Crops



Wheat Field Day

Variety development, fungicide and insects will be among the topics discussed by experts from Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences during Wheat Field Day June 20.

The event runs 9-11:30 a.m. at the Northwest Agricultural Research Station of the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC), 4240 Range Line Road, Custar. The event is free and open to the public.

The program will include demonstrations on wide-row wheat management practices, said Laura Lindsey, an Ohio State University Extension soybean and small grain specialist.

OSU Extension and OARDC are the outreach and research arms, respectively, of the college.

Lindsey’s research on wide-row wheat planting looks at the impact of planting in 15-inch row spacing as compared to the traditional 7.5-inch spacing.

“Interest is growing among farmers in wide-row planting because it allows farmers to use a planter instead of a drill and also allows them to intercrop soybeans,” she said.… Continue reading

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Cornbelt Crop Report {May 30, 2013}

The Snapshot Tour is a daily call hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities covering crop progress and weather updates across the Corn Belt.. This is a summary of this week’s conversations. 

Maumee, Ohio

The northwestern Ohio and southern Michigan regions continue to enjoy a great spring.  They are now transitioning to applying nitrogen and other field work.  The wheat is fully-headed and anticipates wheat harvest to start July 8-10.  The forecast has an 80-90% chance of heavy rain this weekend.  They will take it.

Henderson, KY

Producers have been able to get back in the field.  The majority of the replanting on corn that went in May 1-3 has been done, and they hope to wrap up bean planting by this weekend.  They do have a good chance of rain through Sunday.  They will be one of the first locations to run wheat, so we look forward to what yields they will report.… Continue reading

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Cereal leaf beetles showing up around Ohio

Wheat and oat growers are scrambling to stay ahead of cereal leaf beetles munching on their crops.

Some wheat growers in Ohio are reporting outbreaks of cereal leaf beetle in numbers that could cause economic losses in grain, according to an entomologist from Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences.

Some growers have reported adult cereal leaf beetles in their fields along with larvae in large enough populations to potentially cause losses of up to 40% in both wheat and oats, Ron Hammond said.

With wheat nearing or reaching the flag leaf emergence and the boot stage, the crop is coming into the susceptible period where significant feeding on the flag leaf can cause a major reduction in yield, said Hammond, who also holds an appointment with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.

“This is something that may be going on across the state and is something that we need to pay attention to now,” Hammond said.… Continue reading

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Genetically engineered wheat found in Oregon field

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) announced today that test results of plant samples from an Oregon farm indicate the presence of genetically engineered (GE) glyphosate-resistant wheat plants. Further testing by USDA laboratories indicate the presence of the same genetically engineered GE glyphosate-resistant wheat variety that Monsanto was authorized to field test in 16 states from 1998 to 2005. APHIS launched a formal investigation after being notified by an Oregon State University scientist that initial tests of wheat samples from an Oregon farm indicated the possible presence of GE glyphosate-resistant wheat plants.

“We are taking this situation very seriously and have launched a formal investigation,” said Michael Firko, Acting Deputy Administrator for APHIS’ Biotechnology Regulatory Services, “Our first priority is to as quickly as possible determine the circumstances and extent of the situation and how it happened. … Continue reading

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Hay market looks to remain tight

A conversation with…Stan Smith, Program Assistant in Ag and Natural Resources
 for Ohio State University Extension in Fairfield County and Mike Bush, who produces around 40 acres of hay along with a corn and soybean operation in Morrow County.

OCJ: The hay market has obviously been very tight since the drought last summer. As hay production has started for the 2013 season, what is the current status of the hay market in Ohio?

Mike: We’re still short. There is no leftover hay to be had around here. I think prices will hold steady through the first cutting at least.

Stan: Actually, it was getting tight prior to last summer. The incredible values of corn and soybeans were causing guys to shift acres from hay to more profitable corn and beans for the past few years. Compound that with 2011 being one of the wettest years in recent history (horrible hay making weather) and inventories were beginning to slip lower by spring of 2012.… Continue reading

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New disease forcasting model for wheat

Head scab is a perennial concern for Ohio wheat production and one of the most significant production challenges for the crop. To help address this challenge, Ohio State University Extension specialists have been improving forecasting models.

The crop in Ohio is nearing the critical flowering growth stage, and with rainfall and drastic temperature changes forecast for the next few days, some growers are concerned about disease development, according to a wheat expert from Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences.

While wet, humid conditions during flowering can lead to head scab development, the cooler temperatures helped to slow down this disease, said Pierce Paul, an Ohio State University Extension wheat researcher.

At this point, much of Ohio’s wheat is in good shape and likely to continue flowering during this last week of May, which is the critical stage when people are concerned about disease development, said Paul, who is also a plant pathologist with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Crop Progress – May 28th, 2013

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Farmers in Ohio aren’t quite done planting corn, but as of Tuesday, 89% of the crop is planted. Soybeans aren’t far behind with 70% in the ground.

There were six days suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending May 19 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Farmers continue to make significant planting progress due to the warm weather and low precipitation, with a number of areas reporting near completion for planting of oats, corn, and soybeans. The lack of rain, however, has had a slightly negative effect on soil moisture. Several producers delayed further planting until after the next storm system moves through. Some showers began over the weekend but appear to be scattered and localized. The first cutting of hay is progressing in most areas, with a few farmers holding off due to rain. A freeze over the weekend caused some concern, with at least one report of damage to fruit crops.… Continue reading

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Frost a concern for corn and soybeans

Late last week, farmers in the northern part of the state had good reason to be concerned about the threat of frost. In Wayne County, Louie Rehm had a hard, killing frost that left ice on the leaves of his young corn plants in the low areas on his farm. The just-emerging soybeans on Rehm’s farm are also a concern.

Rehm was not alone in his concern about the crops and the frost on May 25.

“Many counties in Ohio experienced a couple of hours of near-freezing temperatures Friday night,” said Brad Miller, from Monsanto. “For the most part, air temperatures at ground level did not drop below 30 degrees F. In my observations Saturday afternoon, corn in the V1-stage of growth appears to have pulled through without injury. Soybeans in the unifoliate stage demonstrated some wilting on 25% of the leaf surface area, with some stem drooping. Forecasted rainfall and warmer temperatures this week should result in rapid recovery as corn and soybean seedlings continue growth and development.”… Continue reading

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Watch out for black cutworm

Black cutworm moths have been migrating back to Indiana, Ohio and other neighboring states as indicated by the pheromone traps. They do not overwinter in the Corn Belt and usually come up from the southwest. The moths have been laying eggs and they might hatch at about the same time our corn crop has germinated and is in the early seedling stage. Purdue Entomologists John Obermeyer and Christian Krupke recently issued advice concerning black cutworm.

• Many factors can determine if cutworm will attack your fields.

• Scout your corn often once it is up and apply foliar applications of insecticides if black cutworm reaches economic threshold levels. Your seedsman or agronomist can help you determine when the economic threshold level is reached.

• Consider the size of the larvae and the stage of feeding on your corn crop. The price of corn versus the cost of the insecticide application also enters the equation.… Continue reading

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Prevented planting deadlines

Heavy rainfall, floods and cool temperatures across the Midwest have slowed planting this spring. For crop insurance, the final planting date for corn in Ohio is June 5. The final planting date for soybeans is June 20, according the the USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA).

Here are some basic guidelines for those unable to plant because of an insurable cause of loss by the final planting date. The RMA said the options include:

• Plant during the 25 day late planting period. There is a one percent reduction per day of yield guarantee.

• Not plant a crop and receive a prevented planting payment.

• After the late planting period ends, plant the acreage to another crop and receive a reduced prevented planting payment.

The most important thing to do if unable to plant the crop by the final planting date is contact a crop insurance agent to review your policy and options before you make a decision.… Continue reading

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Planting late…Now what?

I will go out on a limb and say that most farmers on Ohio had a challenging spring. Real risk taker, aren’t I? Growers were poised to plant corn in early to mid-April just like they did in 2012. Some were able to do so, but most were delayed well into the month of May. Wet soil conditions and cool soil temperatures were the culprits, but now it is time to move forward into the growing season. Does crop management change or does status quo rule the day? Let’s examine this more closely.

First of all, late planting doesn’t guarantee reduced or even below average yields. It is a yield influencing factor, but many other factors will still come into play through the rest of this growing season. Adequate rainfall, heat accumulation, insects, and disease will all have their say about the success of the 2013 crop. All you have to remember is the 2012 crop, which was one of the earliest planted crops on record.… Continue reading

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International Maize Alliance addresses global concerns

Some of the world’s major corn producing countries are formally collaborating on major global issue affecting the crop and the future of agriculture.

The U.S. Grains Council (USGC), along with the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA), MAIZAR, representing Argentina producers and the maize supply chain and ABRAMILHO (Brazilian Association of Corn Producers) signed a memorandum of understanding to form an alliance of North and South American maize (corn) producers to collaborate on a global basis to address key issues concerning food security, biotechnology, stewardship, trade and producer image.

The organizations will function under the name, MAIZALL — The International Maize Alliance.
Signatories to the memorandum representing the producer organizations included: Don Fast, Chairman, USGC; Pam Johnson, President, NCGA; Alberto Morelli, Chairman, MAIZAR; and Sergio Luiz Bortolozzo, 2nd Vice President, ABRAMILHO. The MAIZALL alliance was launched as part of the MAIZAR 2013 Congress meeting in Buenos Aires. Argentina

“Food Security is a priority for every country,” said Pam Johnson, NCGA President.… Continue reading

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Weekly Cornbelt Crop Report {May 23, 2013}

The Snapshot Tour is a daily call hosted by Jay Calhoun of Colgan Commodities covering crop progress and weather updates across the Corn Belt.. This is a summary of this week’s conversations. 

Maumee, Ohio

The Toledo area continues to be one of the most fortunate areas in Ohio and perhaps the Corn Belt.  The soil types are sandier in this area, and they could use a nice rain but it is not critical yet. The wheat crop looks good, but is about two weeks behind.  A 60-70 mile radius is reporting ideal planting conditions.  The only risk is that because  the majority of their corn crop was planted at the same time, pollinating at the same time will bear watching.

Henderson, KY

The northern Kentucky and southern Ohio areas along the Ohio River hope to get back to work in a day or two.  They hope to finish the corn planting this weekend. … Continue reading

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Dei Fratelli celebrates 90 years

Canned tomatoes, crushed tomatoes, tomato juice, pasta sauce, salsa, sauerkraut and prohibition — this may seem like a strange combination to some, but to the Hirzel family it’s what business is built on.

Now in its 90th year, the Hirzel Canning Company, producer of the Dei Fratelli brand, was started by Carl Hirzel in 1923 when prohibition left the master brewer looking for a new career.  He relocated to northwest Ohio and bought a farm where he began growing crops, which included cabbage for sauerkraut and, within a few years, tomatoes.

“Making kraut is a similar technique to making beer,” said Steve Hirzel, current Hirzel Canning Company President and member of the fourth generation of Hirzels to run the family business. “Within a few years, a lot of the merchants he was selling to said he was making great kraut and should try tomatoes since they’re grown in the area.”… Continue reading

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Ohio Certified Crop Adviser Board celebrates 20 Years

The Certified Crop Adviser Program is celebrating its 20-year anniversary. The U.S. agricultural industry designed and implemented the CCA Program in response to an increased need for agronomic expertise to address environmental concerns

The program was developed around professional training, certification and self-regulation. In 1993, testing for the certification began for any crop adviser or consultant who spends the majority of their time advising growers on agronomic practices and can meet the standards of the program. The program operates in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and India.

“CCAs are more important than ever before,” said Tim Berning, Ohio CCA board chairman. “The CCA program has respect and credibility from government agencies and private agricultural industry, and we are being looked upon to provide answers and help educate our growers on better nutrient management.”

The International Certified Crop Adviser Program is the largest voluntary agricultural certification program in North America. More than 13,000 agronomy professionals across the world have met the standards set by the American Society of Agronomy to become certified, and 576 of those are certified through the Ohio CCA Program.… Continue reading

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Tough corn planting season in China could affect markets

Farmers in the U.S. were not the only ones facing challenging spring weather this year.

An unseasonably cold and wet planting season causing farmers in Northeast China to delay planting by as much as two weeks in the country’s largest corn production region.

The planting delays are expected to cause farmers to shift acreage out of corn to soybeans according to China’s JCI Intelligence and Yumi.com, two agricultural market reporting firms.

However, JCI reports that corn acreage is expanding in Inner Mongolia, and this partly offsets the reduced acreage in Heilongjiang. Delayed planting may also affect yields as farmers turn to shorter-season and lower-yielding varieties, and make the region more vulnerable to an early frost.

The possible reduction of corn sown area in Northeast China may be mitigated by expanded corn sown area in North China.

“Peanut area expanded last year and this reduced corn sown area expansion on the North China Plain.… Continue reading

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Assessing Ohio’s corn emergence issues

While the conditions for emerging crops have generally been close to ideal in many fields, problems have been showing up.

Dekalb Asgrow agronomist Jeff Rectenwald has come across some problems with crusting in fields.

“Soil crusting and crop emergence seems to be a widespread problem in Ohio this spring. This not a hybrid specific issue, it is environmental and soil type specific,” Rectenwald said. “Growers need to be scouting their fields to determine which fields may be a candidate for rotary hoeing.”

No-till seems to have helped the situation in at least one Clark County field planted in late April with a population of 34,000.

“There are no problems, a near perfect stand. So far, no-till this spring looks pretty good. In most cases it is less susceptible to pounding rains causing emergence and crusting problems,” Rectenwald said.

Soil crusting, of course, can result in uneven emergence, though uneven emergence can be the result of several other factors as well.… Continue reading

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OSU livestock and crop budgets available

Budgeting helps guide you through your decision making process as you attempt to commit resources to the most profitable enterprises on the farm. Crops or Livestock? Corn, Soybeans, Wheat, Hay? We can begin to answer these questions with well thought out budgets that include all revenue and costs. Without some form of budgeting and some method to track your enterprises’ progress you’ll have difficulty determining your most profitable enterprise(s) and if you’ve met your goals for the farm.

Budgeting is often described as “penciling it out” before committing resources to a plan. Ohio State University Extension has had a long history of developing “Enterprise Budgets” that can be used as a starting point for producers in their budgeting process.

Newly updated Enterprise Budgets for 2013 have been completed and posted to the Farm Management Website of the Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics. Updated Enterprise Budgets can be viewed and downloaded from the following website: 
http://aede.osu.edu/research/osu-farm-management/enterprise-budgetsContinue reading

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Western Ohio land values expected to rise again in 2013

There has been no shortage of discussion in recent months about the explosion in land rent and land values in Ohio. Rumors, hearsay and Internet searching have played a significant role in this discussion. Barry Ward, OSU Extension, Leader, Production Business Management, Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics, contributes some more scientific fodder to this debate with the following article.

Ohio cropland values and cash rental rates are projected to increase in 2013. According to the Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents Survey bare cropland values in western Ohio are expected to increase from 6.8% to 15.4% in 2013 depending on the region and land class. Cash rents are expected to increase from 7.8% to 10.7% depending on the region and land class.

The “Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents” study was conducted surveying professionals knowledgeable about Ohio’s cropland markets. Surveyed groups include farm managers, rural appraisers, agricultural lenders, OSU Extension educators, farmers, landowners, and Farm Service Agency personnel.… Continue reading

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