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FSR CCA college

A late summer update for agronomist and those advising growers on crop production will be held on September 9th from 8:45 until 3 pm at the Farm Science Review Site at 135 SR 38NE, London OH. The program is intended for all experience levels and non-CCA’s as well.

Topics include: What are your neighbors thinking about GMO’s?, What does the new “Phosphorus” law mean to your business?, Have you seen this weed? Stink Bugs and managing late season insect, when is too late to spray? You have got to be kidding me with these fungicide applications!, How much N do you really need for corn? More leaf diseases than I have ever seen on corn, and What do we expect from this year’s corn?

Ohio State University Specialists in Plant Pathology, Entomology, Corn Production, Weed Science and Soil Fertility will be on hand to share these topics and to answer your questions covering the 2014 growing season and finish out this year’s crop.… Continue reading

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Establishing perennial forages in August

Rain and wet soil conditions condensed the spring planting season this year and some planned alfalfa plantings got moved to the back burner.  August provides another window of opportunity to establish a perennial forage stand and it fits nicely into rotations after wheat grain harvest.  Typically the main risk with an August planting is having sufficient moisture for seed germination and plant growth.

There are some advantages to late summer forage planting as compared to a spring planting. One big plus is that planting time and field preparation is not competing with corn and soybean field work. No-till planting following a small grain crop often works well. Late summer planting means forage seedlings are not competing with the flush of annual spring and summer weed emergence/growth. The soil borne root rot and damping off disease organisms that thrive in cool, wet soils are not an issue. However, late summer forage planting has some other risks that must be managed.… Continue reading

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Watch out for stink bugs in soybeans

As our beans start to put on pods, one insect pest that needs watching is stink bugs.  There are several species of stink bugs that can be found in soybean, even beneficials. These include the green, the brown, the red shouldered and the brown marmorated stink bug. The spined soldier bug looks similar to the brown stink bug, but has sharper points on its shoulders, and is more brown on the underside (the brown stink bug is actually more green underneath). Both nymphs and adults feed on the developing seed by using their piercing/sucking mouthparts (like soybean aphids) to poke through the pod.  Seed that is fed upon will take a flat or shriveled appearance (see picture).

Often this damage is not seen until harvest time, because the pod usually retains its shape, despite the smaller seed.  Therefore it is important to scout early and control if necessary.  To sample for stink bugs, take multiple 10-sweep samples with a sweep net in multiple locations throughout the field.… Continue reading

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2014 Indiana State Fair scenes: “Year of the Coliseum”

The 75-year-old Fairgrounds Coliseum was  the center of attention in August as the Indiana State Fair declared 2014 the “Year of the Coliseum.” The renovated Coliseum, which was closed since October 2012, underwent a $63 million renovation.

The Coliseum boasts a number of new features like:
• A double-tiered seating bowl
• An overhead LED video scoreboard with a matching video ribbon board
• A modern sound system
• A second-floor bar area that allows visibility into the arena
• Full ADA accessibility
• A curtain system that allows for natural or artificial lighting
• A variety of other amenities

ISF Coliseum 1
The iconic exterior of the Coliseum has been rejuvenated with tuck-pointing and new windows, but remains otherwise unchanged. Many other design elements will also
remind fairgoers of the original Coliseum. These include the terrazzo floor in the expanded front lobby; the original ticket window grills used as decoration in the lobby; and an entire lower arena section of seats that have been restored to their original condition.
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2014 1-75/I-71 Ohio Crop Tour summary

The weather was perfect for the 2014 I-75/I-71 Ohio Crop Tour as two teams crisscrossed the state hitting 42 of Ohio’s top corn and soybean counties doing corn yield checks and soybean crop assessments. The tour offered a huge amount of variability with corn everywhere from mid-pollination to late dent. We sampled a corn field and a soybean field in each county.

It should be noted that the yield estimates made on the tour indicate the potential of the field. In many cases the corn and soybeans are very late and still in need of time and moisture. An early frost and no more rain moving forward could significantly (and negatively)  impact yields in a large percentage of the fields surveyed.

On the I-71 leg of the tour, the Day 1 average was 195 bushels and the Day 2 average was 192 bushels. The average over both days was 193.5 bushels.… Continue reading

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Regional Feed Industry Seminar

The Ohio AgriBusiness Association, in conjunction with the Agribusiness

Council of Indiana and the American Feed Industry Association, is hosting a regional seminar Sept. 10 to help the feed industry prepare for new rules of the Food Safety Modernization Act.

The event is designed to help companies understand how one proposed rule — “Current food manufacturing practices and hazard analysis risk-based preventive controls for food for animals” — will impact their business.

Companies manufacturing animal feed, pet food and feed ingredients will benefit most from the training, which will focus on requirements for them to comply with the FSMA.

“We’re proud to partner with the American Feed Industry Association and the Agribusiness Council of Indiana,” said Chris Henney, OABA President and CEO. “This seminar will help our members gain a better understanding of the new rules and provide them resources to help comply with the FSMA law.”

A week before the seminar, attendees will receive discussion materials in electronic format to bring to the working meeting.… Continue reading

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Sale of 4-H or FFA projects have tax implications

Members of 4-H clubs or FFA chapters often raise livestock as part of the educational program of the club or chapter. The member may then sell the livestock that was raised as part of the project at the end of the fair. This transaction raises a number of income tax issues for the 4-H or FFA member.

 

Two alternatives

There are two different alternatives to report the income from the sale of livestock by a 4-H or FFA member. Which alternative to choose depends upon whether or not the project is part of a trade or business carried on by the member, or whether the project is primarily for educational purposes and not for profit and is completed by the individual under the rules and economic restrictions of the sponsoring 4-H or FFA organization. The method of reporting includes self-employment tax ramifications as well as income tax.

The 2013 Farmer’s Tax Guide (IRS Publication 225) states on page 74 that the net income from 4-H and FFA projects should be reported on line 21, Form 1040 (i.e.… Continue reading

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Ohio transfer of CAFO NPDES permit authority challenged in federal court

Fourteen years after the Ohio Legislature transferred permitting authority for confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) from the Ohio EPA to the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA), a Wood County couple is challenging the transfer in federal court as a violation of the federal Clean Water Act.

Larry and Vickie Askins filed the lawsuit on August 4, 2014 in the U.S. District Court Northern Division against the ODA, Ohio EPA and U.S. EPA. The lawsuit seeks an injunction to prevent ODA from further issuing National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits to CAFOs. The lawsuit also asks the court to order that only the Ohio EPA can administer the NPDES permit program in Ohio, that the Ohio EPA violated federal law by failing to notify the U.S. EPA of the transfer of CAFO permitting authority to ODA and that the U.S. EPA violated federal law by failing to suspend Ohio’s ability to issue NPDES permits after the transfer of authority.… Continue reading

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Coshocton Grain Company explosion

There will soon be a demolition of 3 sets of silos at The Coshocton Grain Company, after a grain bin explosion rocked the facility on Wednesday.

According to The Coshocton Tribune, an insurance inspector is expected to be at the grain elevator Thursday morning to determine damage costs. The 66-year-old company has business loss insurance to cover any disasters.

Board chairman Larry Endsley said they would rebuild and reopen the business. When they will be up and running is hard to say, but he hopes it will be in time for the busy fall harvest season.

Corn from the exploded bins was being loaded into rail cars for transport to get ready for new stock. Endsley said such explosions are not as common as they used to be in the grain business because precautions are taken to keep dust clear. He believes a spark of some kind ignited grain dust, causing the explosion.… Continue reading

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Ohio Christmas Tree Association announces winning trees

Kaleidoscope Farms of Hancock County won Grand Champion honors in the 2014 Ohio Christmas Tree Association’s state contest that took place at the Ohio State Fair. This year’s winning tree was a Black Hill Spruce. The Reserve Champion was a Norway Spruce and was exhibited by Storeyland Christmas Tree Farm in Trumbull County. Both will have the opportunity to represent Ohio in the 2015 National Christmas Tree competition.

The trees in the competition were selected from trees submitted by growers from across the state of Ohio. They were also judged by a panel of judges consisting from The Ohio State University faculty. The primary factors considered in the judging included shape, fullness, color and overall appearance.

The trees will be on display at the Ohio Christmas Tree Association booth for the duration of the Ohio State Fair.

Other contest winners included:

Fir

First: Spring Valley Tree Farm in Greene County

Second: Young’s Christmas Tree Farm located in Greene County

Pine:

First: Storeyland Christmas Tree Farm in Trumbull County

Second: Galehouse Tree Farm in Wayne County

Spruce

First: Kaleidoscope Farms of Hancock County

Second: Storeyland Tree Farm in Trumbull County

During the fair, attendees voted for the People’s Choice award and winning this honor was a Frasier Fir exhibited by Storeyland Tree Farm in Trumbull County.… Continue reading

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Russian ban of ag imports has global implications

Early this month Russian President Vladimir Putin put an interesting twist into the ongoing political rift between Russia and Ukraine. Rather than solve the problem by de-escalating tensions, Russia chose to lash out at those who had placed sanctions upon it. Russia placed a one year ban of agricultural products from those countries who had imposed implemented sanctions against them. It has banned imports of meat, fish, milk and milk products, fruits and vegetables from the United States, Canada, the European Union, Australia, and Norway.

Russia depends heavily on imported food items with most of them coming from the West. Moscow imports 60 to 70% of its food needs. Numerous projections suggest it will affect Russia more than those countries from the West. Food inflation is expected to rise sharply and hurt the Russian population in a very direct way. President Putin seems most determined to send a strong message to the West even if it means Russia is hit hard.… Continue reading

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Farm bill offers important tools to help survive low prices

Farmers already seeing corn and soybeans prices plummet as the markets expect bountiful harvests. There are some potential safety nets that might help protect them financially, two Purdue University agricultural economists said.

Corn and soybeans futures prices have dropped to their lowest levels since 2010 — corn below $4 per bushel and soybeans under $11. That is partly because of higher yields expected for many farms this fall. Although high yields result in more bushels for famers to sell, the abundant supply leads to much lower prices, eroding profits.

“Midwest crop producers have been shocked by the sharp drop in corn and soybean prices as favorable weather has increased yield prospects this summer,” Michael Langemeier and Chris Hurt said in a review of crop insurance and a new government program. “Such large decreases in prices are raising anxieties among producers and their lenders regarding weak margins and the potential for tight cash flows.”… Continue reading

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Hops production tour

As interest in growing hops in Ohio increases among potential hops growers as well as brewery industry insiders, a workshop on how to get into the business will be held Aug. 14, designed for both beginning and experienced growers.

The Hops Production Twilight Tour will feature detailed information on the ins and outs of hops production, including trellis construction, drip irrigation and how to evaluate which variety of hops growers are interested in producing, said Charissa McGlothin, program assistant with the Ohio State University South Centers at Piketon.

The workshop will feature presentations from horticulture experts with Ohio State University Extension, the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center and OSU South Centers. It’s designed to ensure that interested growers are kept up to date with the latest research on growing hops, McGlothin said.

OSU Extension and OARDC are the outreach and research arms, respectively, of Ohio State’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences.… Continue reading

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Will late-planted corn mature?

Mother Nature is moody and likes to throw curves at us so we won’t take her for granted. She created a drought in the west and gave us more moisture than we need, delaying lot of our corn planting. To top it off, this has been a very cool summer so far. What will be the effect of lower temperatures on corn maturity? We need to consider the following points:

• Corn growth is driven by heat units or Growing Degree Days (GDDs).

• The maximum GDDs available at any location are counted from March 1st to killing frost in a growing season. So, in later plantings, we already have lost a certain number of GDDs for the season.

• Growing Degrees are calculated for each day by subtracting 50 from the average daily temperature; with an adjustment of using 50 if it goes below 50 and 86 if it goes above 86 degrees F.… Continue reading

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Feral swine still causing problems in rural Ohio

The feral swine that have been invading Ohio in recent year can weigh up to 200 pounds and cause significant destruction to crops and property. They can also be dangerous.

Also called feral pigs and feral hogs, they have planted their hooves in Ohio, mainly in the southeastern corner, said Marne Titchenell, wildlife specialist in Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences.

“They’re highly adaptable and very destructive,” said Titchenell, a co-author of the recently published Ohio State University Extension fact sheet “Feral Swine in Ohio: Managing Damage and Conflicts.”

Feral swine can eat and trample crops, can root up lawns and forest plants, and, by their wallowing, can make soils erode and streams turn muddy, said Titchenell, who works in the college’s School of Environment and Natural Resources.

They also can outcompete native wildlife for food, she said. And they can spread some 30 diseases and 37 parasites to livestock, pets and humans.… Continue reading

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SCI announces Project 150 Wheat Yield Contest winners

Seed Consultants, Inc. would like to congratulate the following winners of the 2014 Project 150 Wheat Yield Contest and recognize them for producing outstanding wheat yields through sound management practices on their farms:

•           1st Place: Ron Foor, Washington Court House, Ohio:  SC 1324; 123.74 bushels per acre

•           2nd Place: Dull Homestead Farms, Brookville, Ohio:  SC 1324; 122.24 bushels per acre

•           3rd Place: Bill Koch, Middletown, Ohio:  SC 1324; 117.5 bushels per acre

Seed Consultants, Inc. would like to thank all customers who participated in the 2014 Project 150 Wheat Yield Contest.  For more information on entering SC Yield Contests contact your local seedsman or check out our website at www.seedconsultants.comContinue reading

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Humphreys hired to lead Ohio Pork Council

The Ohio Pork Council is pleased to announce Bryan Humphreys as their new Executive Vice President. Bryan will join the team effective October 1.

“The Ohio Pork Council is a tremendously strong organization that has thrived under the leadership of Dick Isler. While his achievements will be difficult to follow, I am humbled and eager to join a team with such an exciting future” said Humphreys.

A native of Iowa, Bryan grew up working on the family farm raising hogs, corn and soybeans. After receiving his bachelor’s degree from Iowa State University, Bryan organized grassroots efforts and managed several political campaigns. Through these efforts he had the opportunity to work in Iowa, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and Washington D.C. Following the 2008 election Bryan joined the National Pork Producers Council (NPPC), where he served as the Director of Grassroots Organization. In this role he was responsible for helping pork producers across the country communicate with their Members of Congress.… Continue reading

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U.S. meat exports continue record pace

U.S. pork and beef exports remained strong in June, pushing export value for both products to a record first-half pace according to statistics released by USDA and compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF).

June pork exports totaled 181,531 metric tons (mt), up 7% from a year ago, while export value increased 25% to $585.1 million. In the first half of 2014, pork export volume (1.15 million mt, +9%) and value ($3.4 billion, +17%) achieved record highs.

Beef exports were up 5% in volume (106,609 mt) in June and set a new monthly value record of $631.7 million (+12%). First-half export value also set a new record of $3.27 billion (+16%). Export volume was 585,953 mt in the first half, up 8% from a year ago but trailing the 2011 record.

Despite intense competition, U.S. pork performing well in Asia

Pork export value per head slaughtered was a record-high $72.24 in June, up $15 from a year ago.… Continue reading

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Ohio Cattlemen’s Association awards Best of the Buckeye Academic Scholarships

The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association Best of the Buckeye program awarded five $1,000 academic scholarships to participants pursuing an agriculture-related post-secondary degree, thanks to the scholarship sponsor Franklin Equipment. Recipients were awarded their scholarships at the Ohio State Fair, prior to the selection of the Overall Grand Champion Market Beef, on Aug. 2, 2014.

Scholarships were awarded based on academics and extracurricular activities and applicants submitted an essay along with their scholarship application answering, “How will you stay involved with the cattle industry through college and in the future, and how will programs like Best of the Buckeye help you achieve this?”

The 2014 Best of the Buckeye academic scholarship recipients:

 

Samantha Norman, Wauseon

Samantha lives on a small beef breeding farm with her parents, Roy and Anna Norman, and two younger sisters. She has shown Hereford and Shorthorn cattle for the past 10 years through the Pettisville Ever-Ready 4-H Club, where she currently serves as president. … Continue reading

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Jackson Beef and Forage Field Night

Livestock producers can learn the latest updates in the beef and forage industry during a workshop offered by experts with Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences during a workshop Aug. 28 in Jackson. Topics will include broadleaf weed management, beef cattle handling, animal care, and fence building and construction.

The Jackson Beef and Forage Field Night will include the opportunity for beef cattle producers to have an up-close look at how to build a fence that can hopefully last a lifetime, said Kenny Wells, manager of the Jackson Agricultural Research Station. The research station is part of the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC) and has been a primary site for reproductive and production management research in beef cattle for more than three decades.

Research in forage management systems done at the research station has contributed to the grazing approaches used by many producers today, Wells said.… Continue reading

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