Livestock



Forage news, frostbite, and fescue foot

A few weeks ago I had the opportunity to attend the American Forage and Grassland Council Annual Conference with some of our other Ohio Extension Educators. It was a wonderful experience to learn from others and share what we have learned with forage producers and professionals across the country.

Two sessions that I sat in on for the benefit of my local producers were “Managing Clovers in the 21stCentury” and “Understanding and Mitigating Fescue Toxicosis.”

The clover session included a presentation by Dow Agrosciences about treating broadleaf weeds in clover stands and progress they have made toward an herbicide that works as well as their leading pasture herbicide, without killing white clover. It will still be a couple years before the product is released for use, but it is coming.

In the fescue toxicosis session, we were reminded to watch for fescue foot in winter. The decreased circulation that results from the constricted blood vessels in the animal makes them increasingly susceptible to frostbite.… Continue reading

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Beef 510 Program to be held in March

Beef 510 is a one-day program designed for those who have participated in Beef 509, but is open to all cattlemen. The program will continue the traditional beef sensory sessions and BQA presentations, but will also present information designed to help producers better prepare their operations and their cattle to meet challenges of the future. All who attend will be certified in Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) at the end of the course. Beef 510 is a joint program coordinated by the Ohio Beef Council, the Department of Animal Sciences — OSU, and OSU Extension. The speakers are as follows:

Justin Nelson, Director of Animal Procurement specializing in cattle for Tyson Foods, Inc. and located at the corporate office in Dakota Dunes, South Dakota. He will discuss today’s marketing environment and Tyson’s approach to market access programs. The presentation will also discuss the decision from Wendy’s restaurants to purchase cattle beginning in 2019 only from those suppliers who can verify the producers providing the cattle are beef quality assurance certified.… Continue reading

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China not a factor in U.S. beef exports . . . yet

The latest beef trade data for November shows continued improvement in beef exports. November beef exports were 260.7 million pounds, up 2.7% over exports in November, 2016. Beef exports have increased year over year each month in 2017 for the first 11 months of the year. For the year-to-date, beef exports are up 13% over one year ago.

Beef exports to the five major destinations are each up for the year-to-date. Exports to Japan are up 27.6% year over year. Japan is the largest U.S. beef export market and accounts for 29.5% of total exports for the year-to-date. Second largest is South Korea, up 6.1% through November and representing 16.6% of total exports. Mexico is the third largest beef export market, up 7.5% for the year-to-date and accounting for 14.7% of beef exports. An 11.1% year-over-year increase in beef exports to Hong Kong makes it the fourth largest export market, slightly larger than No.… Continue reading

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Copper hydroxychloride in diets fed to weanling pigs improves performance and health

Copper is an essential element in diets for pigs, and it can be provided in a number of different forms. Copper hydroxychloride is less likely to react with other vitamins and minerals in a premix than the more commonly used copper sulfate, but research on its effects when fed to pigs is limited. Results of recent research at the University of Illinois indicate that including copper hydroxychloride in diets fed to weanling pigs improves growth performance and reduces diarrhea.

Hans H. Stein, professor in the Department of Animal Sciences and the Division of Nutritional Sciences at U of I, conducted three experiments, along with Ph. D. student Charmaine Espinosa and Scott Fry and James Usry of Micronutrients USA LLC. The copper hydroxychloride product tested in the experiments was Micronutrients’ IntelliBond C. The team published their findings in a recent issue of the Journal of Animal Science.

In the first experiment, they compared weanling pigs fed diets containing 150 mg/kg copper in the form of copper hydroxychloride with pigs fed control diets containing only enough copper to meet dietary requirements.… Continue reading

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OPC hosts annual Taste of Elegance

Chef Todd McDunn, Lakeview Café, Scotts Miracle Gro Campus, took top honors at the Ohio Pork Council’s Taste of Elegance Chefs Competition and Reception, earning the coveted Chef Par Excellence award.

Chef Aaron Braun, The Meadowlark, was named Superior Chef, while Chef Ryan Berlin was selected Premier Chef. Chef Aaron Braun also earned the People’s Choice award.

This year, each of the three chefs prepared an appetizer, and entrée featuring pork. Judging the event were Chef Michael Deligatta, Chef Par Excellence in the 2017 Taste of Elegance from the Inn at Versailles; Chef Chuck Langstaff, longtime supporter of OPC and known as the “Prince of Pork” and Erin Vasicek, Coordinator of the Columbus Food Bloggers group and blogger at the SpiffyCookie.com.

In keeping with tradition, the evening began with guests receiving white gloves and a bone-in pork chop. After sampling assorted cheeses and appetizers, they were invited to taste samples from each of the chefs’ menu.… Continue reading

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Mastitis: An issue not to be taken lightly in small ruminants

Mastitis in goats and sheep, similar to cows, is defined as inflammation of the mammary gland and can occurs due several factors, which may be infectious or not and may present in clinical or subclinical form. In clinical mastitis, it is possible to observe the signs of inflammation, such as:

  • pain,
  • redness,
  • swelling of the gland,
  • and changes in milk characteristics, which may show lumps, pinkish/reddish coloration or even absence of secretion.
  • Some severe cases could lead to udder necrosis (“blue bag”) and even death.

In subclinical mastitis, the female does not present inflammatory signs, however, due to presence of some microorganisms in the mammary gland milk quality can be decreased.

The inflammatory process of the mammary gland can have several origins including traumas and lesions. It can also be due to infectious agents, such as fungi, viruses, or in majority of cases bacterial agents. They can cause either environmental or contagious mastitis.… Continue reading

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TPP moving forward without the U.S.

Eleven nations have finalized a revised version of the Trans-Pacific Partnership that does not include the United States. Some in agriculture are expressing concerns.

“Withdrawing from TPP was a missed opportunity for the United States to gain greater access to some of the world’s most vibrant and growing markets. As we now enter a pivotal round of NAFTA negotiations, the last thing we need is to take a step backwards in our relationships with Canada and Mexico,” said Kent Bacus, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association’s Director of International Trade and Market Access. “We encourage negotiators in Montreal to continue building on the progress made in previous rounds so the United States can focus on tearing down trade barriers in Asia and around the world.”… Continue reading

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USDA announces proposed rule to modernize swine inspection

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced its continued effort to modernize inspection systems through science-based approaches to food safety. USDA is proposing to amend the federal meat inspection regulations to establish a new voluntary inspection system for market hog slaughter establishments called the New Swine Slaughter Inspection System (NSIS), while also requiring additional pathogen sampling for all swine slaughter establishments.

The proposed rule also allows innovation and flexibility to establishments that are slaughtering market hogs. Market hogs are uniform, healthy, young animals that can be slaughtered and processed in this modernized system more efficiently and effectively with enhanced process control.

For market hog establishments that opt into NSIS, the proposed rule would increase the number of offline USDA inspection tasks, while continuing 100% FSIS carcass-by-carcass inspection. These offline inspection tasks place inspectors in areas of the production process where they can perform critical tasks that have direct impact on food safety.… Continue reading

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CERCLA reporting deadline Jan. 22

As a reminder, EPA issued a notice directing all livestock farms emitting more than 100 pounds of ammonia or hydrogen sulfide in a 24-hour period to report continuous air emissions under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA).

The deadline to report is Monday, January 22, 2018.

For more information on how to report, click here.

Questions? Concerns? Please contact the Ohio Pork Council at (614) 882-5887.… Continue reading

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Ohio Cattlemen’s Association Annual Meeting and Awards Banquet highlights

The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association Annual Meeting and Awards Banquet was held in January in Lewis Center at the Nationwide Hotel and Conference Center. More than 200 attended the event that offered educational breakout sessions, several new youth opportunities, the annual meeting, and evening banquet.

“We got an update from Washington, D.C. We heard about where we stand on the electronic logging devices, which is a big issue for a lot of our members and we talked about water quality issues. We also had our first annual youth quiz bowl and we had 42 individuals participate. We are trying to get some more of the youth involved in what we are doing here,” said Sasha Rittenhouse, the new Ohio Cattlemen’s Association president. “One of the biggest things I am looking forward to as president is giving back to an association that I truly believe benefits every single beef producer in the state.… Continue reading

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Sidedressing manure into corn continues to have promising results

Ohio State University Extension has conducted manure research on growing crops for several years in an effort to make better use of the available nutrients. Incorporating manure into growing corn can boost crop yields, reduce nutrient losses, and give livestock producers or commercial manure applicators another window of time to apply manure to farm fields.

The manure research trial in Table 1 was conducted over six years at the Northwest Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center’s Hoytville station. The swine manure application rate was 5,000 gallons per acre to get 200 units of nitrogen. The dairy manure application rate was 13,577 gallons per acre to get 130 units of nitrogen. The dairy treatments received additional nitrogen as incorporated 28% UAN just prior to the manure application to reach the 200-unit goal. The 28% UAN treatments also received 200 units of nitrogen.

Pre-emergent applications of 28% UAN, swine manure or dairy manure were made within five days of corn planting.… Continue reading

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Ohio Cattlemen’s Association Annual Meeting and Awards Banquet this weekend

It is the time of year when the thoughts of Ohio’s cattlemen turn from frozen pastures and feeding hay to state policy and an annual celebration of success. The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association Annual Meeting and Awards Banquet is this weekend in Lewis Center at the Nationwide Hotel and Conference Center.

“We’re looking forward to our Annual Meeting and Awards Banquet on Saturday. We try to encompass all of the state’s beef industry at the event. It is a day of business through the policy meeting and it is also a celebration of Ohio’s cattlemen through the banquet in the evening,” said Stephanie Sindel, director of member services and youth programs for the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association. “We have some brand new youth programs with a youth quiz bowl in the morning and some quality assurance sessions as well. We have some industry resource speakers for cattlemen coming in including Dr. Alvaro Garcia Guerra with Ohio State talking about pregnancy loss in beef cattle and how to prevent that.… Continue reading

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How can delayed weaning benefit your operation?

At what age do you wean your lambs? This is a question that I have asked producers many times. I have heard ages ranging from 35 to 130 days of age with the most common answer being 60 days of age. This is the most common weaning age for producers in the eastern United States. When I ask producers why they wean their lambs at 60 days of age or younger, most respond with “that’s the way we have always done it here on the farm, so why change now?”

From a researcher’s perspective, this is not a valid answer. Weaning before the natural weaning age (between 100 to180 days of age depending upon sheep breed) is stressful. Weaning stress can lead to decreases in animal performance as demonstrated by decreased weight gain. Weaning stress can also result in decreased animal health as shown by decreases in immune system function that can lead to an increased susceptibility to disease and infection.… Continue reading

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Livestock Predator Workshop

USDA-Wildlife Services, the Scioto County Soil and Water Conservation District, and The Ohio State University Extension will be hosting a Livestock Predator Workshop on February 17, 2018 at The Ohio State University South Centers in Piketon, Ohio. Intended for livestock producers, this will be an all-inclusive workshop where attendees will learn how to use lethal and non-lethal wildlife damage techniques to manage black vultures and coyotes, appropriate laws, the migratory bird depredation permit process (black vultures), as well as various demonstrations.

Registration is limited to the first 100 people with registration details on found this flyer, or contact Scioto SWCD (740-259-9231 x 4) for details.… Continue reading

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USDA rule allows pork imports from Mexico

The U.S. Department of Agriculture recently finalized a regulation that will allow all Mexican states to export pork to the United States, a move supported by the National Pork Producers Council.

USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is implementing a science-based risk assessment that determined Mexico is free of Classical Swine Fever (CSF), highly contagious viral disease in pigs. It was eradicated from the United States in the late 1970s. APHIS in 2016 concluded that the risk of CSF from pork imports from Mexico is negligible.

NPPC is a strong supporter of using epidemiological science and risk analyses to determine if trade can be safely conducted between countries. Mexico in late 2007 requested market access to the United States for pork from the eight states in its central region but later amended that request to include all Mexican states. APHIS at that time conducted multiple reviews and determined Mexico’s control program for CSF was not sufficient to classify the country as negligible risk for the disease.… Continue reading

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Input wanted for 2018 Ohio farm custom rate survey

We need your assistance in securing up-to-date information about farm custom work rates and machinery rental rates in Ohio. This information is updated every-other year and published by OSU Extension. It is widely used across the state, so we need the best information available. Enclosed is a copy of the Ohio Farm Custom Rate Survey for 2018. Please provide rates that are current including the latest price increases or planned increases.

An online option for this survey is available at: OhioFarmCustomRatesSurvey2018

or: https://osu.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_cJa90YBYdWOa6DX

We would ask you to please respond even if you know only have a few operations with data. We want information on actual rates, either what you paid to hire work or what you charged to perform custom work.

Deadline for Surveys to be returned: March 31, 2018

Further instructions on select sections:

Silage Harvest (Pg.2, Middle of 1st Column) Please circle what type of storage that is used:

1.Upright,… Continue reading

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2017 Buckeye Shepherd’s Symposium Presentations

As requested by popular demand, below is a listing of the presentations from the 2017 Buckeye Shepherd’s Symposium. Presentations from the two day event can be viewed in PDF format by simply clicking on the title of the presentation. For those that have further questions on the presentations themselves, feel free to email me at: campbell.1279@osu.edu and I will help address your questions.

Friday, December 1, 2017:

Dr. Francis Fluharty – The Ohio State University, Department of Animal Sciences, Research Professor

Saturday, December 2, 2017:

Brady Campbell – The Ohio State University, Program Coordinator, OSU Sheep Team
Alex Tuggle – Agriscience Education Instructor (Animal Science), Academies of Cleveland
Adam Wagner – The Ohio State University, undergraduate student (Animal Sciences)

Roger High – OSIA / OSWP / OFBF
Brady Campbell – The Ohio State University, Program Coordinator, OSU Sheep Team

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Cattle reproduction — Making the best use of available reproductive technologies

Licking County Extension is offering a meeting on cattle reproductive technologies designed to help all levels of producers, including the person who is interested in using artificial insemination for the first time, to the person that has used embryo transfer for years. Reproductive technology continues to progress and a lot has changed in the last five years.

We will discuss the topics of estrus synchronization, timed breeding, artificial insemination, sexed semen, embryo transfer, and in vitro fertilization. Are you using the available procedures to improve your management and your herd genetics? Learn about the current status and what the future holds. Get answers to your questions such as: What are the costs? What are realistic expectations? How do I take the next step?

This class is being offered free beginning at 7 p.m. on January 23 in the Licking Valley High School Ag Building at 100 Hainesview Drive, Newark Ohio, located just to the right of the High School.… Continue reading

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ROI on pork checkoff

U.S. pork producers receive a positive return on their Checkoff investment, according to a 2017 study conducted and released by Harry Kaiser, the Gellert Family Professor in the Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University.

Additionally, 91% of pig farmers who took part in the annual producer survey in November acknowledge their overwhelming support of the Pork Checkoff, with a record-low opposition of just 3%.

 

Return on investment study highlights

An economic analysis of Pork Checkoff programs is commissioned every five years by the National Pork Board. The study quantifies the returns generated by Pork Checkoff investments in research, pork promotion and producer education programs. The latest results, published in 2017, cover 2011 to 2016 programs.

“It’s important to producers — those who directly fund the Pork Checkoff — to understand and quantify the value of their investments,” said Terry O’Neel, National Pork Board president and a pig farmer from Friend, Nebraska.… Continue reading

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Applications now open for 2018 pork industry scholarships

The National Pork Board announces the opening of the application period of the 2018 Pork Industry Scholarships. This program is open to college juniors and seniors who have plans to pursue a career in swine production management or a related field. In addition, students who will be seeking to attend veterinary or graduate school with an emphasis on swine are encouraged to apply. The National Pork Board will award up to 21 scholarships in 2018 totaling $48,000. The top applicant will receive $5,000, the second-ranked applicant will receive $3,500 and all others will receive $2,000.

“Developing human capital and identifying future leaders is critical to the continued success of the swine industry,” said Chris Hostetler, animal science director for the Pork Checkoff. “The National Pork Board’s Animal Science Committee understands this need and continues its commitment to recognize excellence and encourage students through awarding scholarships.”

The guidelines for the scholarship application and the online form can be found at www.pork.org/scholarshipContinue reading

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