-yielding, modern corn hybrids take up not only more nitrogen from soil but more micronutrients such as zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Nitrogen fertilizer rates also influence how much of these nutrients are stored in the grain at harvest.

Growers may need to use fertilizers to meet the increased micronutrient requirements of hybrid corn in high-yield systems, especially if soil nutrient levels are too low.

“This study raises the question of whether we need to pay more attention to micronutrients in fertilizer management,” said Tony Vyn, Purdue professor of agronomy and co-author of the study. “In high-yield systems, it’s not just that corn requires more macronutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus — which is what farmers normally think about — more micronutrients are needed as well. If you have soil that is deficient in micronutrients, you could be limiting your yields.”

Though micronutrients are essential for optimum plant growth and reproductive development, current management practices rarely take them into account, as growers often assume that soil nutrient concentrations for these nutrients are adequate.… Continue reading

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Stalk rot and root lodging in corn

Wind damage early in the season coupled with delayed harvest and rain late in the season have some producers concerned about stalk rot and lodging problems in corn. When stalk rot occurs late in the season as it often does, it may have little or no direct effect on yield. However, stalk lodging, which results from stalk rot, can have such a significant impact on harvest losses that it is often considered to be the one of the most significant yield limiting disease of corn.

Several factors may contribute to stalk rot and lodging, including extreme weather conditions, insects and diseases, and these may occur very early in the season. However, most hybrids do not begin to show stalk rot symptoms until shortly before physiological maturity. It is difficult to distinguish between stalk rots caused by different fungi because two or more fungi may be involved. Similarly, certain insects such as European corn borer often act in concert with fungal pathogens to cause stalk rot.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – October 28th, 2013

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There were five days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending October 27, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers spent their week harvesting corn and soybeans when possible, but rain delayed harvest activities for both crops. The cool, damp weather slowed soybean harvesting in particular. The moisture content of harvested corn averaged 19 percent, and the moisture content of harvested soybeans averaged 13 percent. While planting of winter wheat is nearing completion, producers were still planting last week. Early planted winter wheat fields have emerged and are very green. Producers are finishing hay harvesting. Spots in the northern part of the State received light snow, prompting some producers to begin winterizing their equipment and livestock facilities.

View the complete reportContinue reading

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The Weekly Corn Belt Update – {October 28th, 2013}

WEEKLY CORN BELT CROP REPORT

The Snapshot Tour is hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities. This is a daily update on crop and weather conditions across locations in the Corn Belt.  Listen to the audio report in full by visiting  www.colgancommodities.com and clicking on the audio tab.

Maumee, Ohio

Northwest Ohio enjoyed a big harvest weekend – one of the biggest elevators have seen in the last few years!  As not all beans are harvested, there will be a huge push to get them run before this week’s rain event. Forecasts are for 1.5” of rain.  90% of the beans are done, and 45-50% of the corn.  The yields continue to be “great”.… Continue reading

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Lower prices likely as harvest answers yield questions

The pleasant surprises in the fields for farmers across the country are painting a gloomy picture for those looking for higher prices in the near future.

“The crop is bigger than we think and the grower came in with less hedge than what he normally would. The good news is that he has a big crop, the bad news is he doesn’t like the price,” said Mike Mock, a grain buyer with The Anderson’s, Inc. “If you have 200-bushel corn and you can put it in the bin and sell a forward slot in February and you can get $4.50, that is $900 gross and guys are going to be fine with that for this year. They don’t like the price but we’re trying to get them focused on the revenue.”

The lack of price protection for so many bushels this fall is a real concern.

“It seems like everyone is putting corn in the bin with limited price protection and delayed pricing.… Continue reading

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NCGA hosts Chinese delegation

The National Corn Growers Association hosted a Chinese agricultural delegation for a morning of informative presentations and discussions about the U.S. corn crop, agricultural associations and the seed and biofuels industries. The group, organized by Monsanto, included officials from China’s Seed Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture and 16 officials from provincial seed administration stations.

“While NCGA hosts a number of teams interested in biotechnology and the corn crop outlook, this breadth of topics in which this team showed interest was somewhat unique,” said Joe Hodes, NCGA marketing manager. “Working together, our staff was able to provide them with insight into a number of sectors which influence U.S. corn production and markets.”

Team members initially requested this meeting in order to gain a better understanding of how agricultural organizations benefit farmers. Following a in-depth examination of NCGA’s history, mission and structure, they also had an opportunity to examine U.S. harvest conditions in 2013, the role corn plays in the U.S.… Continue reading

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Yield surprises showing up across the Corn Belt

As crop prices have been creeping steadily downward, frustration is setting in for many farmers who have grown accustomed to small national corn crops in recent years and the resulting pricing patterns. As more yield monitors around the country are starting to reveal, 2013 did not produce a small corn crop.

There has been talk for months now of a strong corn crop in Ohio, but there were many questions left about the yields to the west. The harvest is providing some answers. Steve Eickhoff farms in Minnesota and has been pleasantly surprised with his crops this fall.

“We’re closer to the Mississippi and our land is rolling and well drained. We had half of our crop planted by the middle of May and that is all going over 200 and soybeans are averaging about 50,” he said. “We had a great September and October and we got most of our corn mature.… Continue reading

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Fact sheet on soil sampling

Agronomists from Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences have created a fact sheet designed to provide growers guidance on soil sampling to develop nutrient recommendations.

The fact sheet helps outline the steps needed to better ensure a quality soil sample is achieved, which is key for growers to accurately manage fertility input costs and promote environmental stewardship, said Greg LaBarge, an Ohio State University Extension field specialist and one of the leaders of Ohio State’s Agronomic Crops Team. The team also includes scientists from the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.

“The major goal of soil testing is to measure the soil’s ability to provide what levels of the vital nutrients phosphorous and potassium are needed for crop production,” LaBarge said. “Growers use fertilizer applications to make up the difference for what nutrients aren’t already present in the soil for what is needed for crop production.”… Continue reading

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National Corn Husking Contest comes to Ohio

The Ohio Corn Huskers Association recently hosted the 2013 Ohio and National Cornhusking Contest at Magie Wonder Acres Farm in Darke County. The Ohio contest was held on Oct. 19 and the national contest was the following day along with a tractor show, flea market and craft, corn games and more.

“It went very well. It is really the only agricultural specific sport that just anybody can go and do with minimal preparation. You just need a little practice and a husking hook to participate — it is not limited to big farmers, big money or big equipment. It is a neat part of history that goes back a long ways,” said Tim Calvin, who participated in the year’s event and will be hosting next year’s event on his farm in Delaware County. “Anyone can just show up and do it for the first time. There are people to help you learn how to do it so you can just show up, enter and compete.… Continue reading

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Soybeans.com covers expiring Roundup Ready patent

The last U.S. patent covering the original Roundup Ready soybean trait expires in 2015. As U.S. farmers begin thinking about purchasing their soybean seed for 2014 planting, they have a new resource to answer their questions about the expiration of Monsanto’s original Roundup Ready soybean trait — soybeans.com.

“Even though the original Roundup Ready soybean trait is covered by a patent in the United States until the start of the 2015 planting season, we’re already getting questions from farmers about what they can and cannot do with Roundup Ready soybeans. Soybeans.com can help answer questions growers may have about patents as they pertain to planting and saving original Roundup Ready varieties, as well as the benefits of new seed. It’s a great resource for farmers as they plan for next year,” said Norm Sissons, Monsanto’s U.S. Oilseeds Product Management Lead.

The site outlines Monsanto’s commitments regarding the original Roundup Ready trait patent expiration, explains the different patents and breeders’ rights typically covering soybean seed, and includes frequently asked questions and a decision tree on saving seed.… Continue reading

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Corn dry down considerations

Leaving corn to dry in the field exposes a crop to unfavorable weather conditions, as well as wildlife damage. A crop with weak plant integrity is more vulnerable to yield losses from stalk lodging and ear drop when weathering conditions occur. The widespread root lodging that occurred as a result of wind storms in July is contributing to this problem. Additional losses may occur when ear rots reduce grain quality and can lead to significant dockage when the grain is marketed. Some ear rots produce mycotoxins, which may cause major health problems if fed to livestock.

Several years ago we conducted a study that evaluated effects of four plant populations (24,000, 30,000, 36,000, and 42,000 plants per acre) and three harvest dates (early-mid Oct., Nov. and Dec.) on the agronomic performance of four hybrids differing in maturity and stalk quality. The study was conducted at three locations in NW, NE, and SW Ohio over a three-year period for a total of eight experiments.… Continue reading

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Bt soybeans announced by Dow

Last week Dow AgroSciences announced the development of soybeans containing two different Bt genes for control of lepidopteran pests, basically caterpillars of various moth species.

The company’s insect-resistant soybean trait is the first to be submitted for approvals that expresses two Bt proteins. This will provide broader in-plant protection of lepidopteran pests, as well as improve sustainability of the technology compared to other soybean technologies being advanced in the market with only one Bt protein. Extensive research has shown that the company’s trait provides broad in-plant protection against lepidopteran pests such as fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), soybean looper (Pseudoplusia includens), velvetbean caterpillar (Anticarsia gemmatalis), soybean podworm (Helicoverpa gelotopoeon), and tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens) as well as Rachiplusia nu.

“Our insect-resistant soybean trait is a major advancement of outstanding technology that will help farmers who struggle more every season to control significant lepidopteran pests,” said Rolando Meninato, global leader, Seeds Traits, and Oils, Dow AgroSciences.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Crop Progress Report – October 21st, 2013

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There were four days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending October 20, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers spent the majority of the week harvesting corn and soybeans, hampered only by intermittent rains. The moisture content of harvested corn averaged 20 percent, and the moisture content of harvested soybeans averaged 14 percent.Continue reading

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The Weekly Corn Belt Update – {October 21st, 2013}

WEEKLY CORN BELT CROP REPORT

The Snapshot Tour is hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities. This is a daily update on crop and weather conditions across  locations in the Corn Belt.  Listen to the audio report in full by visiting  www.colgancommodities.com and clicking on the audio tab.

Maumee, Ohio

Northwest Ohio will likely wrap up bean harvest this week. Corn is estimated at 25%.  Weather moved activity from bean to corn harvest and once they get past tonight’s chance of rain, bean harvest should return to full throttle.  Yields are above average so far on beans.   

Henderson, KY

Weather has also slowed bean harvest north and south of the river.Continue reading

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Tips for protecting stored grain

The lowest corn prices in recent years mean farmers are likely to store a large portion of the crop on the farm into the late spring or summer of 2014, a Purdue Extension grain handling specialist said.

Anytime growers decide to put corn into storage, and especially when they plan to store it for several months, they need to manage the grain properly to keep it from spoiling. That includes drying corn to a safer moisture level when it comes out of the field and then properly cleaning, loading, aerating and monitoring it.

“This will require adequately drying to 14 to 14.5% for long-term storage,” Klein Ileleji said. “Think of grain in the bin as cash in the bank. Without good management, this ‘cash’ can go out of condition, quickly eroding your investment.”

Ileleji offered some tips for farmers to keep their grain in top shape:

* Sanitation: Growers need to remove all of the food sources and harboring spots for rodents and insects around their storage facilities.… Continue reading

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Preliminary 2014 Ohio field crop enterprise budgets

Budgeting helps guide you through your decision making process as you attempt to commit resources to the most profitable enterprises on the farm. Crops or Livestock? Corn, Soybeans, Wheat, Hay? We can begin to answer these questions with well thought out budgets that include all revenue and costs. Without some form of budgeting and some method to track your enterprises’ progress you’ll have difficulty determining your most profitable enterprise(s) and if you’ve met your goals for the farm.

Budgeting is often described as “penciling it out” before committing resources to a plan. Ohio State University Extension has had a long history of developing “Enterprise Budgets” that can be used as a starting point for producers in their budgeting process.

Preliminary Enterprise Budgets for 2014 Ohio field crops have been completed and posted to the Farm Management Website of the Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics. Updated Enterprise Budgets can be viewed and downloaded from the following website:
http://aede.osu.edu/research/osu-farm-management/enterprise-budgets
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2013 was a scary year for some pumpkin growers

Boo!

The wet year made for a number of scary challenges for pumpkin production around Ohio in 2013, with some pumpkin growers faring better than others.

“There has been everywhere from total crop losses to one of the best crops in many years, area and farm dependent. Overall I think Ohio has an average crop, fruit size may be down a little, especially down south here where we had many areas with little rainfall in September when the fruits were enlarging,” said Brad Bergefurd, with Ohio State University Extension horticulture specialist at the South Centers at Piketon. “Phytophthora hit many northern and central Ohio areas, mainly north of Columbus, that received those heavy July rains. There was more Downy Mildew pressure in some areas this year so growers had to manage that disease too.”

The pumpkin market is looking strong heading into the spookiest time of year.

“Price and demand seem to be good so far,” Bergefurd said.… Continue reading

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