Crops

SCN Profit Checker

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and Soybean check-off

There is a new tool available to soybean farmers, free of charge, to evaluate the profitability of soybean production in the presence of Soybean Cyst Nematode (SCN). Developed by the SCN coalition, the SCN Profit Checker can be found at: https://www.thescncoalition.com/profitchecker/calculator/

Dr. Horacio Lopez-Nicora, OSU Extension Soybean Pathologist and Nematologist, explained the tool and the information needed to input for an individual field calculation. “To start, the tool asks for a farmer to input how much SCN is in the field. This is provided by the lab that analyzes your soil sample. It should be represented in the unit of number of SCN eggs per 100cc of soil,” said Lopez-Nicora. “The second information requested is a female index on PI 88788.”

“The female index on PI 88788 is basically a number that represents the amount that specific population of SCN can reproduce on soybeans with the PI 88788 resistance gene,” said Lopez-Nicora.… Continue reading

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Louis Dreyfus Company breaks ground for major Ohio soybean facility

Upper Sandusky played host to the recent groundbreaking of the much anticipated soybean processing plant from the Louis Dreyfus Company. Dignitaries, leaders, and company officials were on hand to celebrate the move that promises a new market and state-of-the-art facilities for area farmers.

In this video, Ohio Ag Net hears perspectives from Ohio Governor Mike DeWine, Louis Dreyfus Company CEO Mike Gelchie, Ohio Soybean Association President Rusty Goebel, and LDC’s Ryan Martin among others.… Continue reading

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Forecast for the 2024 Lake Erie algal bloom

COLUMBUS, Ohio (OFBF) – The 2024 algal bloom is expected to have a severity index of 5, according to the final forecast from the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration (NOAA). This forecast, based on a 1 to 10 scale, uses an ensemble of different models, which consider phosphorus loading into Lake Erie during the spring and early summer.

The mainly wet weather pattern in early spring caused the flow of water systems within the Western Lake Erie Basin to be above normal in March and April, creating what is considered a “mildly severe” algal bloom forecast by NOAA.

“It’s important to note that more of the heavier spring rainfalls occurred well before nutrients were applied to farm fields for the 2024 growing season,” said Jordan Hoewischer, director of water quality research with Ohio Farm Bureau. “It will be interesting to see how the bloom acts in the heart of summer, and if the bloom is above the range of past years, we have to really assess the data and learn more about where the nutrient load is coming from.”… Continue reading

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Do You Have Soybean Cyst Nematode?

By Matt Hutcheson, CCA, Soybean Lead/Field Agronomist, Seed Consultants, Inc.

Typically, soybeans may begin to show symptoms of Soybean Cyst Nematode (SCN) damage by July 1st. SCN is a parasitic roundworm that feeds on the soybean root system. The cyst stage of the nematode’s life cycle is when the female nematode is filled with eggs. Cysts are visible throughout the summer on soybean roots and will appear as small, white, and lemon-shaped. After the female matures, these cysts are hard to see. When trying to identify SCN presence on soybean roots, it is important not to confuse cysts with Rhizobium nodules (where N fixation takes place).

How can you determine if SCN is causing damage and yield loss to your soybeans? Injury symptoms include yellowing and stunting of plants. These symptoms may appear in patches of a field. These patches may grow from year to year; especially in the direction a field is tilled.… Continue reading

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Managing stored grain in warm temperatures

It takes a lot of work for farmers to grow and harvest a successful grain crop. That’s why monitoring grain bins is so important to protect the quality of stored grain, especially as temperatures warm up.

“Bins can heat up really fast when sunlight hits them during spring and summer,” said Dave Ellis, GSI district manager. “Protecting quality grain means less dockage at the elevator and more money for your bushels.”

His recommendations include:

  • During spring, keep the grain temperature within 10 degrees of the ambient average to prevent condensation that can lead to grain spoilage. After the outside temperature gets above 50, manage aeration to keep the grain as cool as possible for the rest of the summer.
  • Check grain at least weekly by climbing to the top of the bin, but avoid entering to avoid the risk of entrapment. Crusting on the top layer or any off smell could indicate spoilage and the need to equalize bin and exterior temperatures with aeration.
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Fascinating Facts About Soybean Cyst Nematode

By Pamela Smith, DTN Crops Technology Editor, Copyright DTN, LLC. Used by permission.

When it comes to soybean adversaries, there is no threat bigger than soybean cyst nematode (SCN). The cheeky interloper hitchhikes into fields and steals yield — all while unscrupulously multiplying and without giving an aboveground sign of its freeloading ways.

Those of us who follow agronomy topics write about SCN regularly. I can safely say that I have devoted more words to this pest than any other. Still, it remains stubbornly persistent and underestimated as a pest.

Last fall DTN decided to double down on our coverage. We asked two farmers to soil sample a field for SCN and share their results as part of a project sponsored by The SCN Coalition, a public/private/checkoff partnership formed to encourage growers to actively manage this pest, which is estimated to cost farmers $1.5 billion annually.

For the last few days, you’ve been reading about all about that and more about SCN as part of a series called: Stomp on SCN Yield Losses.… Continue reading

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Scorching days lead to parched lands

Conditions turned very dry with extreme heat, according to Ben Torrance, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 19 percent very short, 42 percent short, 38 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on June 23 was 80.2 degrees, 9.6 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.41 inches of precipitation, 0.48 inches below average. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 23.

Farmers reported crop stress with the lack of rain and heat conditions. Corn condition was rated 60 percent good to excellent while soybean condition was rated 61 percent good to excellent, each down from the previous week. Winter wheat was 86 percent mature, and 17 percent of the crop was harvested. Winter wheat crop condition was rated 70 percent good to excellent, down from the previous week. Oat progress advanced 43 percent headed.… Continue reading

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BASF unveils Nemasphere nematode resistance trait, the new standard of nematode management for soybean farmers

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, NC, June 10, 2024 – BASF Agricultural Solutions has introduced Nemasphere™ nematode resistance trait, the most groundbreaking innovation in soybean cyst nematode (SCN) management in over 60 years. Nemasphere is the first and only biotechnology trait for SCN, the number one yield-robbing pest in soybeans in the United States. Harnessing a completely novel mode of action, Nemasphere will be stacked with the Enlist E3® technology and available in a full range of the top-performing and best-yielding soybean seed varieties, allowing farmers unmatched SCN resistance without compromising yield potential. 

Nematodes are the leading cause of soybean yield loss in the United States, costing growers an estimated $1.5 billion in yield annually.[1] Compounding the problem, the effectiveness of native SCN traits is declining significantly. To combat this problem, Nemasphere produces a novel Cry14 protein that is ingested by nematodes, interfering with nutrient uptake in their intestines and leading to the nematodes’ death.… Continue reading

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Sign up for USDA’s Grassland Conservation Reserve Program now open  

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced that agricultural producers and private landowners can now sign up for the Grassland Conservation Reserve Program (Grassland CRP). The signup runs through June 28, 2024. Grassland CRP, offered by USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA), is a voluntary working lands conservation program that enables participants to conserve grasslands and provide important conservation benefits for wildlife, soil health and carbon sequestration, all while continuing most grazing and haying practices. 

“Grassland CRP is a vital conservation tool that supports two of USDA’s top priorities: the wellbeing of American agriculture and the health of America’s grasslands, which provide critical environmental benefits for wildlife and carbon sequestration,” said Zach Ducheneaux, FSA Administrator. “Over the past three years, we have seen historic interest in the Grassland Conservation Reserve Program with producers signing up to conserve over 6.8 million acres. This historic interest from agriculture has proven that agricultural productivity and conservation priorities are not exclusive from one another, but can coexist and, more importantly, complement and enhance one another.” … Continue reading

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2024 Corn Yield Contest deadlines

The early entry deadline for the National Corn Yield Contest is June 30. The $75 early entry fee saves $35 per entry. The final deadline is Aug. 14.

Entering the National Corn Yield Contest automatically enters Ohio participants in the Ohio Corn Yield Contest. For those interested in the Nitrogen Management Class, the rules have been updated since last harvest season and are found in the contest link. All information on the Corn Yield Contest is at: https://www.ncga.com/get-involved/national-corn-yield-contest

“We hope to significantly increase our entries in the contests this year and with the prizes and cooperation with our generous sponsors, these are great incentives to get involved,” said Brad Moffitt, ethanol specialist and yield contests Manager for Ohio Corn & Wheat.

Ohio prizes are:

State Winner: Unverferth Seed Tender free lease

State Runner-up: BASF Fungicide

300 Bushel Club Awards: Buckeye Crop Care.

In addition, Ohio Corn & Wheat will again host the “Celebration of Corn & Wheat” to recognize Ohio’s district and state champions plus growers hitting the 300 bushel-per-acre mark.… Continue reading

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First-of-Its-Kind Research Identifies $400 Million in Unrealized Soybean Value

By the United Soybean Board, The Soy Hopper

In some instances, two heads are better than one. For a new multi-regional research effort, five organizations put their heads together to achieve full genetic yield potential of the soybean. A new partnership, the first of its kind in more than 40 years, aims to increase soybean flower and pod retention. This unrealized value could bring $50 per acre or $400 million in economic return for U.S. soybean farmers.

The collaborative focus will test how heat and drought impact flower bud retention. Flower production dictates the final pod number and, ultimately, yield in soybeans. The Atlantic Soybean Council, Mid-South Soybean Board, North Central Soybean Research Program, Southern Soybean Research Program and United Soybean Board all agree this is a priority issue impacting the entire industry.

“Farmer-leaders across the major soybean regions came together and asked: ‘What roadblocks do we face, and how can we combine research dollars to make the most impact?’”… Continue reading

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Ohio Christmas Tree Summer Meeting

As part of the annual summer meeting, the Ohio Christmas Tree Association will host the Mid-America Christmas Tree Association at Timbuk Farms in Licking County July 19 and 20. Session topic will include:  wreath decorating, home and event decorating, retail tips, online marketing and social media, business plan creation, shearing, new grower information and a tour of the farm. Registration starts at 7 a.m. Friday and programming runs through 3 p.m. on Saturday. For more information visit: ohiochristmastree.org/summer-meeting.… Continue reading

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New program supports the use of composts as a conservation practice

By Frederick Michel, Jr.

Farmers have known for centuries, and research has demonstrated, that composts can provide multiple benefits to crop, pasture and forest soils. These include providing slow-release nutrients, increasing plant growth and health, enlivening soil microbial communities, increasing soil carbon content, aggregation and water holding capacity, and sequestering carbon to help reduce climate change. The composting process itself redirects valuable plant nutrients and carbon in organic wastes from landfilling, where they degrade anaerobically and emit powerful greenhouse gases like methane. These benefits fall well within the mission of the U.S. Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), USDA’s primary conservation agency, to “deliver conservation solutions so agricultural producers can protect natural resources and feed a growing world.”

In 2018, the NRCS introduced a new Interim Conservation Practice Standard called the Soil Carbon Amendment, that proposed guidelines for the application of compost, biochar and other organic materials. The purpose of the program is to improve or maintain soil organic matter, sequester carbon and enhance soil carbon (C) stocks, improve soil aggregate stability and improve habitat for soil organisms, all properties that composts provide.… Continue reading

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Ohio Soybean Council announces Board of Trustees election

The Ohio Soybean Council (OSC) Board of Trustees has five district seats up for election this year. All eligible candidates interested in running for the OSC Board must obtain at least 15 valid signatures on the petition available at www.soyohio.org/petition

All petitions must be submitted to the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) by mail and must be postmarked no later than July 5, 2024, and received by July 12, 2024.

OSC is the Qualified State Soybean Board for Ohio and manages state soybean checkoff dollars. The OSC Board is made up of farmer volunteers who direct the investment of checkoff dollars to improve the profitability of Ohio soybean farmers.

Districts up for election are:

  • District 1 – Fulton, Henry, Lucas, and Williams counties
    • Incumbent Todd Hesterman is eligible to run for re-election 
  • District 2 – Erie, Ottawa, Sandusky, and Wood counties
    • Incumbent Nathan Eckel is term-limited 
  • District 5 – Allen, Hancock, and Putnam counties
    • Incumbent Jeff McKanna is eligible to run for re-election 
  • District 9 – Delaware, Marion, Morrow, and Union counties
    • Incumbent Mike Ralph is eligible to run for re-election 
  • District 13 – Adams, Brown, Clermont, Clinton, Highland, and Warren counties
    • Incumbent David Clark is eligible to run for re-election 

To be eligible for election to the OSC Board, you must live in a county in the districts listed and be a soybean producer engaged in the growing of soybeans in the state of Ohio who owns or shares the ownership and risk of loss of soybeans at any time during the three-year period immediately preceding November 15 of the current year.  … Continue reading

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Slug Management Considerations and Statewide Monitoring Update

By Dr. Kelley Tilmon, adapted from C.O.R.N. 2024-18

We have been receiving more reports this season than usual of slug damage in corn and soybeans, either through plant feeding or through seed feeding in open seed trenches.  Emerging corn plants are less susceptible to lasting damage than soybean plants because the growing point of corn is below the ground when the plant emerges, so the corn will continue to put out new leaves, even if defoliated.  In soybean, the growing point is within the emerging cotyledons – feeding here can damage the growing point, killing the plant.  On the other hand, soybeans can tolerate more stand loss than corn without losing yield, because the existing plants bush out and become larger, up to a point.  For advice on soybean replant decisions, visit https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/14-2021/soybean-stand-evaluation-and-re-plant-decisions

Not many treatment options are available for slugs in corn and soybean.  The most effective treatment to date is baited pellets containing metaldehyde. … Continue reading

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Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Ep. 352 |Cultivating Connection From Farm to Table

In this week’s podcast, host Matt Reese speaks with Gina Orr from FreshORR Farms in Perry County, highlighting their journey selling farm products through Lancaster’s Keller Market House. Erin Harvey, the general manager of Keller Market House, joins to discuss the local food economy and its impact on the community.

The episode features audio from Joel Penhorwood’s interview with Wendy Osborn, Director of Market Development for Ohio Corn & Wheat, providing updates and reminders about Ohio’s wheat crop and the wheat market.

Joel also speaks with Jerry and Reggie Regula of JNR Farms about a recent soybean train derailment on their property, offering insights into the challenges faced by local farmers.… Continue reading

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Stewarding soybeans, livestock, and neighborly relations on the edge of suburbia

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and Soybean Check-off

Perrysburg Ohio, with a population of over 25,000 is on the southeast edge of Toledo and is a booming community. The city’s water towers, new housing developments and warehouses are within eye shot of Eckel Grain Farm and Cattle Company. The Eckel family has been farming in northern Wood County for six generations. Nathan, Nick, and Nolan Eckel, along with the help of their grandfather, have been farming fertile lakebed soils since the boys’ father passed away in 2010.

The Eckels grow approximately 2,000 acres of corn, soybeans, wheat and some hay, as well as have a feedlot for Holstein steers. Their operation stretches 20 miles (10 miles either way from the base of operations) with new housing developments and suburban expansion mixed throughout. One of the challenges they experience with urban sprawl is the traffic congestion and taking large equipment down narrow roads to travel from one field to another.… Continue reading

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New online database boosts fertilizer knowledge sharing

When growing crops, fertilizer is a critical component. Too often, however, knowing what type of fertilizer to use, how much to apply, where, and when for peak crop production can be a major challenge for growers. 

Soil scientists and agronomists at The Ohio State University are part of a national team of over 100 agricultural professionals that has launched a new tool to pave the way for future advancements in crop nutrient management. The team represents nearly 50 universities, USDA, not-for-profit organizations, and one private sector partner. 

Manbir Rakkar, assistant professor of soil fertility and nutrient management in Ohio State’s College of Food, Agricultural, Environmental, and Environmental Sciences, is part of the team and is excited about the new online national soil fertility database and decision support tool, called the Fertilizer Recommendation Support Tool (FRST). 

“FRST provides unbiased, science-based interpretation of soil test phosphorus and potassium values for crop fertilization from across the U.S.… Continue reading

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It’s not too early to take action: Minimize vomitoxin at harvest

By Luke Schulte, CCA, Beck’s Hybrids

The wide planting window throughout the state has led to a large variance in the growth stage of our corn crops. However, for some, fungicide season will be here before we know it.

Over the years, vomitoxin (VOM) in corn has become increasingly more common. Much of this is due to the increase of relative humidity levels post-pollination. Vomitoxin begins as gibberella ear mold. The causal pathogen, fusarium graminearum, is present to some degree in most all fields but is especially abundant in fields with a history of gib ear mold, fields with minimal air movement, and often corn after corn fields.

Infection primarily enters the ear via silk channels, particularly the straggler green, unpollinated silks remaining after pollen shed has concluded.

Infection primarily enters the ear via silk channels, particularly the straggler green, unpollinated silks remaining after pollen shed has concluded. The fungus will attach and grow down the silk to infect the ear.… Continue reading

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