Ohio Crop Progress Archive

Wheat Harvest Ramps Up

Ohio wheat harvest ramped up last week, with 32 percent of the crop now harvested, according to Ben Torrance, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Widespread rainfall last week aided corn, soybeans and hay. Despite the rain, more precipitation was needed. The most recent U.S. Drought Monitor report showed 61.7 percent of the State as abnormally dry or worse, a decline over last week’s 75.2 percent rating. Conditions matching the moderate drought rating were observed in 28.4 percent of the State. The average temperature for the week ending on July 9 was 74.9 degrees, 2 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.35 inches of precipitation, 0.58 inches above average. There were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 9. 

Wheat yields so far were mixed with some farmers reporting yields a little better than expected, while others were disappointed. Winter Wheat was rated 72 percent good to excellent, up from the previous week.… Continue reading

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Rain Brought Some Relief

Smoke from wildfires in Canada adversely impacted air quality in Ohio. This has led to air quality alerts for several areas. Farmers have had to take precautions. The most recent U.S. Drought Monitor report showed 75.2 percent of the State as abnormally dry or worse, an improvement over last week’s 80.2 percent rating. Conditions matching the moderate drought rating were observed in 33.4 percent of the State. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 3 percent very short, 18 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on July 2 was 71.9 degrees, 0.6 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.22 inches of precipitation, 0.04 inches above average. There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 2. 

Last week, most areas saw some much-needed rain. The southern regions were still very dry. Harvest was progressing nicely with the exceptions of those areas hit hard by the severe storms in the northern tier of the State last week.… Continue reading

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Timely Moisture Improves Crop Conditions

Storms last week delivered timely moisture to crops, according to Ben Torrance, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. The most recent U.S. Drought Monitor report showed 80.2 percent of the State as abnormally dry or worse, an improvement over last week’s 96.4 percent rating. Conditions matching the moderate drought rating were observed in 32.9 percent of the State. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 5 percent very short, 28 percent short, 63 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on June 25 was 70.1 degrees, 0.7 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.70 inches of precipitation, 0.15 inches below average. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 25.

Last week, weed suppression, side dressing for row crops, and limited soybean replanting kept farmers in fields. Severe storms, tornadoes, and hail contributed to crop damage in the northern tier of the state.… Continue reading

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Return of rain brings renewed crop progress

Stormy skies with widespread precipitation brought a brief respite to row crops last week, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. The most recent U.S. Drought Monitor report characterized 96.4 percent of the State as abnormally dry or worse. Despite the rainfall, more than 78 percent of the State was in a moderate drought. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 8 percent very short, 17 percent short, and 73 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on June 18 was 63.0 degrees, 6.9 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.95 inches of precipitation, 0.97 inches above average. There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 18.

Last week, limited replanting took place due to poor emergence following the abnormally dry weather seen in previous weeks. Farmers in northern counties reported damage to buildings and crops from wind, hail, and tornadoes.… Continue reading

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Planting season wraps up for 2023

Farmers nearly wrapped up corn and soybean planting during another mostly dry week, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Dry conditions continued to dominate, with the latest U.S. Drought Monitor rating 97.9% of the State as abnormally dry or worse and 62.0% in moderate drought. However, a late-week storm system provided respite to crops in the central tier of the State. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 35% very short, 42% short, and 23% adequate. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on June 11 was 63.4 degrees, 4.0 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.22 inches of precipitation, 0.69 inches below average. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 11.

Field activities during the previous week included herbicide and fertilizer applications. Farmers in northern counties reported signs of drought stress in produce crops. Heavy haze last week in northern and central counties was attributed to the ongoing Canadian forest fires. … Continue reading

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Dry weather continues

While skies remained dry and temperatures soared, farmers nearly completed their intended plantings, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Dry conditions persisted across many northern and western counties, with the U.S. Drought Monitor rating 74.1% of the State as abnormally dry. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 30% very short, 46% short, and 24% adequate. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on June 4 was 71.4 degrees, 5.9 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.04 inches of precipitation, 0.92 inches below average. There were 7.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 4.

Fieldwork competed last week included planting row crops, fertilizer application, hay bailing, and transplanting vegetable crops. Concerns about ongoing excessive dryness loomed last week as farmers in northern counties reported signs of drought stress in corn. Some farmers in western counties described soil crusting as posing challenges to crop emergence.… Continue reading

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Significant progress, dry weather a growing concern

Last week’s mild and sunny weather accelerated planting progress but raised concerns about excessive dryness, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 7 percent very short, 38 percent short, 53 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week 60 ending on May 28 was 62.0 degrees, 1.0 degree below normal. 50Weather stations recorded an average of 0.01 inches of 40 precipitation, 1.05 inches below average. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 28.
Fieldwork completed last week included planting row crops and cutting hay. Some operators adjusted planting depth in reaction to successive weeks of dry weather. Operators in central and southern counties reported limited replanting and identified emergence issues in fields planted with corn and soybeans, stemming from an absence of recent rain. Livestock were in good condition, though pastures in the south showed stress from short soil moisture.… Continue reading

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Good weather allows for big progress

Farmers achieved substantial planting progress last week, supported by temperate weather and scant precipitation, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on May 21 was 59.3 degrees, 2.7 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.57 inches of precipitation, 0.30 inches below average. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 21.

Farmers took advantage of last week’s favorable conditions to make significant strides in planting, chemical application, and mowing. Livestock were reported to be in good condition, enjoying green pasture. A mid-week fall in overnight temperatures and wide-spread frost damaged some fruit tree crops in the northern tier of the State. As last week progressed, operators in northwestern counties voiced concerns about the ground becoming excessively dry.… Continue reading

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Better planting weather boosts planting progress

Farmers took advantage of last week’s midweek sunny spell to make considerable headway in planting, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Precipitation limited fieldwork early last week, but several subsequent days of above average temperatures and clear skies facilitated excellent evaporation until a second round of late-week storms. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% very short, 5 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 26% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on May 14 was 63.0 degrees, 4.0 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.84 inches of precipitation, 0.05 inches above average. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 14.

Oat progress reached 85% planted and 65% emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 89% jointed and 11 percent headed. Winter Wheat crop condition was rated 71% good to excellent, up from the previous week. Corn and soybean planting progress pushed forward to 265 and 28% planted, respectively.… Continue reading

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Cool and wet days slow planting progress

Another week of below-average temperatures and scattered showers inhibited fieldwork, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Farmers referenced cool, wet soil as having limited row crop germination and emergence last week. Adequate conditions for evaporation later in the week made field work possible on lighter soils before the arrival of a weekend storm.

Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 2 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 38 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on May 7 was 50.9 degrees, 4.8 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.94 inches of precipitation, 0.03 inches above average. There were 1.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 7.

Oat progress reached 79 percent planted and 49 percent emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 85 percent jointed and 1 percent headed. Winter Wheat crop condition was rated 67 percent good to excellent, up slightly from the previous week.… Continue reading

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Wet and cold conditions have limited progress


Cold temperatures and rainy conditions limited planting and other activities, according to the USDA
40 NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Topsoil 30 Percent moisture conditions were rated 1 percent very short, 20 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 30 was 48.2 degrees, 5.5 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.03 inches of precipitation, 0.35 inches above average. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 30.

Oat progress reached 71 percent planted and 30 percent emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 81 percent jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 66 percent good to excellent, up slightly from the previous week. Despite the rainy conditions, producers continued to plant corn and soybeans, however, there were reports that the cold temperatures and wet soil conditions were causing poor germination and seed rot in some areas.… Continue reading

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Planting progress limited by cool temperatures

Farmers prepared their fields for planting ahead of scattered storms late last week, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Reporters commented that field conditions were largely favorable, but last week’s temperature fluctuations deterred farmers from planting. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 5% short, 84% adequate, and 11% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 23 was 51.9 degrees, 0.8 degrees below normal.
Weather stations recorded an average of 0.97 inches of 0 precipitation, 0.18 inches above average. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 23.

Oats were 61% planted and 19% emerged. Winter wheat advanced to 69% jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 63% good to excellent, consistent with the previous week. Corn and soybeans each reached 6% planted. Fieldwork included manure hauling, pre-emergence spraying, tillage, and tiling. Wheat stands showed favorable development, with greening 80% in many counties. Despite last week’s frost, blooming fruit trees in the northern tier of the State were widely spared from damage.… Continue reading

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Beautiful week allows for field work

Last week’s unseasonably warm temperatures and minimal precipitation supported soil dry-down, encouraging many farmers to return to the fields, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Significant soil evaporation was facilitated by last week’s abnormally warm and dry days. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% very short, 4% short, 85% adequate, and 10% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 16 was 60.0 degrees, 10.9 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.12 inches of precipitation, 0.70 inches below average. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 16.

Oat progress surged to 41% planted and 5% emerged. Winter wheat was 44%
jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 63% good to excellent, an increase of 1 point from last week. Favorable weather made spring planting preparation possible across the State. Fieldwork included fertilizer application, spraying cover crops, tillage, and tile repair.… Continue reading

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Warm sunny days dry and warm the soil

Warm sunny days helped to dry and warm soil last week, according to the USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Field Office. Most soils remained too wet and cold to work despite the warm, relatively dry weather last week. Farmers looked with anticipation on the predicted warm, sunny weather in the coming week to further dry and warm soils so that Spring fieldwork and planting could begin. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 1% short, 59% adequate, and 40% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 9 was 50.8 degrees, 5.3 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.67 inches of precipitation, 0.30 inches below average. There were 1.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 9.

Oat plantings remained behind both the previous year and 5-year averages. Winter wheat was 16% jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 62% good to excellent, an increase of 3 points.… Continue reading

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Soggy fields to start 2023 Ohio Crop Weather reports

Gusty winds and rainy days kept early-season fieldwork to a minimum last week, according to USDA NASS, Great Lakes Regional Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 2 percent short, 43 percent adequate, and 55 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on April 2 was 43.6 degrees, 2.7 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.89 inches of precipitation, 0.07 inches above average. Heavy rain drenched fields in northwestern counties as well as in the southernmost quarter of the State. Reporters in northwestern counties noted that last week’s winds resulted in damage to some buildings and tree canopies. There were 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 2.

Oats were 3 percent planted and 2 percent emerged, consistent with crop development last year at this time. Winter wheat was 2 percent jointed and winter wheat condition was rated 59 percent good to excellent. Reporters described greening and growth in alfalfa and hay fields, supported by this spring’s relatively mild temperatures.… Continue reading

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Cool and dry weather as harvest wraps up

A cool and mostly dry week was interrupted by late week showers as farmers completed their final harvest activities of the fall season, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 14% very short, 31% short, 52% adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on Nov. 27 was 39.9 degrees, 0.6 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.56 inches of precipitation, 0.27 inches below average. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Nov. 27. 

Last week’s field activities included applications of manure and fertilizer as well as tile drainage system repair. Corn for grain was 95% harvested, and the average moisture content of corn grain at harvest was 18%. Corn harvest was delayed in some western counties as farmers waited for space at grain elevators to become available. Winter wheat was 96% emerged and winter wheat condition was rated 58% good to excellent; in the northwest, rain and warmer weather supported strong wheat growth.… Continue reading

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Cold weather, dry conditions

Cold weather and snow flurries accompanied producers as they proceeded towards completion of this year’s corn harvest, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. With recent precipitation events, soil moisture levels improved in most areas of the State, although a sustained dry zone persisted in southwestern counties. The U.S. Drought Monitor showed moderate to severe drought in 37.7% of the State, down from 66.8% from the week before. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 76.3% of the State, down from 88.3% during the previous week. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 17% very short, 33% short, 47% adequate, and 3% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending on Nov. 20 was 30.6 degrees, 10.9 degrees below normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.22 inches of precipitation, 0.43 inches below average. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending November 20. 

Corn for grain was 92% harvested, and the average moisture content of corn grain at harvest was 18%.… Continue reading

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Drought concerns increase despite rains

Mild and dry days throughout most of last week supported late-season harvest progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry conditions persisted across many western and central counties during the past week, with the U.S. Drought Monitor showing moderate to severe drought in 66.8% of the State as of Nov. 8, up from 42.6% the week before. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 88.3% of the State, up from 85.6% during the previous week. Field fire potential remained a concern in southwestern counties. A multi-week pattern of dry days was broken last Friday when remnants of Hurricane Nicole soaked extensive portions of southern and eastern counties. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 22% very short, 30% short, 46% adequate, and 2% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Nov. 13 was 48.2 degrees, 5.7 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 1.36 inches of precipitation, 0.56 inches above average.… Continue reading

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Dry conditions continue as harvest winds down

Late-week rains provided some much-needed moisture to dry fields, but accumulated precipitation totals for the season remained well below average, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Dry conditions continued to dominate in many counties, with U.S. Drought Monitor showing moderate drought in 42.6% of the State, up from 36.3% during the previous week. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 85.6% of the State, up from 73.4% during the previous week. Reporters in southwestern counties commented on continued enhanced fire risk due to persistent dry conditions. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 24% very short, 41% short, 34% adequate, and 1% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending November 6 was 57.6 degrees, 9.5 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.29 inches of precipitation, 0.42 inches below average. There were 6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Nov. 6. … Continue reading

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Harvest progress accelerated

Harvest accelerated during last week’s sunny and dry days, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. Reporters in the northwest described vomitoxin concerns in corn fields. Western and southern counties continued to experience dry conditions, with U.S. Drought Monitor showing moderate drought in 36.3% of the State, up from 7.1% during the previous week. Abnormally dry conditions or worse were observed in 73.4% of the State, up from 59% during the previous week. Topsoil moisture conditions were rated 24% very short, 36% short, 38% adequate, and 2% surplus. Statewide, the average temperature for the week ending Oct. 30 was 52.8 degrees, 3.0 degrees above normal. Weather stations recorded an average of 0.28 inches of precipitation, 0.16 inches below average. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 30.

Field activities during the previous week included corn and soybean harvesting, fall tillage, and cover crop planting. … Continue reading

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