Livestock



Pasture weaning versus drylot weaning

Calf management strategies involving pasture weaning coupled with maternal contact (i.e., fence-line weaning) have been recommended as possible best-management practices for minimizing weaning stress and reducing subsequent feedlot morbidity compared with drylot weaning. Recently a study was done to evaluate the effect of fence-line or drylot weaning on the health and performance of beef calves during weaning, receiving, and finishing.

At weaning, calves (average weaning age of 180 days) were assigned one of three weaning methods:

  1. drylot weaning + complete visual and auditory separation from dams
  2. pasture weaning + fence-line contact with dams
  3. pasture weaning + fence-line contact with dams + supplemental feed delivered in a bunk.

All calves were individually weighed at the time of maternal separation and were given initial vaccinations against respiratory pathogens. In addition, all calves were treated for internal and external parasites. Booster vaccinations were administered 14 days later. At the end of the 28-day weaning period, all calves were shipped four hours to a feedlot.… Continue reading

Read More »

2016 Ohio State Fair Commercial Cattle Show results

The 2016 Ohio State Fair Commercial Cattle Show participants exhibited 25 pens of three for a total of 75 head of commercial steers and heifers on July 31, 2016 during the fair. This year’s event featured a newly added Junior Division. Judging the event were Dick and Bob Jurgens, from Illinois. The show was managed by United Producers, Inc. and the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association served as a sponsor.

Prosser Brothers of Urbana, Ohio, exhibited the Overall Grand Champion Lot of 3 in both the Junior and Open Divisions, both of which were also named the Champion Lot of 3 Steers. The Prosser’s Junior Division champions had an average weight of 1,335 pounds and their Champion Open Division entry averaged 1,361 pounds. Austin Wiseman from Malta, Ohio took home the Reserve Champion Lot of 3 honors in the Junior Division with his Pen of 3 Steers, recording an average weight of 1,347 pounds.… Continue reading

Read More »

Bovine tuberculosis diagnosed in Indiana white-tailed deer

Last week the Indiana Board of Animal Health announced the  diagnoses of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in a wild white-tailed deer in Franklin County, Indiana.

Bovine tuberculosis (TB) has been diagnosed in a white-tailed deer in Franklin County, Ind. This marks the first time the disease (more formally known as Mycobacterium bovis) has been found in a wild animal in Indiana. This finding means significant changes in disease monitoring requirements for cattle owners and deer hunters in the area.

The Indiana State Board of Animal Health (BOAH) has been working with the Indiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR) to test wildlife on a Franklin County cattle farm where TB was diagnosed in April. The 2-year-old doe that tested positive for TB was culled as part of the surveillance effort on the cattle farm.

Under federal requirements, finding TB in a free-ranging wild animal means testing of all cattle must expand from 3 miles to 10 miles and surveillance in hunter-harvested deer will intensify.

Continue reading

Read More »

Ohio Cattlemen’s Conference helps young cattlemen develop industry leadership skills

The 2016 Ohio Cattlemen’s Foundation Young Cattlemen’s Conference (YCC) hosted 18 cattlemen and women for a 3-day leadership development program in Columbus and the central Ohio areas, Aug. 18-20. The conference was made possible by Farm Credit Mid-America and the Ohio Soybean Council.

YCC kicked off Thursday evening at the Crowne Plaza North in Columbus with a beef dinner and participants were present for the 2016 Ohio State Fair Commercial Cattle Show carcass contest awards presentation. Guest speaker, Justin Sexten, Ph.D., Director of Supply Development for the Certified Angus Beef Brand, discussed the challenges and opportunities currently facing the beef industry.

Conference attendees also participated in a spokesperson training program by Daren Williams, Senior Executive Director of Communications. Williams lead participants through a media training session that strengthened their communication skills, taught attendees how to tell their beef production story, and become a more effective cattle industry leader.

Ohio Cattlemen’s Association (OCA) staff discussed the value of membership and the role OCA plays in representing the interests of beef producers on legislative and regulatory issues.… Continue reading

Read More »

Animal Health Alert: Bovine Tuberculosis Detected In SE Indiana

State Veterinarian Dr. Tony Forshey is recommending cattle owners in Southwest Ohio monitor their herds closely after the Indiana Board of Animal Health reported this week that bovine tuberculosis (TB) has been diagnosed in a wild white-tailed deer in Franklin County in Southeast Indiana. No cases have been diagnosed in Ohio.

“While the extent to which the disease may be present in the wild deer population is not known, cattle owners in Southwest Ohio should be aware of this finding and take precautions,” said Dr. Forshey. “Monitor your cattle for signs of TB, including lethargy, low-grade fever, and cough, and to take steps to prevent contact between your cattle and wild animals.”

Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic bacterial disease that affects primarily cattle, but can be transmitted to any warm-blooded animal. While clinical signs are not visible, in early stages, signs that the disease is progressing may include emaciation, lethargy, weakness, anorexia, low-grade fever and pneumonia with a chronic, moist cough.  … Continue reading

Read More »

Price reporting rules show little change

The American Sheep Industry Association was disappointed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s decision to reject industry-suggested language in reauthorizing Livestock Mandatory Price Reporting. The final rule was published Aug. 11 in the Federal Register and will be effective in 60 days.

ASI offered three recommendations to USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service that would have improved the industry’s access to useful market data:

• The term packer-owned lambs means lambs that a packer owns for at least 28 days immediately before slaughter.

• Lambs committed would be defined as lambs that are intended to be delivered to a packer beginning on the date of an agreement to sell the lambs.

• To require packers to report price, volume and classification descriptors for all lamb pelts from lambs purchased on a negotiated purchase, formula marketing arrangement or forward contract basis is supported.

USDA approved the definition change for packer-owned lambs, but will not implement the latter two recommendations.… Continue reading

Read More »

Ohio Cattlemen’s Roundup to Include Trump campaign officials

The registration deadline for the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association (OCA) Roundup planned for Friday and Saturday, August 26 and 27 is quickly approaching and those interested in attending are encouraged to make plans to attend. The 2016 Roundup will be held at theOARDC Jackson Agricultural Research Station located at 019 Standpipe Road, Jackson, OH 45640.

OCA is pleased to announce an addition to the Roundup’s Saturday, August 27 morning program. Speaking on behalf of the Donald J. Trump for President Campaign will be Charles W. Herbster, the national chairman of the Agricultural and Rural Advisory Committee for the campaign.  Herbster, a noted Angus breeder and businessman from Nebraska, will be joined by Sam Clovis, national Chief Policy Advisor to the Trump campaign and Governor David Heineman, the longest serving governor of the state of Nebraska. They will present information on Donald Trump’s agricultural platform and answer questions.

Friday, August 26 will feature the annual OARDC Jackson Agricultural Research Station’s Beef and Forage Field Night.… Continue reading

Read More »

U.S., Mexican dairy industry leaders pledge renewed cooperation

Concluding a successful two-day summit, leaders of U.S. and Mexican dairy industry organizations pledged to work together to boost trade between the two countries, address mutual challenges and increase dairy consumption while also promoting milk production on both sides of the border.

The dairy leaders signed a memorandum creating a U.S.-Mexico Dairy Alliance that will meet annually to exchange information, review industry trends, and identify and seek solutions for problems affecting either side.

Also in the plan going forward will be ways to further reduce trade barriers between the two countries and defend against efforts to capture generic cheese names like parmesan, asiago and feta for the exclusive use of some European producers.

Signing the memorandum for the United States were Jim Mulhern, president and CEO of the National Milk Producers Federation, and Tom Suber, president of the U.S. Dairy Export Council. Signing for Mexico were Salvador Álvarez Morán, president of the Mexico Livestock Association (CNOG) and Juan Carlos Pardo, president of the National Chamber of Industrial Milk (CANILEC).… Continue reading

Read More »

Grazing tips for dry pastures

According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, many areas are experiencing abnormally dry to moderate drought conditions — and the impact on crops is obvious.

One farmer last week told me he had to drive around a lot in his fields to make round bales. All crops are showing signs of stress, including pasture grasses and forages, but the weeds seem to be growing well through these dry conditions.

What can a manager do given the current situation?

Basic pasture management principles are as important, if not more so, during periods of dry weather. Maintaining good fertility and soil pH can help grazing plants survive drought conditions. Soils that have adequate fertility and are at the ideal pH will go a long way in helping plants maintain a healthy root system, which is important for capturing nutrients, minimizing soil loss, and photosynthesis.

If you decide to apply nitrogen fertilizer, use a form that will not volatilize if rainfall doesn’t occur shortly following application.… Continue reading

Read More »

Dairy producers talk phosphorous, manure legislation at summer meeting

It wasn’t long ago that Grand Lake St. Marys was the center of controversy due to Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs). A lot has happened since that time and phosphorus reduction was one of several important topics at the Ohio Dairy Producers Association (ODPA) Summer Meeting held Wednesday on the banks of the lake in Celina.

“Ohio’s dairy farmers all realize the importance of partnering with the consuming public and with our state agencies and all the businesses that need to help solve the water problem in our state,” said Scott Higgins of the ODPA. “Two bills in the past year have been acted upon — Senate Bill 150, Senate Bill 1 — and dairy farmers know what the obligations are. The challenge we have is knowing how to get there. We brought folks together to help us with the technical nature of it and how can we get there quickly.”

Speakers for the day included Karl Gebhardt of the Ohio EPA, soil scientist Libby Dayton with Ohio State, Karen Scanlon with the Innovation Center for U.S.… Continue reading

Read More »

Seeking help for low prices on the dairy farm

America’s dairy farmers are struggling through a round of low milk prices across the country as dairy prices have fallen from recent record highs in 2014.

“Dairy farmers all around the world are suffering and various governments are looking at what they can do, including the U.S. government,” said Chris Galen, Senior Vice President of Communications for the National Milk Producers Federation. “We’re supportive of some efforts that have been initiated here by some key members of Congress to ask USDA if there is anything else that can be done to help farmers during this difficult time.”

It’s a worldwide phenomenon, as lower milk prices around the world can have a direct effect on milk prices across America. Lower international demand is one key factor driving the lower prices.

“China, which was a major buyer a few years ago, suddenly turned the welcome mat upside down and decided they didn’t need as much,” Galen said.… Continue reading

Read More »

Tri State Small Ruminant Summit

The Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office, Indiana Sheep Association, and Ohio Sheep Improvement Association are proud to present the 2016 KIO Tri State Small Ruminant Summit – Let’s Grow Together conference, aimed at herd improvement for sheep and goat producers.

The Summit is an event that brings together producers and experts from different states all with similar goals and obstacles.  The topics, spoken on by experienced university professors, veterinarians and Extension specialists, specifically target how to integrate health, genetics and nutrition to enhanced efficiency and productivity. There will also be hands on workshops and live demonstrations. “This provides a great opportunity to create connections between small ruminant producers and the academic types,” said Robert Van Saun of Penn State University who is speaking at the conference.  “It is a chance to learn new, reliable scientific information as these industries begin to grow.”

The Summit aims to expand and improve the industry for consumers as well.… Continue reading

Read More »

Some like it hot…some not

As we move into August, we continue to experience a fairly typical seasonal weather pattern for most of Ohio. Yes, it’s hot and humid!  We have been experiencing these conditions for the past couple of weeks and it appears that the trend will continue at least for the remainder of this week. Maybe Mother Nature will improve her sense of humor and provide us some relief in the coming weeks.

Every cow-calf producer makes management decisions about their operations based on a wide variety of factors. Some of these factors include access to land, feed resources, marketing goals, labor availability, etc. In this article, I want to discuss another factor that significantly impacts management decisions for the cow-calf producer. That factor is the weather.

The weather has a direct impact on nearly every management decision made by the cow-calf producer. There are predictable seasonal trends that we can expect as we move from winter to spring to summer to fall.… Continue reading

Read More »

No waste left behind at the North American Manure Expo

Farmers can get a good grip on manure using cover crops, says an expert with Ohio State University Extension.

“Cover crops are an excellent practice to utilize nutrients from manure for growing grain crops,” said Alan Sundermeier, an educator in OSU Extension’s Wood County office. “Capturing the manure nutrients with a growing plant will keep the nutrients on the field and out of waterways.”

13669408_10206929005329280_2950484401537673974_o

Sundermeier, who’s also the director of that office, gave tips on getting cover crops off the ground  — and then eventually back into it — as part of the North American Manure Expo earlier this month. The event was in London, about 25 miles west of Columbus.

His talk, called “Establishing Cover Crops,” was one of four during the expo’s Cover Crops track. It was one of about 40 talks in 13 tracks during the event’s two days overall.

The expo’s theme was “Returning nutrients to their roots.”… Continue reading

Read More »

Prepare for activists at the county fair

Summer is here that means county fairs and livestock shows are in full swing. For many producers and youth involved in agriculture, fair season means putting in extra hours of practice and preparation in order to show off a year of hard work in the show ring along with making friendships and memories to last a lifetime.

Unfortunately, animal rights extremist organizations see fairs and events as something entirely different — an opportunity to disrupt and protest, ultimately bringing attention to their cause of eliminating animal agriculture and promoting animal rights. Individuals representing activist organizations have disrupted everything from Independence Day hot dog eating contests to the Pennsylvania Farm Show this year. As another example, an organization called the Alliance for Animals and the Environment is campaigning to end the hug-a-pig event at Wisconsin fairs.

Those involved in a fair or expo this summer and fall, need to prepare for activist protests and disruptions.… Continue reading

Read More »

Production area does not affect phosphorus digestibility in soybean meal fed to pigs

Research at the University of Illinois is helping to determine the effect of growing conditions on the nutritional value of soybean meal.

“The digestibility of phosphorus is the same in soybean meal grown in various regions in the United States,” said Hans Stein, professor of animal sciences at Illinois.

“The chemical composition of soybean meal is somewhat dependent on the area in which soybeans are grown, but it was not known if there are differences in the concentration of phytate among soybeans grown in different areas,” Stein said.

He and Kelly Sotak-Peper, then a doctoral candidate, set out to determine whether any differences existed.

They sourced soybean meal from crushing plants in three different areas within the United States: the northern growing area (comprising Michigan, Minnesota, and South Dakota), eastern growing area (Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio), and western growing area (Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska).

They measured no statistically significant differences in concentrations of phosphorus, or in the percentage of phosphorus bound to phytate, among soybean meal from the different regions.… Continue reading

Read More »

Late summer seeding of perennial forages

Although it may be a dim memory at this point, we started the 2016 growing season on the wet side. Some planned spring forage seedings did not happen due to wet conditions and a compressed spring planting season. Add to this the fact that some alfalfa stands are not holding up as planned because of harvest injury during the wet and rainy conditions of 2015 and now the dry summer conditions of 2016 and there are potentially a lot of acres of alfalfa or another perennial forage that need to be planted as we look ahead to 2017. August gives us another window of opportunity to establish a perennial forage stand and it fits nicely into rotations after wheat grain harvest.

Typically the main risk with an August planting is a question of sufficient moisture for seed germination and plant growth and it looks like this year will not be an exception, as the weather outlook for August is for rainfall to be below normal.… Continue reading

Read More »

New process adds weeks to milk shelf life

A rapid heating and cooling of milk significantly reduces the amount of harmful bacteria present, extending by several weeks the shelf life of one of the most common refrigerator staples in the world, according to a Purdue University study.

Bruce Applegate, Purdue associate professor in the Department of Food Science, and collaborators from Purdue and the University of Tennessee published their findings in the journal SpringerPlus, where they show that increasing the temperature of milk by 10 degrees for less than a second eliminates more than 99% of the bacteria left behind after pasteurization.

“It’s an add-on to pasteurization, but it can add shelf life of up to five, six or seven weeks to cold milk,” Applegate said.

Pasteurization, which removes significant amounts of harmful pathogens that can cause illness and eventually spoil dairy products, is considered a high-temperature, short-time method. Developed by Louis Pasteur in the 19th century, the treatment gives milk a shelf life of about two to three weeks.… Continue reading

Read More »