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Advice on post-planting nutrient application

This year’s longer than usual planting season, and less than favorable weather throughout much of May, has led to a stressful time for many fields of corn across the region.

“Give your crop the opportunity to have its top potential,” said  Lonny Smith, Agro-Culture Liquid Fertilizers Senior Marketing Manager.

He said this time of year is crucial for growers and that producers shouldn’t be overly concerned if they did not get to address all of their nutrient needs during planting.

“One of the things we as a company are encouraging growers to do is to not worry about getting all their nutrients on at planting time,” he said. “There have been a number of people across the country and in Ohio as well that ordered, or pre-ordered, fertilizer products they were going to use at planting time and then have found from their co-ops or suppliers that, because of transportation issues, they weren’t able to get the materials they wanted. … Continue reading

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Global malnutrition declining, but more needs to be done

Global malnutrition could fall 84% by the year 2050 as incomes in developing countries grow — but only if agricultural productivity continues to improve and the changing climate does not severely damage agriculture, Purdue University researchers said.

“The prevalence and severity of global malnutrition could drop significantly by 2050, particularly in the poorest regions of the world,” said Thomas Hertel, Distinguished Professor of Agricultural Economics. “But if productivity does not grow, global malnutrition will worsen even if incomes increase. Climate change also adds a good deal of uncertainty to these projections.”

Hertel and doctoral student Uris Baldos developed a combination of economic models — one that captures the main drivers of crop supply and demand and another that assesses food security based on caloric consumption — to predict how global food security from 2006 to 2050 could be affected by changes in population, income, bioenergy, agricultural productivity and climate.… Continue reading

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Early season pests are out in force around Ohio

Now that temperatures are warming and fields are drying out after excessive rains in Ohio, crop growers should scout their fields for insects that have the potential to cause economic losses, an entomologist with Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences said.

In addition to cereal leaf beetle, alfalfa weevil and black cutworm, farmers need to be on the lookout for slugs, especially in fields with a history of slug damage, said Andy Michel, an Ohio State University Extension pest expert.

The region is likely entering into a period of heavy slug feeding, so corn and soybean growers need to be out inspecting their crops for the slimy pests, said Michel, who also has an appointment with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.

The slug issue is exacerbated by the cooler, wet weather experienced throughout the region this spring, which has caused delayed planting.

“Slugs could be worrisome this year because we’ve had a lot of moisture and they are at their heavy feeding stage,” he said.… Continue reading

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United Producers Fat Cattle Show and Sale

United Producers Inc. (UPI) will hold its third annual Fat Cattle Show and Sale at its Bucyrus facility on Tuesday, June 24.

Cattle will be judged on June 24, at 1 p.m. and weighed and sold at 6:30 p.m. United Producers will receive cattle on Monday, June 23, from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. and on Tuesday, June 24, from 7 a.m. to 12 p.m.

The show and sale is limited to the first 150 entries received.

Award categories include pen of three beef steers, pen of three beef heifers, and pen of three Holstein steers. Plaques and cash will be awarded to the Champion and Reserve pens in each category.

Dinner will start at 5 p.m. and is provided by the Crawford County Cattlemen’s Association and United Producers. To reserve pen space, sponsor the show and sale or for more information, call John Albert at (419) 420-2078 or the Bucyrus market at (419) 562-2751.… Continue reading

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Timing and product choice increasingly important for herbicide application as corn progresses

Weather has prevented corn farmers from applying herbicides before much of the crop emerged from the ground. But that doesn’t mean it’s too late, a pair of Purdue Extension weed scientists say.

Many of herbicides are still safe for farmers to use after corn has emerged so long as they pay close attention to product selection and application timing, Bill Johnson and Travis Legleiter said.

“Many of the pre-emerge herbicides can also be applied post-emerge, and there are many herbicides for postemergence weed control in corn,” Johnson said. “The large number of products is a positive when considering glyphosate-resistance management and prevention, but they can also make timing and product application decisions more complicated.”

This is especially true because postemergence herbicides can affect corn ear development if those products are applied too late in the growing season. When growers decide on herbicide products, Legleiter said they should consider weed species present, weed height and crop growth stage.… Continue reading

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Meet the Staff – Kim Lemmon

Kim Lemmon graduated in June of 1999 from the Ohio State University and has been with the company since that time. Though readers probably know her best for her entertaining portrayal of life through her weekly blogs, Kim has a wide range of responsibilities behind the scene as the managing editor.

Her education was focused on journalism and she majored in agricultural communication. Kim’s journey with OCJ began immediately after graduation when the publication was on its way from 12 issues a year to 18. There was a need for more staff and Kim applied, eventually securing the position of graphic designer. She would soon work her way up, taking initiative when new responsibilities came along. She was given the nod and promoted to the position of managing editor in 2000.

Today, Kim’s job duties are wide-ranging and include helping to edit copy, designing ads, managing the website, writing stories and blogs, and dealing with her ornery coworkers among other things.… Continue reading

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Ohio Sheep Day and grazing tour to be held in July

The 2014 Ohio Sheep Day is scheduled for Sat., July 12, 2014. It will be held at the Ray Family Farm, home of Shawn and Kim Ray and Family. The farm is located in beautiful Noble County, at 50725 Ray Ln., Cumberland, Ohio 43732.

Ray Family Farm is a primarily grass based commercial sheep, goat, and cattle operation in the heart of Appalachia Ohio, concentrating their efforts on providing the highest quality forages to their livestock. The farm is located in Southeastern Ohio where the terrain is very rough and rolling, making it an ideal location for ruminant livestock production.

This year’s Ohio Sheep Day will once again focus on programming which will increase and improve the productivity and profitability of sheep and other small ruminant operations. This year’s program will also feature the ASI Eastern Region Predator Control Workshop focused on controlling the primary species of predators in the east — coyotes and black vultures.… Continue reading

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OFU pushes for veto of SB 310

Ohio Farmers Union President Joe Logan has released a letter he sent to Gov. John Kasich asking the governor to veto S.B. 310 which would freeze Ohio’s renewable energy and energy efficiency mandates enacted in 2008.

Logan said he believes the efficacy of the mandates both environmentally and economically will stand up to an objective state-sponsored study. He said freezing the mandates for 24 months — despite broad support for them and growing evidence that they have had a positive impact on the state — is a step backwards for Ohio.

“While the legislation that enacted the current mandates was forward-thinking and would help to position Ohio as a leader in the 21st Century energy economy, S.B. 310 appears to acquiesce to a set of narrow interests in the fossil fuel industry and their advocates in Columbus,” Logan wrote in his letter to Kasich.… Continue reading

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$2 beef checkoff collection to start June 2

The Ohio Beef Council will begin collecting the additional $1 state beef checkoff on Monday, June 2, 2014, following a referendum in which 72% of Ohio beef producers voted to increase the total Ohio Beef Checkoff from $1 to $2 per head.

The beef checkoff is assessed on all cattle, including beef, dairy and veal when there is a change in ownership. As with the existing federal $1 beef checkoff, all checkoff assessments are to be mailed and made payable to the Ohio Beef Council, and are due by the 15th of the month following assessment.

Producers who live outside of Ohio and bring cattle into Ohio to market will be assessed the $2 checkoff. The first federal dollar will be sent back to their state by the beef council to be split 50-50 between the state of origin and the Beef Board. The second Ohio $1 will stay in Ohio.… Continue reading

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Still time for sprayer calibration

With planting delays in some areas due to wet conditions, growers still have time to fine-tune and calibrate their sprayers to save money and protect the environment, according to an engineer from Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences.

Sprayers can make a big difference for growers’ pocketbooks and the environment, said Erdal Ozkan, an agricultural engineering professor and spray technology expert with Ohio State University Extension and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC).

OSU Extension and OARDC are the outreach and research arms, respectively, of the college.

“With the high cost of pesticides and fertilizers, growers who want to save money and spray chemicals as efficiently as possible need to make sure they fine-tune and calibrate their sprayers to work as accurately as possible, and get the job done with less use of chemical inputs,” Ozkan said.

The costs of those wasted chemicals can be high.… Continue reading

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Assessing early season soybean injury

Spring 2014 has been quite challenging with wet soil and cold temperatures.  We’ve received several calls and e-mails regarding soybean seedling damage (from those who have actually been able to plant).  It appears that some soybean fields were hit with a “trifecta” of stress issues. What should we be looking for in terms of frost, PPO herbicide injury, and disease?

Frost 

Frost can occur at air temperatures between 32 to 36 degrees F while a freeze requires temperatures less than 32 degrees. From the weather records I have looked over, air temperature dropped as low as 34 degrees F in northern Ohio on May 16.  Soybean plants should be assessed for frost damage at least five days after suspected injury to inspect for regrowth.  If damage occurs above the cotyledons, the plant will likely recover.  If damage occurs below the cotyledons, the plant will not recover.  Look for a discolored hypocotyl (the “crook” of the soybean that first emerges from the ground) which indicates that damage occurred below the cotyledons. … Continue reading

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Are you a committed beef producer?

Do you ever ask yourself why you are involved in the beef cattle industry as a producer? Of course, the logical answer is that you raise beef cattle as a primary or supplemental source of income to your overall farming operation or off-the-farm career. Others may add that they simply enjoy raising beef cattle. Whatever the reason, it certainly is much easier to justify being involved in beef production in light of the current prices being received for all classes of beef cattle.

The OSU Extension Beef Team and other Extension Agriculture and Natural Resources professionals offer educational programs and advice to beef producers across the state to hopefully improve the efficiency and overall profitability of their operations. Proven and new management practices are shared with clientele. Some of these practices are adopted and others are not for whatever reason.

As a “seasoned” veteran with OSU Extension, I have often thought to myself or have been asked why various management practices have not been adopted by more producers.… Continue reading

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USBCA working for a better world with biotech

The U.S. Biotech Crops Alliance held its inaugural board meeting in Washington. The culmination of years of effort, USBCA members elected a formal executive committee and adopted its Business Plan and Operating Structure during the meeting.

The original Executive Committee was expanded in the formation of the official structure to include additional representation for growers and representation for processors. The 2014-2015 Executive Committee now includes eight: Barry Bushue, American Farm Bureau Federation; Andrew LaVigne, American Seed Trade Association; Steve Censky, American Soybean Association; Cathleen Enright, Biotechnology Industry Organization; Rick Tolman, National Corn Growers Association; Tom Hammer, National Oilseed Producers Association; Gary Martin, North American Export Grain Association; and Tom Sleight, U.S. Grains Council.

Through the business plan, USBCA formalized its overarching goal: “Improve the environment for technology innovation and the market for U.S agricultural products.”

Additionally, the plan formalized the mission statement: “Successfully execute USBCA plans by coordinating and informing U.S.… Continue reading

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First Ohio E15 retailer open for business

American Freedom Energy is the first retailer in Ohio to offer E15 to consumers for use in 2001 and newer vehicles. The Liberty Center fueling station recently celebrated their grand opening, offering a wide array of choices for consumers to fuel their vehicles. The expanded offering of E15 will create savings at the pump for consumers. Currently, E15 is available in 14 states across the country, and more and more retailers are seeking to benefit from the competitive advantage that the higher fuel blend offers.

“Being a leader and not a follower, we believe in consumer choice,” said Glenn Badenhop, president and CEO of American Freedom Energy. “Offering higher ethanol blends like E15 sets us apart from other stations, but also helps our local economies, helps the environment, and helps reduce our addiction to foreign oil. Alternative fuels are the future.”

E15 is the most tested fuel blend and is approved for all vehicles produced for model year 2001 and beyond — encompassing approximately 80% of the vehicles on the road today. … Continue reading

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Ohio grape and wine businesses contribute millions to Ohio economy

The Ohio wine and grape industry released its 2012 Economic Impact report, which finds that Ohio’s grape and wine industry has a significant impact of $786 million on the state’s economy, a 34% increase from the 2008 economic study released in 2010.

“Ohio’s wine industry is growing and represents a significant segment of the state’s $105 billion food and agriculture industry,” said Ohio Department of Agriculture Director David T. Daniels. “Ohio grape growers and wine makers all over the state are creating quality, award-winning products that rival those produced in well-known wine producing areas like California and Europe. The newly released 2012 Economic Impact Study is a great illustration of their success.”

Highlights of the report include the following:

 

• The full economic impact of Ohio wine and grapes is $786 million, a 34% increase from 2008.

• Provide 5,291 full-time jobs, with nearly 1,200 additional jobs created since 2008.… Continue reading

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Ag group awarded research grant focused on cleaner Lake Erie

As agricultural retailers sign up for a voluntary certification to help farmers improve the long-term quality of Lake Erie’s water, new funding will help share the impact of the practices the program preaches.

The Great Lakes, despite many actions of farmers in recent years, has continued to experience water quality problems tied to fertilizer runoff and nutrients leaving fields and entering bodies of water.

The new 4R Nutrient Stewardship Certification Program started in March provides a consistent, recognized standard for agricultural retailers to adopt proven best practices in Indiana, Michigan and Ohio where surrounding waters drain into Lake Erie. The framework for the program is based upon the 4Rs, which refers to using the Right Source of Nutrients at the Right Rate and Right Time in the Right Place.

Now the certification program’s governing body, the 4R Nutrient Stewardship Council, will be able to demonstrate the impacts of 4R practices thanks to a $1.25 million research grant awarded by the 4R Research Fund.… Continue reading

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Early growth stages of corn

Farming is a very challenging profession. Every growing season presents different problems and opportunities. However, if we understand how our crops grow, we can try to do a better job of meeting the needs of our crops and improve yields. Let’s look at what happens as the young corn plants develop.

• The young stage of every organism is critical for development and productivity of the adults. It takes 110-120 Growing Degrees for corn seedling emergence.

• V1 to V2- First and second leaves develop six to seven days after the seedlings emerge. The first roots start to supply water and nutrients to the young seedlings.

• Roots are very small and banded fertilizer close to the roots at this stage should be very helpful in stimulating early growth.

• V3- V4 – About two weeks after emergence, third leaf starts to develop. Seedling roots stop at this stage and the secondary roots known as “Nodal Roots” start growing.… Continue reading

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WRRDA eases SPCC regulations for oil storage on farms

The passage of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act will ease the burden of the current EPA Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) rule for farms. The SPCC requires compliance if an operation has 1,320 gallons, or more, of aboveground fuel storage and allows self-certification up to 10,000 gallons. This not only includes fuel storage but requires aboveground feed storage to be included in the total if it meets the broad definition of “oil” which includes the base of many liquid cattle feeds.

“The SPCC rule is yet another example of the EPA’s regulatory scheme threatening the economic viability of rural America and family farms and ranches,” said Bob McCan, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association president. “Cattlemen and women have been waiting too long for a permanent fix to the SPCC rule. Thanks to the efforts of Senators Inhofe and Pryor and Representative Crawford, this provision will ease the burden of this rule across the nation for many farmers and ranchers.”… Continue reading

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Some Ohio stores and consumers may be affected by tainted beef

The United States Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA FSIS) announced earlier this week that approximately 1.8 million pounds of ground beef products are being recalled after possibly being contaminated with E. coli O157:H7.

The USDA has now released a list of retailers affected by the Wolverine Packing Company recall announcement, with some venders in Ohio. Buchtel Food Mart, 5220 SR 78 Buchtel, Ohio, along with Ohio’s Gordon Food Service Marketplace, have been identified by the FSIS as areas that are suspected to have received the tainted meat.

In addition of being aware of the list of retail stores, the public is encouraged to check meat or poultry products in their possession to see if they have been recalled.

A statement by the USDA says the ground beef products in question were produced between March 31st, 2014 and April 18th, 2014. Officials are in the process of removing the meat from store shelves but consumers should throw out meat themselves if it contains the code “EST.… Continue reading

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Why do my soybeans look like they are dying?

This week we have had numerous reports throughout Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Kentucky regarding soybeans that are not looking as healthy as we like. The majority of soybeans have the outside of the cotyledons that look brown as well as the hypocotyl, especially when in the neck stage.This appears to be happening to all varieties from all companies, so it is not product specific.So what is going on?From what  I can tell there are two things happening.First, the vast majority of fields with this issue have been sprayed with a PPO inhibitor containing the active ingredient flumioxazin.These herbicides would include Valor®, Valor® XLT, Envive®,Enlight®, and Gangster®.
The herbicide label of Valor® actually states,“Crop injury may occur from applications made to poorly drained soils under cool, wet conditions.Risk of crop injury can be minimized by not using on poorly drained soils, planting at least 1.5 inches deep and completely covering seeds with soil prior to preemergence applications.”
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