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Weather Update

by Jim Noel
The last two weeks saw temperatures much above normal with rainfall near normal. However, as was discussed two weeks ago, rainfall was highly variable, from less than 0.50 inches to over 5 inches. Normal for the 2 week period is around 1.75 inches.

The outlook for the remainder of August calls for much above normal temperatures to continue. Temperatures this week will start cooler the first half but temperatures 4-10 degrees above the normal (normals are lows 80s and low 60s on average across the state plus or minus 3-4 degrees from north to south) will return thereafter. Rainfall now looks below average the rest of this month. There will still be pockets of heavier rain, but the heaviest rains look north and south of the state. The northeast and far south stand the best chances for rainfall. Average for the rest of the month is near 1.75 inches.… Continue reading

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Corn Silage Harvest is Imminent

by Mark Sulc, Peter Thomison, Bill Weiss, Ohio State University Extension

Corn development has been progressing at a rapid pace with the recent warm temperatures. Early planted corn is already being harvested for silage in some parts of Ohio. So it is time to check the whole plant moisture content now, if you haven’t done so already.

Ensiling corn at the proper dry matter content provides high quality preservation resulting in good animal performance and lower feed costs. Harvesting corn too wet (low dry matter content) results in souring and seepage of the silage and reduction in animal intake. Harvesting too dry (high dry matter content) promotes mold development because the silage cannot be adequately packed to exclude oxygen. Harvesting too dry also results in lower energy concentrations and reduced protein digestibility.

Harvest Moisture Guidelines

Corn silage preserved between 30 and 38% dry matter (62 to 70% moisture) generally provides good silage fermentation and animal performance.… Continue reading

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Weekly Crop Progress Report, August 16th

Weekly Crop Progress Report for August 16, 2010

The average temperature for the State was 79.1 degrees, 7.5 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, August 15, 2010. Precipitation averaged 1.13 inches, 0.33 inches above normal. There were 180 modified growing degree days, 31 days above normal. Reporters rated 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, August 13, 2010. Topsoil moisture was rated 7 percent very short, 34 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

FIELD ACTIVITIES AND CROP PROGRESS

Scattered showers moved through the state and provided needed rain to some areas. Crops and livestock in areas that did not get rain were showing signs of heat stress. Farm activities included tillage, installing tile, hauling grain, spraying corn and soybeans, applying manure, and baling hay. Early tobacco harvest continued in the southern counties, however the majority of the crop was just topped this week.… Continue reading

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Ohio 4-H Foundation to Host Fundraiser, Honor Former Trustee

Join the Ohio 4-H Foundation for the 13th annual Celebration of Youth on Friday, Sept. 24. The Celebration of Youth is the major charitable event for raising funds to benefit Ohio 4-H Youth Development and to commemorate distinguished 4-H Alumni.

Ohio 4-H, the youth development arm of Ohio State University Extension, uniquely qualifies young people to step up to the challenges of our changing society. Last year, more than 336,000 urban and rural Ohio youth participated in Ohio 4-H and over 25,000 volunteers generously gave their time and talent. The Ohio 4-H Endowment Fund is the critical resource to supplement state and county funding of 4-H programs, which help promising young Ohioans reach their fullest potential. Program areas that benefit include science and technology, health and safety, animal and agricultural areas, family and consumer sciences, personal development, natural resources and global understanding. A portion of the proceeds will also benefit the Nationwide and Ohio Farm Bureau 4-H Center Endowment Fund.… Continue reading

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Ohio 4-H Taking Lead in Developing Global 4-H Knowledge Center

When Bob Horton visited Tanzania, Zambia and Kenya in January, he was struck by the number of children he saw — at least, compared to the relatively fewer number of adults.

“The AIDS epidemic has really taken a toll in sub-Saharan Africa,” Horton said. “There are lots of children, but far fewer adults than one would expect to see.”

Horton realized that in just a few years, many of those children will become Africa’s farmers. But because their parents’ generation has been ravaged by death and illness, those children need help in developing the skills that will empower them to become the farmers, agri-business people and community leaders of 2025.

That’s why Horton, an associate professor with Ohio State University Extension’s 4-H Youth Development program, is working with colleagues at Ohio State and across the nation in a Global 4-H Network project that will establish a clearinghouse of land-grant university information and technical assistance for 4-H club leaders throughout Africa and provide them with timely, open access to that knowledge.… Continue reading

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Trouble shooting late season corn problems

By Ryan McAllister, CCA
Team Sales Agronomist
Beck’s Hybrids

Root lodging
Through my travels as of late I have become concerned about the late season standability of corn hybrids in areas where soils have remained saturated for an extended period of time. It appears that in those areas, corn plants didn’t need to root down deep and therefore did not. I have already seen root lodging in areas in the central part of Ohio and East Central Indiana. The majority of this lodging was in fact “root lodging” and not stalk lodging. Upon digging roots, I am observing very small root systems in which the “money roots” (those roots that go deep for moisture) have been rotted off due to saturated soil conditions. I have received many calls from those concerned that this is rootworm feeding and their trait is not working. That is not the case. Saturated soils have caused root rot and a lack of deep root growth.… Continue reading

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Doc's Talk: Making peace … what’s next?

By “Doc” Donald E. Sanders, DMV, OSU Large Animal Field Service

The livestock farmers I’ve visited lately are mad as Hades. They are frustrated over our ag leadership and governor entering a “kiss your sister” kind of agreement regarding animal welfare in Ohio.
Jack Fisher, executive vice president of the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation (OFBF), says the deal with the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) makes good sense. And politically it may make good sense for Governor Strickland, too. He didn’t say so, but it
was clear he didn’t want a bunch of farmers going to the polls in November to vote on the HSUS initiative. That would have made it too convenient for them to also have given his re-election bid a thumbs down.
Wayne Pacelle, president of the HSUS, appears to be a happy camper. But is he really? The agreement delays full implementation of his animal rights agenda until 2025.… Continue reading

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Doc’s Talk: Making peace … what’s next?

By “Doc” Donald E. Sanders, DMV, OSU Large Animal Field Service

The livestock farmers I’ve visited lately are mad as Hades. They are frustrated over our ag leadership and governor entering a “kiss your sister” kind of agreement regarding animal welfare in Ohio.
Jack Fisher, executive vice president of the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation (OFBF), says the deal with the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) makes good sense. And politically it may make good sense for Governor Strickland, too. He didn’t say so, but it
was clear he didn’t want a bunch of farmers going to the polls in November to vote on the HSUS initiative. That would have made it too convenient for them to also have given his re-election bid a thumbs down.
Wayne Pacelle, president of the HSUS, appears to be a happy camper. But is he really? The agreement delays full implementation of his animal rights agenda until 2025.… Continue reading

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Ohio and national yields look strong

Based on conditions as of August 1, Ohio’s average corn yield is forecast at 176 bushels per acre, up 2
bushels from last year’s yield of 174 bushels per acre. Total production is forecast at 595 million bushels.
Growers expect to harvest 3.38 million acres for grain in 2010, 240,000 acres more than in 2009.

Soybean yield is forecast at 46 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from the 2009 state average. If this yield is
realized, Ohio’s production would total 215.3 million bushels, down 3 percent from last year. Harvested
acreage is forecast at 4.68 million acres, up 150,000 from 2009.

Winter Wheat yield is estimated at 61 bushels per acre, down 5 bushels from the previous forecast and 11
bushels below the previous year’s state average. Total production is estimated at 46 million bushels, 34
percent less than the 2009 production. Acreage for harvest is estimated at 760,000 acres, down 220,000
acres from the previous year.… Continue reading

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Ohio No-Till Field Day September 8

WEST MANCHESTER, Ohio – A full day of no-till technology, products and emerging trends will be the focus of the Ohio No-Till Field Day on Sept. 8.

“Farming Green Year-Round” is the theme of the event, which will be held from 9:30 a.m. until 4 p.m. at Keith Kemp Farm, 959 Georgetown-Verona Road, West Manchester, Ohio. Registration is $30 due by Aug. 30, or $35 on-site.

Topics being covered include success with no-till corn, emerging trends in corn and soybean-based bio-products, insect issues, manure and drainage management, grain handling systems, and plastic poly and fiberglass tank safety. Speakers include experts from Purdue University, Ohio State University Extension and Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center specialists, and industry representatives.

For a detailed agenda, log on to http://fabe.osu.edu/notill.

Sponsors include OSU Extension, OARDC, Ohio No-Till Council, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Darke and Preble counties Soil and Water Conservation Districts, Oregon Ryegrass Commission, Kale Marketing, Farmer’s Commission, Ohio’s Country Journal, Monsanto, Pioneer, AGCO, and Ohio Corn Growers Association.… Continue reading

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Wheat Seed Treatments in 2010

By Pierce Paul, Dennis Mills, Ohio State University Extension

Seed treatments can play an important role in achieving uniform seedling emergence under certain conditions. Seed treatments can protect seeds or seedlings from early-season diseases, and fungicides are available to provide such protection. However, seed treatments should not be considered a cure-all for the selection of poor quality seed lots. Seed treatments will not increase poor germination due to excessive mechanical damage, poor storage conditions, genetic differences in variety, or other damage.

Head scab and Stagonospora glume blotch were at high levels in many fields this year, therefore growers need to limit losses due to these and other seed-borne pathogens by treating seed. In addition, be sure to use crop rotation and plant resistant or less susceptible varieties. Be especially concerned that saved seed may be contaminated. If head scab or Stagonospora was present at high levels in your wheat field do not use that grain for seed.… Continue reading

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USDA forecasts record corn and soybean crops

U.S. farmers are on pace to produce the largest corn and soybean crops in history, according to the Crop Production report released today by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

Corn production is forecast at 13.4 billion bushels and soybean production at 3.43 billion bushels, both up 2% from the previous records set in 2009. Based on conditions as of Aug. 1, corn yields are expected to average a record-high 165 bushels per acre, up 0.3 bushel from last year’s previous record. Soybean yields are expected to equal last year’s record of 44 bushels per acre.

The August Crop Production report contains USDA’s first survey-based estimates of yield and production for corn, soybeans and other spring-planted row crops. Between July 25 and August 6, NASS surveyed approximately 27,000 producers and also took objective field measurements in the major crop-producing states. Crop Production is published monthly and is available online at http://www.nass.usda.govContinue reading

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Lessons learned in 2010

By Matt Reese

As Ohio’s crops work their way through another Ohio growing season, farmers should take some time to observe their fields and review the season while it is still fresh in their memory. Much can be learned from the successes and failures in the fields leading up to harvest this fall.

Wheat

Some wheat growers had disappointing 50- to 60-bushel yields and poor quality, while others had a great year. What happened?

“On our own farm we had had very good wheat yields with a number of fields in the 90s and one field that broke 100 bushels,” said Brad Haas, a Wood County farmer who sits on the Ohio Wheat Growers Association Board. “We have really stepped up wheat management. We scout and invest in treatment when needed and it has paid off for us.”

Even when time is at a premium, Haas makes wheat a priority. He adjusts his seeding rate and plant population for the soil types and yield potential of the fields.… Continue reading

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Ohio Weekly Crop Progress Report

The average temperature for the State was 75.2 degrees, 3.3 degrees above normal for the week ending Sunday, August 8, 2010. Precipitation averaged 0.84 inches, 0.13 inches below normal. There were 164 modified growing degree days, 14 days above normal.
Reporters rated 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the seven-day period ending Friday, August 6, 2010. Topsoil moisture was rated 3 percent very short, 28 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus.


FIELD ACTIVITIES AND CROP PROGRESS WEEK ENDING SUNDAY AUGUST 8, 2010

Scattered showers moved through the state and provided needed rain to some areas, thus reducing heat stress for both crops and livestock. Farm activities included tillage, installing tile, spraying corn and soybeans, applying manure, and baling hay. There were isolated reports of insect pressure on soybeans including Japanese beetle and spider mites, but overall pressure was light. Early tobacco harvest began in the southern counties, however much of the crop was still behind normal.… Continue reading

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Precision Ag Technology A Focus of Agronomy Field Day, Aug. 25

Precision agriculture and the economics of technology will be the focus of the Ohio State University Extension East Central Ohio Agronomy Field Day on Aug. 25.

The event will be held from 9 a.m. until 2:30 p.m. at David Miller Farm, 10750 Millersport Road, Millersport, Ohio. Registration is $10, payable by noon the day of the event.

Topics being covered throughout the day include corn and soybean disease and plant health reports, assessing fertility programs, identifying nutrient issues, yield monitor benefits, precision ag technology options, anaerobic digestion economic opportunities, and watershed management.

Certified crop advisor credits will be available.

The field day is sponsored by OSU Extension offices of Fairfield, Licking, Perry, and Pickaway counties. Additional sponsors include Farm Credit Services, Laurelville Grain, ADM Grain, Southwest Ohio Corn Growers, New Era Liquids, Agro-Chem East, Coschocton Grain, Wilmington Case IH Super Store, and Ohio Soybean Council.

For more information, log on to http://licking.osu.edu/events/east-central-ohio-agronomy-field-dayContinue reading

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Self Guided Exhibit at Farm Science Review to Teach On-Farm Electrical Safety

Electricity from power lines near grain bins can arc to a conductor and farm equipment can be that target, putting the farmer, family, friends or farm hands at risk for electrocution.

Ohio State University Extension’s Agricultural Safety and Health Program will have an exhibit at this year’s Farm Science Review explaining the dangers of overhead power lines and what those working on the farm should look for to stay safe.

“There is a misconception that as long as that equipment can clear the power lines then everything is OK,” said Dee Jepsen, OSU Extension state safety specialist. “But if you have, say a two foot clearance, that isn’t enough. Electricity can arc to the auger, wagon, combine, whatever equipment you may be operating at the time.”

Between 1990 and 2009, there have been 8 fatalities related to electrocutions in Ohio, 3 of which where grain bin related, according to the OSU Extension Agricultural Safety and Health Program website.… Continue reading

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