Crops



March 22nd corn showing signs of stress {July 18 update}

On April 10, 2012 we reported on some of the first corn to come up in Ohio. It was planted on March 22, 2012 in Fayette County. We are going to follow that field along through to harvest. See the field’s complete progress from March 22nd up until now.

As you can see from the photos, the field is finally starting to show signs of stress from lack of rain.

Continue reading

Read More »

Mark Thomas, July 16

“About 30 days ago we got 1.5 inches, then we got about two tenths since then and yesterday we got an inch an a tenth. I was giggling like a kid loading manure in the rain.

“The rain was a difference maker and it just makes you feel better when you get some water. I am looking at a 100-acre field of silage and it is thick, green and lush. There are spots that are short, but it is mostly pretty tall. It is a long season corn and the tassels came out over night after the rain. My yard now has a light yellow/green tint to it instead of brown and crunchy. The hayfields and the sudangrass have greened up a little.

“These spotty rains are welcome when you can get them. I am starting to see some yellow spots in the soybeans from spider mites. I hope the rain knocked them back.… Continue reading

Read More »

Mark Dowden, July 16

“We got four tenths yesterday and we had one farm get hit with almost an inch on Thursday night. I didn’t get either rain at my house, though, and four tenths do not amount to much as dry as it has been. The high temperatures burn that moisture up really quick. We have some fields that got some rain and some that got none.

“Where we got that inch, it really perked things up. The rest is getting tough and looking worse every day. Surprisingly, I think we’ve had really good pollination. It got cool enough at night that it worked. Every day that we don’t get rain we’re going to have smaller kernels.

“We’re starting to see burnt up places over the knolls in the soybeans. There is still a lot of potential for the beans. They are podded up good but we need to get some water to fill them out.… Continue reading

Read More »

Jim Herring, July 16

 

“We had one big rain that was around two inches, right after we planted. A lot of that ran off and, in some ways, it did more harm than good. Other than that we haven’t gotten much more than two inches since the corn was planted. We just got a couple hundredths yesterday and that doesn’t do much with the high temperatures we’ve had.

“The rains were really spotty. It seems like that maybe the garden spot that keeps getting the rains could be up around Findlay, but I know they have been really spotty around there too.

“The agronomist was just out this morning and we looked at ears. I couldn’t believe how well they were pollinated. It still looks like there is good yield potential there. These hybrids have come a long way, but I just don’t know if we’ll really see good yields after this heat and dry weather.… Continue reading

Read More »

Billy Pontius, July 16

Another round of rains missed the farm. “We’re hoping for 100 bushels on corn. It has had two inches of rain since planting. You’ll see an ear that is really good and then you’ll see one that’s not good. A few ears are pollinated completely and then there will be one that only is 25% pollinated. It is all over the board depending on how much moisture the plant got.  The average of it is not good. That 100-degree heat got it. The later pollinating corn is no better off than the earlier corn because we just haven’t gotten any more moisture. The blacker dirt is holding the moisture a little better. The clay banks, though, pollinated but the some of the plants never shot an ear.

“I am surprised that, with less than two inches of rain since we planted, that this corn isn’t already dead. If we had this 10 years ago, we’d be shelling corn right now, or mowing it.… Continue reading

Read More »

Ohio's Crop Progress – July 16th, 2012

OHIO CROP WEATHER HIGHLIGHTS

The average temperature for the State was 75.2 degrees, 1.8 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, July 15, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.27 inches, 0.71 inches below normal. There were 155 modified growing degree days, 5 days below normal. Reporters rated 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, July 13, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 63 percent very short, 31 percent short, 6 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus.

FIELD ACTIVITIES AND CROP PROGRESS WEEK ENDING SUNDAY JULY 15th, 2012

Conditions throughout the state are hot and dry, which has continued to put significant stress on both crops and livestock. There has been some rain this week, most has been spotty and duration short. Field activities for the week were baling hay, harvesting oats, spraying, mowing CRP, and manure application to wheat fallow acres.

As of Sunday July 15th, 67 percent of corn was silked(tasseled), which was 62 percent ahead of last year and 38 percent ahead of the five-year average.… Continue reading

Read More »

Ohio’s Crop Progress – July 16th, 2012

OHIO CROP WEATHER HIGHLIGHTS

The average temperature for the State was 75.2 degrees, 1.8 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, July 15, 2012. Precipitation averaged 0.27 inches, 0.71 inches below normal. There were 155 modified growing degree days, 5 days below normal. Reporters rated 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, July 13, 2012. Topsoil moisture was rated 63 percent very short, 31 percent short, 6 percent adequate, and 0 percent surplus.

FIELD ACTIVITIES AND CROP PROGRESS WEEK ENDING SUNDAY JULY 15th, 2012

Conditions throughout the state are hot and dry, which has continued to put significant stress on both crops and livestock. There has been some rain this week, most has been spotty and duration short. Field activities for the week were baling hay, harvesting oats, spraying, mowing CRP, and manure application to wheat fallow acres.

As of Sunday July 15th, 67 percent of corn was silked(tasseled), which was 62 percent ahead of last year and 38 percent ahead of the five-year average.… Continue reading

Read More »

Panama Canal provide exciting opportunities for U.S. ag

A conversation with David Blankenship, with the Ohio Soybean Council, who was on a recent trade mission to Panama.

OCJ: First, what was the purpose for your recent trip to Panama?

David: I recently took a trip to Panama representing the Ohio Soybean Council to see firsthand and learn more about projects that the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean checkoff helps fund in partnership with USSEC.

OCJ: What were some of the highlights from the trip?

David: Seeing the Panama Canal first hand and watching the efficiency of the operation was amazing for a canal that transits such large volume. It is not only important to the Panama economy but it is also very important to U.S. soybean farmers and Ohio soybean farmers. The Panama Canal allows for easy transit of U.S. grown soybeans to be shipped over 144 commercial maritime routes worldwide.

OCJ: What is the status of the new expansion of the Panama Canal?… Continue reading

Read More »

Fungicides in a dry year: Plant health gimmick or miracle of science?

By Matt Reese

Some think it’s bunk and some swear that it bolsters big yields. In the ongoing debate over whether fungicides in corn really provide plant health benefits beyond treating fungal diseases, university scientists can’t seem to find any clear conclusions that support the plant health argument, particularly in a dry year like 2012. Well, the fine folks at BASF seem to think otherwise and they have some pictures that they feel prove their point.

Brian Essinger, an Ohio-based BASF Innovation Specialist, recently sent this email:

“A friend and colleague of mine just sent me these pictures from NW Illinois.  They were taken at the request of the grower because he could not believe what he was seeing after it going through a week and a half of 95-100+ degree heat.  THIS CORN FIELD HAS NOT RECEIVED ANY RAIN SINCE FATHER’S DAY WEEKEND WHEN IT GOT A COUPLE OF TENTHS.… Continue reading

Read More »

USDA working with retailers to verify food safety

When buying produce, many consumers note food safety as one of the most important things they consider.  Consumers prefer produce backed by trustworthy verified and certified processes. As a result, more retail and foodservice sectors are requiring growers to undergo food safety audits.  In an effort to meet this demand, USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) Fresh Products Division, which provides voluntary, audit-based programs utilizing Good Agricultural Practices and Good Handling Practices (GAP/GHP), recently reached an agreement with Wal-Mart.

The division will now provide auditing services to verify farmers are meeting the requirements of the Produce GAP Harmonized Food Safety Standards along with Wal-Mart-specific food safety requirements. The integration of our auditing services into retail purchasing processes helps local farmers meet the quality assurances needed to sell their fruits and vegetables to nationwide chains, such as Wal-Mart.

“Having the right tools and partners to ensure the safety of our food is critical,” said Frank Yiannas, Vice President of Food Safety for Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.… Continue reading

Read More »

Silage an option for drought-stressed corn

Farmers with drought-damaged cornfields could consider harvesting the crop for livestock feed to salvage some of its value and to help livestock producers supplement short forage supplies, says a Purdue Extension forage specialist.

Damaged corn can be harvested as either whole-plant silage or green chop, but, either way, growers and livestock producers need to be aware of how it can affect feed quality and animal health.

“Feeding value of drought-stressed corn is influenced by several factors but in general is higher than expected,” Keith Johnson said. “Most studies indicate feed value of drought-stressed corn to be 80 to 100% that of normal silage.”

Purdue University studies showed little or no difference in feedlot gain or milk production when beef and dairy cattle were fed normal or stressed corn silage. But, as a rule, Johnson said drought-stressed corn will have slightly more fiber and less energy, but 1-2% more protein than normal silage.… Continue reading

Read More »

USDA report sets stage for “short crop, long tail”

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile 

USDA this morning estimated the 2012 U.S. corn yield at 146 bushels per acre. Many would call this a surprise when you look at the average trade estimate was 154. The range was 147 to 162. Last month the corn yield was estimated at 166 bushels per acre. Minutes before the report was released December corn was trading at $7.28, up 9.5 cents. At 8:45 am December corn was trading at $7.44, up 25.5 cents.

 

The U.S. soybean yield was estimated at 40.5 bushels per acre. The average trade estimate was 42.3 bushels per acre. The range was 41.3-43.9. The estimate last month was 43.9 bushels per acre. At 8:45 November soybeans were $15.70 up 31.5 cents. Just prior to the report soybeans were $15.54.

Weeks prior to this report many traders had a target of $7.40 for December corn. Today in early trading December corn had reached $7.48.Continue reading

Read More »

USDA report sets stage for "short crop, long tail"

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile 

USDA this morning estimated the 2012 U.S. corn yield at 146 bushels per acre. Many would call this a surprise when you look at the average trade estimate was 154. The range was 147 to 162. Last month the corn yield was estimated at 166 bushels per acre. Minutes before the report was released December corn was trading at $7.28, up 9.5 cents. At 8:45 am December corn was trading at $7.44, up 25.5 cents.

 

The U.S. soybean yield was estimated at 40.5 bushels per acre. The average trade estimate was 42.3 bushels per acre. The range was 41.3-43.9. The estimate last month was 43.9 bushels per acre. At 8:45 November soybeans were $15.70 up 31.5 cents. Just prior to the report soybeans were $15.54.

Weeks prior to this report many traders had a target of $7.40 for December corn. Today in early trading December corn had reached $7.48.Continue reading

Read More »

USDA working with retailers to verify food safety

When buying produce, many consumers note food safety as one of the most important things they consider.  Consumers prefer produce backed by trustworthy verified and certified processes. As a result, more retail and foodservice sectors are requiring growers to undergo food safety audits.  In an effort to meet this demand, USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) Fresh Products Division, which provides voluntary, audit-based programs utilizing Good Agricultural Practices and Good Handling Practices (GAP/GHP), recently reached an agreement with Wal-Mart.

The division will now provide auditing services to verify farmers are meeting the requirements of the Produce GAP Harmonized Food Safety Standards along with Wal-Mart-specific food safety requirements. The integration of our auditing services into retail purchasing processes helps local farmers meet the quality assurances needed to sell their fruits and vegetables to nationwide chains, such as Wal-Mart.

“Having the right tools and partners to ensure the safety of our food is critical,” said Frank Yiannas, Vice President of Food Safety for Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.… Continue reading

Read More »

Soybeans reaching critical point for moisture

By Matt Reese

With hope gone for high corn yields in many parts of the state, attention has shifted to the needs of the soybean crop as it enters the time of the growing season when moisture is most needed. Soybeans have pushed through the tough conditions in many fields but will still need some rain to perform in 2012.

“With most of the state experiencing at least moderate drought conditions and high temperatures, soybeans are exhibiting

symptoms of water stress. A visual indication of soybean water stress includes flipped leaves,” said Laura Lindsey, the new Ohio State University Extension soybean specialist. “The flipped leaves expose a silver-green underside which reflects light. In more severe cases, the outer leaves of the trifoliate will close together to reduce the leaf area exposed to sunlight and reduce water loss. Water-stressed soybeans will grow slower and have smaller leaves compared to soybeans growing with adequate soil moisture.”… Continue reading

Read More »

Corn yield hopes hang on pollination success

Recent rains in some parts of Ohio may not be enough to stem the damage from high temperatures and drought conditions during corn pollination, according to an Ohio State University Extension specialist.

Pollination is the stage in corn development most sensitive to such stress conditions, said Peter Thomison, an OSU Extension agronomist.

Severe drought stress before and during pollination could cause a delay in silk emergence. If the delay lasts long enough, little or no pollen is available for fertilization when the silks finally appear, he said.

“When such delays in silking are lengthy, varying degrees of barrenness will result,” Thomison said. “This year it’s likely that silk emergence will be delayed in many drought-stressed corn fields unless we get some significant rain very soon.”

Thomison, who is also a professor in Ohio State’s Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, said the drought may be the major headline of the 2012 corn crop.… Continue reading

Read More »

Alfalfa can handle the drought

Ohio growers may find that although alfalfa can weather the current extreme heat and drought conditions from a quality standpoint, there will be less alfalfa overall because of the lack of moisture the region continues to experience, an Ohio State University Extension educator said.

An established alfalfa plant has a deep taproot allowing it to extract moisture from the soil and continue growing even under drought conditions, said Rory Lewandowski, an agricultural and natural resources educator for OSU Extension.

And while the plants can go into a prolonged dormancy in drought conditions and still recover when it rains, the short-term forecast calls for continued hot, dry weather, he said. So growers whose plants have regrowth beginning to bloom at 4 to 6 inches need to know that there will be little additional tonnage gained by delaying harvest, Lewandowski said.

“The bottom line is that drought-induced moisture stress can cause plants to move through maturity stages quicker, and plants bloom sooner on fewer and shorter stems,” he said.… Continue reading

Read More »

Billy Pontius, Fairfield County, July 9

 

“We haven’t had rain since Friday June 29 and we only got four tenths out of that. It is crucial right now. I have checked some pollination and there are some pretty serious problems in pollination on some of this corn. Being 100 degrees and pollinating is not good. It has been pollinating for about two weeks. I would say maybe 20% never even pollinated. Even if it did pollinate, if it doesn’t get any rain it will abort the kernels.

“A lot of the corn is fired and is turning brown halfway up the stalk. Some plants may not even have an ear on them. A substantial amount of rain is the only thing that is gong to help this corn. Even then, I think we’d be lucky to hit 150-bushel corn. It is hard to guess, but I would say 100- to 150-bushel corn would catch most of my crop this year.… Continue reading

Read More »

Mark Thomas, Stark County, July 9

“We set a record high of 101 on Saturday. It was windy and there was no rain. We haven’t had any of the devastating stuff, but we are extremely dry. On July 5, we got less than a half a tenth and that is all we had in the last couple of weeks. Some of the crops are looking really stressed. We have some corn that has the gray pineapple look to it and there is no rain in the forecast. I am optimistic that, with these cool nights, we’ll get a good dew to help hold things over and back some of the stress off a little bit. We’re not to total devastation yet like some people are with hail and winds.

“Corn in the area has tasseled and is pollinating. Most of that corn is about 75% or 80%, but it needs moisture to pollinate. Our corn is maybe a week away from tasseling.… Continue reading

Read More »

Mark Dowden, Champaign County, July 9

 

“We got some rain out of the wind storm. We got an inch to two inches out of that. The worst wind went through south of us. A farmer down around St. Paris lost four 40,000-bushel bins and one 30,000-bushel bin. His dryer, augers and 28% tank blew over. A bunch of buildings lost roofs. The wind laid the corn over is some areas. It was bad in a few spots.

“The corn is all tasseled out and pollinating right now. At least it isn’t 100-degrees right now and we’re supposed to stay in the 80s this week. Some of it was pollinating in the 100-degree temperatures, though. Time will tell, but we’re going to have to have some more water. I don’t know how much we’ve been hurt. It is hard to tell.

“The corn was curled pretty good even just a couple of days after the last rain.… Continue reading

Read More »