Featured News



Apply Lessons Learned in 2010 to Next Season’s Wheat Crop

If the 2010 growing season was any indication, disease management needs to be one of the top things on growers’ lists if they are going to have a great wheat crop, says an Ohio State University Extension plant pathologist.

“We had everything this year – head scab and vomitoxin, Stagonospora leaf and glume blotch, powdery mildew, leaf rust, head smut, and cereal leaf beetle, plus a very hot late spring/early summer,” said Pierce Paul, a small grains specialist with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. “The more aggressive growers were with disease management, the better the wheat. Some folks were just lucky, but in general, those who had resistant varieties planted and applied a fungicide at the right time, saw better yields and test weights, and had lower levels of vomitoxin.”

The biggest problem this year for growers was head scab and vomitoxin contamination of grain, with incidence ranging anywhere from three percent to 60 percent head scab, and vomitoxin from less than 1 parts per million to 18 parts per million.… Continue reading

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Apply Lessons Learned in 2010 to Next Season's Wheat Crop

If the 2010 growing season was any indication, disease management needs to be one of the top things on growers’ lists if they are going to have a great wheat crop, says an Ohio State University Extension plant pathologist.

“We had everything this year – head scab and vomitoxin, Stagonospora leaf and glume blotch, powdery mildew, leaf rust, head smut, and cereal leaf beetle, plus a very hot late spring/early summer,” said Pierce Paul, a small grains specialist with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. “The more aggressive growers were with disease management, the better the wheat. Some folks were just lucky, but in general, those who had resistant varieties planted and applied a fungicide at the right time, saw better yields and test weights, and had lower levels of vomitoxin.”

The biggest problem this year for growers was head scab and vomitoxin contamination of grain, with incidence ranging anywhere from three percent to 60 percent head scab, and vomitoxin from less than 1 parts per million to 18 parts per million.… Continue reading

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Wheat researchers, millers urge growers to use all of the available science, information during planting to avoid another bad wheat harvest




The 2010 wheat harvest in Ohio has been one of the worst on record in Ohio since 1996 with many elevators reporting high toxin levels of grain. Fusarium Head Blight (FHB, also called scab) is a serious disease of wheat that affects the entire wheat industry in Ohio, from growers to millers to bakers.

“While there is no silver bullet to preventing head scab, there are tools available to avoid such a disastrous wheat harvest,” said Dr. Clay Sneller of The Ohio State University’s OARDC program in Wooster. “And it’s hard to eliminate any fungal disease with just crop rotation.”

The USDA’s US Wheat and Barley Scab Initiative has invested millions of dollars to develop technology to control FHB.  That technology is available right now and consists of varieties with improved resistance, effective fungicides, prediction models, and other management practices that reduce FHB (see http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/scabsmart/).

“Control of FHB primarily consists of planting the most resistant varieties and applying fungicides if heavy disease pressure is predicted.… Continue reading

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Can the corn factory run too fast?

By John Brien, CCA,

AgriGold regional agronomist

From planting until pollination a corn grower is concerned about building their corn factory. The corn factories foundation is

corn roots, the stalks are the walls and the leaves are the machines that run the entire factory. The goal is to build the best, most

efficient factory possible and then turn it on line at pollination. The factory needs to be built to produce enough sugars to maximize

kernel development and grain fill. Currently our factories have been built and are running at full steam, the question now is can

our corn factories run too fast?

What is meant by a corn factory running too fast? At a car factory there is a pace of operation that maximizes production, too

slow and the company will eventually run out of money, too fast and the machines may breakdown or more likely the quality of

the product is sub par.… Continue reading

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Insect Observations for Late July

By Ron Hammond, Andy Michel, Bruce Eisley

Currently, we are not receiving many reports of insect problems in field crops in Ohio.   People are reporting finding soybean aphids, but only at a few aphids per plant at most.  Remember that the threshold is 250 aphids per plant with a rising population (it takes 700-800 per plant to cause economic damage), and these numbers are NOT being seen.  As we get into August and the later part of the summer, the susceptibility of soybeans to aphids goes down.  However, as in other years with low numbers aphid, we do expect the numbers of aphids to begin to rise prior to the end of the summer.  These aphids then will move to buckthorn in the fall and lay eggs, and will overwinter, possibly resulting in problems in 2011.

A few people have asked about twospotted spider mites in soybean with the hot temperatures we have been experiencing. … Continue reading

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Soybean Checkoff steps up soy biodiesel promotion with new professional tractor pulling class

In an effort to continue to improve the availability and use of soy biodiesel, the United Soybean Board (USB) and soybean checkoff will sponsor a professional tractor pulling division in the National Tractor Pullers Association’s (NTPA’s) 2010 season. The new Light Pro Stock Class will be made up of tractors powered by biodiesel.

USB and the soybean checkoff will use the 2010 NTPA season as a way of showcasing the diesel engine performance benefits of soy biodiesel — a homegrown, environmentally friendly and renewable biofuel — to thousands of diesel users. Soybean oil serves as the dominant feedstock used to produce biodiesel in the United States. The soybean checkoff has partnered with NTPA since 2007 to encourage biodiesel use among tractor pulling fans, many of whom work in the agricultural and trucking sectors.

Soy biodiesel is comparable to petroleum diesel in conventional diesel engines but provides higher cetane levels, better lubricity and BTU content.… Continue reading

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Jr. Fair Lamb Show Results

Photo gallery of the lamb show

Breed Champions:

Hampshire

Grand Champion: Madison Banbury
Reserve Champion: Audrey Neal

Shropshire

Grand Champion: Rachel Overs
Reserve Champion: Jordan Barns

Southdown

Grand Champion: Mattew Walen
Reserve Champion: Austin Springer

Suffolk

Grand Champion: Audrey Neal
Reserve Champion: Logan Harvel

Dorset

Grand Champion: Kyle Rowe
Reserve Champion: Colin Gump

Corriedale

Grand Champion: Eric Nichols
Reserve Champion: Christy Wildermuth

Montadale

Grand Champion: Logan Harvel
Reserve Champion: Morgan Melvin

Oxford

Grand Champion: Logan Harvel
Reserve Champion: Kaitlyan Stillion

All Other Breeds

Grand Champion: Emily Overs
Reserve Champion: Taylor Harris

Natural

Grand Champion: Taylor Banbury
Reserve Champion: Trey Miller

Brockle

Grand Champion: Colin Gump
Reserve Champion: Logan Harvel

Grade

Grand Champion: Rachel Overs
Reserve Champion: Madison Banbury

Lamb Sale Results

Skillathon

Age 9 – Sarah Young, Highland; Age 10 – Jacob Fowler, Guernsey; Age 11 – Jacob Wenner, Delaware; Age 12 – Meghann Winters, Guernsey; Age 13 – Taylor Banbury, Knox; Age 14 – Nick Fowler, Guernsey; Age 15 – Adam High, Union; Age 16 – Zak Avers, Ottawa; Age 17 – Emily Limes, Wood; Age 18 – Amanda Price, Lorain; Overall winner – Amanda Price, Lorain

Record Books

Age 9 – Maribeth Pozderac; Age 10 – Haylee Followell, Clark; Age 11 – Milan Pozderac, Knox; Age 12 – Matthew Wallen, Champaign; Age 13 – Abby Pozderac, Knox; Age 14 – Tristan Heidl, Erie; Age 15 – Hallie Sue Hiser, Greene; Age 16 – Brandi Heidl, Erie; Age 17 – Kelly Guthrie, Marion; Age 18 – Darrell Hague, Washington

Market Lamb Showmanship

Age 9 – 1: Chase Eisenhauer, Huron; 2: Brennen Morman, Putnam; 3: Sarah Young, Highland; Age 10 – 1: Olivia Wood, Clinton; 2: Brock Martin, Huron; 3: Brooke Kline, Ross;Age 11 – 1: Renee Schroeder, Putnam; 2: Emma Newsom, Jackson; 3: Brittany Schaefer, Coshocton; Age 12 – 1: Tara Eisenhauer, Huron; 2: Alison Sprang, Holmes; 3: Matthew Wallen, Champaign; Age 13 – 1: Colin Gump, Miami; 2: Jessica Millenbaugh, Crawford; 3: Logan Harvel, Fayette; Age 14 – 1: Ali Pond, Clinton; 2: Maggie Neer, Champaign; 3: Morgan Himes, Tuscarawas; Age 15 – 1: Delanie Wiseman, Madison; 2: Elysha Thoms, Clermont; 3: Rachel Schroeder, Putnam; Age 16 – 1: Cierra Jordan, Hardin; 2: Mackenzie Fruchey, Fulton; 3: Jordan Marx, Shelby; Age 17 – 1: Mark Wallen, Champaign; 2: Megan Hiatt, Darke; 3: Emily Limes, Wood; Age 18 – 1: Emily Shellhouse, Delaware; 2: Trey Miller, Fairfield; 3: Dylan Newsom, Jackson… Continue reading

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Gray leaf spot plaguing corn

By Denny Wickham, Pioneer agronomist

The warm, humid July weather proved to be conducive to the development of leaf diseases in corn, especially gray leaf spot (GLS). While this disease is not new (it was first noted in Illinois in 1924), increased use of no-till and reduced tillage corn production practices have likely led to higher incidence of the disease. The fungal pathogen causing GLS, Cercospora zea maydis, overwinters on corn residue from the previous crop and higher levels of residue left on the soil surface allow for greater survival of the pathogen. In response to higher temperatures and humidity that occur in late spring, conidia (spores) begin to develop on the corn residue and are blown or splashed from the corn residue onto the current year’s corn plants. Infection typically begins in June, but disease symptoms may not show up until late July or early August. Earlier infection allows for greater spore build-up and more damage to the leaves.… Continue reading

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USDA announces extension to GIPSA comment period

In late July, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) responded to calls to extend the comment period for the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration’s (GIPSA) proposed rule on livestock marketing.

Concerns expressed by Congress, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) National Pork Producers Council (NPPC) and other leading agriculture organizations led to the 90-day extension of the comment period for the proposed rule that suggests major changes to the way producers can market their livestock.

During a House Agriculture subcommittee hearing on livestock on July 20, 2010, both Democrats and Republicans expressed to USDA that the scope of GIPSA goes well beyond what Congress intended under the 2008 Farm Bill. Industry groups echoed the concern.

“Members of Congress from both sides of the aisle were very clear about the critical need to extend the comment period to allow stakeholders to thoroughly analyze the potential impacts of the rule,” said Colin Woodall, NCBA vice president of government affairs.… Continue reading

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Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Launches Agrisure Artesian Technology, First Water-Optimized Technology for Corn Hybrids

Syngenta Seeds, Inc., today unveiled its Agrisure Artesian technology, the new brand name for its range of water optimized hybrids and the newest addition to the Agrisure family of high-performance trait products. A limited quantity of hybrids with this technology, which has demonstrated the potential to deliver 15% yield preservation under drought stress, will be available through the company’s Garst, Golden Harvest and NK product brands.

Agrisure Artesian technology enables corn plants to use available moisture more efficiently, resulting in higher yields on drought-stressed acres including dryland and limited-irrigation farms in the western Corn Belt. Growers on rainfed acres in the central and eastern Corn Belt likewise can use Agrisure Artesian technology to help stabilize yields in years of inconsistent rainfall or in fields with variable soil types and moisture-holding capacity. In years of ideal rainfall, hybrids with Agrisure Artesian technology have demonstrated no yield penalty compared with hybrids without the technology.… Continue reading

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USB review reveals financial responsibility

The USDA recently conducted an 18-month review of the United Soybean Board (USB) and the soybean checkoff. The USDA’s Office of Inspector General (OIG) concluded that there was no basis for any of the allegations of wrong doing. The independent USDA report confirms that the United Soybean Board farmer directors are performing their duties in a financially responsible manner in accordance with the federal law that created the soybean checkoff.

“USB directors and staff are encouraged by the OIG’s report,” said Philip Bradshaw, USB chairman and soybean farmer from Griggsville, Ill. “The report confirms that, as farmer-directors, we’re doing our jobs as financially responsibly as the federal law that created the soybean checkoff set out for us to do.  USB will continue to move forward in achieving profit opportunities for every U.S. soybean farmer.”

A survey of U.S. soybean farmers conducted in February showed that 75 percent of U.S. soybean farmers support the soybean checkoff.  … Continue reading

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Weekly crop report

In Ohio, 92% of the corn was silking as of July 25, up from 75% a week earlier and well ahead of the 70% five-year average, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fifteen percent of Ohio’s corn crop had reached the dough stage compared to the 4% average. Ohio corn was 61% in good or excellent condition, compared to 72% nationally.

Nearly 80% of Ohio soybeans were in bloom and 36% were setting pods, both slightly ahead of the five-year average. Sixty percent of Ohio soybeans were in good or excellent condition.… Continue reading

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Western bean cutworm egg masses and larvae found in Ohio

For the first time since the trapping of Western bean cutworm moths in corn began in 2006, Ohio State University Extension entomologists have identified egg masses and larvae. The find reveals that populations continue to increase and that growers will really need to monitor the pest in the future.

“The infestation of egg masses and larvae was light, but this just verifies that we won’t see this pest decreasing in the coming years and growers will really have to start scouting for it each season,” said Andy Michel, an OSU Extension entomologist with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.

Western bean cutworm is a common pest of Western corn-producing states that is rapidly expanding eastward and finding a niche throughout the Midwest. The number of adult moths trapped in Ohio each year has been steadily increasing.

In 2006, entomologists caught three moths in the traps. In 2007, six were caught.… Continue reading

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Opening Day at the Ohio State Fair

The 157th Ohio State Fair will celebrate Opening Day on Wednesday, July 28, 2010 with great savings. Experience all the traditional Fair favorites along with plenty of new attractions and exhibits.

“We are always excited to see friends and families come out to the Fair for opening day,” said Virgil Strickler, general manager. Annually the Fair begins with an Opening Day Ceremony to kick off the start of another Ohio State Fair.

The 2010 Opening Day Ceremony will take place at 9 am in front of the Cardinal Gate. Gov. Ted Strickland will participate in a ribbon-cutting ceremony to commemorate the official opening of the 157th Ohio State Fair. The All-Ohio State Fair Band & Youth Choir will also perform.

A ceremony will be held at 11:30 am on Opening Day at which the Coliseum will be dedicated to former Ohio Gov. Bob Taft.

Value is a key component of this year’s Fair and fairgoers can enjoy admission for only $3 until 3 pm on WBNS 10 TV & ONN Opening Day and Ohio Lottery Day.… Continue reading

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Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board special meeting notice

The Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board will meet on Tuesday, July 27, 2010, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. at the Ohio Department of Agriculture’s Bromfield Administration Building, Auditorium A, 8995 E. Main St., Reynoldsburg, Ohio. The purpose of the meeting is to discuss non-ambulatory animals and draft care standards for euthanasia, as well as the agreement made between the Humane Society of the United States and Ohioans for Livestock Care and other recommendations. A public comment period will take place from 11:30 a.m. to noon.Continue reading

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Ohio Fresh Produce Marketing Agreement being developed to protect producers and consumers

By Matt Reese

The fresh spinach in the glass case at the grocery store has been handled with the utmost care from the farm through the present moment as it sits in display case. Mist floats down to shower the greens with cool water when a filthy sparrow swoops down from the rafters and through the mist of water, spraying dirty bird germs all over that previously clean spinach. No one sees this happen. A customer gets sick. Who gets the blame?

Unfortunately, whether it is really their fault or not, the blame often falls upon the farm. And as more scrutiny falls on farms, many of the larger Ohio produce operations have been required by their buyers to meet specific food safety standard operating procedures. For many operations this has resulted in the need to employ a full-time food safety quality assurance person to manage the complexities of the requirements that often have no backing in science or any potential for increased revenue for the farmer.… Continue reading

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U.S. Cattle on Feed Up 3 Percent

Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.1 million head on
July 1, 2010. The inventory was 3 percent above July 1, 2009. The inventory
included 6.25 million steers and steer calves, up 4 percent from the previous
year. This group accounted for 62 percent of the total inventory. Heifers and
heifer calves accounted for 3.77 million head, up 1 percent from 2009.

Placements in feedlots during June totaled 1.63 million, 17 percent above
2009. Net placements were 1.57 million head. During June, placements of
cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 440,000, 600-699 pounds
were 300,000, 700-799 pounds were 408,000, and 800 pounds and greater were
480,000.

Marketings of fed cattle during June totaled 2.00 million, slightly above
2009.

Other disappearance totaled 55,000 during June, 4 percent below 2009.

U.S. All Cattle on Feed Up 3 Percent

Cattle on feed July 1, 2010, from all feedlots in the United States, totaled
12.0 million, up 3 percent from the 11.6 million on July 1, 2009.… Continue reading

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