Crops



Wheat rapidly approaching maturity, harvest beginning

Crop conditions declined slightly from the previous week as dry weather continued, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 72 percent adequate to surplus, down 17 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending June 27 were on par with historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.73 inches of precipitation. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 27.

Farmers made hay, side-dressed corn, and applied herbicides. Oats headed was 89 percent complete and oats condition was rated 69 percent good to excellent. Corn emerged progress was complete while corn condition was rated 71 percent good to excellent. Soybeans emerged was complete while early planted soybeans began to bloom. Soybeans condition was rated 68 percent good to excellent. Winter wheat mature was rated 60 percent complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 72 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Double-crop soybean recommendations

By Dr. Laura Lindsey and Eric Richer, CCA, Adapted from C.O.R.N. 19-2021

Wheat harvest is rapidly approaching, and with relatively high soybean prices, we anticipate many growers will be interested in double-cropping soybean after wheat. According to the U.S. drought monitor (https://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/), areas bordering Michigan are abnormally dry, but throughout the rest of the state, soil moisture is good. Early wheat harvest, high soybean prices, and adequate soil moisture make double-crop soybean an attractive option in 2021.

The two primary requirements for successful double-cropping are: 1) adequate time to produce the soybean crop and 2) adequate water. In Ohio south of I-70, double-crop soybean production is common as there is generally adequate time to produce soybean; however, yield can be variable depending on soil moisture and rainfall. In Clark County Ohio, we’ve had double-crop soybean yield averages of 50 bushels per acre, but as low as 21 bushel per acre when water was limiting.

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June 24 CORN Live Webinar focuses on weeds in soybeans and wheat harvest

By Mary GriffithAmanda DouridasMike EstadtWill Hamman, Ohio State University Extension

The next session of CORN Live is this Thursday, June 24th from 8:00 – 9:00 am. This week’s webinar will touch on a variety of issues, starting with a crop progress report and field updates from Jason Hartschuh, Extension Educator in Crawford County, and a review of weed management in soybeans with Mark Loux, Professor and Extension Specialist in Weed Science at OSU.

In many parts of Ohio, wind or rain have reduced spray days allowing weeds to grow to a size that is tougher to control. Loux will be available to answer questions about adjustments to weed control programs.

Brad Moffitt, Director of Market Development and Membership at Ohio Corn and Wheat, and John Hoffman, Pickaway County farmer, will also be online to review this year’s growing season for wheat and talk about getting started with wheat harvest.… Continue reading

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Leveraging technology and nutrient management

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean check-off

Thousands of people travel North on Route 23 and West across U.S. Route 6 on their way to Lake Erie, the islands, and Cedar Point every summer, driving right past the farm of Lowell and David Myerholtz. That means thousands of people observing the Myerholtz’s farming practices that have a direct impact on the lake the travelers are headed to visit.

“As we see the boats and campers go by, we know they are headed to Lake Erie, and it keeps it in the front of our mind where our water goes, and it doesn’t take very long to get there,” said Lowell Myerholtz. “If the rain is carrying our nitrogen or phosphorus away into the river and lake, we are hurting ourselves and the lake.”

Lowell and David Myerholtz have been utilizing strip-till for several years as a best management practice on their farm.

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Nutrient deficiencies and slug issues

By James Hoorman, Hoorman Soil Health Services

Summer has officially arrived and nutrient deficiencies and pests are now a problem.  Healthy plants have less problems with disease and insects, so optimum plant nutrition is important for keeping pests at bay and optimizing crop yields.  Several nutrients may be part of the problem.

Nitrogen is a corn macro-nutrient that farmers apply pre-plant, with corn starter fertilizer, or side-dress applications.  Nitrogen fertilizer can easily be lost depending on how much rain has occurred and whether inhibitors were used.  Nitrogen deficient corn is often seen in low areas or flooded fields.  Sulphur deficiency on corn leaves is becoming more common, seen as yellow striping with green veins and spindly plants.   Sulfur is the fourth most important nutrient needed by plants and is used in protein synthesis and to produce chlorophyll for photosynthesis.  Soybeans need sulfur for nodule formation and wheat to improve grain quality.

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Crop conditions positive, haymaking continues

Adequate conditions for crop growth continued with precipitation and windy conditions occurring in some
areas, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 89 percent adequate to surplus, down one percent from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending June 20 were 0.9 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.84 inches of precipitation. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 20.

Farmers sprayed and fertilized crops. Oats headed was 76 percent complete and oats condition was rated 73 percent good to excellent. Corn emerged progress was 98 percent and corn condition was rated 76 percent good to excellent. Soybeans planted progress was complete while soybeans emerged reached 95 percent. Winter wheat headed was complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 76 percent good to excellent condition. Pasture and range condition was rated 83 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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SoyOhio.Org and carbon market information

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean check-off

Carbon Markets are being promoted everywhere in agriculture. They are advertised on the internet, in farm publications, and through major ag retailers. This has not gone unnoticed by many of Ohio’s farmers interested in diversifying their revenue sources. At recent board meetings of The Ohio Soybean Council and the Ohio Soybean Association, carbon market opportunities were a central discussion point. Soybean producers in Ohio are represented by farmers board members on the Ohio Soybean Council, which is the managing arm of the Soybean Check-off program, and the Ohio Soybean Association, which is the policy arm. A joint committee was created from both boards to further explore carbon market opportunities for Ohio’s soybean growers.

“Direction from the joint committee to Ohio soybean staff members was to explore carbon, think through what options are available to farmers, and what do farmers need to know about these programs to make an informed decision,” said Julia Brown, Communications Manager for the Ohio Soybean Council and Ohio Soybean Association.

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USDA reminds Ohio producers to file crop acreage reports

Agricultural producers in Ohio who have not yet completed their crop acreage reports after planting should make an appointment with their U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) office before the applicable deadline.

“Many USDA programs require producers to file an accurate crop acreage report by the applicable deadline,” said Mark VanHoose, Acting State Executive Director in Ohio. “Our FSA staff can assist producers in completing acreage reports, including providing maps.”

An acreage report documents a crop grown on a farm or ranch and its intended uses. Filing an accurate and timely acreage report for all crops and land uses, including failed acreage and prevented planted acreage, can prevent the loss of benefits.

The following acreage reporting dates are applicable for:

July 15, 2021 — Report all your burley tobacco, cabbage (planted 3/19/21-5/31/21), corn, grain sorghum, hybrid corn seed, spring oats, popcorn, potatoes, soybeans, sugar beets, tomatoes and all other spring-seeded crops.… Continue reading

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Inputs to consider in 2021

By Luke Schulte, Beck’s Hybrids

The casinos of Las Vegas were not built upon the hopes of the “house” winning more than the gambling participants. While farming is a gamble considering the unknown of weather, having a more predictable response to specific inputs is always beneficial. 

Beck’s Practical Farm Research (PFR) team has evaluated hundreds of products and practices over the years. In an effort to provide farmers with a list of products and practices that resulted in the greatest consistency of ROI, Beck’s developed their PFR Proven designation in 2017. For a product or practice to earn the distinction of PFR Proven, it needs to have been tested a minimum of 3 years, must provide a positive yield gain each year, and it must average a positive return on investment over that 3-year period.

June/July PRF proven products

Humika (Sidedress Nitrogen Additive) 

Humic substances, those containing carbon like humic acids, provide several benefits to both the soil and plants.… Continue reading

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Vineyard Expansion Assistance Program open to Ohio vineyards

2021 Vineyard Expansion Assistance Program (VEAP) is now open to new and existing Ohio vineyards. VEAP allows wineries to invest in and plant high-quality, high-value grapes onsite instead of purchasing them from other states. The VEAP is an incentive program created and funded by the Ohio Grape Industries Committee (OGIC). 

Due to the small number of grapes produced in Ohio, many wineries, farmers markets’, and retailers are forced to purchase grapes of several different varieties from other states in order to meet production needs. The VEAP is designed to provide a more stable source of high-quality, high-value grapes grown in Ohio. Additionally, the program will allow for more Ohio wines to qualify for the Ohio Quality Wine (OQW) program and increase consumer awareness of Ohio’s premier wines made from Ohio-grown grapes.

The VEAP funding will cover only the cost of the grape vines planted. OGIC has allocated $90,000 for this competitive program.… Continue reading

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Ohio Soybean Council announces Board of Trustees election

The Ohio Soybean Council (OSC) Board of Trustees has five district seats up for election this year. All eligible candidates interested in running for the OSC Board must obtain at least 15 valid signatures on the petition available at www.soyohio.org/petition

All petitions must be submitted to the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) by mail and must be postmarked no later than July 6, 2021, and received by July 13, 2021.

OSC is the Qualified State Soybean Board for Ohio and manages state soybean checkoff dollars. The OSC Board is made up of farmer volunteers who direct the investment of checkoff dollars to improve the profitability of Ohio soybean farmers.

Districts up for election are:

  • District 1: Fulton, Henry, Lucas, and Williams Counties — incumbent Todd Hesterman is eligible to run for another term.
  • District 2: Erie, Ottawa, Sandusky, and Wood Counties — incumbent Nathan Eckel is eligible to run for another term.
  • District 5: Allen, Hancock, and Putnam Counties — incumbent Bill Bateson is term-limited.
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Roughstalk bluegrass in cereal grain and forage crops

 By Richard PurdinTaylor DillLes Ober, CCA, Ohio State University Extension

With wheat harvest underway, keep an eye out for a new and emerging weed challenging cereal grain and forage producers across the state. Roughstalk bluegrass has taken root in wheat fields and newly established forage stands. This weed has reached population levels high enough to inhibit the harvest of cereal grains, reduce the quality of forages, and crowd out newly established forages.

What is it?

Roughstalk bluegrass (Poa trivialis) is a perennial cool-season grass that has traditionally been an issue in turfgrass production. This plant can be found growing throughout the Midwest. Roughstalk bluegrass has a high level of tolerance to shade and wet conditions or poorly drained soils. This weed can reach heights of 1- to 3-feet tall, often climbing above winter cereal grains and reducing growth. Most commonly roughstalk bluegrass is not noticed by producers until late May or early June when cereal grains are in the boot stage of growth.… Continue reading

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Enrollment open for a pilot program to compensate farmers up to $40 per acre for carbon sequestration and water quality

Ten thousand acres in the Upper Scioto River watershed are eligible for a pilot carbon credit and water quality payment program launched by the Soil and Water Outcomes Fund in conjunction with the Ohio Corn & Wheat Growers Association, Ohio Soybean Council, Nutrien Ag Solutions, and the American Farmland Trust.  Enrollment is now open.

By implementing new practices such as strip-till or no-till, introducing cover crops, or adjusting nitrogen fertilizer rates, farmers in 20 eligible Ohio counties can earn annual payments of up to $40 per acre.  

“The Soil and Water Outcomes Fund is not prescriptive about the conservation changes chosen,” said Joe Winchell, the program’s conservation agronomist who is dedicated to assisting farmers with enrollment. “Farmers are welcome to add or expand the conservation practices that work best for their operation.”

Under the Soil and Water Outcomes Fund, farmers are paid based on the volume of environmental outcomes generated by newly implemented conservation practices.… Continue reading

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Small grains field day

Join OSU Extension for an in-person small grains field day on June 22 at the Northwest Agricultural Research Station in Wood County. Topics include high input wheat, winter malting barley management, specialty small grains (spring small grains, spelt, hard wheat, and more!), weed control, and double-crop opportunities.

When: Tuesday, June 22, 9:00 AM to noon followed by lunch

Where: Northwest Agricultural Research Station, 4240 Range Line Rd., Custar, OH 43511

Cost: Free! (Please RSVP by June 18 to receive a free boxed lunch sponsored by Ohio Corn and Wheat)

RSVP: https://osu.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_9Lmf2ivrOAORgbA

For more information, please contact Laura Lindsey (lindsey.233@osu.edu), Eric Richer (richer.5@osu.edu), Nick Eckel (eckel.21@osu.edu), or Ed Lentz (lentz.38@osu.edu).  … Continue reading

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Friendly corn, negative soybeans

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

Two things to watch with this report will be old corn ending stocks and old corn US exports. Brazil’s corn production is another key number to watch.

Shortly after the report was released, new corn was up 4 cents, new soybeans down 7 cents, and wheat down 3 cents. Just before the report release, new corn was up 7 cents, new soybeans were up 5 cents, and wheat was up 2 cents. 

US corn exports have been strong since last fall. Ponder this – many have been expecting USDA to raise old corn US exports since January. They have increased but at a much slower pace than expected.  The January WASDE report pegged US corn exports at 2.55 billion bushels. In May that export number was 2.775 billion bushels. Many analysts are expecting that export number to eventually reach 2.9 to 3.0 billion bushels. Since January, USDA has increased the export number three times.… Continue reading

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OACI Testifies before the Ohio House Ag Committee

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean check-off.

Working together, collecting data, and setting measurable goals were common themes in testimony given by the Ohio Agriculture Conservation Initiative (OACI) before the Ohio House Agriculture and Conservation Committee on Tuesday. Several representatives from the various organizations that make up OACI shared details of the individual aspects of the OACI and explained specific research being conducted and on-farm examples.

Scott Higgins, CEO of the Ohio Dairy Producers Association, and Heather Taylor-Miesle, Executive Director of the Ohio Environmental Council jointly testified to explain the cooperation between the agriculture and environmental communities to come together and form the OACI. “On behalf of the agriculture, conservation and environmental community, we stand before you demonstrating unity in a proactive and collaborative approach to improving Ohio’s waterways and lakes,” said Higgins.

“We all really want healthy communities and to be a part of the solution,” said Taylor-Miesle.… Continue reading

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USDA announces premium benefit for cover crops

By Jeffrey K Lewis, Research Specialist, Ohio State University Agricultural & Resource Law Program

Most farmers who have coverage under a crop insurance policy are eligible for a premium benefit from the USDA if they planted cover crops this spring.  The USDA’s Risk Management Agency (“RMA”) announced that producers who insured their spring crop and planted a qualifying cover crop during the 2021 crop year are eligible for a $5 per acre premium benefit.  However, farmers cannot receive more than the amount of their insurance premium owed.  Certain policies are not eligible for the benefit because those policies have underlying coverage that already receive the benefit or are not designed to be reported in a manner consistent with the Report of Acreage form (FSA-578).  

All cover crops reportable to the Farm Service Agency (“FSA”) including, cereals and other grasses, legumes, brassicas and other non-legume broadleaves, and mixtures of two or more cover crop species planted at the same time, are eligible for the benefit.  … Continue reading

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An organic approach to soil health

By Brianna Gwirtz, OCJ field reporter

“Despite all our achievements we owe our existence to a six-inch layer of topsoil and the fact that it rains.” This quote, made popular by a Midwestern equipment dealer, has been around for years, but it still rings true. Many farmers have made conscious efforts to improve that layer of topsoil, and in turn, improve the health of their crops. 

The health of soil is based on a few key factors: soil organic matter (SOM), soil microbes and organisms, and plants. The interactions between these three soil characteristics result in soil quality. It’s a delicate balance, that when managed properly, can lead to big rewards. 

Matt Falb is an organic farmer in Orrville, Ohio who has taken a keen interest in improving the quality of soil on his family’s farm. 

Steers grazing sorghum sudangrass and cowpeas on the Falb farm. Photo provided by Matt Falb.
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