Head Scab Hits Ohio’s Wheat

WOOSTER, Ohio – Hot, humid weather coupled with rain during a critical development stage of Ohio’s wheat has caused an outbreak of head scab in some areas of the state – the first major outbreak of the disease in the state in about a decade.

A statewide survey of Ohio wheat fields, which began two weeks ago, has found the incidence of head scab to be moderate to high in 70 percent of the73 fields surveyed in 16 counties.

“Incidence of head scab ranges from 3 percent to 61 percent, meaning that between 3 and 61 heads out of every 100 heads has some level of head scab,” said Pierce Paul, an Ohio State University Extension plant pathologist and small grains specialist.

Head scab (Fusarium graminearum), also known as head blight, is a disease that attacks wheat during the crop’s flowering stage when environmental conditions are just right. The disease not only affects yields, but the fungal pathogen that causes the disease produces several mycotoxins, the most common of which is known as vomitoxin, that is harmful the humans and animals if ingested.… Continue reading

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Final Acreage Reporting Approaching

COLUMBUS, June 14, 2010 — The State Executive Director for Ohio’s Farm Service Agency (FSA), Steve Maurer, reminds producers of the acreage reporting requirements that must be met prior to receiving program benefits.  If producers miss the acreage reporting deadline dates, a late filing fee will be charged.

Maurer added, “Producers are required to file an FSA-578, Report of Acreage, certification for the farm by June 30 for small grains and by July 15 for all other crops except small grains.”  To be considered timely, acreage reports on crops are due in the county office by June 30 for small grains and July 15 for all other crops, or 15 calendar days before the onset of harvest or grazing of the specific crop acreage being reported.

Also, producers who participated in the ACRE program for 2009 have until July 15, 2010 to report the 2009 production for small grains and other crops.  … Continue reading

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Weekly Crop Progress Report-June 14th


The average temperature for the State was 69.1 degrees, 0.9 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, June 13, 2010. Precipitation averaged 1.73 inches, 0.81 inches above normal. There were 136 modified growing degree days, 7 days above normal. Reporters rated 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, June 11, 2010. Topsoil moisture was rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 42 percent adequate, and 58 percent surplus.

Wet weather continues to persist and farmers managed little field work in-between scattered showers and thunderstorms that moved through most of the state. Severe storm cells spawned dozens of tornados including an F4 tornado in northeast Ohio. Damage was extensive in those areas. Soybeans are still being planted, and some early planted acreage will require replanting due to excessive moisture. Most fields that were intended to be planted with corn will instead be replaced by soybeans.… Continue reading

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Will Oil in the Gulf Affect Ag Shipping?

So far, the oil disaster in the Gulf of Mexico has had relatively little impact on the Midwest, though many are wondering if agricultural exports could suffer as a result on an ongoing oil spill.

“Thus far the spill has not disrupted traffic into or out of the Mississippi River or Mobile, Alabama.  All scheduled freight deliveries have been made.  No ship calls have been cancelled due to the spill.  This is expected to continue for the foreseeable future,” said Mike Steenhoek, Executive Director of the Soy Transportation Coalition.

Congressmen Bruce Braley (D-Iowa) and Phil Hare (D-Ill.) sent a letter on June 10th to President Barack Obama and Coast Guard Admiral Thad Allen, urging them to fully evaluate the impact of the BP Oil Spill on Mississippi River shipping lanes. As oil continues to drift closer to the Southwest Passage, a critical shipping lane for farmers who rely on barge traffic to ship their crops overseas, Braley and Hare are concerned about the impact a slowdown in Mississippi River traffic could have on prices for farmers, producers and distributors.… Continue reading

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2010 Ohio Hay Day

With hay-harvesting equipment demonstrations, educational presentations on biofuel grasses and a variety of exhibitors, the 2010 Southeastern Ohio Hay Day, Thursday, June 17, promises to be a great opportunity for producers serious about maximizing farm income and exploring new ventures.

Sponsored by Ohio State University Extension and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC), the event — free and open to the public — will be held from 4-8:30 p.m. at the Eastern Agricultural Research Station in Belle Valley, Ohio, just off Interstate 71 in Noble County. Dinner will be provided.

The program includes a series of hay-equipment demonstrations (raking, baling, mowing and tedding). Exhibitors include hay-equipment manufacturers, local equipment dealers, Soil and Water Conservation Districts, and OSU Extension.

New this year are presentations on biofuel grasses and warm-season grass production, said Clif Little, OSU Extension educator in agriculture and natural resources. Larry Merry, Belmont County (Ohio) Port Authority, will be on hand to discuss Berger Plant’s (also located in Belmont County) plans to use biomass for energy generation by 2013.… Continue reading

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Weekly Crop Progress Report

Released June 7, 2010, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, U.S. Department of Agriculture.  For
information on “Crop Progress” call Julie Schmidt at (202) 720-7621, office
hours 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET.

Special Note

NASS is in the process of modifying report layouts in order to improve
readability. This report will be published weekly using both layouts through
June 28, 2010. Beginning July 6, 2010, Crop Progress will only be produced
with the new layout, which is available on the NASS website:

Soybeans:  Percent Planted,
Selected States 1/
:      Week Ending      :
:———————–: 2005-
State:Jun 6, :May 30,:Jun 6, : 2009
: 2010  : 2010  : 2009  : Avg.
:            Percent
AR    :  83      72      54      76
IL    :  82      73      55      81
IN    :  81      70      66      81
IA    :  95      91      94      94
KS    :  74      53      71      71
KY    :  77      64      45      67
LA    :  91      84      90      89
MI    :  87      73      77      89
MN    :  98      95      96      94
MS    :  97      96      90      96
MO    :  65      48      57      70
NE    :  94      85      99      93
NC    :  61      55      55      55
ND    :  88      69      79      90
OH    :  79      64      89      92
SD    :  80      63      86      83
TN    :  67      48      41      69
WI    :  91      81      87      90
18 Sts:  84      74      76      84
1/  These 18 States planted 95% of
last year’s soybean acreage.… Continue reading

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Head Scab in Wheat Wide Spread Problem

By Ryan McAllister, CCA, Beck’s Hybrids Team Sales Agronomist

Towards the end of last week and so far this week, I have been in numerous wheat fields all over the state of Ohio, from as far south as Chillicothee to as far north as Defiance.  I have visited several fields in east central IN as well and am finding very high percentages of head scab in wheat.  Here are some facts for you.  Fusarium head blight of wheat, also called head scab, is caused mainly by the fungus Gibberella zeae.  This happens to be the same fungus that caused growers in IN/OH vomitoxin problems in their corn last year.  Therefore, the potential exists for vomitoxins to be of concern in this wheat crop as well.  From flowering to early dough, temperatures of 75-85 degrees are required for infection with light to moderate rainfall for as little as 2-3 days during this time. … Continue reading

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Between the Rows-June 7th

Steve Reinhard, Crawford County

“In Crawford County, farmers finished with most of the planting in the last week of May. However, the rain has continued to fall since Memorial Day, when we got 4.5 inches through Sunday morning for a total of 8 to 10 inches for the week. As bad as it was, it could have been worse like it was to our north and south.

“Friends in Wyandot County are still trying to get some crops in and in some cases abandoning corn, while friends in Ashland County are looking decent. A friend of ours south of Bucyrus replanted beans that got frosted in low areas only to see the water laying on them now.

“The bean fields here are really spotty with places still under water, and the damage to the corn is starting to show. Other then that, the crops that are growing are looking good, although some disease is being found in seedlings of corn and beans.… Continue reading

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