By Ajay Shah and Mary Wicks
Many people associate bridges or electrical circuits with engineering; however, the field is much broader. According to livescience.com, “engineering is the application of science and math to solve problems” and engineers are “instrument in making those innovations available to the world.” In today’s world, in which companies and consumers want greener, more sustainable processes and products, engineers are developing new ways to process organic wastes and agricultural feedstocks in order to create bio-based products.
As our understanding of the molecular structure of organic materials grows, engineers are developing technologies that use the knowledge generated. For example, a biological engineer may work to optimize biological processes to produce ethanol via fermentation or biogas via anaerobic digestion for bioenergy. Chemical engineers may focus on creating more sustainable products, such as bio-plastics from waste materials, rather than petroleum, or bio-materials that decompose after use. Other engineers may use genetic engineering methods to make crops that are more resistant to disease or environmental challenges, such as drought.… Continue readingRead More »