Crops



Ohio’s Crop Progess Report – July 1st, 2013

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In the latest crop progress report for Ohio, corn and soybeans are both rated in mostly good to excellent condition.

There were three days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 30, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. It rained for much of the week throughout the State, providing needed moisture to areas that were too dry, but also causing spot flooding in low lying areas. There were some reports of crop damage to wheat and corn in the northeastern part of the State due to high winds and hail. Most wheat is looking mature and will be ready for the harvest to begin once the weather permits.Continue reading

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USDA to collect additional acreage data

In July, USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) will collect updated information on 2013 acres planted to soybean in fourteen states.

NASS previously collected planted acreage information during the first two weeks of June, with the results published in the June 28 Acreage report. At the time of the survey, a large percentage of acres remained to be planted in fourteen states: Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Wisconsin. To better assess planted acreage, NASS will resurvey the growers in these states in July.

If the newly collected data justifies any changes, NASS will publish updated estimates in the Crop Production report, to be released at noon EDT on Monday, August 12. It will be available online at www.nass.usda.gov.… Continue reading

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USDA Acreage report shows corn acres up

Today’s corn numbers were viewed as bearish. USDA estimated corn acres at 97.4 million acres. The average trade estimate was 95.3 million acres. Prior to the report new corn was trading down 10 cents. At 12:30 pm, new corn was down 23 cents. Just before the report new soybeans were down 1 cent. At 12:30 pm, new soybeans were down 12 cents.

Corn stocks as of June 1 were estimated at 2.764 billion bushels which was 81 million bushels below estimates. Soybean stocks were estimated at 435 million bushels.

Trade will quickly return to trading weather. While many had raised concerns about how crops looked out west, the reality is that rain makes grain. The last record corn production and yield was accomplished in 2009. That was a cool and wet summer. At this time for 2013 we are in that same weather pattern.

Heading into the report much discussion has taken place regarding 2013 corn and soybean acres in the US.Continue reading

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Weekly Cornbelt Crop update {June 28, 2013}

The Snapshot Tour is a daily call hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities covering crop progress and weather updates across the Corn Belt.. This is a summary of this week’s conversations. 

Maumee, Ohio

Crops continue to thrive in northwestern Ohio, and precipitation amounts from the storms varied almost from field to field.  Corn continues to thrive, beans could use a little less moisture, and wheat harvest is on tap for the weekend after the 4th of July.  Wheat yields and quality continues to look very promising.

Henderson, KY

Wheat harvest is now over 50% complete. A yield update by the local Extension office reported 103 bpa and excellent quality!

Greenville, OH

Rainfall amounts continue to vary throughout western Ohio…and corn fields west of Urbana had hail damage this week.  Wheat harvest has commenced in some areas, with most expecting to start this weekend and continue through the week.  Rain is in the forecast every day,  and the yields looks extremely promising. … Continue reading

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Berries and grapes topic of workshop

Commercial growers looking for ways to diversify their farming operations can gain tips and insight on blueberries, blackberries and wine grapes at a workshop July 18 offered by horticulture and viticulture experts with Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences.

The program is 6-9 p.m. at the Ohio State University South Centers’ Endeavor Center, 1862 Shyville Road, in Piketon.

The workshop will allow participants to get an up-close look at some new varieties of blueberries and blackberries to get an idea of how they taste, how they grow and how much they can produce, said Gary Gao, an Ohio State University Extension specialist and associate professor of small fruit crops at OSU South Centers.

“The blueberries and blackberries typically ripen in July, so it’s a good time to check out the newer varieties to give growers an idea of the taste, growth habit and yield of these new cultivars (varieties),” he said.… Continue reading

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Life without a farm bill

It may have been a shock to many that the U.S. House of Representatives Farm Bill failed when it was brought to the floor for votes, but it wasn’t a surprise to many inside the Beltway. The lack of support came from both sides of the aisle and the main ingredient for failure was the issue of food stamps. Some 50 Republicans voted no regardless of the House amending the bill to add work requirements to food stamps. For the Democrats, just 24 backed the final bill. The 16 Democrats that didn’t, but were expected to, still wouldn’t have been enough to pass the bill.

Has a decades-old farm policy coalition been fractured with this latest round of votes?… Continue reading

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Effects of hail damage depend on corn growth stage

Some of the thunderstorms that rolled across Ohio recently were accompanied by hail that caused extensive damage to crops.  In corn, the impact of hail damage is largely dependent on the crop’s stage of development.  Hail affects yield primarily by reducing stands and defoliating plants. Most of the hail damage results from defoliation. Generally, the corn plant is little affected by hail prior to the 6 to 7 leaf stage because the growing point is at or below the soil surface and in the leaf whorl. However, once the growing point is elevated above the soil surface due to internode elongation, the plant grows rapidly and becomes increasingly vulnerable to hail damage with the tassel stage/pollen shedding stage (VT) being the most critical period.

Severe hail damage prior to the 6 to 7-leaf stage can also result in “twisted” or “tied” leaf whorls as injured plants recover and new leaves try to unroll; however, most plants will grow out of this problem and tied whorls seldom cause major yield loss.… Continue reading

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OPGMA Tour highlights innovation and success

Ohio Produce Growers and Marketers Association (OPGMA) toured two top-notch Ohio farms today to gain insights into production and marketing and network with others.

The tour started at the beautiful Hirsch Fruit Farm in Chillicothe that has been serving their customers for nearly 125 years. The farm was founded in 1890, growing 20 acres of peaches as well as running a diversified operation with cattle, hogs, dairy, chickens, sheep, corn, wheat, and hay. Now under the control of fourth generation owners, brothers Steve and Mike Hirsch, the farm includes 485 acres and produces asparagus, matted-row strawberries, blackberries, blueberries, black raspberries, stone fruits, apples, grapes, and vegetables. Hirsch Fruit Farm has also expanded its operation to include an off-farm market on the north side of Chillicothe, and it operates a cider processing facility in addition to offering produce at two farm stands and several farmers markets in southern Ohio. Steve and Mike continue to uphold the traditions of quality and value that began with their great grandfather, John Hirsch nearly 125 years ago.… Continue reading

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U.S. Soybean Sustainability Assurance Protocol demonstrates commitment to sustainability

International food companies are looking to purchase soybeans that are grown with respect for the land and its people. To provide those reassurances and keep those markets open, the U.S. soy family has developed its U.S. Soybean Sustainability Assurance Protocol. This protocol identifies the regulations, processes and management practices the U.S. soy industry uses to ensure international customers of U.S. farmers’ sustainable soybean production.

The U.S. Soybean Sustainability Assurance Protocol is a certified aggregate approach to the sustainability performance of U.S. soybean production. It outlines the industry’s expectations of sound environmental objectives, social responsibility, promoting economic growth and continuous improvement in technology and cultural practices. This protocol is audited by third parties, which demonstrates the industry’s commitment to sustainability, and backed by farmer-led U.S. soy organizations including the United Soybean Board (USB), American Soybean Association (ASA) and U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC).

“In the past, consumers and farmers have not always agreed on what it means to be sustainable,” said Richard Fordyce, Missouri soybean farmer and chair of the USB Freedom to Operate Action Team.… Continue reading

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Assessing soybean stands

As the soybeans respond to the warmer temperatures and sunshine around the state, it is time to assess the stands to make sure they are setting things up for success this fall.

‘Most of the soybeans in Ohio are emerged and growing very fast. Now is the time for growers to access the quality and plant populations of their fields,” said Jeff Rectenwald, Asgrow DEKALB agronomist. “This weekend there has been some hail and growers will be in fields checking plant populations.”

Ohio State University and other university research from throughout the Midwest research found that base soybean populations as low as 100,000 can still produce solid yields. To get a stand count, Rectenwald suggests making a hula hoop out of three-eighths inch EVA tubing connected with a brass nipple connector. The hoop diameter should be 28.26 inches to help calculate 1/10,000th of an acre. The hoop should be thrown out in the field and the plants inside it should be counted and multiplied by 10,000.… Continue reading

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Emerging herbicide technology will offer weed control options

Most of the spraying to control weeds in Ohio has wrapped up for the year, but more farmers than ever will being seeing unaffected weeds in an increasing portion of their fields. Maybe it is a few small clumps of weeds just here or there in some fields, but the problem does not take long to spread into yield hindering masses of unsightly and damaging weeds that do not die when they are sprayed.

There is a growing concern with herbicide resistant weeds in the Corn Belt and farmers are looking for solutions.

“In the Midwest we are still at a low incidence of weed resistance compared to the Southern states, but we can’t see that number and be comfortable with it. That 20% of weeds we are seeing with resistance was doubled from the previous year,” said Damon Palmer, U.S. Commercial Leader for Enlist for Dow AgroSciences. “The farmers are probably the most frustrated and the farm gate is really where the real cost is as well.… Continue reading

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Double-crop considerations after wheat

In Mid-June last year we were running full bore with wheat harvest and double-crop soybeans because the hot and dry weather pushed things along rather quickly. This year, the wheat in places looks like it is turning rather quickly but when you get out in these fields it looks like the maturity is a little behind schedule. I think we’ll still probably be running quite a bit of wheat at the end of June and the beginning of July, which is about normal.

This year, with the wheat crop is pushing just a little later, there is still quite a bit of interest in double-cropping because we do have good soil moisture. The demand for the double-crop soybean seed has been strong this year from guys with a lot of wheat acres out.

In preparation for harvest it’s a good idea to leave 8 to 12 inches of stubble out there to maintain soil moisture. … Continue reading

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Ohio Crop Progress report- June 24, 2013

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There were six days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending June 23, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Producers made significant progress on fieldwork this week due to the combination of low precipitation and favorable temperatures throughout the State. Producers harvested a significant amount of first cutting hay, and some were even beginning their second cutting. Producers also sprayed for weeds and side dressed corn. Some were able to begin harvesting wheat, but most were preparing equipment with the expectation of harvesting wheat in the next couple weeks. Row crops all remain in good condition, but will need rain in the coming weeks to avoid moisture stress.

June 24 crop conditions

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Ohio Christmas Tree Association Summer Meeting

The Ohio Christmas Tree Association (OCTA) Summer Meeting will take place on July 12-13, 2013 at Twinsberry Tree Farm and Killbuck Tree Farm in Shreve. This years meeting will cover topics such as marketing Christmas trees, sprayer calibration as well as a new grower clinic.

Registration is $55.00 per day or $90.00 for the two day event. If you would like any further information on the OCTA or their activities, please contact the OCTA Office at 740-828-3331 or check us out on the web at www.ohiochristmastree.com.

 … Continue reading

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Wheat field day provides solutions to production challenges

With the wheat crop beginning to turn and harvest season fast approaching, this year’s Wheat Field Day was in perfect timing for producers to learn about the latest information for variety development, fungicides and insects.

One of the features of the event at the Northwest Agriculture Research Station in Custar, hosted by Ohio State’s College of Food, Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, was plot trials of wide-row wheat, a method of planting in 15-inch row spacing as compared to the traditional 7.5-inch spacing.

“What we are seeing in Ohio is less and less wheat acres being planted every year,” said Laura Lindsay, and OSU Extension soybean and small grain specialist, the lead of wide-row research. “We wanted to look at ways to keep wheat profitable for Ohio growers. Wider row spacing may accomplish just that.”

There are many reasons why a grower would choose to double their row width, including the ability to use a planter instead of a drill and it allows them to intercrop soybeans.… Continue reading

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Cornbelt Crop Update {June 21, 2013}

The Snapshot Tour is a daily call hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities covering crop progress and weather updates across the Corn Belt.. This is a summary of this week’s conversations. 

Maumee, Ohio

A dry week and warmer temps have seen crops pop.  Wheat harvest will be in the July 15-20 window.  For the week, crops have changed to “slightly better”, if possible.

Henderson, KY

Wheat harvest is starting along the Ohio River.  Early reports are yields ranging in the 70-90 bpa range.  With the hot temperatures and drier forecast, wheat harvest should be in full swing this weekend.

Greenville, OH

The Darke county area remained dry for the majority of the week, and warmer temps have made the crops just explode.  Wheat is really starting to turn, and the farther west you go in Ohio, and south, especially south of I 70…we will likely hear reports that wheat harvest has started. … Continue reading

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MAP and FMD paying off in international markets

Thanks in large part to the U.S. government’s Market Access Program (MAP) and Foreign Market Development (FMD) program, approximately 775,000 metric tons of U.S. agricultural products, valued at more than $267 million, were sold and or negotiated at the 7th Southeast Asia Grain Transportation Conference.

Held in Bali, Indonesia, this past May, the U.S. Grains Council and the U.S. Soybean Export Council once again brought together more than 100 agriculture companies covering the entire feed to food supply chain, including poultry and livestock integrators, feed and flour millers, soy food and beverage producers, regional and international trading companies, shipping companies, ship chartering companies and port handlers.

“The main objective of the conference is to bring together prospective buyers and sellers and provide a neutral environment in which to encourage networking and business discussions,” said Adel Yusupov, USGC director in Southeast Asia. “U.S. sellers benefit significantly by being able to meet with major Southeast Asian importers in one location.”… Continue reading

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Cargill to offer FOB programs starting with wheat in Ohio with farm or field pick up

The Ohio Cargill Ag Horizons group is starting to offer free-on-board (FOB) programs first for wheat this summer, then for corn and soybeans later this fall.

“The program is designed for farmers to be able to price grain FOB their farm. They are basically pricing their grain at what the price is delivered from their bin, which eliminates finding trucks and negotiating rates,” said Joey Johnson, Origination Merchant for Cargill Ag Horizons.

For farmers, the major advantages include not having to find trucks to haul the grain, eliminating waiting in line at the elevator, more attractive rates and saving time. This will allow Cargill to be able to buy grain from a larger area.

“We’ve been trying to buy some grain FOB to widen our footprint and get grain from further away,” Johnson said.

This summer’s wheat harvest will be the first major use of the program.

“Many farmers treat wheat as a cash crop, so they don’t market wheat like we would corn or soybeans,” Johnson said.… Continue reading

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Genetically engineered wheat investigation continues

As of June 14, USDA announced that the investigation of the genetically engineered wheat from Monsanto discovered in an Oregon field has not found anything that would indicate that the incident amounts to more than a single isolated incident in a single field on a single farm.

“All information collected so far shows no indication of the presence of GE wheat in commerce. Investigators are conducting a thorough review. They have interviewed the person that harvested the wheat from this field as well as the seed supplier who sold the producer wheat seed; obtained samples of the wheat seed sold to the producer and other growers; and obtained samples of the producer’s wheat harvests, including a sample of the producer’s 2012 harvest,” said Matt Paul, USDA Office of Communications Director. “All of these samples of seed and grain tested negative for the presence of GE material. Investigators are continuing to conduct interviews with approximately 200 area growers.”… Continue reading

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New soil test technology could improve water quality and boost profits

By now, there is probably no one left in Ohio who is not at least somewhat aware of the important relationship between nutrient management and water quality — excess nutrients in fields lead to excess nutrients in water. The trick, of course, is knowing the amount of nutrients actually needed in the soil to maximize crop profitability.

This perennially vexing question has been the subject of recent research by the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service at the Grassland, Soil and Water research Laboratory in Temple, Texas. Rick Haney is an ARS soil scientist at the facility and he visited Ohio this spring to share with farmers the innovative changes in soil testing that he has been working with recently to benefit both water quality and farm profitability.

The research combines the old and the new when it comes to soil testing.

“We’re going kind of old school on some of it. We are extracting the soil with water because that is what the soil actually sees out in the field.Continue reading

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