Crops



“OH So Fresh” promoting Ohio’ specialty crops

The Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association, Ohio Grocers Foundation, Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association, and Ohio Department of Agriculture have partnered to launch a new initiative called “OH So Fresh.” The retail marketing campaign is designed to raise consumer awareness about Ohio grown specialty crops by giving Ohioans expanded opportunities to sample and purchase locally grown, farm fresh produce from their local grocers.

Nearly 100 independently owned grocery retailers are participating in the “OH So Fresh” initiative in 2013. Ohio has more than 2,000 specialty crop growers providing everything from asparagus to zucchini.

“Although Ohio grown produce is abundant at farmers’ markets, farm stands, and through community supported agriculture programs, the majority of Ohioans turn to their local grocery stores for the bulk of their grocery purchases. That’s why it’s critical that growers and grocers are working together to offer locally grown food at these stores,” said Milo Petruziello, OEFFA Program Associate.… Continue reading

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Frogeye leaf spot showing up in fields

By Anne Dorrance, OSU Extension plant pathologist

Several reports and samples this past week with frogeye leaf spot on leaves in the upper/mid canopy. Frogeye leaf spot is a fungal disease that is caused by Cercospora sojina.

This pathogen is typically pretty rare in the northern states, but due to the widespread planting of some highly susceptible varieties and milder winters, we now have more inoculum in the spring. One of my previous graduate students, Christian Cruz, did the tedious work to examine soybean residue to find the viable conidia (spores). At the end of the 2012 season, there was quite a bit of frogeye in our fungicide trials. At present there is enough there (at almost R1) to begin to plan sprays.

There has been another development with this fungus that is a bit troubling. Numerous populations of this pathogen have been identified that are resistant to azoxystrobin (Quadris) and pyraclostrobin (Headline). … Continue reading

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Ohio AgriBusiness Association Grain Merchandising Course

The Ohio AgriBusiness Association’s Grain Merchandising Course will be offered Aug. 29 and Sept. 5. The course is designed to provide practical information on a breadth of topics in the grain industry, from market fundamentals to facility operations. The objective is to provide a deeper understanding of grain merchandising as well as to connect the different aspects of the industry.

Two classes will cover different topics and will be available for registration individually or together as a series. The course is designed for anyone desiring a greater understanding of the grain business, including grain originators and merchants, branch managers, accounting personnel, operations personnel and bankers.

Registration is limited to the first 40 people, so don’t wait to register.

The courses will be held at All Occasions Catering at 6989 Waldo-Delaware Road in Waldo. The cost is $150 for OABA members ($200/non-member) for Day 1 or Day 2, or $250 for OABA members ($300 for non-member) for the two-day series

For more visit http://associationdatabase.com/aws/OABA/pt/sd/news_article/78594/_PARENT/layout_details/true#sthash.BCO6umcQ.dpufContinue reading

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – July 22nd, 2013

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There were five days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending July 21, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Warm weather and low precipitation this week aided crop progress and allowed farmers to access their fields for necessary fieldwork. Producers used the warmer, drier weather to harvest winter wheat, and are now nearly even with the five-year average. Corn has recovered well after flooding and winds from last week, and condition looks good as some is even beginning to dough. Soybeans are blooming but there are reports that in some fields the crop is looking stressed due to water damage from heavy rains in the previous couple weeks. Farmers are progressing on hay cutting. If the weather stays dry, farmers that have finished their second cutting should be able to begin on a third cutting.

See how far along the corn and soybeans are across Ohio and what condition they are currently in by check out the latest Crop Progress ReportContinue reading

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Researchers discover genes resistant to soybean pathogen

Purdue University researchers have identified two genes within the soybean genome that are highly resistant to a soilborne pathogen that causes Phytophthora root and stem rot, a disease that costs U.S. soybean growers more than $250 million annually in lost yield.

The discovery, made by a team of scientists led by Jianxin Ma and Teresa Hughes, could lead to the development of soybean cultivars better able to withstand the pathogen Phytophthora sojae. The Purdue research was published online by Theoretical and Applied Genetics and is to appear in the journal’s November print edition.

Naturally occurring Phytophthora sojae resistance exists in soybean germplasm. Most previous resistant genes, however, have lost their ability to fight off the pathogen, which has developed immunity to them. Together, the two newly identified genes appear stronger than most earlier genes and could remain viable for many more years, said Ma, a soybean geneticist in Purdue’s Department of Agronomy.… Continue reading

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The impact of tillage on phosphorous loss

To try to narrow down a single reason that farm field phosphorous is being lost into water resources is simply not a feasible outcome of research. There are many factors that go into what is occurring in Ohio contributing to water quality issues in Lake Erie, Grand Lake St. Marys and other waterways. Farmers and scientists alike are looking at every possibility and taking every angle to learn how to correct a problem that is undeniable.

One of the factors discussed at this year’s Nutrient Management Field Day was the impact of tillage on phosphorous loss. Two components were taken into account on this Wood County field — the impact of phosphorous over yield as well as how to mitigate phosphorous loss from farm fields linked to hazardous algae blooms and the decline in water quality.… Continue reading

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Syngenta working to boost renewable fuels

Syngenta announced a three-year commitment to contribute $1 to the renewable fuels industry for every acre planted with Enogen trait technology, beginning with this year’s growing season. The initiative will help support America’s Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and promote the benefits of renewable fuels grown in America.

“Renewable fuels are an essential part of the American energy equation, benefitting consumers, farmers and American energy independence,” said David Witherspoon, Head of Renewable Fuels at Syngenta. “Ethanol, whether from corn or other biomass sources, is an energy source for today and tomorrow driving economic growth and innovation.”

Syngenta’s focus is on increasing the productivity of renewable fuels made from traditional and non-traditional feedstocks. Enogen trait technology is the industry’s first and only biotech output trait designed specifically for ethanol production. The revolutionary corn expresses alpha amylase enzyme directly in the corn kernel and replaces liquid alpha amylase enzyme. The unique enzyme present in Enogen grain facilitates a simpler, more efficient ethanol production process helping to maximize the productivity of every gallon produced, and thus the profitability of the ethanol plant.… Continue reading

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Weekly cornbelt crop update {July 19, 2013}

The Snapshot Tour is a daily call hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities covering crop progress and weather updates across the Corn Belt.. This is a summary of this week’s conversations. 

Maumee, Ohio

NW Ohio saw great progress with the wheat harvest this week. The warm humid week has been ideal to get the wheat off and the corn pollenating. 90% of the corn has tasseled. The sun has been perfect to rejuvenate the bean crop. Overall, conditions remain steady to improved. They have three shots of rain in the next week that will be welcome.

Henderson, KY

The crops north and south of the Ohio River region are starting to show stress from lack of moisture. A rain in the next week would be ideal, but won’t be devastating if they do not receive it. However, after that, lack of rain will become an issue. It is common to see aerial application of fungicides, especially due to the storms that have gone through and made the crop susceptible to diseases.… Continue reading

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Mid-summer pest update

Various foliar feeding insects are starting to show up on soybeans, including the first generation bean leaf beetles, adult Japanese beetles, green cloverworm, and in parts of Ohio, Mexican bean beetle.

These insects will continue to feed throughout the next month or so. See the fact sheet at http://ohioline.osu.edu/ent-fact/pdf/0039.pdf on how to scout and manage for them. Remember that as flowering begins, the thresholds go down to 15% to 20%. However, with the good moisture in many parts of the state, note how much foliage and heavy canopy is in much of the soybeans, and remember to take into account the entire plant canopy when determining percent defoliation.

In addition, our OSU Extension western bean cutworm trapping network has shown a sharp increase in the number of adults caught. This indicates that oviposition is imminent and will occur over the next few weeks.

Egg masses are laid on the uppermost one o two leaves, especially those that remain in the vertical position.… Continue reading

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New bug raising a stink in Ohio soybean fields

The brown marmorated stink bug was found in several soybean fields last year in populations large enough to notice after having entered the state a few years ago.

Entomologists with Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences are developing a new fact sheet to provide soybean growers updated information on the stinky pest that has the potential to become a significant problem for Ohio growers.

Stink bugs, known for their “sweaty feet” smell when squashed or irritated, have now made their way into Ohio soybean fields in numbers not previously experienced in the Buckeye State, according to Ron Hammond, an Ohio State University Extension entomologist. Because the problem has gotten so bad, OSU entomologists are working on a new fact sheet to address growers’ concerns, he said.… Continue reading

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FTA paying off

In early July, a large Colombian importer networked with U.S. grains exporters in Texas, Alabama and Louisiana resulting in the purchase of more than 787,000 bushels of U.S. corn. This was the importer’s first purchase of U.S. corn in more than two years. With seven plants in Colombia, this importer is the largest animal feed manufacturer in Colombia and, thus, the relationship could lead to an important increase in U.S. corn exports to the country.

In 2008, U.S. corn imports accounted for 80% of the Colombian corn market. The delay in ratification of the U.S.-Colombian Free Trade Agreement contributed to a decline in U.S. market share. By 2011, U.S. corn accounted for only 21% of that market.

A broad spectrum of agricultural organizations pushed vigorously for passage of the FTA and, in late 2011, this important trade agreement was ratified by the U.S. Congress. For the past few years, the Colombian importer purchased grain from other South American countries but, as the quality and supply reliability did not meet his expectations, he now can return to purchasing U.S.… Continue reading

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Corn pollination progressing well

Ohio corn growers have a pretty good looking corn crop to date. Growth and development has been fast and furious as the corn has had all the heat and moisture for excellent growth. Many areas of Ohio have had 17 to 19 inches of rainfall since April 1 and we have accumulated near 1,700 Growing Degree Days since May 1. Most of the corn crop was planted the first 10 days of May. Bottom line is, we are ahead of normal for heat unit accumulation and rainfall. Due to the excellent condition of corn, many of these acres have had a fungicide application to protect the genetic

potential of the corn crop.

Although it has been very hot and humid, pollination has progressed at a normal pace and kernel set looks good. Here are some facts about corn pollination that has taken place in your fields.

Pollination and fertilization of the embryos is one of the most important stages of corn crop development.… Continue reading

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Markets closely watching weather

The second week of July was one of much activity for the grain market. China was a buyer of corn, soybeans, and wheat. They purchased soft red wheat of feed grade quality. In addition they also purchased corn and soybeans for new crop delivery sometime after Sept. 1. The marketing year for corn and soybeans is Sept. 1 to Aug. 31.The China corn purchase was for almost one million tons, pushing their U.S. corn purchases to over two million tons, roughly 74 million bushels. Also during this week, December corn early in the week fell to $4.90. Mid-week it reached $5.28 on dry weather concerns, but closed the week at $5.09, down 18 cents for the day. However, that close was up 18 cents for the week.

Prediction of decent rains in the upcoming week was a huge reason for the price break. It was a week of dry weather in the southwest region of the Midwest.… Continue reading

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Ohio farms become sites for water quality research

There is once again a flare up of toxic algae concern along the Lake Erie shoreline about the challenges that could face the economic staple of the region and the dinking water supply for millions. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecast that the 2013 western Lake Erie harmful algal bloom will be larger than last year, but considerably less than the record-setting 2011 bloom.

The state’s farmers are inevitably given at least some of the blame in the challenging situation, but agriculture is not sitting idly by and watching the toxic algae problems unfold. Farmers are stepping up to address the challenges ahead.

More than $1 million is being invested by Ohio agricultural organizations, including the Ohio Soybean Council, Ohio Small Grains Marketing Program and the Ohio Corn Marketing Program.… Continue reading

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South Korea to resume wheat purchases

U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) and the National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) were pleased to learn that South Korea will resume purchasing American wheat, which had been temporarily suspended following the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) May 29 announcement of the discovery of an unapproved genetically modified (GM) trait in volunteer wheat plants in one field in Oregon.

The Korean decision comes as a result of their extensive testing of American wheat, which found no GM material in commercial supplies. This reaffirms the USDA conclusion that this was a limited, isolated incident and that no GM wheat had entered commercial supplies.… Continue reading

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Precision agriculture day

Growers wanting to learn more about planter technology, variable rate seeding and data management can do so during the Northwest Ohio Precision Agriculture Day Aug. 6, offered by experts with Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences.

The field day will offer information on precision planter technology and will feature discussions and demonstrations from college researchers and farm equipment, seed and technology professionals, said Eric Richer, an Ohio State University Extension educator.

The event, which is geared toward producers, crop consultants and anyone interested in precision agriculture, will feature presentations from OSU Extension and Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center researchers.

OSU Extension and OARDC are the outreach and research arms, respectively, of the college.

“Planting is our most important step in order to achieve a successful crop come harvest,” Richer said. “Our hope is that people come away with management ideas and practices that will better help them incorporate seed, steel and technology into planting their crops.… Continue reading

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Regulatory harmonization hopes for T-TIP negotiations

The United States and the European Union announced the formal launch of the U.S.-EU negotiations on a trade and investment agreement during a G-8 meeting in Northern Ireland. Formal negotiations on the Transatlantic and Trade Investment Partnership (T-TIP) stated in early July in Washington, D.C. The negotiations strive for an ambitious, comprehensive and high-standard agreement.

According to the U.S. Grains Council, the agreement is an opportunity for U.S. agriculture to provide for improved market access and overcome significant barriers to trade, particularly sanitary and phytosanitary restrictions. In comments provided earlier this year to the U.S. Trade Representative, the U.S. Grains Council noted the most significant barrier for U.S. market access for corn and corn co-products (distillers dried grains with solubles, corn gluten feed and corn gluten meal) is the EU asynchronous approval process for genetically modified (GM) events.

Floyd Gaibler, USGC director of trade policy and biotechnology, said T-TIP needs to ensure full and consistent implementation of existing European Union legislation governing approval of agricultural biotechnology products within the timeframes established by European laws and regulations.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – July 15th, 2013

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There were two days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending July 14, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. It rained a significant amount this week, impeding progress on harvesting of winter wheat and hay for most producers. There were reports throughout the State of flash flooding in fields. While wheat condition is still fair to good, the continued delays in harvest due to excess moisture led to some sprouting. Producers will begin harvesting again in earnest as soon as the fields have dried and become accessible. Most producers are waiting for drier weather to finish their first or second cutting of hay, as well. Soybeans and corn are still in good condition, but there are reports of spot damage to both crops from storms this week. Oat harvest began in a few areas.

See what condition Ohio’s crops are in thus far in the growing season and how the state’s wheat harvest is progressing in the full report.… Continue reading

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FSA acreage reporting deadline extended

USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) Administrator Juan M. Garcia recently announced an extension of the FSA acreage reporting deadline. Farmers and landowners have an additional 18 calendar days to submit their annual report of acreage to their local FSA county office with the deadline extended from Monday, July 15, 2013, to Friday, Aug. 2, 2013. Only the FSA reporting deadline has been extended. The acreage reporting requirement for crop insurance has not changed and remains July 15.

“We want to ensure our producers maintain their program benefits by filing their reports accurately and in a timely manner for all crops and land uses, including prevented and failed acreage,” Garcia said.

Accurate acreage reports are necessary to determine and maintain eligibility for various programs, such as the Direct and Counter-cyclical Program (DCP); the Average Crop Revenue Election Program (ACRE); the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP); and the Non-insured Crop Disaster Assistant Program (NAP).… Continue reading

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Critical stages to scout your corn fields

Corn needs a lot of tender loving care throughout the growing season and to raise a successful crop, it needs special attention during the following critical stages:

• At seedling emergence, young plants face many hurdles such as nutrient deficiencies, seedling diseases like Pythium and Stewart’s bacterial blight, slugs and insects like black cutworms. Adequate stand establishment is crucial for a good crop.

• At V3-V4 stage, make sure that weeds are in control. Apply post-emergence herbicides, if necessary. Even small weeds can affect yield.

• At V6-V8 stage, be sure to side-dress with nitrogen before the plants are too tall, if you are going to apply additional nitrogen. Check for deficiency of nutrients like sulfur, magnesium, zinc and other micronutrients.

• Pollination is the next most critical stage. Make sure that insects like Japanese beetles, western corn rootworm beetles are not clipping the silks. Use insecticides if needed to control these pests.… Continue reading

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