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2022 Ohio Youth Capital Challenge winners announced

Sponsored by Ohio Farm Bureau, Ohio FFA and Ohio State University Extension 4-H Youth Development, the Ohio Youth Capital Challenge is for students, ages 14 to 18, who want to learn more about government and public policy and make a difference in their community. Participants learn how to identify local issues, create solutions and follow the process through state government.
The challenge started in early spring when groups met to learn about public policy issues and began planning their proposals. A total of seven teams made up of 16 student delegates, with help and guidance from three collegiate mentors, identified issues and problems facing their community. After researching a specific topic, they developed a public policy plan to propose to appropriate government leaders. In their final presentations, the teams described the steps necessary to have their public policy proposal adopted by the appropriate government authorities.
Topics this year included wastewater management, prison reform, rural highway infrastructure, requirements in pre-K through grade 12 classrooms.… Continue reading

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Markets responding to surprises

By Doug Tenney, Leist Mercantile

The May 12 WASDE Report (supply and demand) provided several positive surprises and higher grain prices for producers. First, the U.S. corn yield for 2022 was pegged at 177 bushels. In a rare move, USDA’s first supply and demand tables for the 2022 crop year project the corn yield for this year as different compared to the February Outlook Forum. That report estimated the U.S. 2022 corn yield at 181 bushels. This compares to past years when in consecutive fashion from 2014 to 2021 the May corn yield was the same as the February Outlook Forum. The U.S. corn yield last year was 177 bushels.

For months the market has been filled with various private reports that the U.S. corn yield had to be a record due to the tightness of corn supplies around the world. In addition, some had already suggested that a record U.S.… Continue reading

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Wheat head scab risk low

By Pierce Paul, Ohio State University Extension

Wheat is, or will soon be, flowering in parts of central and northern Ohio. After a relatively slow start to the season, several days of warm weather caused the crop to advance, reaching anthesis (Feekes 10.5.1) a few days earlier than usual in some locations. Feekes 10.5.1 is the growth stage at which wheat is most susceptible to infection by the fungus that causes head scab and produces vomitoxin.

However, according to the FHB risk tool (www.wheatscab.psu.edu), fields across the state are currently at low risk for head scab. This is likely because of the relatively low temperatures we have experienced over the last few days. The tool indicates that the risk for head scab development is low in fields flowering on May 23, and assessments based on 2 to 6 days of forecasted weather suggest that the risk will continue to be low into the weekend as more fields reach anthesis.… Continue reading

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Purple corn?

By Matt Hutcheson, CCA, product manager, Seed Consultants, Inc. 

One phenomenon that commonly occurs at the early stages of the growing season is the appearance of purple cornplants. Corn plants can turn purple for several reasons related to environmental factors such as:

• Sunny days and cool nights (temps in the 40s to 50s F) 
• Soil pH lower than 5.5 
• Cool temperatures 
• Wet soil 
• Stresses that hinder the uptake of phosphorus 
• Herbicide injury 
• Soil compaction.

Because many fields have saturated soils and the forecast includes cooler nighttime temperatures, producers may see some purple plants in their fields. Purpling in corn due to cooler weather most often occurs when plants are in the V2 to V5 growth stages. Because of diverse genetics, hybrids react differently to early stress and some will exhibit purpling while others will not. Anyone who has walked a test plot to observe early plant vigor or has split their planter between two hybrids has probably seen a side-by-side comparison where one hybrid turned purple while the other did not.… Continue reading

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OSU report focuses on ways to expand, enhance rural access to broadband internet in Ohio

While most Ohioans have access to broadband internet, nearly 1 million still lack access to the fast, reliable broadband services in their homes, said analysts with the C. William Swank Program in Rural-Urban Policy at The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES).

“This unserved population largely lives in less populated rural regions of the state where it is prohibitively expensive for internet service providers to extend service,” said Mark Partridge, chair and professor in the CFAES Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics. The Swank program, housed in the department, conducts research, teaching, and outreach within the college.

An April report released by researchers with the Swank program says there is a strong economic benefit for Ohio to invest in expanding and enhancing broadband coverage to unserved areas, as well as making the service more affordable and ensuring that users have access to adequate devices to use the internet for their needs.… Continue reading

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Wheat prices holding strong

By Jon Scheve, Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC

Last week:

  • July corn was down about 3 cents
  • December corn was down about 17 cents
  • November soybeans were up over 20 cents
  • July wheat finished the week down only about 10 cents

Planting progress

Farmers appear to be getting a chance at an open planting window this week, which could allow more total acres of corn to get planted. Right now, the price advantage clearly favors planting corn over beans. The market responded this week by pulling back new crop corn prices and pushing soybean prices higher, but the prices still favor corn.

The market is trying to figure out how many corn acres will be planted, especially in the Dakotas and northern Minnesota. With today’s prices, it seems unlikely farmers will take prevent plant over trying to get the crops planted even if it is late.

Soybeans

Increased Chinese bean purchases during a time of year that does not usually see big export numbers likely also contributed to the old crop soybean price bump this past week.… Continue reading

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Corn genetic heritage the strongest driver of chemical defenses against insect feeding

Plants release chemical distress signals when under attack from chewing insects. 

These “911 calls,” as entomologist Esther Ngumbi refers to them, alert other bugs that dinner or a nice place to lay their eggs is available nearby. If predatory or parasitic insects detect the right signal, they swoop in like saviors to make a meal out of — or lay their eggs in — the bodies of the herbivore insects.

A new study explores the factors that contribute to corn plants’ chemical signaling capacity, comparing how different corn varieties respond to herbivory in the presence or absence of a soil bacterium known to promote plant health.

Ngumbi, a professor of entomology at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, led the research with U. of I. natural resources and environmental sciences professor Angela Kent and Ph.D. candidate Sierra Raglin, who is the first author of the paper. The findings are reported in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.… Continue reading

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A look at Biden Administration efforts to incentivize production

By Krista SwansonGary SchnitkeyJonathan Coppess, and Nick Paulson, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics at the University of Illinois and Carl Zulauf, Ohio State University Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics

The Biden Administration has proposed a $33 billion spending package that includes two proposals to incentivize production of U.S. food crops experiencing a global shortage due to the war in Ukraine. First, loan rates for select commodities would be increased for two years. Second, a $10 per acre crop insurance premium reduction is proposed for double-crop soybeans following winter wheat. The proposal is likely to have limited impact on production.

As part of the Biden Administration’s broad $33 billion proposal to provide aid to Ukraine and address war related problems, the Administration included $500 million for domestic food production assistance to incentivize production of U.S. food crops experiencing a global shortage due to the war in Ukraine.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Ep. 255 | The Scoop on Prop 12

Matt and Kolt catch up with Leah Curtis, Policy Counsel and Sr. Director of Member Engagement at Ohio Farm Bureau, to talk about Prop 12 happening in California and its effects for farms all around the country. AgriGold Agronomist, Mitch Greve, talks with Dale about the planting progress happening around the state. Matt then discusses with Andy White of RES Auction Services how the price of new and used equipment keeps rising. Lastly, Dale speaks with Farm Credit Mid-America employees about the Stock the Trailer Program to combat food hunger. All that and more thanks to AgriGold! … Continue reading

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Online Ohio CCA pre-course now available

By Lee Beers, CCA, Ohio State University Extension

Are you interested in becoming a Certified Crop Adviser (CCA), but are intimidated by the exams? You should consider attending the Ohio CCA Pre-Exam Preparation Course offered by Ohio State University Extension. This online course will be available May 16 through Sept. 30, 2022 and will allow you to study and progress at your own pace. 

This course will provide an overview of the CCA program, and help you prepare for the test by covering basic principles in the four competency areas – nutrient management, soil and water management, pest management, and crop management. Even if you are not considering the CCA program, this class is a great basic agronomy course that any farmer, ag retailer, or anyone working with field crops will find valuable. 

For more information about the CCA program, visit  https://www.certifiedcropadviser.org/about-program

Course contact:

Greg LaBarge, CCA

Ohio State University Extension

Labarge.1@osu.eduContinue reading

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Over half of Ohio’s corn crop planted

Farmers took advantage of planting opportunities in between rain events, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 3 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 36 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending May 22 was 67.0 degrees, 4.6 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.73 inches of precipitation, 0.92 inches above average, with the largest amount of precipitation falling across the Central Lowland region. There were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending on May 22.

Farmers described fieldwork activities as including tillage, planting, and applying manure but reported disruptions stemming from early- and late-week rain and wind. Livestock were in favorable condition, benefitting from green grass and warm temperatures. Corn was 52 percent planted, and 24 percent of corn had emerged. Soybean planting progress was 36 percent, while 12 percent were emerged. Oats were 90 percent planted and 72 percent of oats were emerged.… Continue reading

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Planting progress variable throughout the state

Ryan Hiser

We have been fairly fortunate. We have been lucky enough on a couple of occasions to be able to dodge some of those bigger, heavier rains. In the last 2 weeks we have been able to cover just about all of our corn acreage. We are down to about 50 acres left and then we have to decide about replanting 25 acres. If you work up the ground and get a pounding rain, it can turn into concrete, and that is what may have happened to us on that 25 acres. We still have not put any beans in the ground because we have been really dedicated to getting the corn in. The last corn acres still have water ponding.

The seed beans we plant are easy to handle and we plant them into the same conditions as the regular beans. The big thing is cleaning things out and making sure you have the right conditions for germination.… Continue reading

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Springtime is spray time — Here are some tips for better spraying

By Erdal Ozkan

Applying pesticides requires a high level of skill and knowledge. Increases in the size and complexity of sprayers over the years require even more attention to efficiency, efficacy, and safety. Although each crop requires a slightly different approach to the application of pesticides, some general principles apply to almost all spraying situations. Here are my top 10 recommendations (not in a particular order) that will make spraying efficient and effective resulting in a higher level of biological efficacy expected from pesticides applied: 

  1. Select the best nozzle type and size for the job. Although each component of the sprayer plays a role in achieving success in pesticide application, nozzles play the most significant role. Nozzles come in a wide variety of types and sizes. Each type is designed for a specific target and application. Most manufacturers’ catalogs and websites have charts showing which nozzle type is best for a specific job.
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Beware of more risks from tick bites this summer

Spring marks the beginning of tick season and this year, the tick population is expected to surge. 

With it comes the potential for tick bites, which could result in several complications, including Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and in some cases, cause some people to develop an allergy to red meat after being bitten.

Lone star ticks in certain cases, can cause an allergy to red meat after being bitten by the tick. This species of tick entered Ohio over the last decade or so. It has since spread throughout the state, although it is more common in southern Ohio, said Tim McDermott, an educator with Ohio State University Extension, the outreach arm of The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES). 

While the lone star tick prefers a wooded habitat, in many cases, it can also be found along the perimeter of pasture and hay fields that extend into the grass, he said. … Continue reading

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