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Sorting out the September numbers

By Jon Scheve, Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC

The September USDA report showed corn carryout may end up being one of the tightest since 2012. While the yield estimate dropped to trade expectations, the USDA also decreased the harvested acre estimate by another 1 million. This is nearly equivalent to lowering the national yield by another 2 bushels per acre.

While this is good news for producers, and could mean the tightest carryout in a decade, it does not guarantee the market will eventually trade above $8. Higher prices may restrict global demand. With worldwide recession concern, and the U.S. dollar at a 20-year high, corn usage around the world may ration itself at these price levels.

Seasonally, the market usually pulls back as harvest moves north in late September. Therefore, the market may be range bound for the next 4-6 weeks between $6.50 and $7 until more is known about the actual size of this year’s crop.… Continue reading

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New field research and Extension effort

By Laura Lindsey and Osler Ortez, OSU Extension, Adapted from C.O.R.N. 2022-32

Which crop has the smallest yield penalty for delayed planting?

Can you adjust your management practices to mitigate losses due to late planting?

How are insects, diseases, weeds, and other factors affected by planting date?

We will answer these questions and more!

For both soybean and corn, earlier planting is promoted to maximize yield. However, due to bad weather, the planting date window is often short and disconnected (e.g., good weather in April, bad weather in May, then good weather again in June). Farmers often ‘debate’ which crop should be planted first- corn or soybean.

The ‘Battle for the Belt’ project is a field research and extension effort to help address the question, what crop should be planted first- corn or soybean?

Research: the plan is to conduct field experiments at three locations in 2023: Western, Northwest, and Wooster.… Continue reading

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Ohio Farm Bureau Foundation now accepting proposals for Youth Pathways grant

The Ohio Farm Bureau Foundation believes that an increased focus on careers in agriculture will have a direct impact on the strength of the farm and food community, the security, and availability of food for the future and the well-being of Ohio. 

Agriculture is one of the largest industries and economic contributors in the state. Yet as vast and proactive as the agricultural industry is currently, projections indicate that in the next 10 years, Ohio will need: 

470,000 new workers in agribusiness.

90,000 new workers in direct farming operations.

The Youth Pathways Grant for Careers in Agriculture is the Ohio Farm Bureau Foundation’s signature grant program designed to help young people discover their purpose and passion in agricultural careers through programming that introduces them to the educational and employment possibilities related to farming and other ag-related careers. 

The foundation intends to award up to $100,000 to organizations that exhibit innovative program design, utilize partnerships between community organizations and demonstrate program sustainability statewide.… Continue reading

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A flying ATV? Ryse Recon turns heads at Farm Science Review

The Ryse Recon aircraft from Ryse Aero Technologies is the talk of the 2022 Farm Science Review. Ohio Ag Net’s Joel Penhorwood spoke with Mick Kowitz, founder/CEO of Ryse Aero Technologies, talking the unique flying machine that’s being billed as a working solution for farmers.

The Recon is an eVTOL and resides within the ultralight category, meaning its potential pilots need no formal certification to fly it. While easy to use, the price tag of $150,000 remains a challenge for many.

Learn more about safety, battery life, top speed, and thoughts of onlooking farmers in this video.… Continue reading

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Ask the experts at FSR

It’s not every day that Ohio farmers can hear directly from 24 agricultural experts on a variety of hot topics. That’s one reason the Ask the Expert sessions at Farm Science Review (FSR) are always so popular.

Hosted by the Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES), FSR is celebrating its 60th year of agricultural education and industry innovation in 2022. The three-day farm show will be held at the Molly Caren Agricultural Center, near London, Tuesday, Sept. 20, through Thursday, Sept. 22. 

Approximately 40 free Ask the Expert sessions will address a variety of important agricultural topics including: 

  • Boom or bust: Where are Ohio farms financially?
  • Agricultural trade in the shadow of the Russian invasion of Ukraine
  • Mitigating and Managing Landowner Liability
  • Biosecurity: Managing current disease challenges and future risks
  • Agricultural labor: Who will work on my farm?
  • Long term care: Are you betting the farm?
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Understanding your financial statements

By Brian Ravencraft

Every agribusiness owner and farmer needs to understand the importance of maintaining and reviewing financial statements.

Think of these statements as a map of where the money for your business is coming from and where it is going. These statements are true records of your financial activity. These are the documents that let you understand the financial health of your business and allow you to make smart financial moves in the future.

These are the three types of financial statements:

  1. Income Statement: This statement displays your company’s new income growth or loss. The statement covers a certain period of time. You may hear your accountant refer to this as your profit and loss statement. Or “P&L” for short.
  2. Balance Sheet: This document looks at your business’s net worth at a given point in time. This is the document you turn to when you want to get a feel for where you stand regarding assets and liabilities and equity.
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Ohio Department of Agriculture announces new farmland preservation commitments

More Ohio farmland will remain Ohio farmland. The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) is proud to announce 256 acres have been added to the Farmland Preservation Program. Deeds Family Farm and Wells Family Farm in Licking County become the 21st and 22nd Ohio farms to join the program this year.

Agricultural land is a key part of Ohio’s landscape. Preserving this land is essential. An agricultural easement in Farmland Preservation is a voluntary agreement between the landowner and ODA, where the landowner agrees to perpetually maintain the land predominantly in agricultural use. In exchange, the landowner is either compensated or may be entitled to a tax deduction.

In partnership with ODA, local sponsor Licking County Soil & Water Conservation District played a significant role in securing this agreement.

Since the Office of Farmland Preservation began in 1998, 673 farms totaling 102,145 acres have entered into agreements. This allows Ohio to continually be a top producer, helping not just Ohioans, but all Americans.… Continue reading

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2022 FSR Preview | McFarlane Dura-Crimper sets itself apart

John Couch joins Ohio Ag Net’s Dale Minyo from the SISCO booth as they preview their wide range of offerings at the 2022 Farm Science Review. A highlight this year is the McFarlane Dura-Crimper, bringing several advantages to the world of cover crop management. In addition to the crimping tool, the two talk the McFarlane Incite, Grasshopper mowers, and much more at this year’s Review, running September 20-22.… Continue reading

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Impacts from weather cycles

By James Hoorman, Hoorman Soil Health Services

Weather is always hard to predict. The weatherman can be right less than 50% of the time, and still keep their job! However, with the weather, it is somewhat cyclical. Solar flares, sunspots, and the La Niña/El Niño phenomenon are a little more predictable and may give an indication of future weather patterns. Several cycles are coming together that farmers need to watch. 

The 1930s was a turbulent decade for the U.S., leading to drought and a Depression in the economy. The 1930s was a 10-year drought, made worse scientist think by excess tillage of the prairies. Is it possible that we could repeat history with another long-term drought? Maybe? However, understanding some regular weather cycles that tend repeat themselves may allow farmers to be a little more prepared for what may or may not happen. 

Let’s start with solar flares and sunspot activity. About every 11 years, the sun has a pattern of high sunspot activity followed by lower sunspot activity.… Continue reading

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Crops move closer to harvest

Abundant sunshine and warm daytime temperatures extended throughout Ohio, providing farmers with favorable conditions for pre-harvest fieldwork, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 4% very short, 22% short, 68% adequate, and 6% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Sept. 18 was 66.5 degrees, 1.5 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.35 inches of precipitation, 0.52 inches below average. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Sept. 18.

Farmers took advantage of last week’s favorable weather conditions by making substantial progress in harvesting corn for silage. Additional activities included manure applications and preparing combines for harvest. Corn dented progress was 78% complete, and 27% of the crop was mature. Corn harvested for silage was 68% complete. Corn condition was rated 59% good to excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 31%. Fifty-nine percent of soybean plants were reported as being in good to excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Ep. 269 | Ag Resource Management talks changing finances, Athens Co. Historical Farm, and 30 years of OCJ

The 269th episode of the Ohio Ag Net Podcast joins Matt and Jeff Reese alongside Elizabeth Long and Larry Davis from Ag Resource Management as they discuss the changing finance landscape for today’s agriculture, including important crop deadlines, moving interest rates, and more.

The podcast also hears from longtime OCJ subscriber Wayne Wickerham as the Journal celebrates 30 years of being in print.

Matt also chats with Steve Garguillo on his family’s Historic Farm in Athens County.

All that, plus a few “Talk Like a Pirate Day” jokes along the way, and much more are included in today’s podcast. Tune in!

0:00.00 – Intro and OCJ/OAN Update with Ag Resource Management

12:23.15 – Steve Garguillo – Historic Farm

28:01.59 – 30 years of OCJ with Wayne Wickerham

35:27.83 – ARM Discussion and Closing… Continue reading

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New staff joining Ohio Ag Net/OCJ

By Matt Reese

It has been a busy a busy summer at Ag Net Communications, Inc. for many reasons, including the exciting addition of three new team members.

We are welcoming back Joel Penhorwood. We are also welcoming two new marketing specialists to the team: Kristin Flowers from Henry County and Joe Everett from Shelby County.

“We have always been fortunate to have a great staff to help us in our mission to serve Ohio agriculture and we are really excited to welcome this group,” said Dale Minyo, general manager of Ag Net Communications. “They bring tremendous talent, experience and connections to the agricultural industry in the state to help keep us on top of our game.”  

Joel Penhorwood

Joel is returning to Ag Net Communications with a heavy emphasis on video production, but will work with radio, print, and the podcast as well. Joel started as an intern and worked for Ohio Ag Net as a radio news broadcaster from 2013 to 2019.… Continue reading

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Using cover crops with fall manure applications

By Greg LaBarge and Glen Arnold, Ohio State University Extension, Field Specialist, Manure Management

As corn silage harvest starts, livestock producers and commercial manure applicators will follow with fall manure applications. Manure should be incorporated with a toolbar at application or soon after application with tillage to keep nutrients in place. Incorporation works well to preserve P and K for future crops, but nitrogen is different. Nitrogen is initially retained in the soil but will leach through tile or volatilize into the air unless we capture it in a growing crop. Cover crops fit well in the role of N retention. Ohio edge-of-field research monitoring agricultural practice impacts shows a reduction of tile nitrate losses of 84% with cover crops. Plus, there is an added benefit of preventing soil erosion.

Cereal rye, wheat, and oats are common cover crops after manure application. However, farmers also use radishes, clover, annual ryegrass, Sudan grass, or almost species they are comfortable growing.… Continue reading

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Watch for ear rots this fall

By Matt Hutcheson, Seed Consultants, Inc.

I spent some time last week walking test plots and evaluating new and experimental hybrids in eastern Indiana as well as southwest and central Ohio. Among other things, we observed ear molds developing. Pictured left is one of the ears I observed. The presence and severity of ear molds varied from one plot to another. Some locations had significant development of ear molds, other locations had none. While most hybrids did not exhibit severe conditions, in many cases where ears had tip-back and husks were pinched at the tip of the ear, the tip of the cob was soft and ear mold was just beginning to develop. Below are common ear molds of the eastern Corn Belt and their symptoms.

• Fusarium Ear and Kernel Rot

o Symptoms include white to pink cottony rot 
o Infected kernels can be scattered on ear or in patches as well 
o Insect damaged kernels are especially prone to infection 
o Can produce mycotoxins

•Diplodia Ear Rot

o Symptoms include dense white mold that starts from the base of the ear and can spread over kernels/husks 
o Raised black fruiting bodies can be seen late in the season 
o Favored by wet weather just after silking, can be more severe in corn planted after corn 
o Does not produce mycotoxins

• Gibberella Ear Rot

o Symptoms include white to pink mold that starts at the tip of the ear and grows toward the base 
o Common in cool, wet weather from silking to harvest 
o Can produce mycotoxins…including DON (or vomitoxin) that is toxic to livestock, especially swine 
o Can produce high amounts of toxins even if symptoms are do not appear to be severe

• Aspergillus Ear and Kernel Rot

o Symptoms include gray-green or olive green powdery mold 
o Starts at the tip of the ear and can follow insect damage in the ear 
o Can produce mycotoxins and is also considered a carcinogen

Ear Rot Comments and Management:

• Ear rots may be found any year, but in some areas this year they are worse due to wet weather following silking 
• Scout fields to determine if ear rots are present and identify which ones are 
• Fields with ear rots should be harvested as early as possible and dried to moisture below 15% to prevent the continued development of molds 
• It is not recommended grain affected by ear molds is stored, however, it should be kept separate from grain not affected if it is stored in a bin 
• Any grain affected by ear rots should be tested for mycotoxins before feeding to livestock 
• Although not all ear rots will produce mycotoxins, they will reduce yield, grain quality, and may cause dock fees when sold to an elevator

As harvest approaches it is important to take some time to scout for ear rots to identify the presence and severity of ear rots in order to manage them.… Continue reading

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Spend time with the Agronomic Crops Team at FSR

By Greg LaBarge, Ohio State University Extension

Ohio State’s Farm Science Review turns 60 this year. The show will happen September 20-22, with plans to celebrate its history of providing valuable information to farmers and producers while showcasing technology and information needed to meet future farming challenges.

The OSU Extension’s Agronomic Crops Team will again display a snapshot of research projects conducted throughout Ohio at the plot area between Gates B and C that enter the FSR grounds from the East Parking Lot. Cover crops, no-till planter technology, weed control, disease research, irrigation, and forage production are some topics presented. The plots will also have areas that compare 1960’s practices to what we do today. For example, today and yesteryear, spray application, harvest, tillage, and planter technology will be on display. It will be a great chance to look back while getting information to meet our current farming challenges.

Presale tickets are $10 at OSU Extension county offices or participating agribusinesses.… Continue reading

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Ditch design options

By Jon Witter, Jessica D’Ambrosio, and Justin McBride

A grant program through H2Ohio was recently announced by the Ohio Department of Agriculture to support the installation of two-stage ditches in counties draining to the Western Lake Erie Basin. The program will be administered by the Ohio Department of Agriculture through county Soil and Water Conservation Districts and County Engineer offices in Northwest Ohio. Contact your local Soil and Water Conservation District or County Engineer for more information on the program.

This program represents a significant investment in infrastructure that integrates conservation benefits and water quality protection with the need for reliable drainage.  We briefly describe ditch management approaches in the following article along with some very basic information on potential tradeoffs when considering a conservation channel design over a traditional (trapezoidal) ditch design.

Ditch design options 

The traditional trapezoidal ditch design is a good solution for surface drainage and works well in most applications if it remains well-vegetated, provides adequate tile drainage capacity, and doesn’t undergo frequent maintenance. … Continue reading

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Legal options for addressing damaged crops

By Peggy Kirk Hall, director of agricultural law, Ohio State University Agricultural and Resource Law Program

Farm neighbor laws have been around nearly as long as there have been farm neighbors. From trees to fences to drainage, farmers can impact and be impacted by their neighbors. In the spirit of managing these impacts and helping everyone get along, our courts and legislatures have established a body of laws over the years that allocate rights and responsibilities among farm neighbors. Explaining these laws is the goal of our new series on farm neighbor laws. 

Here’s a timely farm neighbor problem that we’ve heard before: Farmer’s soybeans are looking good and Farmer is anxious for harvest. But some neighbors drive their ATV into the field and flatten a big section of Farmer’s beans. What can Farmer do about the harm? 

Ohio’s “reckless destruction of vegetation law” might be the solution. The law, Ohio Revised Code Section 901.51, states that “no person, without privilege to do so, shall recklessly cut down, destroy, girdle, or otherwise injure a vine, bush, shrub, sapling, tree, or crop standing or growing on the land of another or upon public land.”… Continue reading

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Beef exports holding strong

U.S. beef exports again topped $1 billion in July and posted the fifth-largest volume on record, according to data released by USDA and compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF). Pork exports remained below last year’s pace but continued to gain strength in Colombia and the Caribbean and stayed above year-ago for Mexico, the leading destination for U.S. pork. 

Japan leads broad-based growth in July beef exports

July beef exports totaled 126,567 metric tons (mt), up 3% year-over-year. Export value increased 7% to $1.006 billion, topping the $1 billon mark for the sixth time this year. Japan was the pacesetter for July exports, but volumes also increased year-over-year to China/Hong Kong, the ASEAN region, Central America, the Caribbean and Colombia. July exports eased for South Korea and Taiwan, though both markets remain on a record pace in 2022.

For the first seven months of the year, beef exports increased 6% from a year ago to 870,471 mt, valued at $7.2 billion (up 29%).… Continue reading

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