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Bullish wheat, bullish corn

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

Corn is bullish because the yield was lowered 4 bushels for 2022. Wheat is bullish due to world ending stocks down almost 10 million tons.

Batter up! Today is opening day for the 2022-2023 marketing year even though the “season” is from Sept. 1, 2022 to Aug. 31, 2023. USDA today provides its first supply and demand tables (WASDE) for 2022 U.S. crops. It’s a long year when you consider that its first scrutiny begins nearly 4 months before the season ever begins. 

Traders will quickly be drawn to the USDA expected corn yield for 2022. USDA’s February Outlook Forum detailed the U.S. new crop corn yield at 181 bushels. Today the yield was 177 bushels. The May USDA new crop corn yield has used the February Outlook yield each year dating back to 2014. The reality of a reduced yield with this report is low in spite of the slow planting progress to date. … Continue reading

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Grants bring financial aid to Ohio meat processors

By Brianna Gwirtz, OCJ field reporter

It’s been a little over two years since news stories were full of photos of empty grocery stores. The beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic brought a flurry of panic buying, especially apparent in the meat case (and the toilet paper aisle). Labor issues at national packing plants caused major supply chain disruptions that are still being felt today.  

Ohio meat processors also saw a surge in their businesses as consumers turned to local sources for protein, and livestock producers looked for new avenues to market their products. However, the pandemic merely exacerbated a longer-term issue with limited livestock processing capacity within Ohio. 

For several years, agricultural groups had been advocating for the need to improve and expand local meat and poultry processing. In 2021, Governor Mike DeWine announced the new creation of the Ohio Meat Processing Grant Program. The state’s 2022-2023 budget allotted funds for the program in House Bill 110.… Continue reading

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Q&A with a CCA: Corn nitrogen management

…With Kevin Otte, Otte AG, LLC, Maria Stein

Q: How much nitrogen (N) do I need to supply my corn crop?

A: Depending on your efficiency factor of nitrogen, you can figure from 0.8 to 1.2 pounds of nitrogen per bushel to be supplied to the crop. You can enhance your nitrogen rate determination by utilizing an economic return to nitrogen model. These models consider the price of nitrogen and the price of corn and give a range of nitrogen rate that will return most dollars per acre.

Kevin Otte

Q: Should I include a stabilizer with my N source?

A: Anything that can help keep the nitrogen in the field should be looked at. Stabilizers offer protection from nitrogen losses and there are a number of different stabilizer products to choose from. If your nitrogen can be split applied, this can reduce the potential need of a stabilizer. 

Q: The price of N is high.… Continue reading

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Watch for early wheat diseases

By Pierce Paul, Ohio State University Extension plant pathologist

The wheat crop in Ohio is now between early boot (Feekes 10, in the south) and approaching Feekes 8 (flag leaf emergence) in northern counties. Cooler-than-usual conditions over the last few weeks have slowed the crop down considerably, but as temperatures increase, the crop will advance through several growth stages over a relatively short period. Cool conditions have also kept foliar diseases in check, but Septoria, and to a lesser extent, powdery mildew are still showing up in some fields. Septoria tritici leaf spot is favored by cool, wet conditions similar to those experienced over the last several weeks. It usually shows up first on the lower leaves as yellowish flecks that later develop into irregularly-shaped, brownish-gray lesions, with easily-seen dark-brown to black spots (called pycnidia) in the center. Cool temperatures and high relative humidity are also required for the development of powdery mildew.… Continue reading

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Farm Service Agency loans available for beginning farmers

By Chris Zoller, Ohio State University Extension Educator, ANR in Tuscarawas County

Building and managing a successful farm is a significant financial investment and can be especially challenging for those just beginning, especially those unable to obtain financing through commercial lenders. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) makes and guarantees loans to beginning farmers.

Each year money is allocated to FSA for farm ownership and farm operating loans for beginning farmers. These loan programs are important as beginning farmers have historically experienced more difficulty obtaining financial assistance.

What is a beginning farmer?

A beginning farmer is an individual or entity who:

  • Has not operated a farm for more than 10 years
  • Substantially participates in the operation
  • For farm ownership loans, the applicant cannot own a farm greater than 30 percent of the average size farm in the county, at the time of application
  • If the applicant is an entity, all members must be related by blood or marriage, and all members must be eligible beginning farmers.
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The impact of ag exports on U.S. jobs

By Chris Zoller, Ohio State University Extension Educator, ANR, Tuscarawas County

We are aware that agriculture is a competitive business that operated in a global environment. We understand the importance of global trade to market U.S. produced agricultural commodities. Have you ever considered how important exports of agricultural good produced in the U.S. are to maintaining jobs?

A recent USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) recently analyzed the importance of agricultural exports as it relates to jobs in 2020. The full report is available here: https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/chart-gallery/gallery/chart-detail/?chartId=103827&cpid=email.

In 2020, U.S. agricultural exports were valued at more than $150 billion and every $1 billion of exports is estimated to create 7,550 jobs. Crop and livestock production account for the majority, supporting a total of 439,500 jobs. Jobs in this segment included labor provided by farm owners and family members, hired employees, and contract labor.

U.S. agricultural exports also supported 423,900 off-farm jobs in service, trade, and transportation of agricultural goods. … Continue reading

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Will 2022 bring big ROI with wheat?

By Matt Reese

It did not take 2022’s skyrocketing wheat prices for Doug Dawson to invest time, money, and management into wheat on his Delaware County row-crop and hog operation. He has been intensively managing wheat for years and it was paying off even before the big jump in prices in recent months.

In 2021, Dawson finished a close second in Ohio’s Wheat Yield Contest with over 135 bushels per acre (Doug Goyings in Paulding County had the top yield with 138.27 bushels). Dawson has been stepping up management of his wheat crop for a number of years and is hopeful his 2022 wheat will top last year’s yield.

“I know a lot of guys who spend hours and hours out managing the corn fields and I probably spend that in my wheat, but with $11 wheat, I’ll take that time,” Dawson said. “With all the hogs and manure to spread every year and everything else on our plate, I have to plant at least 200 acres of wheat so I have a place to haul the manure.… Continue reading

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Are the highs in? War and weather make predictions difficult

By Jon Scheve, Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC

The financial markets have been pulling back the past week. While interest rates moved higher, gold and oil moved lower from their highs a few weeks ago. With one of the top 5 most influential USDA reports being published Thursday, some traders seeing a pullback in outside markets are concerned the information in the upcoming report could be bearish, so they are banking some profits now.

The May Report

Thursday’s USDA report is important, because it will estimate the upcoming marketing year’s supply and demand for the first time. However, it is important to remember these estimates guess what supply and demand will end up being 16 months from now, and there are a lot of variables that can change these values during that time.

Corn still trending higher

Since the Ukraine invasion on Feb. 24, corn has increased nearly 90 cents (shown in the chart below).… Continue reading

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First time no-tillers

By James Hoorman, Hoorman Soil Health Services

As the national price of diesel fuel averages around $5.40 per gallon, many farmers are considering no-tilling both soybeans and corn for the first time. Also, due to wet weather and a late planting window, getting crop seed in the ground becomes even more important.  Here are a few tips that may help improve your first year no-till crop yields.

First, scout your fields. Weeds like purple dead nettle, henbit, dandelion, chickweed, yellow rocket, ragweed and marestail can be problems and require a good burndown herbicide.

Marestail

Most farmers will use glyphosate (Roundup®)but remember that as a chelator, glyphosate ties up many micronutrients, especially iron, manganese, zinc, and copper, so minimize it use.

Second, check for slugs and other pests, especially in weedy fields. Ferroyx® is a new slug bait that has a 40-day residual.  The pellets are very small and the slugs ingest it. 

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BEST season wraps up for beef exhibitors

The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association’s (OCA) Beef Exhibitor Show Total (BEST) program wrapped up the 2021-2022 BEST season on May 7 at the Ohio Expo Center in Columbus. Over 800 BEST exhibitors and families gathered to watch youth receive awards for their show success, cattle industry knowledge, photography skills, community service efforts and more. 

This year’s BEST program featured seven weekends of sanctioned shows that wove their way across the state. It was the biggest season yet with over 676 youth participants showing around 1,030 head of market animals and heifers throughout the season. 

 This season’s sponsoring partners were Ag-Pro Companies and John Deere, Bane-Welker Equipment, Bob Evans Farms, Diamond T Land & Cattle Co., Dickson Cattle Co., D&E Electric – The Young Family, M.H. EBY, Inc., Farm Credit Mid-America, Ohio Farm Bureau, The Folks Printing, Jones Show Cattle, R.D. Jones Excavating, Ricer Equipment and Weaver Livestock. 

 “There is no other program in the country like Ohio’s BEST program,” said Karigan Blue, BEST program coordinator.… Continue reading

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Grants available through AgCredit’s Mission Fund

The application period for AgCredit’s Mission Fund program is now open. The Mission Fund awards grants to local organizations who are working to improve their local rural communities.  

The grant program operates on an application-based system within the following four focus areas.

  • Education — Educating young, beginning or future farmers
  • Environment — Maintaining or improving the quality of the rural environment
  • Technology — Supporting the advancement and utilization of technology for the benefit of farmers and rural communities
  • Quality of Rural Life — Programs, projects or initiatives that enhance the quality of life for farmers and rural communities

Organizations may apply for grants up to $15,000 per year. The deadline to apply for a grant is Aug. 31, 2022. Proposals will be reviewed by a committee comprised of AgCredit directors, employees and members. Grants will be awarded by Dec. 31.

“The AgCredit Mission Fund allows us an opportunity to invest in the future of agriculture and positively impact the quality of life in rural Ohio,” said Brian Ricker, AgCredit President and CEO. “We… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Ep. 253 | Cosmetically Challenged Produce and Podcast Hosts

Matt, Dusty, and Kolt talk with Lisa Hamler-Fugitt, Executive Director of Ohio Association of Foodbanks, about all things food security and how agriculture can play a role in solving hunger in Ohio. Dusty catches up with Kyle Bailey of Bane Welker Equipment to discuss the importance of proper equipment calibration and maintenance. Attorney Laura Curliss talks with Matt about her role in the Bailey Case in Union county. All this and more thanks to AgriGold!… Continue reading

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Busch Light and John Deere partner to support farmers

Busch Light and John Deere, two longtime supporters of American farming communities, are joining forces this season to benefit Farm Rescue, a non-profit that provides immediate aid to farmers who have experienced hardship.

The iconic partnership will deliver two exciting consumer elements to raise funding and awareness for the challenges farmers face, including:

  • Limited-Edition “For The Farmers” Cans: Available at participating retailers May 16-July 3, consumers can purchase 24- or 30-pack cases of 12-ounce Busch Light cans with stunning farming graphics that feature John Deere’s logo and equipment. For each case sold during its limited run, Busch Light will donate $1 to Farm Rescue, up to a maximum of $100,000, with John Deere matching the beer brand’s donation.
  • Cornfield Cornhole Consumer Event: Fans are invited to join a free, one-day experience on Saturday, May 21 in Big Bend, WI. A John Deere tractor and ground-posted slingshot will catapult hay bales across the cornfield to an oversized cornhole board.
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Rain means slow going for planting season

Excessive rainfall continued to slow planting progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 40 percent adequate and 60 percent surplus. The average temperature for the week ending May 8 was 56.4 degrees, 0.5 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 2.11 inches of precipitation, 1.23 inches above average. There were 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 8.

Wet weather saturated fields, limiting planting by row crop producers. Livestock were reported to be doing well in pastures. Corn was 5 percent planted, behind 26 percent last year. Soybean planting progress was 4 percent, down from the previous year’s progress of 20 percent. Oats were 53 percent planted and 26 percent of oats were emerged. Winter wheat jointing was 68 percent while the winter wheat crop was rated 56 percent good to excellent condition, down from last week.… Continue reading

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Has spring finally arrived?

Joe Everett

We got a lot of rain like the rest of Ohio did. Where we farm, we got anywhere from 1.5 to 2 inches depending on where you’re standing. Yesterday and today we’ve had better weather and going into the week it looks like we could get back into the field mid-week.

We started planting April 24 and got in a few days of planting. We actually planted up until May 2. Everything seems to be doing alright so far. We actually have some corn and soybeans starting to spike that we planted on that first day planting.

Right in our area, we had a lot of people who got started planting and getting in the fields, but if you get too far out of our area that number drops off pretty quickly. I think we are still pretty good on timing. Last year we got in so early that it feels a little late right now.… Continue reading

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Biological nutrient uptake

By James Hoorman, Hoorman Soil Health Services, adapted from “Solubility versus Biology” by  Lawrence Mayhew.

Regenerative farming practices emphasize nutrient uptake from soils through natural soil biological cycles.  This ecologically‐based agricultural approach uses microbes and carbon compounds to produce crops naturally rather than relying entirely on highly soluble “salty” nutrient inputs for plant nutrition.

Jim Hoorman, Hoorman Soil Health Services

Before commercial synthetic fertilizer, historically, soil microbes provided about 80% of soil nitrogen (N) through the efficient process of microbial N fixation. However, soil compaction and over‐use of nitrogen fertilizers are having a negative impact on N fixing microbes. For the first time, the total fixed N supplied by microbes is less than the amount of applied synthetic N from fertilizer.  Excess salt based or soluble fertilizer is disrupting the natural soil balance.

Soil microbe interact with plant roots and soil minerals to releases plant nutrients from soil minerals. Biological release of plant nutrients has far greater potential for plant mineral uptake than relying entirely on soluble nutrients from fertilizer.

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Farm Credit Mid-America promotes Tara Durbin 

Farm Credit Mid-America, one of the nation’s largest financial services cooperatives serving rural residents and farmers, has promoted Tara Durbin to Chief Lending Officer, Agriculture. Durbin joins Farm Credit Mid-America’s restructured Executive Committee under President and Chief Executive Officer Dan Wagner and now leads retail and commercial agriculture lending sales and support teams across Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee. 

Tara Durbin

“I am most excited to be a strong voice for our retail and commercial agriculture teams and the customers we serve across our four-state footprint,” Durbin says. “As part of the nationwide Farm Credit System, Farm Credit Mid-America secures the future of rural communities and agriculture by being a reliable, consistent source of credit. I look forward to using my experience to represent these voices at the highest level of our organization.” 

Durbin’s deep experience in agriculture began on her family’s small grain farm in Highland County in Southern Ohio.… Continue reading

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2022-2023 Ohio FFA Officer Team

President: Aubrey Schwartz- Miami Trace Great Oaks

Vice President: Hannah Saum – Amanda-Clearcreek

Secretary: Graham Carson- Miami Trace Great Oaks

Treasurer: Katie Oestreich- Eastwood

Reporter: Alyson Murphy- McClain

Sentinel: Kennedy Short – Fayetteville 

Vice President at Large: Benjamin Bitner- Twin Valley South-MVCTC; Dalton Mullins – Miami Trace Great Oaks; Shayden Heiser- Seneca East; Landon Shelpman- Global Impact; and Luke Jennings- Felicity- Franklin

President: Aubrey Schwartz- Miami Trace Great Oaks

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