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Volatile day following USDA reports

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

With the USDA report today for grain stocks numbers on Sept. 1, 2020, corn stocks of 2.0 billion bushels, soybeans 523 million bushels, and wheat 2.16 billion bushels.

Corn, soybeans, and wheat stocks were all below trader estimates, that is the bullish news today. Grains stocks trade estimates were: corn 2.250 billion bushels; soybeans 576 million bushels; wheat 2.242 billion bushels. Last year at this time, stocks were: corn 2.221 billion bushels; soybeans 909 million bushels; wheat 2.346 billion bushels.

In addition, traders had expected changes to the 2019 corn and soybean production numbers. Shortly after the noon release, corn was up 9 cents, soybeans up 22 cents, and wheat up 20 cents. Just before the report, corn was unchanged, soybeans up 9 cents, and wheat up 11 cents.

The stocks report today had been expected to be boring. However, to put the numbers in perspective and examining reports back to 2005, traders have missed the corn number compared to USDA as much as 17%.… Continue reading

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What’s in your marketing toolbox?

By Jon Scheve, Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC

Given current perceived carryout estimates, corn prices seem a little high for the start of harvest. While some suggest carryout could fall to levels similar to the past couple years, it will likely take more demand or a big supply reduction to keep prices as high as last week until after harvest.

The bean market has been running hard and is finally getting tired. It needed to pull back some. Exports have been good, but they will need to continue to be strong. Focus will start to shift to weather in South America very soon.

What is in your toolbox?

This weekend I was on the farm helping with harvest. While fixing a broken sickle, I looked inside the toolbox at the many tools we carry on the combine to fix potential problems in the field. It reminded me of all the grain marketing tools we use to price the grain we are harvesting.… Continue reading

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2020 Farm Science Review Virtual Research Plot tour continued – Poultry litter use

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader: a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean checkoff.

The Ohio State University Extension, Agronomic Crops Team and the e-Fields Program had a number of research plots once again at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in 2020. The online Review gave guests a number of opportunities to take a virtual plot tour and learn more about the ongoing research. The virtual plot tour was sponsored by the Ohio Soybean Council.

The use of poultry litter as a source of nutrients in crop production has increased in recent years as farmers have realized the additional benefits it brings in the micro-nutrients and biological components it contains. In order to maximize these benefits, proper application is necessary. Proper application includes calibrating the spreader in order to apply the correct amount to achieve the desired agronomic results while still protecting the environment.

As part of the 2020 Farm Science Review Virtual Plot Tour, a session was held on Soil manure spreader calibration and poultry litter application.

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OABA seeking emerging leaders for ninth LAUNCH Class

Tomorrow’s agribusiness leader will need to be nimble and lead change in addressing workforce pressures, consumer demands, and governmental challenges, all while fostering networks and collaborative work styles. Emerging agribusiness leaders can build their skills through LAUNCH — Leaders Achieving Unexpected New Career Heights — to rise to the challenges and opportunities facing agribusinesses today and tomorrow.

Hosted by the Ohio AgriBusiness Association, in partnership with Shift-ology Communication, the LAUNCH program is geared to help Ohio agribusinesses Elevate People, Elevate Ideas and Elevate the Industry.

The program is designed for emerging leaders with a desire to meet higher level goals than the scope of their current position. The course is designed for leaders with all levels of experience — from entry level to seasoned employees — who seek to rise within their company.

“Agribusinesses continually compete with all industries to recruit and retain the best talent, but there is also a need to invest in those who are already passionate about agriculture,” said Chris Henney, OABA president and CEO.… Continue reading

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OCA BEST adds Buckeye Breeders Series

The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association (OCA) Beef Exhibitor Show Total (BEST) Program announced important updates and additions to the program, including the creation of the Buckeye Breeders Series (BBS).

The BBS will replace the former Best of the Buckeye Program and will operate in a similar manner, but with increased recognition opportunities for BBS breeders and exhibitors. BBS has been incorporated into the BEST program in its own separate points division and will run throughout the BEST show season. Only registered cattle that were bred by an Ohio breeder are eligible. Crossbreds are not eligible to participate in the BBS.

Beginning with the Scarlet & Gray Midwest Showdown held Jan. 2 and 3, 2021 at the Clark County Fairgrounds in Springfield and continuing at every BEST show throughout the season, cattle entered in the BBS program will have their own separate set of points that will run parallel to the BEST program, like the Novice and Bred & Owned Divisions whose points are a subset of their regular class points.… Continue reading

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Grand opening for new biosolid storage facility at Molly Caren Agricultural Center

The Molly Caren Agricultural Center (MCAC) and City of London held a grand opening reception for a new Biosolid Storage Facility, a result of the long-time partnership between the two entities.

To be more efficient in the storage of Exceptional Quality Biosolids produced by the city’s wastewater plant, London officials met with MCAC staff in November 2018 to propose the idea of constructing a storage facility on the agricultural grounds. MCAC has long used the city’s biosolids in its farming operations, applying the product to its farm ground during the month September, after crops are harvested during the annual Farm Science Review show. Per Ohio Environmental Protection Agency requirements, if these biosolids are not applied to agricultural land within 90 days of the initial storage date, they must be stored at a regional storage facility, where they can remain for up to two years.

Nearly two years after commencement of the project, the Exceptional Quality Biosolid Storage Facility located at MCAC is ready for operational use, with close proximity to the City of London, allowing other approved biosolid applicators to have access to storage facility during normal business hours.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 173 | Here Comes Harvest

Matt, Dusty, and Kolt host this weeks podcast with guest, John Linder. John will be installed as the president of the National Corn Growers Association on Thursday. Interviews this week include two of the between the rows farmers, Charlie Kail and Jake Heilman, as they begin their harvest. Dave Russell includes an interview with Ray Lello from Bayer, and he talks about their new fungicide products. We wish farmers across the state of Ohio the best of luck during harvest!

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Bayer’s XtendFlex soybeans gain key regulatory approval

Bayer announced that the European Commission has authorized XtendFlex soybean technology for food, feed, import and processing in the European Union. This milestone represents the final key authorization for XtendFlex soybeans.

“XtendFlex beans are our next generation of herbicide tolerance in soybeans. It is a three-way tolerance to dicamba, Roundup and Liberty. It is a trait platform that is built on our current Roundup Ready 2 Xtend platform. There is added flexibility from a herbicide tolerance standpoint and we are certainly excited for what it offers growers with the ability to plant Asgrow genetics,” said Roy Ulrich, Technical Agronomist for DEKALB and Asgrow in southern Ohio. “It adds another mode of action you can use in soybeans and is another tool in the toolbox.”  

With this approval in hand, Bayer can now look forward to a full launch in the United States and Canada in 2021 and expects to be in a strong position to supply 20 million U.S.… Continue reading

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Harvest begins in Ohio

Dry weather persisted under warmer than normal temperatures last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 43 percent adequate to surplus by week’s end, down 15 percentage points from the previous week. Approximately 18 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor. Average temperatures for the week were 2.5 degrees above historical normals and the entire State averaged 0.00 inches of precipitation. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 27.

Farmers applied manure, harvested wheat, and tilled land during the week. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 75 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 5 percentage points. Soybeans harvested was at 13 percent while soybeans moisture content was also at 13 percent. Corn dented was at 93 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 3 percentage points. Corn mature was at 46 percent and corn moisture content was 24 percent.… Continue reading

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Harvest underway around the state

Charlie Kail

We have had two weeks of beautiful hay making weather. I think we have covered every acre that was standing high enough to mow. We ran a bunch of square bales on Saturday. The air is moving, the temperature has been good and there have been half decent sunny days. We haven’t had any rain, though, in 14 days and the ground is dried out.

There are a few guys starting on corn and beans. Moisture on the corn has been 17% to probably 45%. So far, yields have been average around here, whatever that would be. Most people are just nosing the combines in to make sure everything is running right.

The guys who believe in the fly free date are getting ready to plant wheat. The guys that say fly free date isn’t important already have their wheat in the ground. The research I’ve seen out of Ohio State over the years says Oct.… Continue reading

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Scout for Ear Molds

2020 keeps throwing challenges our way. Justin Petrosino Agronomist with Stewart Seeds is seeing ear molds across his entire territory, mainly gibberella ear rot and fusarium. Ear molds can be caused by late August and early September rains when the crop is stressed. Justin discusses what to do if you are finding ear molds in your field.… Continue reading

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2020 Farm Science Review Virtual Research Plot tour

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader: a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean checkoff

The OSU Extension, Agronomic Crops Team and the e-Fields Program had a number of research plots once again at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center in 2020. The online review gave guests a number of opportunities to take a virtual plot tour and learn more about the ongoing research. The virtual plot tour was sponsored by the Ohio Soybean Council.

Strip intercropping was the focus of one plot on the virtual tour. This is a practice that involves growing corn and soybeans in alternating strips within the same field. Preliminary findings were that the strip intercropping practice increased yield, and decreased soil compaction.

Remote Sensing was the focus of another series of plots. Remote sensing is the science of acquiring information about an object or phenomenon by measuring the emitted and reflected radiation. Drone flying over an Ohio soybean field with stinger platform suspended beneath.Remote sensing data can be collected in four primary ways: land-based, UAV’s, airplanes, or satellites.

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H2Ohio streamlines approval process for VNMPs

The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) and the Ohio Agribusiness Association (OABA) are joining forces to streamline the approval process of Voluntary Nutrient Management Plans (VNMP) for farmers participating in the H2Ohio water quality initiative to reduce phosphorus runoff into Lake Erie.

On Sept. 3, 2020, ODA Director, Dorothy Pelanda, appointed two ODA staff members, Kip Studer and Peter McDonough, to work in partnership with OABA and Ohio’s Soil and Water Conservation Districts to approve VNMPs that have been developed as part of the 4R Nutrient Stewardship Certification Program.

First launched in the Spring of 2014, the 4R Nutrient Stewardship Certification Program is a proactive, responsible commitment aimed at the long-term improvement of water quality. This voluntary, annual third-party auditor verified program provides a consistent, recognized standard for agricultural retailers, nutrient service providers and other certified professionals in the state of Ohio. This approach provides a science-based framework for plant nutrition management and sustained crop production, while considering specific individual farms’ needs.… Continue reading

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Dale visits the LG Seeds plot at the Farm Science Review

While this was the week most farmers would have paid a visit to the Farm Science Review, Dale had a chance to catch up with Corey Prosser Ohio Agronomist for LG seeds at their FSR plot. The plot experienced some stress this year like many parts of Ohio. Take a tour of the plot with Dale and Corey as they discuss the value of traits and understanding hybrids that work best on your farm.… Continue reading

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Harvest technology preparation

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader: a project of the Ohio Soybean Council and soybean checkoff

As harvest season 2020 is just getting underway across the state, Dr. John Fulton, Professor and Extension Specialist in Ohio State’s Food Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department says that getting all the technology checked out before going to the field will make processing harvest data easier this winter.

Dr. John Fulton, The Ohio State University

Good data collection is necessary for making informed management decisions in the future. “When we think about yield monitors, and the data they collect, the first step each fall is to make sure the data on the display from previous seasons has been retrieved, and archived or backed-up to ensure nothing is lost,” said Fulton. “We encourage farmers to move it from the thumb drive or card used to retrieve it and stored on a laptop or a hard drive or storage space to make sure it is securely stored.”

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H2Ohio reminder for nutrient applications

By Glen Arnold, Ohio State University Extension

Harvest is starting and farmers participating in the H2Ohio program are reminded that any fall fertilizer applications, including manure, need to be approved by their local Soil & Water Conservation Districts. This will assure the application is in compliance with their Voluntary Nutrient Management Plan and there will be no problems with the payment process.

Many farmers will be working with their local fertilizer dealerships for fertilizer recommendations, but it is still a requirement to get approval from your local Soil and Water Conservation District before the fertilizer or manure is applied.… Continue reading

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Last Chance: Act Now to Update PLC Yields

By Clint Schroeder, Ohio State University Extension Educator

Landowners or producers with a Power of Attorney for their landowner have until September 30, 2020 to update their Price Loss Coverage (PLC) yield, also referred to as farm yield, information on file with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA). PLC yields exist for each FSA farm number and commodity. This one-time opportunity to update yield information for covered commodities was a provision in the 2018 Farm Bill. The updated yields will be used to calculate payments under the PLC program for the 2020 through 2023 crop years if market prices trigger payments. PLC yields have also been used before in disaster relief programs. There is no guarantee that farmers will have this opportunity again under future farm bills. If a farm chooses to not update their yield info the existing yields for the farm will be used.… Continue reading

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We need to reflect back on what we learned this year

By Harold Watters, Ohio State University Extension

I think we screwed up the 2020 cropping season in 2018 and 2019. I hope the yield estimates we saw in OCJ in August hold up. Matt always goes back and checks with the growers at harvest, this year with the virtual tour I hope we can still check those actual yields against the estimates. At any rate the screw ups we did in 2018 and 2019 were a bit out of our control… meaning we were too wet when we harvested in 2018 and too wet when we planted in 2019 — and that led to a lot of surface compaction, and probably some deeper compaction, too. To follow that up we had a mild winter in 2019-2020 so we saw limited freeze-thaw to take away some of those compaction issues. I do not suggest tillage this fall, generally, to solve the problem.… Continue reading

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Fall soil sampling?

By Greg LaBarge and Harold Watters, Ohio State University Extension

Simply put, the goal of soil sampling is to make a fertilizer recommendation for crop production.

  • To provide that recommendation, calibration studies are done to measure crop response.
  • For Ohio, the Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations provide the calibration study history for recommendation development. For 2020 we just rolled out the latest “Tri-State” recommendations.

It’s about statistics. We want to take a representative sample, meaning that the sample should represent the fertility level of the area we sampled.

  • Choose sample areas in the field that have similar crop yields, crop rotation histories, fertilizer application methods and sources of applied nutrient.
  • Fields or field areas with a history of livestock production (a former pasture, had manure applications or produced hay) or other unique characteristics may require a different sampling strategy.
  • Field areas represented by any single sample should not be greater than 25 acres.
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Managing grain quality challenges with unconventional storage this harvest

With anticipated shortages of grain bin capacity this fall, some farmers will be relying on unconventional storage solutions. And that could lead to grain quality issues without proper management, said Gary Woodruff, a GSI district manager and grain conditioning expert.

He notes that good conventional alternatives available to farmers include pile systems involving wall panels, a tarp for weather protection and proper aeration. A flat storage building, specifically equipped with aeration tubes or tunnels, can also safely hold excess grain, he said.  

Woodruff, however, says unconventional storage sites — a machine shed, for example — pose risks.

“The first is a structural issue,” he said. “If you pile corn in the building without additional support to the walls, they can blow out. Grain is a movable product, and any corn against a wall can cause structural failures.”

The other concern is grain quality.

“If there is no aeration system, the grain should be stored at 13% moisture or below, late in the season after temperatures are down to 50 degrees to prevent spoilage,” Woodruff said.… Continue reading

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