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Late summer early fall cover crops

By James Hoorman, Hoorman Soil Health Services

Late summer and early fall are great opportunities to plant cover crops and improve soil health. Days are shorter,  but with ample sunshine left and a little rain, cover crops grow quickly.  Both summer annuals which die with the first frost and winter annuals can be grown.  Legumes and clover which add soil nitrogen, all types of grasses for carbon, and brassicas to reduce soil compaction and reduce weeds all grow well at this time.

After wheat, either bale or chop the straw and spray the weeds.  Baling straw makes you more money than chopping straw. The high carbon content in wheat straw can reduce cover crop establishment and the by-products upon decomposition may be toxic to germinating cover crop seedlings.  If possible, spray weeds with gramoxone (a dessicant) rather than glyphosate.  Glyphosate reduces soil health and biology for several weeks and causes oxidizing microbes to make manganese unavailable while promoting Fusarium root diseases and weed resistance. 

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 163 | Matt on a lawnmower with a porkchop

Quarantine Chronicles bring us Nick Zachrich from the Farm Science Review as a guest this week! Matt, Dusty, and Kolt host and talk with Nick about the virtual 2020 FSR, as well as other topics. Interviews this week include John Fulton who talks about rural broadband with Matt. Dr. David Barker who talks with Matt about Dry Grazing. And Meghann Winters from the Ohio Pork Council who talks about the new Ohio Pork Council job website.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 159 | Beef Gives Back

The Quarantine Chronicles continue, and we miss our office more and more. Kolt, Matt and Dusty host this week from their homes. Interviews include two Between the Rows interviews featuring Charlie Kail and Wille Murphy. Matt interviewed Jamie Graham from the Ohio Beef Council. And Bart interviewed Shane Kellogg from the Blanchard River Demonstration Farms.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 157 | Send your county fair updates in

The Quarantine Chronicles go on another day. Kolt, Dale, and Dusty host the podcast this week and discuss a few topics as plant 2020 begins to come to a close. Matt features interviews with Tracy Dendinger with the Ohio Youth Livestock Expo, David Wilson from Bane Welker, and Patty Mann from Shelby County.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 153 | Ohio FFA Celebration Week

The Quarantine Chronicles take the virtual stage for the Ohio FFA Celebration with the help of our 2020 FFA Student Reporters, Halle Miller, Jacob Zajkowski, and Elizabeth Fannin. Interviews this week include a group interview from intern Madi Kregel with the Oak Harbor Penta FFA chapter officers and their advisor. Matt has three interviews this week with Cheryl Day, Chris Henney, and Miles VonStein. And Kolt brings an interview with President of the Marion County fair, after they announced the cancelation of their fair.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 151 | Pork Panel and Ag Education

The Quarantine Chronicles continue this week with Matt, Kolt, Dusty, and Dale hosting. Earlier in the week, Matt talked to Jim Heimerl and Duane Stateler about some issues within the pork industry currently. Dale brought two interviews this week featuring Erin Wollett from the Cardington Lincoln FFA chapter, and Jenny Tower, Wilmington College Senior Admissions Councelor. Our fearless leader Bart brought an interview with Donnie Kelch from Bane Welker to the podcast this week.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 150 | Sesquicentennial Podcast plus four h’s

It is the 150th Ohio Ag Net Podcast, and while we here at OCJ wish we could celebrate together, we are happy to be talking about 4-H youth giving back to essential workers this week! Matt, Kolt, and intern Madi host the podcast from their homes with guest Jenny Morlock from the Wood County 4-H Extension. Jenny talks about Wood County’s recent program that has 4-H’ers and their families around the state sending appreciation to all essential workers with the hashtag, #4Happreciatesyou. This week begins the 2020 between the rows, which brings two interviews to the podcast this week featuring Willy Murphey from Clinton County, and Jake Hellman from Lucas County. And we have a market outlook for the week from Ben Brown.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 148 | Farming and Businesses during COVID-19

It’s week two of the OCJ Quarantine Chronicles. Matt and Kolt host remotely again this week and discuss COVID-19 and H2Ohio. While this podcast was recorded, ODA announced that the H2Ohio extended sign up had been removed, the sign up deadline is March 31st once again. Interviews this week include Jack Irvin with Ohio Farm Bureau on the topic COVID-19 and the stimulus package. Dave Russell is back on the podcast with and interview featuring Ben Brown about the stimulus package as well. Matt talks to Larry Goodman from the Marion, Ohio Rural King about running a business during COVID-19 and providing for the essential farmers. Matt also interviews Andrew Gladden with Lucky Farmers in North West Ohio about phosphorus reduction and H2Ohio.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 146 |COVID-19, Agriculture, and Other

Matt, Bart, and Kolt keep it hygienic while they talk about the Corona Virus (COVID-19)and it’s impact on agriculture and our world as a whole. Dave Russell is in this week’s podcast with interviews featuring American Farm Bureau Chief Economist Dr. John Newton, and Ted McKinney from the USDA. And we continue our interviews from Commodity Classic with an interview between Bart and some representatives at Agrigold!… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 143 | Commodity Classic and NRCS

Matt and Dale run the podcast this week with a full list of topics! Matt made a trip down to San Antonio for the Commodity Classic where he had a round table discussion with the president of the Ohio Corn and Wheat Growers Association, Patty Mann, and the president of the Ohio Soybean Association, Ryan Rhoades. He also sat down with Emilie Regula Hancock from the Ohio Soybean Association, and Luke Cromly from the Ohio Corn and Wheat Growers Association. Matt also met up with the NRCS Cheif, Matt Lohr, after he finished speaking to other soil and water districts within the state. And last but not least, Dale caught up with Locus AG at Commodity Classic.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast |Ep. 140| The Ractopamine Saga Continues

Kolt and Dale open this weeks podcast with Melissa Bell from the Ohio Pork Council, as Ractopamine remains a hot topic. Matt talks to Dr. Steve Moller, who weighs in on the topic, and Kolt talks to Dr. Zach Rambo about what Ractopamine is and what it does. Matt sat down with the Young Cattleman of the Year, Luke Vollborn, and talked about his business and the cattle industry.… Continue reading

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Ohio’s Country Journal & Ohio Ag Net Podcast | Ep. 137 | Paylean-Palooza

Paylean Palooza is underway as Matt, Dale and Kolt discuss what fairs are expecting for the future. Bart gets insight from Dr. Todd Price on the topic. Matt sits down with Kurt Theide about the new Navigable Water Protection rule. Dave talks to Dee Anders from the Ronald McDonald house at the Clark County Cattle Battle.… Continue reading

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A look back at 2019 Crop Tour numbers

By Matt Reese

Rewind back to mid-August of 2019 when two groups from Ohio’s Country Journal and Ohio Ag Net took to the back roads of the state to take a peek at the yield potential following arguably the worst planting season in the state’s history. The 2019 Ohio Crop Tour was sponsored by AgroLiquid.

Of course, we found many fields (particularly in northwest Ohio) that were very late developmentally. This made estimating yields for the fields quite challenging. The corn yield potential was there in many fields, but the crop was in great need of a late frost and steady rainfall throughout the rest of the growing season to come close to achieving the yield potential we were seeing. Guess what happened…

Here is what we wrote at the end of the 2019 I-75/I-71 Ohio Crop Tour on Aug. 15: For corn, the average yield for the East was 175 bushels per acre, the average for the West was 167 bushels per acre and the overall average was 171 bushels.Continue reading

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Compaction: Where the rubber meets the road

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader

It can be said that compaction occurs where the rubber meets the road, or in this case, the rubber meets the soil.

“If you think about how roads are designed and built, they are constructed to handle heavy loads. It comes down to a function of the axle weight,” said Ian McDonald, researcher from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture. “Why do we think it is alright to put heavy axle weight on top of a biological ecosystem?”

In research conducted at Bern University by Matthias Stettler, it suggests that the axel load on equipment in a field should ideally be less than 5 tons per axle and tire inflation pressure should ideally be less than 15 pounds per square inch. Common field equipment axle loads are 7.5 tons per axle for a 200 horsepower 4-wheel-drive tractor, 13 tons per axle for a 325 horsepower 4-wheel-drive tractor, 24 tons per axle for a combine with a 12-row head, and 35 to 40 tons per axle for a 1200-bushel grain cart.

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Soil compaction, choices and patience

By Dusty Sonnenberg, CCA, Ohio Field Leader

Management requires measurement. There are two forms of soil compaction that can be measured and then managed, said John Fulton, associate professor at the Ohio State University in Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering at the recent Precision University 2020 meeting.

“To effectively manage compaction we need to both understand it and measure it. The first is surface compaction. This is the compaction that occurs at the upper soil layer.  It is considered to be within the tilled layer of soil. The second is subsoil or deep compaction. Subsoil compaction occurs below the tilled layer as a result of surface loading,” Fulton said. “There are four stages when dealing with compaction issues. They include: identifying areas of soil compaction,evaluating those compacted areas to determine both the cause and also severity, making plans to prevent future compaction, and developing plans to manage existing compaction.”

John Fulton, Associate Professor, Biosystems Engineering, The Ohio State University

Soil compaction can be defined as soil particles being compressed together and reducing the pore space.… Continue reading

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More land and bigger tractors: Can farmers produce enough to feed Phase One?

By Matt Reese

Can the farmers of the United States produce enough? That is a question being asked as the Trump Administration finalized the Phase One trade deal with China for purchase of $80 billion in agricultural products over the next 2 years and Congress works through the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement that would also have huge export implications for U.S. agriculture.

President Donald Trump talked about this issue last fall at a rally in Louisiana.

“They said, can we make it 20 [billion dollars]? We don’t think our farmers can produce that much. I said, ‘Make it 50. Our farmers will buy more land and they’ll buy bigger tractors.’…They said to me, ‘We can’t produce that much wheat and corn and all the stuff.’ Because I want to tell you, I got China to order a lot,” Trump said to a cheering crowd of supporters last October as his Administration was in the process of negotiating Phase One.… Continue reading

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