Crops



The O.G. of water quality

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean check-off

It is not often that a 90’s rap lyric is used to describe the status of water quality initiatives, however, “in the case of Grand Lake St. Marys in 2021, the O.G. (original gangster) terminology is fitting,” said Jordan Hoewischer, Ohio Farm Bureau Director of Water Quality and Research.

This year has been a banner year for a body of water that has had the designation of a distressed watershed and issues with harmful algal blooms for the past 12 years. Currently the lake does not have a water quality advisory in place.

Jordan Hoewsicher, OFBF Director of Water Quality and Research, OFBF

“While a primary reason cited for the lower levels of algae is the low rainfall totals year to date, credit also needs to be given to the actions taken by the agricultural community and organizations that came together to work towards finding a solution to the algal bloom,” he said.

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Early vegetative soybean defoliation

By Dr. Laura Lindsey, Adapted from C.O.R.N.  20-2021

Hail Defoliated Soybeans Photo Credit: Tony Nye, OSU

Reports from surrounding states suggest defoliation or stem damage in soybeans are less critical to yield if they occur in vegetative stages, with stem damage being more critical to yield loss than defoliation (Shapiro et al. 2009). Even if some nodes on the stem were damaged or lost, soybeans can produce branches from the remaining nodes to help recover after hail events. Similar to corn, soybean defoliation and stem damage during reproductive stages will be more impactful on yield than during vegetative stages.

Recovery of fields should be assessed 4-5 days after the storm events at the earliest, and you should plan to contact your crop insurance agent if applicable regarding damage assessment.

A good resource to determine soybean yield loss due to hail damage can be found at: https://extension.unl.edu/statewide/saline/DLFE-10108.pdf.pdf

According to C. A. Shapiro, Extension Soils Specialist,  T.A.

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In defense of ag retail…

By Richard Strow, CCA, Ridgeville Elevator

In the June issue of OCJ, an article by H. Watters and G. LeBarge used a broad brush to paint Ag Retail as “just trying to sell something.” I take offense to the notion that unless an idea or product is endorsed by “university research” it is unworthy or a waste of money.

While “university research” was valuable in the 50s and 60s to promote and discover new ideas and innovation, today I believe it is the ag Industry that is driving innovation. It has been the ag industry that brought us Roundup Ready, Liberty Link, Extend, Enlist beans, double- and triple-stack corn, and genetic resistance to diseases in wheat.

I am a proud Beck’s Hybrids dealer and I have come to put much more faith and value in the ideas and products highlighted in their annual PFR Book. Ideas and products are tested on real world and real farm conditions, not your typical 10’ x 30’ plots used by universities.… Continue reading

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Canada thistle rebounds

By Mark Loux, Ohio State University Extension

It can be nice to see old friends. Except when they cause crop and yield loss, refuse to leave after a few days, and don’t respond to chemicals. A while back we wrote about what appeared to be an increase in populations of dandelions and other winter weeds and made some guesses about why this was happening. Canada thistle has once again become a problem in some fields in a big way, probably for some of the same reasons that dandelion has. Our history with thistle during the past 30+ years is that it was a major problem before the widespread adoption of RoundupReady soybeans in the late 1990s. Back then we had to take advantage of specific windows in the cropping cycle to try to get control with glyphosate, and the rest of the time we just tried to keep it from getting worse.… Continue reading

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Wheat rapidly approaching maturity, harvest beginning

Crop conditions declined slightly from the previous week as dry weather continued, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 72 percent adequate to surplus, down 17 percentage points from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending June 27 were on par with historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.73 inches of precipitation. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 27.

Farmers made hay, side-dressed corn, and applied herbicides. Oats headed was 89 percent complete and oats condition was rated 69 percent good to excellent. Corn emerged progress was complete while corn condition was rated 71 percent good to excellent. Soybeans emerged was complete while early planted soybeans began to bloom. Soybeans condition was rated 68 percent good to excellent. Winter wheat mature was rated 60 percent complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 72 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Double-crop soybean recommendations

By Dr. Laura Lindsey and Eric Richer, CCA, Adapted from C.O.R.N. 19-2021

Wheat harvest is rapidly approaching, and with relatively high soybean prices, we anticipate many growers will be interested in double-cropping soybean after wheat. According to the U.S. drought monitor (https://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/), areas bordering Michigan are abnormally dry, but throughout the rest of the state, soil moisture is good. Early wheat harvest, high soybean prices, and adequate soil moisture make double-crop soybean an attractive option in 2021.

The two primary requirements for successful double-cropping are: 1) adequate time to produce the soybean crop and 2) adequate water. In Ohio south of I-70, double-crop soybean production is common as there is generally adequate time to produce soybean; however, yield can be variable depending on soil moisture and rainfall. In Clark County Ohio, we’ve had double-crop soybean yield averages of 50 bushels per acre, but as low as 21 bushel per acre when water was limiting.

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June 24 CORN Live Webinar focuses on weeds in soybeans and wheat harvest

By Mary GriffithAmanda DouridasMike EstadtWill Hamman, Ohio State University Extension

The next session of CORN Live is this Thursday, June 24th from 8:00 – 9:00 am. This week’s webinar will touch on a variety of issues, starting with a crop progress report and field updates from Jason Hartschuh, Extension Educator in Crawford County, and a review of weed management in soybeans with Mark Loux, Professor and Extension Specialist in Weed Science at OSU.

In many parts of Ohio, wind or rain have reduced spray days allowing weeds to grow to a size that is tougher to control. Loux will be available to answer questions about adjustments to weed control programs.

Brad Moffitt, Director of Market Development and Membership at Ohio Corn and Wheat, and John Hoffman, Pickaway County farmer, will also be online to review this year’s growing season for wheat and talk about getting started with wheat harvest.… Continue reading

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Leveraging technology and nutrient management

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean check-off

Thousands of people travel North on Route 23 and West across U.S. Route 6 on their way to Lake Erie, the islands, and Cedar Point every summer, driving right past the farm of Lowell and David Myerholtz. That means thousands of people observing the Myerholtz’s farming practices that have a direct impact on the lake the travelers are headed to visit.

“As we see the boats and campers go by, we know they are headed to Lake Erie, and it keeps it in the front of our mind where our water goes, and it doesn’t take very long to get there,” said Lowell Myerholtz. “If the rain is carrying our nitrogen or phosphorus away into the river and lake, we are hurting ourselves and the lake.”

Lowell and David Myerholtz have been utilizing strip-till for several years as a best management practice on their farm.

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Nutrient deficiencies and slug issues

By James Hoorman, Hoorman Soil Health Services

Summer has officially arrived and nutrient deficiencies and pests are now a problem.  Healthy plants have less problems with disease and insects, so optimum plant nutrition is important for keeping pests at bay and optimizing crop yields.  Several nutrients may be part of the problem.

Nitrogen is a corn macro-nutrient that farmers apply pre-plant, with corn starter fertilizer, or side-dress applications.  Nitrogen fertilizer can easily be lost depending on how much rain has occurred and whether inhibitors were used.  Nitrogen deficient corn is often seen in low areas or flooded fields.  Sulphur deficiency on corn leaves is becoming more common, seen as yellow striping with green veins and spindly plants.   Sulfur is the fourth most important nutrient needed by plants and is used in protein synthesis and to produce chlorophyll for photosynthesis.  Soybeans need sulfur for nodule formation and wheat to improve grain quality.

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Crop conditions positive, haymaking continues

Adequate conditions for crop growth continued with precipitation and windy conditions occurring in some
areas, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 89 percent adequate to surplus, down one percent from the previous week. Temperatures for the week ending June 20 were 0.9 degrees below historical normals, while the entire State averaged 0.84 inches of precipitation. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 20.

Farmers sprayed and fertilized crops. Oats headed was 76 percent complete and oats condition was rated 73 percent good to excellent. Corn emerged progress was 98 percent and corn condition was rated 76 percent good to excellent. Soybeans planted progress was complete while soybeans emerged reached 95 percent. Winter wheat headed was complete and the winter wheat crop was rated 76 percent good to excellent condition. Pasture and range condition was rated 83 percent good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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SoyOhio.Org and carbon market information

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader, a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean check-off

Carbon Markets are being promoted everywhere in agriculture. They are advertised on the internet, in farm publications, and through major ag retailers. This has not gone unnoticed by many of Ohio’s farmers interested in diversifying their revenue sources. At recent board meetings of The Ohio Soybean Council and the Ohio Soybean Association, carbon market opportunities were a central discussion point. Soybean producers in Ohio are represented by farmers board members on the Ohio Soybean Council, which is the managing arm of the Soybean Check-off program, and the Ohio Soybean Association, which is the policy arm. A joint committee was created from both boards to further explore carbon market opportunities for Ohio’s soybean growers.

“Direction from the joint committee to Ohio soybean staff members was to explore carbon, think through what options are available to farmers, and what do farmers need to know about these programs to make an informed decision,” said Julia Brown, Communications Manager for the Ohio Soybean Council and Ohio Soybean Association.

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USDA reminds Ohio producers to file crop acreage reports

Agricultural producers in Ohio who have not yet completed their crop acreage reports after planting should make an appointment with their U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) office before the applicable deadline.

“Many USDA programs require producers to file an accurate crop acreage report by the applicable deadline,” said Mark VanHoose, Acting State Executive Director in Ohio. “Our FSA staff can assist producers in completing acreage reports, including providing maps.”

An acreage report documents a crop grown on a farm or ranch and its intended uses. Filing an accurate and timely acreage report for all crops and land uses, including failed acreage and prevented planted acreage, can prevent the loss of benefits.

The following acreage reporting dates are applicable for:

July 15, 2021 — Report all your burley tobacco, cabbage (planted 3/19/21-5/31/21), corn, grain sorghum, hybrid corn seed, spring oats, popcorn, potatoes, soybeans, sugar beets, tomatoes and all other spring-seeded crops.… Continue reading

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Inputs to consider in 2021

By Luke Schulte, Beck’s Hybrids

The casinos of Las Vegas were not built upon the hopes of the “house” winning more than the gambling participants. While farming is a gamble considering the unknown of weather, having a more predictable response to specific inputs is always beneficial. 

Beck’s Practical Farm Research (PFR) team has evaluated hundreds of products and practices over the years. In an effort to provide farmers with a list of products and practices that resulted in the greatest consistency of ROI, Beck’s developed their PFR Proven designation in 2017. For a product or practice to earn the distinction of PFR Proven, it needs to have been tested a minimum of 3 years, must provide a positive yield gain each year, and it must average a positive return on investment over that 3-year period.

June/July PRF proven products

Humika (Sidedress Nitrogen Additive) 

Humic substances, those containing carbon like humic acids, provide several benefits to both the soil and plants.… Continue reading

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Vineyard Expansion Assistance Program open to Ohio vineyards

2021 Vineyard Expansion Assistance Program (VEAP) is now open to new and existing Ohio vineyards. VEAP allows wineries to invest in and plant high-quality, high-value grapes onsite instead of purchasing them from other states. The VEAP is an incentive program created and funded by the Ohio Grape Industries Committee (OGIC). 

Due to the small number of grapes produced in Ohio, many wineries, farmers markets’, and retailers are forced to purchase grapes of several different varieties from other states in order to meet production needs. The VEAP is designed to provide a more stable source of high-quality, high-value grapes grown in Ohio. Additionally, the program will allow for more Ohio wines to qualify for the Ohio Quality Wine (OQW) program and increase consumer awareness of Ohio’s premier wines made from Ohio-grown grapes.

The VEAP funding will cover only the cost of the grape vines planted. OGIC has allocated $90,000 for this competitive program.… Continue reading

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Ohio Soybean Council announces Board of Trustees election

The Ohio Soybean Council (OSC) Board of Trustees has five district seats up for election this year. All eligible candidates interested in running for the OSC Board must obtain at least 15 valid signatures on the petition available at www.soyohio.org/petition

All petitions must be submitted to the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) by mail and must be postmarked no later than July 6, 2021, and received by July 13, 2021.

OSC is the Qualified State Soybean Board for Ohio and manages state soybean checkoff dollars. The OSC Board is made up of farmer volunteers who direct the investment of checkoff dollars to improve the profitability of Ohio soybean farmers.

Districts up for election are:

  • District 1: Fulton, Henry, Lucas, and Williams Counties — incumbent Todd Hesterman is eligible to run for another term.
  • District 2: Erie, Ottawa, Sandusky, and Wood Counties — incumbent Nathan Eckel is eligible to run for another term.
  • District 5: Allen, Hancock, and Putnam Counties — incumbent Bill Bateson is term-limited.
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Roughstalk bluegrass in cereal grain and forage crops

 By Richard PurdinTaylor DillLes Ober, CCA, Ohio State University Extension

With wheat harvest underway, keep an eye out for a new and emerging weed challenging cereal grain and forage producers across the state. Roughstalk bluegrass has taken root in wheat fields and newly established forage stands. This weed has reached population levels high enough to inhibit the harvest of cereal grains, reduce the quality of forages, and crowd out newly established forages.

What is it?

Roughstalk bluegrass (Poa trivialis) is a perennial cool-season grass that has traditionally been an issue in turfgrass production. This plant can be found growing throughout the Midwest. Roughstalk bluegrass has a high level of tolerance to shade and wet conditions or poorly drained soils. This weed can reach heights of 1- to 3-feet tall, often climbing above winter cereal grains and reducing growth. Most commonly roughstalk bluegrass is not noticed by producers until late May or early June when cereal grains are in the boot stage of growth.… Continue reading

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Enrollment open for a pilot program to compensate farmers up to $40 per acre for carbon sequestration and water quality

Ten thousand acres in the Upper Scioto River watershed are eligible for a pilot carbon credit and water quality payment program launched by the Soil and Water Outcomes Fund in conjunction with the Ohio Corn & Wheat Growers Association, Ohio Soybean Council, Nutrien Ag Solutions, and the American Farmland Trust.  Enrollment is now open.

By implementing new practices such as strip-till or no-till, introducing cover crops, or adjusting nitrogen fertilizer rates, farmers in 20 eligible Ohio counties can earn annual payments of up to $40 per acre.  

“The Soil and Water Outcomes Fund is not prescriptive about the conservation changes chosen,” said Joe Winchell, the program’s conservation agronomist who is dedicated to assisting farmers with enrollment. “Farmers are welcome to add or expand the conservation practices that work best for their operation.”

Under the Soil and Water Outcomes Fund, farmers are paid based on the volume of environmental outcomes generated by newly implemented conservation practices.… Continue reading

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Small grains field day

Join OSU Extension for an in-person small grains field day on June 22 at the Northwest Agricultural Research Station in Wood County. Topics include high input wheat, winter malting barley management, specialty small grains (spring small grains, spelt, hard wheat, and more!), weed control, and double-crop opportunities.

When: Tuesday, June 22, 9:00 AM to noon followed by lunch

Where: Northwest Agricultural Research Station, 4240 Range Line Rd., Custar, OH 43511

Cost: Free! (Please RSVP by June 18 to receive a free boxed lunch sponsored by Ohio Corn and Wheat)

RSVP: https://osu.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_9Lmf2ivrOAORgbA

For more information, please contact Laura Lindsey (lindsey.233@osu.edu), Eric Richer (richer.5@osu.edu), Nick Eckel (eckel.21@osu.edu), or Ed Lentz (lentz.38@osu.edu).  … Continue reading

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